Chris Beyrer

Summary

Publications

  1. doi The changing epidemiology of HIV in 2013
    Chris Beyrer
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights and Center for AIDS Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 8:306-10. 2013
  2. doi Global prevention of HIV infection for neglected populations: men who have sex with men
    Chris Beyrer
    Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 50:S108-13. 2010
  3. ncbi HIV voluntary counseling and testing and HIV incidence in male injecting drug users in northern Thailand: evidence of an urgent need for HIV prevention
    Surinda Kawichai
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:186-93. 2006
  4. ncbi High HIV, hepatitis C and sexual risks among drug-using men who have sex with men in northern Thailand
    Chris Beyrer
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street E 7152, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS 19:1535-40. 2005
  5. ncbi The increase in global HIV epidemics in MSM
    Chris Beyrer
    aCenter for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland bRollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA cImpacta, Lima, Peru damfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research, Washington DC eDepartment of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institute, Baltimore, Maryland, USA fLaTrobe University, Melbourne, Australia gCenter for the Development and Education of People, Blantrye, Malawi hFenway Community Health Center and Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    AIDS 27:2665-78. 2013
  6. ncbi Bisexual concurrency, bisexual partnerships, and HIV among Southern African men who have sex with men
    Chris Beyrer
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, E7146, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 86:323-7. 2010
  7. pmc Characterization of the emerging HIV type 1 and HCV epidemics among injecting drug users in Dushanbe, Tajikistan
    Chris Beyrer
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 25:853-60. 2009
  8. ncbi HIV epidemiology update and transmission factors: risks and risk contexts--16th International AIDS Conference epidemiology plenary
    Chris Beyrer
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21210, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 44:981-7. 2007
  9. doi Risks for HIV infection among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men in Moscow and St. Petersburg, Russia
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 28:874-9. 2012
  10. pmc The highest attainable standard of evidence (HASTE) for HIV/AIDS interventions: toward a public health approach to defining evidence
    Stefan D Baral
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Public Health Rep 127:572-84. 2012

Detail Information

Publications65

  1. doi The changing epidemiology of HIV in 2013
    Chris Beyrer
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights and Center for AIDS Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 8:306-10. 2013
    ..We sought to review the recent epidemiology of HIV-1 and to identify emerging challenges in HIV surveillance and epidemic control...
  2. doi Global prevention of HIV infection for neglected populations: men who have sex with men
    Chris Beyrer
    Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 50:S108-13. 2010
    ..Decriminalization of same-sex behavior is a structural intervention for prevention of HIV infection and has recently been embraced by a nonbinding statement from the United Nations...
  3. ncbi HIV voluntary counseling and testing and HIV incidence in male injecting drug users in northern Thailand: evidence of an urgent need for HIV prevention
    Surinda Kawichai
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:186-93. 2006
    ..HIV incidence among IDUs remains high despite having VCT. Extending HIV prevention and harm reduction programs is urgently needed for IDUs in the region...
  4. ncbi High HIV, hepatitis C and sexual risks among drug-using men who have sex with men in northern Thailand
    Chris Beyrer
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street E 7152, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS 19:1535-40. 2005
    ..We investigated MSM-drug user demographics, HIV sexual and drug use risks and behaviors in Chiang Mai, northern Thailand to identify prevention targets...
  5. ncbi The increase in global HIV epidemics in MSM
    Chris Beyrer
    aCenter for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland bRollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA cImpacta, Lima, Peru damfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research, Washington DC eDepartment of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institute, Baltimore, Maryland, USA fLaTrobe University, Melbourne, Australia gCenter for the Development and Education of People, Blantrye, Malawi hFenway Community Health Center and Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    AIDS 27:2665-78. 2013
    ....
  6. ncbi Bisexual concurrency, bisexual partnerships, and HIV among Southern African men who have sex with men
    Chris Beyrer
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, E7146, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 86:323-7. 2010
    ..The sexual behaviour of men who have sex with men (MSM) in southern Africa has been little studied. We present here the first data on bisexual partnerships and bisexual concurrency among MSM in Malawi, Namibia and Botswana...
