B B Duncan

Summary

Affiliation: Porto Alegre
Country: Brazil

Publications

  1. pmc Echocardiography-based left ventricular mass estimation. How should we define hypertrophy?
    Murilo Foppa
    Graduate Studies Program in Cardiology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre RS, Brazil
    Cardiovasc Ultrasound 3:17. 2005
  2. pmc Cigarette smoking and risk of gestational diabetes: a systematic review of observational studies
    Eliana M Wendland
    Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 8:53. 2008
  3. pmc Initial impact and cost of a nationwide population screening campaign for diabetes in Brazil: a follow up study
    Cristiana M Toscano
    Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:189. 2008
  4. ncbi request reprint Chronic activation of the innate immune system may underlie the metabolic syndrome
    B B Duncan
    Social Medicine Department, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Sao Paulo Med J 119:122-7. 2001
  5. ncbi request reprint Inflammation markers predict increased weight gain in smoking quitters
    Bruce B Duncan
    Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Av Luiz Manoel Gonzaga, 630 8, Porto Alegre, RS 90470 280, Brazil
    Obes Res 11:1339-44. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint Adiponectin and the development of type 2 diabetes: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Bruce B Duncan
    Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, UFRGS, Av Luiz Manoel Gonzaga, 630 8, Porto Alegre, RS 90470 280 Brazil
    Diabetes 53:2473-8. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of low-grade chronic systemic inflammation and type 2 diabetes
    Bruce B Duncan
    Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
    Diabetes Technol Ther 8:7-17. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Low-grade systemic inflammation and the development of type 2 diabetes: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Bruce B Duncan
    Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Diabetes 52:1799-805. 2003
  9. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus--do the new WHO criteria make a difference? Brazilian Gestational Diabetes Study Group
    M I Schmidt
    Department of Social Medicine, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS Brazil
    Diabet Med 17:376-80. 2000
  10. ncbi request reprint Markers of inflammation and prediction of diabetes mellitus in adults (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study): a cohort study
    M I Schmidt
    Department of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Lancet 353:1649-52. 1999

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. pmc Echocardiography-based left ventricular mass estimation. How should we define hypertrophy?
    Murilo Foppa
    Graduate Studies Program in Cardiology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre RS, Brazil
    Cardiovasc Ultrasound 3:17. 2005
    ....
  2. pmc Cigarette smoking and risk of gestational diabetes: a systematic review of observational studies
    Eliana M Wendland
    Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 8:53. 2008
    ..Therefore, we aimed to systematically review all epidemiological evidence to examine the association between cigarette smoking during pregnancy and risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus...
  3. pmc Initial impact and cost of a nationwide population screening campaign for diabetes in Brazil: a follow up study
    Cristiana M Toscano
    Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:189. 2008
    ..The objective of this study is to evaluate the initial impact of the program...
  4. ncbi request reprint Chronic activation of the innate immune system may underlie the metabolic syndrome
    B B Duncan
    Social Medicine Department, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Sao Paulo Med J 119:122-7. 2001
    ..Consonant with the well-established inflammatory pathogenesis of atherosclerotic disease, the metabolic syndrome is now being investigated in relation to its inflammatory nature...
  5. ncbi request reprint Inflammation markers predict increased weight gain in smoking quitters
    Bruce B Duncan
    Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Av Luiz Manoel Gonzaga, 630 8, Porto Alegre, RS 90470 280, Brazil
    Obes Res 11:1339-44. 2003
    ..Undesirable weight gain often follows smoking cessation. We investigated whether weight gain after smoking cessation is greater in those with higher levels of inflammatory markers...
  6. ncbi request reprint Adiponectin and the development of type 2 diabetes: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Bruce B Duncan
    Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, UFRGS, Av Luiz Manoel Gonzaga, 630 8, Porto Alegre, RS 90470 280 Brazil
    Diabetes 53:2473-8. 2004
    ..01 for each). In conclusion, in this community-based sample of U.S. adults, higher adiponectin levels were associated with a lower incidence of diabetes...
  7. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of low-grade chronic systemic inflammation and type 2 diabetes
    Bruce B Duncan
    Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
    Diabetes Technol Ther 8:7-17. 2006
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Low-grade systemic inflammation and the development of type 2 diabetes: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Bruce B Duncan
    Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Diabetes 52:1799-805. 2003
    ..7 (P for linear trend = 0.008). In conclusion, a low-grade inflammation predicts incident type 2 diabetes. The association is absent in smokers and African-Americans...
  9. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus--do the new WHO criteria make a difference? Brazilian Gestational Diabetes Study Group
    M I Schmidt
    Department of Social Medicine, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS Brazil
    Diabet Med 17:376-80. 2000
    ..To describe the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) according to the 1998 WHO provisional recommendations and compare it to that found with previous 1985 WHO criteria...
