Ronny A Bell

Summary

Publications

  1. pmc Correlates of physician trust among rural older adults with diabetes
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Am J Health Behav 37:660-6. 2013
  2. pmc Medical skepticism and complementary therapy use among older rural African-Americans and Whites
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 24:777-87. 2013
  3. ncbi request reprint Understanding and addressing health disparities in North Carolina
    Ronny A Bell
    Maya Angelou Center for Health Equity, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    N C Med J 73:389-94. 2012
  4. ncbi request reprint Barriers to diabetes prevention and control among American Indians
    Ronny A Bell
    Maya Angelou Center for Health Equity, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    N C Med J 72:393-6. 2011
  5. pmc Dry mouth and dietary quality in older adults in north Carolina
    Sara A Quandt
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 59:439-45. 2011
  6. pmc Use of tobacco products among rural older adults: prevalence of ever use and cumulative lifetime use
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, United States
    Addict Behav 34:662-7. 2009
  7. pmc The association of mental conditions with blood glucose levels in older adults with diabetes
    Ha T Nguyen
    Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, USA
    Aging Ment Health 16:950-7. 2012
  8. ncbi request reprint Comparative validation of standard, picture-sort and meal-based food-frequency questionnaires adapted for an elderly population of low socio-economic status
    Sara A Quandt
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Public Health Nutr 10:524-32. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint High levels of low energy reporting on 24-hour recalls and three questionnaires in an elderly low-socioeconomic status population
    Janet A Tooze
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Nutr 137:1286-93. 2007
  10. pmc Oral health self-care behaviors of rural older adults
    Thomas A Arcury
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Public Health Dent 69:182-9. 2009

Detail Information

Publications67

  1. pmc Correlates of physician trust among rural older adults with diabetes
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Am J Health Behav 37:660-6. 2013
    ..To examine the demographic, health and diabetes management correlates of physician trust in a rural, multiethnic population with diabetes...
  2. pmc Medical skepticism and complementary therapy use among older rural African-Americans and Whites
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 24:777-87. 2013
    ..This study documents demographic, health, and complementary therapy (CT) correlates of medical skepticism among rural older adults...
  3. ncbi request reprint Understanding and addressing health disparities in North Carolina
    Ronny A Bell
    Maya Angelou Center for Health Equity, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    N C Med J 73:389-94. 2012
    ..Future efforts should focus on policy implementation and the translation of research findings into effective interventions...
  4. ncbi request reprint Barriers to diabetes prevention and control among American Indians
    Ronny A Bell
    Maya Angelou Center for Health Equity, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    N C Med J 72:393-6. 2011
    ..Concerted efforts need to be made to provide culturally appropriate and easily accessible education, health care, and health-promoting resources in these vulnerable communities...
  5. pmc Dry mouth and dietary quality in older adults in north Carolina
    Sara A Quandt
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 59:439-45. 2011
    ..To quantify prevalence of dry mouth, association between dry mouth and beverage intake and dietary quality, and association between dry mouth and self-reported dietary accommodations to oral health deficits...
  6. pmc Use of tobacco products among rural older adults: prevalence of ever use and cumulative lifetime use
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, United States
    Addict Behav 34:662-7. 2009
    ..These data add to a limited body of literature on lifetime use of smoked and smokeless tobacco products, and are useful in identifying the impact of these products on morbidity and mortality, particularly for vulnerable populations...
  7. pmc The association of mental conditions with blood glucose levels in older adults with diabetes
    Ha T Nguyen
    Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, USA
    Aging Ment Health 16:950-7. 2012
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Comparative validation of standard, picture-sort and meal-based food-frequency questionnaires adapted for an elderly population of low socio-economic status
    Sara A Quandt
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Public Health Nutr 10:524-32. 2007
    ..To compare the validity of a modified Block food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ), a picture-sort administration of the FFQ (PSFFQ) and a meal pattern-based questionnaire (MPQ) in a multi-ethnic population of low socio-economic status (SES)...
