- Unconscious and spontaneous and...complex: the three selves model of social comparison assimilation and contrast
Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 94:1018-32. 2008
..However, some results also show ways in which social comparison processes simplify when deliberate reflection is lacking...
- Arbitrary metrics in psychology
Department of PsychologyUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Am Psychol 61:27-41. 2006
..As the authors show, both pursuits require researchers to conduct formal research that makes their metrics nonarbitrary by linking test scores to meaningful real-world events...
- Tests of multiplicative models in psychology: a case study using the unified theory of implicit attitudes, stereotypes, self-esteem, and self-concept
Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Psychol Rev 113:155-69; discussion 170-80. 2006
..A simple strategy for testing multiplicative models that makes weaker measurement assumptions than the strategy proposed by Greenwald et al. is suggested and discussed...
- Transparency should trump trust: Rejoinder to McConnell and Leibold (2009) and Ziegert and Hanges (2009)
Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University
J Appl Psychol 94:598-603. 2009
..PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)...
- Strong claims and weak evidence: reassessing the predictive validity of the IAT
Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, USA
J Appl Psychol 94:567-82; discussion 583-603. 2009
..R. McConnell & J. M. Leibold (2001) revealed a pattern of behavior consistent with a pro-Black behavioral bias, rather than the anti-Black bias suggested in the original study...
- Predicting ethnic and racial discrimination: a meta-analysis of IAT criterion studies
Frederick L Oswald
Department of Psychology, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005 1827, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 105:171-92. 2013
..These results have important implications for the construct validity of IATs, for competing theories of prejudice and attitude-behavior relations, and for measuring and modeling prejudice and discrimination...
- Comparison-level preferences after performance: is downward comparison theory still useful?
Frederick X Gibbons
Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 83:865-80. 2002
..Under some circumstances, this "downward shift" included an increased interest in "true" DC--comparing with worse-off others. A reconciliation of these results with those of previous studies is offered...
- Peer influences on risk behavior: an analysis of the effects of a close friend
Department of Psychology, Florida International University, University Park, Miami, FL 33199, USA
Dev Psychol 41:135-47. 2005
..It is suggested that the magnitude of peer effects in previous research may be overestimated in many contexts...
- From seeing to being: subliminal social comparisons affect implicit and explicit self-evaluations
Diederik A Stapel
Social and Organizational Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
J Pers Soc Psychol 87:468-81. 2004
..Implications for theories of social cognition, judgment, and comparison are discussed...
- In search of the big fish: investigating the coexistence of the big-fish-little-pond effect with the positive effects of upward comparisons
SELF Research Centre, University of Western Sydney, NSW, Australia
Br J Soc Psychol 47:73-103. 2008
..In support of the BFLPE, all studies found the negative effects of school- or class-average ability on self-evaluation, demonstrating that these assimilation and contrast effects can coexist...
- Different selves have different effects: self-activation and defensive social comparison
Saskia A Schwinghammer
University of Groningen
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 32:27-39. 2006
..These results are discussed in terms of their implications for strategies to maintain self-esteem in the face of threatening comparisons...
- A decision theoretic and prototype conceptualization of possible selves: implications for the prediction of risk behavior
Shannon L Quinlan
Departmetn of Psychology, State University of New York at Albany, USA
J Pers 74:599-630. 2006
..Possible-self constructs associated with negative attributes of both binge drinkers and nonbinge drinkers were predictive of behavior...