Giovanni Benelli



  1. Govindarajan M, Vaseeharan B, Alharbi N, Kadaikunnan S, Khaled J, Al Anbr M, et al. High efficacy of (Z)-γ-bisabolene from the essential oil of Galinsoga parviflora (Asteraceae) as larvicide and oviposition deterrent against six mosquito vectors. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10555-10566 pubmed publisher
  2. Benelli G, Pavela R, Drenaggi E, Maggi F. Insecticidal efficacy of the essential oil of jambú (Acmella oleracea (L.) R.K. Jansen) cultivated in central Italy against filariasis mosquito vectors, houseflies and moth pests. J Ethnopharmacol. 2019;229:272-279 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together our data support the traditional use of jambú as an insecticidal agent and represent the scientific basis for the industrial exploitation of the essential oil in the fabrication of green insecticides. ..
  3. Benelli G, Romano D. Looking for the right mate-What we really know on the courtship and mating of Lucilia sericata (Meigen)?. Acta Trop. 2019;189:145-153 pubmed publisher
  4. Romano D, Stefanini C, Canale A, Benelli G. Artificial blood feeders for mosquito and ticks-Where from, where to?. Acta Trop. 2018;183:43-56 pubmed publisher
    ..Automation can reduce labor costs and provide interesting solutions - in line with the 3R principle "reduce, replace and refine" - aimed to minimize the employ of experimental animals in research. ..
  5. Lucchi A, Sambado P, Juan Royo A, Bagnoli B, Conte G, Benelli G. Disrupting mating of Lobesia botrana using sex pheromone aerosol devices. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:22196-22204 pubmed publisher
    ..These aerosol devices require a lower number of units per hectare if compared to hand-applied dispensers, saving labor costs and contributing to reduce plastic disposal in agricultural settings. ..
  6. Hashem A, Awadalla S, Zayed G, Maggi F, Benelli G. Pimpinella anisum essential oil nanoemulsions against Tribolium castaneum-insecticidal activity and mode of action. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:18802-18812 pubmed publisher
    ..anisum essential oil enhancing its efficacy against stored grain pests and contributing to reduce the use of harmful synthetic insecticides. ..
  7. Karthika P, Vadivalagan C, Thirumurugan D, Kumar R, Murugan K, Canale A, et al. DNA barcoding of five Japanese encephalitis mosquito vectors (Culex fuscocephala, Culex gelidus, Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Culex pseudovishnui and Culex vishnui). Acta Trop. 2018;183:84-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, this study adds valuable knowledge to the molecular biology and systematics of five overlooked mosquito species acting as major vectors of Japanese encephalitis in Asian countries. ..
  8. Benelli G. Mating behavior of the West Nile virus vector Culex pipiens - role of behavioral asymmetries. Acta Trop. 2018;179:88-95 pubmed publisher
    ..pipiens. Data on male mating success and the role population-level lateralized mating traits provides basic biological knowledge that can be helpful to optimize autocidal and behavior-based control tools. ..
  9. Benelli G. Mode of action of nanoparticles against insects. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:12329-12341 pubmed publisher
    ..In the final section, insect nanotoxicology research trends are critically discussed, outlining major challenges to predict the ecotoxicological consequences arising from the real-world use of nanoparticles as pesticides. ..

More Information


  1. Murugan K, Dinesh D, Kumar P, Panneerselvam C, Subramaniam J, Madhiyazhagan P, et al. Datura metel-synthesized silver nanoparticles magnify predation of dragonfly nymphs against the malaria vector Anopheles stephensi. Parasitol Res. 2015;114:4645-54 pubmed publisher
    ..metel-synthesized AgNP might be employed at rather low doses to reduce larval populations of malaria vectors, without detrimental effects on behavioral traits of young instars of the dragonfly Anax immaculifrons. ..
  2. Wilke A, Beier J, Benelli G. Transgenic Mosquitoes - Fact or Fiction?. Trends Parasitol. 2018;34:456-465 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, several lines of evidence must be provided before GMM-based control strategies can be used under the integrated vector management framework. ..