  7. pmc Characterization of the emerging HIV type 1 and HCV epidemics among injecting drug users in Dushanbe, Tajikistan
    Chris Beyrer
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 25:853-60. 2009
    ..Targeted prevention programs offering both needle exchange programs and opiate substitution therapies are urgently called for to prevent the further spread of HIV and HCV in Tajikistan...
  8. ncbi HIV epidemiology update and transmission factors: risks and risk contexts--16th International AIDS Conference epidemiology plenary
    Chris Beyrer
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21210, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 44:981-7. 2007
    ..We need to do much more to control HIV infection, and social and structural risks are crucial intervention targets...
  9. doi Risks for HIV infection among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men in Moscow and St. Petersburg, Russia
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 28:874-9. 2012
    ..HIV prevention efforts need to specifically focus on urban MSM in Russia, encourage testing, and target injection risks to address this epidemic...
  10. pmc The highest attainable standard of evidence (HASTE) for HIV/AIDS interventions: toward a public health approach to defining evidence
    Stefan D Baral
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Public Health Rep 127:572-84. 2012
    ..We developed a novel system of evaluating evidence for assessing HIV preventive interventions termed the Highest Attainable Standard of Evidence (HASTE)...
  11. pmc Injection drug use, sexual risk, violence and STI/HIV among Moscow female sex workers
    Michele R Decker
    Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, E4142, Baltimore, MD 21212, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 88:278-83. 2012
    ..The authors evaluated the prevalence of STI/HIV among Moscow-based FSWs and potential risk factors including IDU, sexual risks and violence victimisation...
  12. doi Stigma, health care access, and HIV knowledge among men who have sex with men in Malawi, Namibia, and Botswana
    Heather Fay
    Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, E7146, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:1088-97. 2011
    ..Characterizing the relationship between stigma and health care seeking practices and attitudes can inform the development and implementation of HIV interventions for African MSM...
  13. ncbi Drug use, increasing incarceration rates, and prison-associated HIV risks in Thailand
    Chris Beyrer
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 7:153-61. 2003
    ..Incarceration is a known risk for HIV infection in Thai drug users. Through the 1990s, incarceration rates for drug-related offenses rose sharply, whereas HIV prevention and drug treatment in prisons remained limited...
  14. pmc A call to action for comprehensive HIV services for men who have sex with men
    Chris Beyrer
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 380:424-38. 2012
    ..To address HIV in MSM will take continued research, political will, structural reform, community engagement, and strategic planning and programming, but it can and must be done...
  15. pmc Impact of community-based maternal health workers on coverage of essential maternal health interventions among internally displaced communities in eastern Burma: the MOM project
    Luke C Mullany
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    PLoS Med 7:e1000317. 2010
    ..In such settings, innovative strategies for accessing vulnerable populations and delivering basic public health interventions are urgently needed...
  16. doi Male sex workers in Moscow, Russia: a pilot study of demographics, substance use patterns, and prevalence of HIV-1 and sexually transmitted infections
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Care 22:112-8. 2010
    ..MSW in Moscow may be an important at-risk population in the Russian HIV epidemic and further research is urgently required to address their needs and explore prevention strategies...
  17. pmc Elevated risk for HIV infection among men who have sex with men in low- and middle-income countries 2000-2006: a systematic review
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e339. 2007
    ....
  18. pmc Access to essential maternal health interventions and human rights violations among vulnerable communities in eastern Burma
    Luke C Mullany
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    PLoS Med 5:1689-98. 2008
    ..The goal of this study is to estimate coverage of maternal health services prior to this project and associations between exposure to human rights violations and access to such services...
  19. doi Assessing priorities for combination HIV prevention research for men who have sex with men (MSM) in Africa
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Behav 17:S60-9. 2013
    ..This consultation resulted in the first combination HIV prevention research agenda for MSM in Africa. Outcomes will inform future research and be used to advocate for combination approaches to HIV prevention for MSM...
  20. doi Epidemiologic links between drug use and HIV epidemics: an international perspective
    Chris Beyrer
    Department of Epidemiology, The Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:S10-6. 2010
    ..The dearth of targeted, evidence-and human rights-based responses to these epidemics is explored as a structural driver of HIV spread in these settings...