  9. ncbi request reprint High levels of low energy reporting on 24-hour recalls and three questionnaires in an elderly low-socioeconomic status population
    Janet A Tooze
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Nutr 137:1286-93. 2007
    ..Underreporting seemed to be due to omitting foods from major food groups as well as from omitting discretionary energy foods. There was a high degree of low energy reporting in this population, particularly by men, even with six 24HR...
  10. pmc Oral health self-care behaviors of rural older adults
    Thomas A Arcury
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Public Health Dent 69:182-9. 2009
    ..This analysis describes the dental self-care behaviors used by a multiethnic sample of older adults and delineates the associations of self-care behaviors with personal characteristics and oral health problems...
  11. pmc Consumption of sugar- and fat-modified foods among rural older adults: the Rural Nutrition and Health (RUN) Study
    Ronny A Bell
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    J Nutr Elder 25:23-40. 2006
    ..Diabetes status was associated with higher use of sugar-modified foods. This study shows high level of acceptance of sugar- and fat-modified foods among rural older adults across variety of demographic and health characteristics...
  12. pmc Older adults' self-management of daily symptoms: complementary therapies, self-care, and medical care
    Thomas A Arcury
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Aging Health 24:569-97. 2012
    ..To describe older adults' use of complementary therapies, self-care practices, and medical care to treat daily symptoms and to delineate gender, ethnic, age, and education differences...
  13. pmc Depressive symptoms and diabetes self-management among rural older adults
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Am J Health Behav 34:36-44. 2010
    ..To assess the association of depressive symptoms with diabetes self-management regimens among older adults with type 2 diabetes in a rural, ethnically diverse community...
  14. pmc Prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms among rural older African Americans, Native Americans, and whites with diabetes
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:823-9. 2005
    ..Little is known about the prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms among older adults living in rural communities, particularly among ethnic minority groups, who are at increased risk of developing diabetes and complications...
  15. pmc Ethnic differences in elders' home remedy use: sociostructural explanations
    Joseph G Grzywacz
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    Am J Health Behav 30:39-50. 2006
    ..To determine if ethnic differences in elders' use of home remedies are explained by structured inequalities...
  16. pmc Dental anxiety and oral health outcomes among rural older adults
    Ronny A Bell
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    J Public Health Dent 72:53-9. 2012
    ....
  17. pmc Predictors of falls in a multiethnic population of older rural adults with diabetes
    Sara A Quandt
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157 1063, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 61:394-8. 2006
    ..Falls are a recognized danger for older adults with diabetes. Persons in rural communities with diabetes may face additional risks from falling due to environmental and activity differences...
  18. pmc Ethnic disparities in glycemic control among rural older adults with type 2 diabetes
    Sara A Quandt
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Ethn Dis 15:656-63. 2005
    ..These data indicate that older ethnic minorities in rural communities are at increased risk for diabetes complications and need diabetes management strategies to improve glycemic control...
  19. pmc Daily use of complementary and other therapies for symptoms among older adults: study design and illustrative results
    Thomas A Arcury
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    J Aging Health 23:52-69. 2011
    ..This article describes research designed to specify complementary therapies used among older adults by obtaining daily use data and the specific purposes for use...
  20. ncbi request reprint Older adults in the rural South are not meeting healthful eating guidelines
    Mara Z Vitolins
    Department of Biostatistical Science, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:265-272. 2007
    ..To evaluate diet quality of rural older adults using national dietary guidelines and the Healthy Eating Index (HEI)...
  21. pmc Social control in older adults' diabetes self management and well-being
    Joseph G Grzywacz
    Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Behav Med 38:115-20. 2012
    ..Active use of social control attempts by family members and friends, especially if they are coercive or punitive in nature, are likely counterproductive for maintaining the physical and mental health of older adults with diabetes...
  22. pmc Food avoidance and food modification practices of older rural adults: association with oral health status and implications for service provision
    Sara A Quandt
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Gerontologist 50:100-11. 2010
    ..This study examines the association between oral health and foods avoided or modified in a multiethnic rural population of older adults. It considers implications for nutrition and medical service provision to this population...
  23. ncbi request reprint CAM use among older adults age 65 or older with hypertension in the United States: general use and disease treatment
    Ronny A Bell
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 12:903-9. 2006
    ..Although a number of antihypertensive therapies are currently available, adherence and control are low. The purpose of this study was to assess the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among older adults with HT...