  3. request reprint
    Govindarajan M, Benelli G. Artemisia absinthium-borne compounds as novel larvicides: effectiveness against six mosquito vectors and acute toxicity on non-target aquatic organisms. Parasitol Res. 2016;115:4649-4661 pubmed
    ..absinthium EO represent promising eco-friendly larvicides against six key mosquito vectors with moderate toxicity against non-target organisms. ..
  4. request reprint
    Govindarajan M, Kadaikunnan S, Alharbi N, Benelli G. Acute toxicity and repellent activity of the Origanum scabrum Boiss. & Heldr. (Lamiaceae) essential oil against four mosquito vectors of public health importance and its biosafety on non-target aquatic organisms. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016;23:23228-23238 pubmed
    ..Overall, the EO from O. scabrum may be considered as a low-cost and eco-friendly source of phytochemicals to develop novel repellents against Culicidae. ..
  5. Benelli G, Pombi M, Otranto D. Malaria in Italy - Migrants Are Not the Cause. Trends Parasitol. 2018;34:351-354 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we discuss scientific data highlighting the limited risk of malaria reintroduction in Italy. ..
  6. Govindarajan M, Rajeswary M, Hoti S, Benelli G. Larvicidal potential of carvacrol and terpinen-4-ol from the essential oil of Origanum vulgare (Lamiaceae) against Anopheles stephensi, Anopheles subpictus, Culex quinquefasciatus and Culex tritaeniorhynchus (Diptera: Culicidae). Res Vet Sci. 2016;104:77-82 pubmed publisher
    ..08 and 52.19 μg/ml) and Cx. tritaeniorhynchus (LC50=27.95 and 54.87 μg/ml). Overall, this research adds knowledge to develop newer and safer natural larvicides against malaria, filariasis and Japanese encephalitis mosquito vectors. ..
  7. Govindarajan M, Benelli G. Facile biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using Barleria cristata: mosquitocidal potential and biotoxicity on three non-target aquatic organisms. Parasitol Res. 2016;115:925-35 pubmed publisher
    ..26 to 866.92 μg/mL. Overall, our results highlight that B. cristata-fabricated Ag NP are a promising and eco-friendly tool against young instar populations of mosquito vectors of medical and veterinary importance. ..
  8. Benelli G, Pavela R. Repellence of essential oils and selected compounds against ticks-A systematic review. Acta Trop. 2018;179:47-54 pubmed publisher
  9. Lopez V, Cascella M, Benelli G, Maggi F, Gómez Rincón C. Green drugs in the fight against Anisakis simplex-larvicidal activity and acetylcholinesterase inhibition of Origanum compactum essential oil. Parasitol Res. 2018;117:861-867 pubmed publisher
    ..To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that O. compactum essential oil is reported as a larvicidal agent against A. simplex L3 larvae. ..
  10. AlYahya S, Govindarajan M, Alharbi N, Kadaikunnan S, Khaled J, Mothana R, et al. Swift fabrication of Ag nanostructures using a colloidal solution of Holostemma ada-kodien (Apocynaceae) - Antibiofilm potential, insecticidal activity against mosquitoes and non-target impact on water bugs. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2018;181:70-79 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, this study sheds light on the insecticidal and antibiofilm potential of H. ada-kodien-synthesized AgNPs, a potential green resource for the rapid synthesis of polydispersed and highly stable AgNPs. ..
  11. Subramaniam J, Murugan K, Panneerselvam C, Kovendan K, Madhiyazhagan P, Dinesh D, et al. Multipurpose effectiveness of Couroupita guianensis-synthesized gold nanoparticles: high antiplasmodial potential, field efficacy against malaria vectors and synergy with Aplocheilus lineatus predators. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016;23:7543-58 pubmed publisher
    ..guianensis-synthesized AuNPs, since they may be proposed as newer and safer tools in the fight against CQ-r strains of P. falciparum and for field control of malaria vectors, in synergy with wonder killifish predators. ..