  21. ncbi Worldwide burden of HIV in transgender women: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Stefan D Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 13:214-22. 2013
    ..However, little is known about the burden of HIV infection in transgender women worldwide. We aimed to better assess the relative HIV burden in all transgender women worldwide...
  22. doi Burden of HIV among female sex workers in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Stefan Baral
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 12:538-49. 2012
    ..However, three decades into the HIV pandemic, understanding of the burden of HIV among these women remains limited. We aimed to assess the burden of HIV in this population compared with that of other women of reproductive age...
  23. pmc Global epidemiology of HIV infection in men who have sex with men
    Chris Beyrer
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 380:367-77. 2012
    ....
  24. ncbi Patterns of HIV and syphilis infection in Northern Thailand 1998-2001
    Chris Beyrer
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 18:179-83. 2007
    ..43; 0.22-0.85). For men and women, those with syphilis were approximately three times more likely to have HIV. These unique population data illustrate evolving sex parity of HIV burden in northern Thailand...
  25. doi The expanding epidemics of HIV type 1 among men who have sex with men in low- and middle-income countries: diversity and consistency
    Chris Beyrer
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 20205, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 32:137-51. 2010
    ..This scenario-based categorization of HIV epidemics among MSM may assist public health agencies and civil societies to develop and implement better-targeted HIV prevention programs and interventions...
  26. pmc Epidemic impacts of a community empowerment intervention for HIV prevention among female sex workers in generalized and concentrated epidemics
    Andrea L Wirtz
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institute, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 9:e88047. 2014
    ..Mathematical modeling exercises provide theoretical insight into potential impacts of the intervention on HIV incidence and burden in settings where interventions have not yet been implemented...
  27. ncbi Marked ethnic differences in HIV prevalence and risk behaviors among injection drug users in Dushanbe, Tajikistan, 2004
    Julie A Stachowiak
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 82:S7-14. 2006
    ..To examine differences by ethnicity of HIV prevalence and correlates among injection drug users (IDUs) in Dushanbe, Tajikistan...
  28. ncbi Community-based voluntary counseling and testing services in rural communities of Chiang Mai Province, Northern Thailand
    Surinda Kawichai
    Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Behav 11:770-7. 2007
    ..Without extending HIV prevention efforts to population segments with less access to health care, the HIV problem in Thailand may re-emerge. Convenient and low-cost VCT may prove crucial for containing this HIV epidemic...
  29. pmc Induced abortion, contraceptive use, and dual protection among female sex workers in Moscow, Russia
    Michele R Decker
    Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 120:27-31. 2013
    ..To describe abortion history and current contraceptive use among female sex workers (FSWs) in Moscow, Russia...
  30. pmc Population-based survey methods to quantify associations between human rights violations and health outcomes among internally displaced persons in eastern Burma
    Luke C Mullany
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:908-14. 2007
    ..Case reports of human rights violations have focused on individuals' experiences. Population-based quantification of associations between rights indicators and health outcomes is rare and has not been documented in eastern Burma...
  31. pmc Human rights abuses and suicidal ideation among male injecting drug users in Delhi, India
    Enisha Sarin
    The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, E5039, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 22:161-6. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to describe human rights abuses occurring among IDUs in Delhi and examine their association with suicidal ideation...
  32. pmc A qualitative assessment of health seeking practices among and provision practices for men who have sex with men in Malawi
    Andrea L Wirtz
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N, Wolfe St, Room E7144, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 14:20. 2014
    ....
  33. ncbi Personal history of voluntary HIV counseling and testing (VCT) among adults aged 19-35 years living in peri-urban communities, Chiang Mai, Northern Thailand
    Surinda Kawichai
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    AIDS Behav 9:233-42. 2005
    ..A Thai government policy enforcing effective counseling to accompany HIV testing is urgently needed...
  34. pmc Modified social ecological model: a tool to guide the assessment of the risks and risk contexts of HIV epidemics
    Stefan Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N, Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Public Health 13:482. 2013
    ..Prevention sciences research and programming aiming to decrease HIV incidence requires epidemiologic studies to collect data on multiple levels of risk to inform combination HIV prevention packages...