  10. ncbi request reprint Markers of inflammation and prediction of diabetes mellitus in adults (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study): a cohort study
    M I Schmidt
    Department of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Lancet 353:1649-52. 1999
    ..Since markers of inflammation predict coronary heart disease and are raised in patients with type 2 diabetes, we investigated whether they predict whether people will develop type 2 diabetes...
  11. ncbi request reprint Factor VIII and other hemostasis variables are related to incident diabetes in adults. The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    B B Duncan
    Department of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Diabetes Care 22:767-72. 1999
    ..Our objective was to evaluate whether selected hemostasis variables, some of which may reflect inflammation or endothelial dysfunction, are independently associated with the development of diabetes...
  12. ncbi request reprint Leptin and incident type 2 diabetes: risk or protection?
    M I Schmidt
    Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    Diabetologia 49:2086-96. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the association of leptin levels with incident diabetes in middle-aged adults, taking into account factors purportedly related to leptin resistance...
  13. ncbi request reprint Gestational diabetes mellitus diagnosed with a 2-h 75-g oral glucose tolerance test and adverse pregnancy outcomes
    M I Schmidt
    Department of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Diabetes Care 24:1151-5. 2001
    ..To evaluate American Diabetes Association (ADA) and World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) against pregnancy outcomes...
  14. ncbi request reprint A metabolic syndrome in whites and African-Americans. The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities baseline study
    M I Schmidt
    Department of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Diabetes Care 19:414-8. 1996
    ..To describe clustering of hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes, and hyperuricemia and its association with fasting insulin, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and BMI for African-American and white men and women...
  15. pmc Glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies are indicators of the course, but not of the onset, of diabetes in middle-aged adults: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
    A Vigo
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil
    Braz J Med Biol Res 40:933-41. 2007
    ..Among middle-aged adults, with the possible exception of those with the highest GADA levels, autoimmune pathophysiology reflected by GADA may become clinically relevant only after diabetes onset...
  16. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and clinical correlates of unsuccessful use of drugs to induce menstruation
    S S Mengue
    Postgraduate Course in Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Contraception 57:93-7. 1998
    ..Although the objective of such drug use appears to be varied, analysis of the clinical correlates of use suggest attempted abortion to be the principal aim...
  17. ncbi request reprint Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: frequency and associated factors in a cohort of Brazilian women
    D S Gaio
    Department of Social Medicine and Postgraduate Course in Internal Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    Hypertens Pregnancy 20:269-81. 2001
    ..To evaluate the frequency of and risk factors associated with hypertensive disorders in general antenatal care in five distinct areas of Brazil...
  18. ncbi request reprint Estimating hidden prevalence in Hansen's disease through diagnosis delay and grade of disability at time of diagnosis
    J Ferreira
    Department of Social Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sol, Brazil
    Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis 68:464-73. 2000
    ..55/10,000) was obtained with this more complex model. This result differs only 5% from that of the simplified model. Therefore, we conclude that the simplified model is indicated to estimate hidden prevalence of HD in the field...
  19. ncbi request reprint Nutritional status of pregnant women: prevalence and associated pregnancy outcomes
    L B Nucci
    Departamento de Medicina Social, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 35:502-7. 2001
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint [Drug use by pregnant women in six Brazilian cities]
    S S Mengue
    Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 35:415-20. 2001
    ..9% of category C drugs, shows that 40% of the drugs used during pregnancy do not belong to the approved safety categories. However, only 3% of the 9,956 drugs used were clearly contraindicated during pregnancy...
  21. pmc Hypertensive retinopathy and incident coronary heart disease in high risk men
    B B Duncan
    Social Medicine Department, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS Brazil
    Br J Ophthalmol 86:1002-6. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study is to determine if hypertensive retinopathy predicts coronary heart disease (CHD)...
  22. ncbi request reprint Vital capacity as a predictor of incident type 2 diabetes: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study
    Hsin Chieh Yeh
    The Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, 2024 E Monument St, Suite 2 600, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:1472-9. 2005
    ..To test the hypothesis that lower vital capacity is cross-sectionally associated with features of insulin resistance and is an independent predictor of incident type 2 diabetes...
  23. ncbi request reprint [Economic analysis of a screening program for diabetes mellitus in Brazil]
    Alvaro E Georg
    Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 39:452-60. 2005
    ..In 2001, the Brazilian Ministry of Health conducted a national diabetes screening campaign. The purpose of this study was to estimate the yield and economic impact of this screening strategy...
  24. ncbi request reprint Identifying individuals at high risk for diabetes: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study
    Maria Ines Schmidt
    Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Diabetes Care 28:2013-8. 2005
    ..To develop and evaluate clinical rules to predict risk for diabetes in middle-aged adults...