  12. Govindarajan M, Rajeswary M, Hoti S, Bhattacharyya A, Benelli G. Eugenol, α-pinene and β-caryophyllene from Plectranthus barbatus essential oil as eco-friendly larvicides against malaria, dengue and Japanese encephalitis mosquito vectors. Parasitol Res. 2016;115:807-15 pubmed publisher
    ..barbatus essential oil against mosquito vectors seems promising, since they are effective at low doses and could be an advantageous alternative to build newer and safer mosquito control tools. ..
  13. Vanickova L, Canale A, Benelli G. Sexual chemoecology of mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae): Current knowledge and implications for vector control programs. Parasitol Int. 2017;66:190-195 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, the analyses of cuticular hydrocarbons are essential for discrimination between closely related mosquito species and/or populations. ..
  14. Govindarajan M, Benelli G. ?-Humulene and ?-elemene from Syzygium zeylanicum (Myrtaceae) essential oil: highly effective and eco-friendly larvicides against Anopheles subpictus, Aedes albopictus, and Culex tritaeniorhynchus (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasitol Res. 2016;115:2771-8 pubmed publisher
    ..zeylanicum EO as highly effective larvicides against young instars of An. subpictus, Ae. albopictus, and Cx. tritaeniorhynchus, with little effect on non-target organisms. ..
  15. request reprint
    Govindarajan M, Rajeswary M, Benelli G. δ-Cadinene, Calarene and .δ-4-Carene from Kadsura heteroclita Essential Oil as Novel Larvicides Against Malaria, Dengue and Filariasis Mosquitoes. Comb Chem High Throughput Screen. 2016;19:565-71 pubmed
    ..03, 13.33 and 17.91 µg/mL), and Cx. quinquefasciatus (LC50; = 9.86, 14.49 and 19.50 µg/mL). Overall, this study adds knowledge to develop newer and safer natural larvicides against malaria, dengue and filariasis mosquito. ..
  16. Govindarajan M, Rajeswary M, Muthukumaran U, Hoti S, Khater H, Benelli G. Single-step biosynthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles using Zornia diphylla leaves: A potent eco-friendly tool against malaria and arbovirus vectors. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2016;161:482-9 pubmed publisher
    ..diphylla-fabricated Ag NP are a promising and eco-friendly tool against larval populations of mosquito vectors of medical and veterinary importance, with negligible toxicity against other non-target organisms. ..
  17. Benelli G, Duggan M. Management of arthropod vector data - Social and ecological dynamics facing the One Health perspective. Acta Trop. 2018;182:80-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, because of more collaborative data collection processes on arthropod vectors, disease modeling can better predict conditions where EIDs will occur. ..
  18. Aziz A, Alshehri M, Panneerselvam C, Murugan K, Trivedi S, Mahyoub J, et al. The desert wormwood (Artemisia herba-alba) - From Arabian folk medicine to a source of green and effective nanoinsecticides against mosquito vectors. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2018;180:225-234 pubmed publisher
  19. request reprint
    Pavela R, Maggi F, Mbuntcha H, Woguem V, Fogang H, Womeni H, et al. Traditional herbal remedies and dietary spices from Cameroon as novel sources of larvicides against filariasis mosquitoes?. Parasitol Res. 2016;115:4617-4626 pubmed
    ..Overall, the chance to use the D. cinerea essential oil against Cx. quinquefasciatus young instars seems promising, since it is effective at moderate doses and could be an advantageous alternative to build newer mosquito control tools. ..
  20. Benelli G, Jeffries C, Walker T. Biological Control of Mosquito Vectors: Past, Present, and Future. Insects. 2016;7: pubmed
    ..In thisreview, weoutline non-insecticide basedstrategiesthat havebeenimplemented orare currently being tested. We also highlight the use of mosquito behavioural knowledge that can be exploited for control strategies. ..
  21. Benelli G, Maggi F, Nicoletti M. Ethnopharmacology in the fight against Plasmodium parasites and brain disorders: In memoriam of Philippe Rasoanaivo. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016;193:726-728 pubmed publisher
    ..In this Editorial, we resumed the key findings of his research activity, with special reference to the discovery of alkaloids that markedly enhance the action of chloroquine against malaria parasites. ..