  24. pmc The association of health and functional status with private and public religious practice among rural, ethnically diverse, older adults with diabetes
    Thomas A Arcury
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Rural Health 23:246-53. 2007
    ..This analysis describes the association of health and functional status with private and public religious practice among ethnically diverse (African American, Native American, white) rural older adults with diabetes...
  25. pmc Disparities in oral health status between older adults in a multiethnic rural community: the rural nutrition and oral health study
    Sara A Quandt
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 57:1369-75. 2009
    ..To compare oral health status according to ethnicity and socioeconomic status in African-American, American-Indian, and white dentate and edentulous community-dwelling older adults...
  26. pmc Complementary and alternative medicine use as health self-management: rural older adults with diabetes
    Thomas A Arcury
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 61:S62-70. 2006
    ..We summarize CAM use for general use and for diabetes care and use multiple logistic modeling to estimate the effects of health self-management predictors on use of CAM therapies...
  27. ncbi request reprint Disparities in A1C levels between Hispanic and non-Hispanic white adults with diabetes: a meta-analysis
    Julienne K Kirk
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:240-6. 2008
    ..Hispanics have higher rates of diabetes and diabetes-related complications than do non-Hispanic whites. A meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the difference between the mean values of A1C for these two groups...
  28. pmc Daily symptom management practices for arthritis used by older adults
    Sara A Quandt
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Aging Health 24:598-615. 2012
    ..This article describes the daily self-management practices of older adults with arthritis and examines the association of symptom experience with the use of self-management behaviors...
  29. pmc Differentiating approaches to diabetes self-management of multi-ethnic rural older adults at the extremes of glycemic control
    Aleshia Nichol Brewer-Lowry
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Gerontologist 50:657-67. 2010
    ..This study identified approaches to diabetes self-management that differentiate persons with well-controlled from poorly controlled diabetes. Previous research has focused largely on persons participating in self-management interventions...
  30. doi request reprint The YMCA Healthy, Fit, and Strong Program: a community-based, family-centered, low-cost obesity prevention/treatment pilot study
    Robert P Schwartz
    Department of Pediatrics Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Child Obes 8:577-82. 2012
    ..Our objective was to design and test the feasibility of a community-based (YMCA), family-centered, low-cost intervention for overweight and obese children...
  31. ncbi request reprint The effects of race and region on cardiovascular morbidity among elderly Americans with diabetes
    Alain G Bertoni
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:2620-5. 2005
    ..Because geographic region is known to influence the risk of CVD in the U.S., we sought to determine the effects of race and region on cardiovascular morbidity among elderly Americans with diabetes...
  32. ncbi request reprint Ethnic disparities: control of glycemia, blood pressure, and LDL cholesterol among US adults with type 2 diabetes
    Julienne K Kirk
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    Ann Pharmacother 39:1489-501. 2005
    ..To examine ethnic disparities in the quality of diabetes care among adults with diabetes in the US through a systematic qualitative review...
  33. pmc Occurrence and co-occurrence of types of complementary and alternative medicine use by age, gender, ethnicity, and education among adults in the United States: the 2002 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)
    Rebecca H Neiberg
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Biostatistical Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 17:363-70. 2011
    ..Second, it was determined whether dominant linkages of CAM modalities differ by age, gender, ethnicity, and education...
  34. pmc Cultural basis for diabetes-related beliefs among low- and high-education African American, American Indian, and white older adults
    Joseph G Grzywacz
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Ethn Dis 22:466-72. 2012
    ..The goal of our study was to improve understanding of the cultural basis for variation in diabetes beliefs...
  35. pmc Social integration and diabetes management among rural older adults
    Thomas A Arcury
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine NC, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Aging Health 24:899-922. 2012
    ..To describe diabetes management behaviors and social integration among older adults, and delineate the associations of social integration with diabetes management behaviors...
  36. ncbi request reprint Complementary and alternative medicine use among adults with diabetes in the United States
    Ronny A Bell
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Altern Ther Health Med 12:16-22. 2006
    ....