  25. ncbi request reprint Similarities in mortality patterns from influenza in the first half of the 20th century and the rise and fall of ischemic heart disease in the United States: a new hypothesis concerning the coronary heart disease epidemic
    Maria Inês Reinert Azambuja
    Departamento de Medicina Social, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 90035 003, Brazil
    Cad Saude Publica 18:557-66; discussion 567-77. 2002
    ..In light of current biological knowledge, the data suggest that the 1918 influenza pandemic and the subsequent epidemics up to 1957 might have played a determinant role in the epidemic of CHD mortality registered in the 20th century...
  26. pmc Diabetes, gender, and left ventricular structure in African-Americans: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Murilo Foppa
    Graduate Studies Program in Cardiology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Cardiovasc Ultrasound 4:43. 2006
    ..However, the relations between left ventricular structure and diabetes have not been extensively studied in African-Americans...
  27. pmc Quality and effectiveness of different approaches to primary care delivery in Brazil
    Erno Harzheim
    Departamento de Medicina Social, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
    BMC Health Serv Res 6:156. 2006
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint Cardiometabolic risk in impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
    James S Pankow
    Division of EpidemiologyCommunity Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:325-31. 2007
    ..We compared and contrasted cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, subclinical manifestations of CVD, incident coronary heart disease (CHD), and all-cause mortality by categories of impaired glucose regulation in nondiabetic individuals...
  29. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of plasma ferritin level and incident diabetes: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    Megan L Jehn
    Department of Epidemiology, Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:1047-54. 2007
    ..Longitudinal studies with repeated measurements of glucose and iron metabolism parameters are needed to establish the role of iron stores and plasma ferritin in diabetes development...
  30. ncbi request reprint [Factors related to use of medication during pregnancy in six Brazilian cities]
    Sotero Serrate Mengue
    Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Cad Saude Publica 20:1602-8. 2004
    ..Use of multivitamins and GI drugs was associated with variables that characterize pregnant women with higher socioeconomic status, suggesting that medication during pregnancy is an expression of prenatal care...
  31. ncbi request reprint A nationwide population screening program for diabetes in Brazil
    Luciana B Nucci
    Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, School of Medicine, Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 16:320-7. 2004
    ..This report describes the overall participation rate and positivity rate of the screening campaign, as well as factors associated with the level of participation among the municipalities in Brazil...
  32. ncbi request reprint Prenatal weight gain following smoking cessation
    Ana L Favaretto
    Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 135:149-53. 2007
    ..To evaluate the association of changes in smoking habit with maternal weight gain...
  33. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for progression to incident hyperinsulinemia: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, 1987-1998
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:1058-67. 2003
    ..The associations were similar across race and gender groups. These data suggest that, in addition to weight gain, hyperuricemia, dyslipidemia, and smoking can be detected prior to development of hyperinsulinemia...
  34. ncbi request reprint Detection of undiagnosed diabetes and other hyperglycemia states: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
    Maria Ines Schmidt
    Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Diabetes Care 26:1338-43. 2003
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Fasting plasma free fatty acids and risk of type 2 diabetes: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    James S Pankow
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454, USA
    Diabetes Care 27:77-82. 2004
    ..To evaluate whether plasma levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) are independently associated with incidence of type 2 diabetes...
  36. ncbi request reprint Association between alcoholic beverage consumption and incidence of coronary heart disease in whites and blacks: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
    Flavio D Fuchs
    Division of Cardiology, Clinical Hospital of Porto Alegre, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Ramiro Barcelos 2350, Porto Alegre 90035903, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
    Am J Epidemiol 160:466-74. 2004
    ..61, 95% CI: 1.11, 6.17). The contrasting findings in Whites and Black men in this cohort raise the question of whether the cardioprotective effect of alcohol is real or may be confounded by lifestyle characteristics of drinkers...
  37. ncbi request reprint B-mode ultrasound-detected carotid artery lesions with and without acoustic shadowing and their association with markers of inflammation and endothelial activation: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Kelly J Hunt
    CVD Program, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, 137 E Franklin St, Bank of America, Suite 306, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Atherosclerosis 162:145-55. 2002
    ..38 (95% CI: 1.10, 1.74)], a marker of endothelial activation. Associations with endothelial adhesion molecules were inconsistent. Further studies aimed at elucidating the mechanisms of arterial mineralization are warranted...
  38. ncbi request reprint Retinal arteriolar narrowing and risk of coronary heart disease in men and women. The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
    Tien Yin Wong
    Department of Ophthalmology, National University of Singapore, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, Singapore 119260
    JAMA 287:1153-9. 2002
    ..Microvascular processes have been hypothesized to play a greater role in the development of coronary heart disease (CHD) in women than in men; however, prospective clinical data are limited...