  22. Govindarajan M, Benelli G. Eco-friendly larvicides from Indian plants: Effectiveness of lavandulyl acetate and bicyclogermacrene on malaria, dengue and Japanese encephalitis mosquito vectors. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2016;133:395-402 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, this study highlights that H. sprengelianum EO is a promising source of eco-friendly larvicides against three important mosquito vectors with moderate toxicity against non-target aquatic organisms. ..
  23. Murugan K, Suresh U, Panneerselvam C, Rajaganesh R, Roni M, Aziz A, et al. Managing wastes as green resources: cigarette butt-synthesized pesticides are highly toxic to malaria vectors with little impact on predatory copepods. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10456-10470 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, the present research would suggest that an abundant hazardous waste, such as cigarette butts, can be turned to an important resource for nanosynthesis of highly effective antiplasmodials and insecticides. ..
  24. Tabari M, Youssefi M, Benelli G. Eco-friendly control of the poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae (Dermanyssidae), using the ?-thujone-rich essential oil of Artemisia sieberi (Asteraceae): toxic and repellent potential. Parasitol Res. 2017;116:1545-1551 pubmed publisher
    ..Further field assays with selected molecules from the A. sieberi essential oil are ongoing, testing them in synergistic blends, as well as in microencapsulated formulations. ..
  25. Benelli G, Romano D, Rocchigiani G, Caselli A, Mancianti F, Canale A, et al. Behavioral asymmetries in ticks - Lateralized questing of Ixodes ricinus to a mechatronic apparatus delivering host-borne cues. Acta Trop. 2018;178:176-181 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, the mechatronic apparatus developed in this research can be exploited to evaluate the impact of repellents on tick questing in highly reproducible standardized conditions. ..
  26. Benelli G, Govindarajan M, Rajeswary M, Vaseeharan B, AlYahya S, Alharbi N, et al. Insecticidal activity of camphene, zerumbone and ?-humulene from Cheilocostus speciosus rhizome essential oil against the Old-World bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2018;148:781-786 pubmed publisher
    ..speciosus essential oil against insect pests of agricultural and medical veterinary importance, highlighting that camphene, zerumbone and ?-humulene have a promising potential as eco-friendly botanical insecticides. ..
  27. Benelli G, Pavela R, Lupidi G, Nabissi M, Petrelli R, Ngahang Kamte S, et al. The crop-residue of fiber hemp cv. Futura 75: from a waste product to a source of botanical insecticides. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10515-10525 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, these results shed light on the future application of fiber hemp crop-residue for the development of effective, eco-friendly and sustainable insecticides. ..
  28. Pavela R, Maggi F, Lupidi G, Mbuntcha H, Woguem V, Womeni H, et al. Clausena anisata and Dysphania ambrosioides essential oils: from ethno-medicine to modern uses as effective insecticides. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10493-10503 pubmed publisher
  29. Benelli G, Beier J. Current vector control challenges in the fight against malaria. Acta Trop. 2017;174:91-96 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, the trans-disciplinary cooperation among parasitologists and entomologists is crucial to ensure proper evaluation of the epidemiological impact triggered by novel mosquito vector control strategies. ..
  30. Benelli G, Govindarajan M, Alsalhi M, Devanesan S, Maggi F. High toxicity of camphene and γ-elemene from Wedelia prostrata essential oil against larvae of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10383-10391 pubmed publisher
    ..Further studies aimed at evaluating the potential synergy between these two molecules, as well as their stability in field conditions are ongoing. ..
  31. Benelli G, Maggi F, Pavela R, Murugan K, Govindarajan M, Vaseeharan B, et al. Mosquito control with green nanopesticides: towards the One Health approach? A review of non-target effects. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10184-10206 pubmed publisher
    ..In the final section, we have identified several key challenges at the interface between "green" nanotechnology and classic biological control, which deserve further research attention. ..
  32. Tabari M, Youssefi M, Maggi F, Benelli G. Toxic and repellent activity of selected monoterpenoids (thymol, carvacrol and linalool) against the castor bean tick, Ixodes ricinus (Acari: Ixodidae). Vet Parasitol. 2017;245:86-91 pubmed publisher
    ..ricinus and the spread of related tick-borne diseases. ..