  35. pmc HIV risk behaviors in sub-Saharan Africa and Northern Thailand: baseline behavioral data from Project Accept
    Becky L Genberg
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 49:309-19. 2008
    ....
  36. pmc HIV among men who have sex with men in Malawi: elucidating HIV prevalence and correlates of infection to inform HIV prevention
    Andrea L Wirtz
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institute, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18742. 2013
    ..Addressing multiple levels of HIV risk, including structural factors, may help to ensure that programmes have sufficient coverage to impact this HIV epidemic among MSM. ..
  37. pmc HIV prevalence, risks for HIV infection, and human rights among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Malawi, Namibia, and Botswana
    Stefan Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e4997. 2009
    ..Epidemiologic data for MSM in southern Africa are among the sparsest globally, and HIV risk among these men has yet to be characterized in the majority of countries...
  38. pmc Expanding the space: inclusion of most-at-risk populations in HIV prevention, treatment, and care services
    Chris Beyrer
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 57:S96-9. 2011
    ..Both public health and human rights frameworks concur that those at greatest risk should have expanded access to services...
  39. pmc Genital herpes evaluation by quantitative TaqMan PCR: correlating single detection and quantity of HSV-2 DNA in cervicovaginal lavage fluids with cross-sectional and longitudinal clinical data
    Bulbulgul Aumakhan
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Virol J 7:328. 2010
    ....
  40. doi Sexual practices, identities and health among women who have sex with women in Lesotho - a mixed-methods study
    Tonia Poteat
    a Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA
    Cult Health Sex 16:120-35. 2014
    ....
  41. doi Estimating the impact of reducing violence against female sex workers on HIV epidemics in Kenya and Ukraine: a policy modeling exercise
    Michele R Decker
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Reprod Immunol 69:122-32. 2013
    ..Female sex workers (FSWs) worldwide suffer disproportionate burdens of HIV and gender-based violence. Despite evidence linking these threats, little is known about the potential HIV epidemic impact of reducing abuse...
  42. doi Associations of consistent condom use among men who have sex with men in Abuja, Nigeria
    Susanne Strömdahl
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 28:1756-62. 2012
    ..In addition, implementation science evaluations of how best to operationalize combination HIV prevention interventions for MSM given the criminalization and stigmatization of same-sex practices are crucial...
  43. pmc Molecular surveillance for drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum in clinical and subclinical populations from three border regions of Burma/Myanmar: cross-sectional data and a systematic review of resistance studies
    Tyler Brown
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Broadway Research Building, 733 N Broadway, Suite 147, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Malar J 11:333. 2012
    ..A systematic review of resistance studies is provided for context...
  44. pmc HIV risk and associations of HIV infection among men who have sex with men in peri-urban Cape Town, South Africa
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:766. 2011
    ..The study presented here represents the first evaluation of HIV prevalence and associations of HIV infection among MSM in the peri-urban townships of Cape Town...
  45. pmc A cross-sectional assessment of population demographics, HIV risks and human rights contexts among men who have sex with men in Lesotho
    Stefan Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 14:36. 2011
    ..Evidence is increasing of high HIV risks among southern African men who have sex with men (MSM). This represents the first study of HIV risks and human rights contexts among MSM in Lesotho...
  46. ncbi Neglected diseases, civil conflicts, and the right to health
    Chris Beyrer
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 370:619-27. 2007
    ..We also discuss the role of researchers in advocating for and researching within oppressed populations...
  47. pmc Responding to AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and emerging infectious diseases in Burma: dilemmas of policy and practice
    Chris Beyrer
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 3:e393. 2006
  48. pmc Community-based assessment of human rights in a complex humanitarian emergency: the Emergency Assistance Teams-Burma and Cyclone Nargis
    Voravit Suwanvanichkij
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for Public Health and Human Rights 615 N Wolfe Street Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Confl Health 4:8. 2010
    ....