  39. ncbi request reprint Prediction of coronary heart disease in middle-aged adults with diabetes
    Aaron R Folsom
    University of Minnesota, School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454 1015, USA
    Diabetes Care 26:2777-84. 2003
    ..To determine the 10-year probability of coronary heart disease (CHD) in diabetic adults and how well basic and novel risk factors predict CHD risk...
  40. pmc Cross-sectional and prospective study of lung function in adults with type 2 diabetes: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Hsin Chieh Yeh
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:741-6. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that diabetes is independently associated with reduced lung function, both cross-sectionally and longitudinally...
  41. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in the prevalence of hypertensive retinopathy
    Tien Yin Wong
    Department of Ophthalmology, Singapore National Eye Center and National University of Singapore
    Hypertension 41:1086-91. 2003
    ....
  42. doi request reprint The relationship between birthweight and early age-related maculopathy: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Gerald Liew
    Centre for Vision Research, University of Sydney, Department of Ophthalmology, Westmead Hospital, The Westmead Millennium Institute, Australia
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 15:56-61. 2008
    ..Birthweight is a marker of fetal growth, and has been linked to future risk of chronic diseases in adults. We examined the association between birthweight and age-related maculopathy (ARM)...
  43. ncbi request reprint Total sialic acid and associated elements of the metabolic syndrome in women with and without previous gestational diabetes
    Mohanaluxmi Sriharan
    Guy s, King s, and St Thomas Hospitals School of Medicine, King s College London, London, U K
    Diabetes Care 25:1331-5. 2002
    ..Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) predicts type 2 diabetes and may be part of this syndrome. To examine the association of inflammatory markers with GDM, we investigated total sialic acid (TSA) in women with and without previous GDM...
  44. doi request reprint Changes in abdominal obesity and age-related macular degeneration: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
    Anna Peeters
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Victoria, Australia
    Arch Ophthalmol 126:1554-60. 2008
    ..To examine the association between changes in waist-hip ratio (WHR), a measure of abdominal obesity, and age-related macular degeneration (AMD)...
  45. ncbi request reprint Retinal arteriolar narrowing and risk of diabetes mellitus in middle-aged persons
    Tien Yin Wong
    Department of Ophthalmology, National University of Singapore, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, Singapore 119260
    JAMA 287:2528-33. 2002
    ..Microvascular processes have been hypothesized to play a role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus, but prospective clinical data regarding this hypothesis are unavailable...
  46. ncbi request reprint Quantitative retinal venular caliber and risk of cardiovascular disease in older persons: the cardiovascular health study
    Tien Yin Wong
    Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Arch Intern Med 166:2388-94. 2006
    ..Small vessel disease may contribute to the risk of cardiovascular disease in older persons. We describe the relation of retinal vascular caliber to incident coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke in elderly persons...
  47. ncbi request reprint Retinal arteriolar diameter and risk for hypertension
    Tien Yin Wong
    Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, East Melbourne Victoria, Australia
    Ann Intern Med 140:248-55. 2004
    ..Narrowing of the small arterioles has been hypothesized to contribute to the pathogenesis of hypertension, but prospective clinical data are lacking...
  48. ncbi request reprint Retinal microvascular abnormalities and renal dysfunction: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Tien Yin Wong
    Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, 32 Gisborne Street, Victoria 3002, Australia
    J Am Soc Nephrol 15:2469-76. 2004
    ..Retinal microvascular abnormalities are associated with renal dysfunction, suggesting that common systemic microvascular processes may underlie the development of microvascular damage in the eye and kidneys...
  49. ncbi request reprint Glucose and insulin components of the metabolic syndrome are associated with hyperandrogenism in postmenopausal women: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Sherita Hill Golden
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 160:540-8. 2004
    ..001). Higher FAI was associated with the hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia components of the metabolic syndrome. The role of androgens in glucose homeostasis in postmenopausal women requires further study...
  50. pmc Academic medicine as a resource for global health: the case of Brazil
    Maria Ines Schmidt
    BMJ 329:753-4. 2004
  51. ncbi request reprint Associations between the metabolic syndrome and retinal microvascular signs: the Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities study
    Tien Yin Wong
    Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 45:2949-54. 2004
    ..To examine the cross-sectional relationship of the metabolic syndrome (hypertension, hyperglycemia, central obesity, and dyslipidemia) and retinal microvascular abnormalities in middle-aged men and women...
  52. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of coronary heart disease and carotid arterial thickening in patients with the metabolic syndrome (The ARIC Study)
    Ann Marie McNeill
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27514, USA
    Am J Cardiol 94:1249-54. 2004
    ..0001). Thus, MS was significantly associated with the presence of CHD and carotid intimal medial wall thickness. Identification of patients who have MS may provide opportunities to initiate CHD prevention strategies...