  33. Aarthi C, Govindarajan M, Rajaraman P, Alharbi N, Kadaikunnan S, Khaled J, et al. Eco-friendly and cost-effective Ag nanocrystals fabricated using the leaf extract of Habenaria plantaginea: toxicity on six mosquito vectors and four non-target species. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10317-10327 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, this study showed the effectiveness of H. plantaginea-fabricated nanoparticles on a wide range of important mosquito vectors, highlighting their scarce toxicity on four natural enemies predating mosquito larvae and pupae. ..
  34. Govindarajan M, Rajeswary M, Senthilmurugan S, Vijayan P, Alharbi N, Kadaikunnan S, et al. Curzerene, trans-β-elemenone, and γ-elemene as effective larvicides against Anopheles subpictus, Aedes albopictus, and Culex tritaeniorhynchus: toxicity on non-target aquatic predators. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10272-10282 pubmed publisher
    ..14-5.01 μg/ml), which far encompasses most of the botanical pesticides tested till now. Notably, the above-mentioned LC50 did not damage the four aquatic predators tested in this study. ..
  35. Zhang J, Desneux N, Benelli G, Zang L, Du W, Ruan C. Geographic Variation of Diapause Induction Rates in Trichogramma drendrolimi (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) in China. J Econ Entomol. 2017;110:386-391 pubmed publisher
    ..56%). Our results showed significant variance in diapause rates among geographically distinct populations of T. dendrolimi in response to various abiotic conditions. ..
  36. Benelli G, Govindarajan M, Rajeswary M, Senthilmurugan S, Vijayan P, Alharbi N, et al. Larvicidal activity of Blumea eriantha essential oil and its components against six mosquito species, including Zika virus vectors: the promising potential of (4E,6Z)-allo-ocimene, carvotanacetone and dodecyl acetate. Parasitol Res. 2017;116:1175-1188 pubmed publisher
  37. Sut S, Pavela R, Kolarčik V, Cappellacci L, Petrelli R, Maggi F, et al. Identification of Onosma visianii Roots Extract and Purified Shikonin Derivatives as Potential Acaricidal Agents against Tetranychus urticae. Molecules. 2017;22: pubmed publisher
    ..All the isolated compounds presented effects against the considered mite and isobutylshikonin (1) and isovalerylshikonin (2) were the most active, being valuable model compounds for the study of new anti-mite agents. ..
  38. Benelli G, Rajeswary M, Vijayan P, Senthilmurugan S, Alharbi N, Kadaikunnan S, et al. Boswellia ovalifoliolata (Burseraceae) essential oil as an eco-friendly larvicide? Toxicity against six mosquito vectors of public health importance, non-target mosquito fishes, backswimmers, and water bugs. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10264-10271 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, these results contribute to develop effective and affordable instruments to magnify the reliability of Culicidae control programs. ..
  39. Benelli G, Kadaikunnan S, Alharbi N, Govindarajan M. Biophysical characterization of Acacia caesia-fabricated silver nanoparticles: effectiveness on mosquito vectors of public health relevance and impact on non-target aquatic biocontrol agents. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10228-10242 pubmed publisher
    ..caesia as an abundant and cheap bioresource to fabricate biogenic Ag NPs effective against mosquito young instars and adults, with moderate impact on non-target aquatic biocontrol agents. ..
  40. Vadivalagan C, Karthika P, Murugan K, Panneerselvam C, Del Serrone P, Benelli G. Exploring genetic variation in haplotypes of the filariasis vector Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) through DNA barcoding. Acta Trop. 2017;169:43-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, our research firstly shed light on the genetic differences among the haplotypes of Cx. quinquefasciatus species complex, adding basic knowledge to the molecular ecology of this important mosquito vector. ..