  37. pmc Primary and specialty medical care among ethnically diverse, older rural adults with type 2 diabetes: the ELDER Diabetes Study
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Rural Health 21:198-205. 2005
    ..This study examines primary and specialty medical care utilization among a rural, ethnically diverse, older adult population with diabetes...
  38. ncbi request reprint Older adults' use of complementary and alternative medicine for mental health: findings from the 2002 National Health Interview Survey
    Joseph G Grzywacz
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 12:467-73. 2006
    ....
  39. pmc Calling the doctor: a qualitative study of patient-initiated physician consultation among rural older adults
    Eleanor Palo Stoller
    Department of Sociology, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, NC 27109, USA
    J Aging Health 23:782-805. 2011
    ..rural adults: What symptom characteristics prompt patient-initiated physician consultation? Do participants' accounts of responses to symptoms, including the decision to consult a physician, incorporate descriptions of change over time?..
  40. pmc Complementary therapy use and health self-management among rural older adults
    Thomas A Arcury
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 64:635-43. 2009
    ....
  41. pmc Ethnic and sex differences in ownership of preventive health equipment among rural older adults with diabetes
    Ronny A Bell
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Rural Health 23:332-8. 2007
    ..Different levels of self-management have been reported among various populations, though little is known about ownership of equipment that can enhance accomplishment of these tasks...
  42. pmc Dietary fat reduction behaviors among African American, American Indian, and white older adults with diabetes
    Sara A Quandt
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Nutr Elder 28:143-57. 2009
    ..Older men and ethnic minorities with diabetes should be targeted for dietary change education...
  43. ncbi request reprint Aging and eating in the rural, southern United States: beliefs about salt and its effect on health
    Shannon L Smith
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Soc Sci Med 62:189-98. 2006
    ..These older adults' narratives demonstrate their attempts to reconcile the important role of traditional foods in their identity as Southerners with their attempts to meet medical recommendations for healthy eating...
  44. ncbi request reprint Herbal remedy use as health self-management among older adults
    Thomas A Arcury
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 62:S142-9. 2007
    ....
  45. pmc The relationship between cognitive function and non-prescribed therapy use in older adults
    Ha T Nguyen
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Aging Ment Health 16:648-58. 2012
    ....
  46. pmc Older adults' common sense models of diabetes
    Joseph G Grzywacz
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Am J Health Behav 35:318-33. 2011
    ..To investigate the importance of viewing belief systems about health maintenance holistically...
  47. ncbi request reprint Food consumption patterns of rural older African American, Native American, and white adults in North Carolina
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Nutr Elder 23:1-16. 2003
    ..These data provide greater insight into the dietary patterns of rural elders than examining nutrient intakes...
  48. pmc Linking glycemic control and executive function in rural older adults with diabetes mellitus
    Ha T Nguyen
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 58:1123-7. 2010
    ..To examine the association between glycemic control and the executive functioning domain of cognition and to identify risk factors for inadequate glycemic control that may explain this relationship...
  49. ncbi request reprint Age, ethnicity, and use of complementary and alternative medicine in health self-management
    Joseph G Grzywacz
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 48:84-98. 2007
    ..The results also highlight the significance of social and cultural factors in understanding patterns of complementary and alternative medicine use in the adult population...
  50. pmc Measuring differential beliefs in complementary therapy research: an exploration of the Complementary and Alternative Medicine Beliefs Inventory (CAMBI)
    Joseph G Grzywacz
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, USA
    Complement Ther Med 20:54-60. 2012
    ..Revision and additional development of the CAMBI is needed to enable its use in more diverse research samples...
  51. pmc Cognitive function is a risk for health literacy in older adults with diabetes
    Ha T Nguyen
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, United States
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 101:141-7. 2013
    ..We hypothesized that cognitive function, independent of education, is associated with health literacy...
  52. pmc Dental care utilization among North Carolina rural older adults
    Thomas A Arcury
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Public Health Dent 72:190-7. 2012
    ..This analysis delineates the predisposing, need, and enabling factors that are associated with regular and recent dental care in a multiethnic sample of rural older adults...