  49. pmc Time to act: a call for comprehensive responses to HIV in people who use drugs
    Chris Beyrer
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 376:551-63. 2010
    ..Failure to do so will exacerbate the spread of HIV infection, undermine treatment programmes, and continue to expand prison populations with patients in need of care...
  50. pmc The feasibility of HIV vaccine efficacy trials among Russian injection drug users
    Chris Beyrer
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Vaccine 25:7014-6. 2007
    ....
  51. doi Female sex workers in three cities in Russia: HIV prevalence, risk factors and experience with targeted HIV prevention
    Michele R Decker
    Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, E4142, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 18:562-72. 2014
    ..Findings confirm FSWs as a core HIV risk population in Russia, and demonstrate the need to support FSW-oriented HIV services. Such efforts should address violence against FSWs...
  52. pmc Immuno-virologic outcomes and immuno-virologic discordance among adults alive and on anti-retroviral therapy at 12 months in Nigeria
    Chuka J Anude
    Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 13:113. 2013
    ....
  53. pmc Risk factors for HIV and unprotected anal intercourse among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Almaty, Kazakhstan
    Mark Berry
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e43071. 2012
    ..Multivariate logistic regression was used to investigate the association between HIV and selected risk factors, and unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) and selected risk factors...
  54. pmc The potential uses of preexposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention among people who inject drugs
    Stefan D Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 7:563-8. 2012
    ..An efficacy trial of daily oral tenofovir among people who inject drugs (IDU) is underway in Thailand...
  55. ncbi Changes in willingness to participate in HIV vaccine trials among HIV-negative injection drug users
    Elizabeth T Golub
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 9:301-9. 2005
    ..In this cohort, WTP remained strong and modestly increased over the study period. These results should be considered in the planning of sampling and retention strategies for future vaccine trials...
  56. doi HIV-related stigma, isolation, discrimination, and serostatus disclosure: a global survey of 2035 HIV-infected adults
    Jean B Nachega
    1Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic) 11:172-8. 2012
    ..Little is known globally about the perspectives of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) on perceived HIV-related stigma and its consequences...
  57. ncbi Enhancing Benefits or Increasing Harms: Community Responses for HIV Among Men Who Have Sex With Men, Transgender Women, Female Sex Workers, and People Who Inject Drugs
    Stefan Baral
    Key Populations Program, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 66:S319-28. 2014
    ..Failure to do so will cost lives, harm communities, and undermine the gains of the HIV response. ..
  58. pmc Clinical reactivations of herpes simplex virus type 2 infection and human immunodeficiency virus disease progression markers
    Bulbulgul Aumakhan
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e9973. 2010
    ..The natural history of HSV-2 infection and role of HSV-2 reactivations in HIV disease progression are unclear...
  59. doi LGBT Africa: a social justice movement emerges in the era of HIV
    Chris Beyrer
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    SAHARA J 9:177-9. 2012
    ..Homophobia is a barrier to social acceptance and to health and other social services, but African communities are showing reliance in addressing stigma and discrimination, and in organizing for rights and social tolerance...
  60. ncbi Vaccine immunogenicity in injecting drug users: a systematic review
    Stefan Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 7:667-74. 2007
    ....
  61. ncbi Burma and the challenge of humanitarian assistance
    Chris Beyrer
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 370:1465-7. 2007
  62. ncbi Antiretroviral therapy where resources are limited
    Steven J Reynolds
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins Medical School, Baltimore, USA
    N Engl J Med 348:1806-9. 2003
  63. ncbi HIV prevalence and risks among injection and noninjection drug users in northern Thailand: need for comprehensive HIV prevention programs
    Myat Htoo Razak
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street E 6008, Baltimore, MD 21205, U S A
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 33:259-66. 2003
    ..HIV prevention campaigns need to focus on IDUs and to implement harm reduction strategies to reduce transmission to IDUs and further contain the HIV epidemic in Thailand...
  64. ncbi Global child trafficking
    Chris Beyrer
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Suite E7152, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 364:s16-7. 2004
  65. pmc The US anti-prostitution pledge: First Amendment challenges and public health priorities
    Nicole Franck Masenior
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e207. 2007