  41. Murugan K, Dinesh D, Nataraj D, Subramaniam J, Amuthavalli P, Madhavan J, et al. Iron and iron oxide nanoparticles are highly toxic to Culex quinquefasciatus with little non-target effects on larvivorous fishes. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10504-10514 pubmed publisher
  42. Rajaganesh R, Murugan K, Panneerselvam C, Jayashanthini S, Aziz A, Roni M, et al. Fern-synthesized silver nanocrystals: Towards a new class of mosquito oviposition deterrents?. Res Vet Sci. 2016;109:40-51 pubmed publisher
    ..aegypti (OAI were -0.52 and -0.55, respectively). Overall, our results highlighted that D. linearis-synthesized AgNP could be useful candidates to develop nano-formulated oviposition deterrents effective against dengue vectors. ..
  43. Benelli G. Green synthesized nanoparticles in the fight against mosquito-borne diseases and cancer-a brief review. Enzyme Microb Technol. 2016;95:58-68 pubmed publisher
  44. Banumathi B, Vaseeharan B, Rajasekar P, Prabhu N, Ramasamy P, Murugan K, et al. Exploitation of chemical, herbal and nanoformulated acaricides to control the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus - A review. Vet Parasitol. 2017;244:102-110 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this review is to critically summarize and discuss the use of herbal preparations used in ethno-veterinary as well as green-fabricated nanoparticles as novel acaricides for the control of the cattle tick R. (B.) microplus. ..
  45. Kamte S, Ranjbarian F, Campagnaro G, Nya P, Mbuntcha H, Woguem V, et al. Trypanosoma brucei Inhibition by Essential Oils from Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Traditionally Used in Cameroon (Azadirachta indica, Aframomum melegueta, Aframomum daniellii, Clausena anisata, Dichrostachys cinerea and Echinops giganteus). Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017;14: pubmed publisher
    ..Some of their main components were assayed as well on T. brucei TC221, and their effects were linked to those of essential oils. ..
  46. Rajeswary M, Govindarajan M, Alharbi N, Kadaikunnan S, Khaled J, Benelli G. Zingiber cernuum (Zingiberaceae) essential oil as effective larvicide and oviposition deterrent on six mosquito vectors, with little non-target toxicity on four aquatic mosquito predators. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10307-10316 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, our results revealed that the Z. cernuum EO can be considered for the development of effective and environmental-friendly mosquito larvicides and oviposition deterrents. ..
  47. Benelli G, Govindarajan M, Senthilmurugan S, Vijayan P, Kadaikunnan S, Alharbi N, et al. Fabrication of highly effective mosquito nanolarvicides using an Asian plant of ethno-pharmacological interest, Priyangu (Aglaia elaeagnoidea): toxicity on non-target mosquito natural enemies. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10283-10293 pubmed publisher
  48. Romano D, Benelli G, Donati E, Remorini D, Canale A, Stefanini C. Multiple cues produced by a robotic fish modulate aggressive behaviour in Siamese fighting fishes. Sci Rep. 2017;7:4667 pubmed publisher
    ..Optimizing the cue combination delivered by the robotic fish replica may be helpful to predict escalating levels of aggression. ..
  49. Benelli G. Gold nanoparticles - against parasites and insect vectors. Acta Trop. 2018;178:73-80 pubmed publisher
  50. Benelli G, Maggi F, Romano D, Stefanini C, Vaseeharan B, Kumar S, et al. Nanoparticles as effective acaricides against ticks-A review. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2017;8:821-826 pubmed publisher
  51. Benelli G, Caselli A, Di Giuseppe G, Canale A. Control of biting lice, Mallophaga - a review. Acta Trop. 2018;177:211-219 pubmed publisher
  52. Benelli G, Buttazzoni L, Canale A, D Andrea A, Del Serrone P, Delrio G, et al. Bluetongue outbreaks: Looking for effective control strategies against Culicoides vectors. Res Vet Sci. 2017;115:263-270 pubmed publisher
  53. Sujitha V, Murugan K, Dinesh D, Pandiyan A, Aruliah R, Hwang J, et al. Green-synthesized CdS nano-pesticides: Toxicity on young instars of malaria vectors and impact on enzymatic activities of the non-target mud crab Scylla serrata. Aquat Toxicol. 2017;188:100-108 pubmed publisher
  54. Tabari M, Youssefi M, Esfandiari A, Benelli G. Toxicity of β-citronellol, geraniol and linalool from Pelargonium roseum essential oil against the West Nile and filariasis vector Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae). Res Vet Sci. 2017;114:36-40 pubmed publisher
    ..roseum and specially the whole essential oil could be helpful in developing novel and safe mosquito control tools and also offer an environmentally safe and cheap tool for reducing Cx. pipiens mosquito populations. ..