  53. pmc Physical activity among rural older adults with diabetes
    Thomas A Arcury
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Rural Health 22:164-8. 2006
    ..This analysis describes physical activity levels and factors associated with physical activity in an ethnically diverse (African American, Native American, white) sample of rural older adults with diabetes...
  54. ncbi request reprint Predicted risk of coronary heart disease among persons with type 2 diabetes
    Julienne K Kirk
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Coron Artery Dis 18:595-600. 2007
    ..We evaluated whether there are racial/ethnic differences in predicted probability of CHD among persons with type 2 diabetes from the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
  55. ncbi request reprint A qualitative review of studies of diabetes preventive care among minority patients in the United States, 1993-2003
    Julienne K Kirk
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    Am J Manag Care 11:349-60. 2005
    ..To review existing data to determine whether ethnic disparities exist for diabetes-related preventive care among adults in the United States...
  56. pmc Performance of health literacy tests among older adults with diabetes
    Julienne K Kirk
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 27:534-40. 2012
    ..Poor health literacy has been linked with lower ability to function adequately in health care systems...
  57. pmc Disparities in HbA1c levels between African-American and non-Hispanic white adults with diabetes: a meta-analysis
    Julienne K Kirk
    Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:2130-6. 2006
    ..Data sources included PubMed, Web of Science, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health, the Cochrane Library, the Combined Health Information Database, and the Education Resources Information Center...
  58. pmc Ethnic disparities in health-related quality of life among older rural adults with diabetes
    Sara A Quandt
    Division of Public Health Sciences Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Ethn Dis 17:471-6. 2007
    ..Strategies to reduce diabetes-related complications (long term) and assist mobility (short term) may reduce ethnic disparities in HRQOL...
  59. doi request reprint Age-related differences in the conventional health care-complementary and alternative medicine link
    Joseph G Grzywacz
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Am J Health Behav 32:650-63. 2008
    ..To determine if differences in conventional care among users and nonusers distinct CAM therapies varies by age and ethnicity...
  60. pmc Blood glucose symptom recognition: perspectives of older rural adults
    Julienne K Kirk
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Diabetes Educ 37:363-9. 2011
    ..Health care providers can develop strategies to improve care by listening to individuals describe their symptoms in the context of everyday life...
  61. ncbi request reprint Dietary calcium intake and supplement use among older African American, white, and Native American women in a rural southeastern community
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 102:844-7. 2002
  62. ncbi request reprint Partnership approaches to reducing socioeconomic disparities in diabetes care in North Carolina
    Vanessa T Duren-Winfield
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Diabetes Educ 30:600, 602, 604 passim. 2004
  63. ncbi request reprint Racial and ethnic disparities in self-monitoring of blood glucose among US adults: a qualitative review
    Julienne K Kirk
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    Ethn Dis 17:135-42. 2007
    ..To review existing data to determine whether racial/ethnic disparities exist for self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) among adults in the United States...
  64. ncbi request reprint Tobacco use in a tri-ethnic population of older women in southeastern North Carolina
    John G Spangler
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Ethn Dis 13:226-32. 2003
    ..We examined the epidemiology of tobacco use among a tri-racial population of elderly women in southeastern North Carolina...
  65. ncbi request reprint Age, race, and ethnicity in the use of complementary and alternative medicine for health self-management: evidence from the 2002 National Health Interview Survey
    Joseph G Grzywacz
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Aging Health 17:547-72. 2005
    ..Determine if complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use for treating existing conditions and for health maintenance differs by age and ethnicity...
  66. pmc Gender and health lifestyle: an in-depth exploration of self-care activities in later life
    Joseph G Grzywacz
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Health Educ Behav 39:332-40. 2012
    ..OBJECTIVE. Evaluate similarities and differences in the self-care domain of health lifestyle among older, rural-dwelling women and men...
  67. ncbi request reprint Smokeless tobacco use accelerates age-related loss of bone mineral density among older women in a multi-ethnic rural community
    Sara A Quandt
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University, School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Cross Cult Gerontol 20:109-25. 2005
    ..Women who formerly smoked and did not use supplements had a decreased BMD. ST should be considered as an additional risk factor for osteoporosis in populations where its use is prevalent...