  55. Benelli G, Pavela R, Canale A, Cianfaglione K, Ciaschetti G, Conti F, et al. Acute larvicidal toxicity of five essential oils (Pinus nigra, Hyssopus officinalis, Satureja montana, Aloysia citrodora and Pelargonium graveolens) against the filariasis vector Culex quinquefasciatus: Synergistic and antagonistic effects. Parasitol Int. 2017;66:166-171 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, our results add useful knowledge to allow the employ of synergistic essential oil blends as effective, cheap and eco-friendly mosquito larvicides. ..
  56. Ward M, Benelli G. Avian and simian malaria: do they have a cancer connection?. Parasitol Res. 2017;116:839-845 pubmed publisher
    ..If so, then they potentially provide unique markers for early cancer detection. ..
  57. Benelli G, Rajeswary M, Govindarajan M. Towards green oviposition deterrents? Effectiveness of Syzygium lanceolatum (Myrtaceae) essential oil against six mosquito vectors and impact on four aquatic biological control agents. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10218-10227 pubmed publisher
    ..lanceolatum leaf EO as a source of environmental-friendly oviposition deterrents and larvicides effective against a wide number of mosquito species of importance for parasitology. ..
  58. Romano D, Benelli G, Stefanini C. Escape and surveillance asymmetries in locusts exposed to a Guinea fowl-mimicking robot predator. Sci Rep. 2017;7:12825 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings outline the possibility of using biomimetic robots to study predator-prey interaction, avoiding the use of real predators, thus achieving standardized experimental conditions to investigate complex and flexible behaviours...
  59. Karthika V, Arumugam A, Gopinath K, Kaleeswarran P, Govindarajan M, Alharbi N, et al. Guazuma ulmifolia bark-synthesized Ag, Au and Ag/Au alloy nanoparticles: Photocatalytic potential, DNA/protein interactions, anticancer activity and toxicity against 14 species of microbial pathogens. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2017;167:189-199 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, our work showed the promising potential of bark-synthesized Ag and Ag/Au alloy NPs as cheap sources to develop novel and safer photocatalytic, antimicrobial and anticancer agents. ..
  60. AlShebly M, AlQahtani F, Govindarajan M, Gopinath K, Vijayan P, Benelli G. Toxicity of ar-curcumene and epi-?-bisabolol from Hedychium larsenii (Zingiberaceae) essential oil on malaria, chikungunya and St. Louis encephalitis mosquito vectors. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2017;137:149-157 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, the results from this study revealed that ar-curcumene and epi-?-bisabolol from the H. larsenii oil can be considered for the development of novel and effective mosquito larvicides. ..
  61. Pavela R, Canale A, Mehlhorn H, Benelli G. Application of ethnobotanical repellents and acaricides in prevention, control and management of livestock ticks: A review. Res Vet Sci. 2016;109:1-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In the final section, implications arising from the surveyed anti-tick ethnobotanical knowledge and challenges for its future are discussed. ..
  62. Murugan K, Wei J, Alsalhi M, Nicoletti M, Paulpandi M, Samidoss C, et al. Magnetic nanoparticles are highly toxic to chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum, dengue virus (DEN-2), and their mosquito vectors. Parasitol Res. 2017;116:495-502 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, our findings represent the first report about the use of MNP in medical and veterinary entomology, proposing them as suitable materials to develop reliable tools to combat mosquito-borne diseases. ..
  63. Benelli G, Conti B, Garreffa R, Nicoletti M. Shedding light on bioactivity of botanical by-products: neem cake compounds deter oviposition of the arbovirus vector Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in the field. Parasitol Res. 2014;113:933-40 pubmed publisher
    ..albopictus since they are proved as rich in active metabolites, cheap, and really effective at low doses. ..