Charles Kornreich

Summary

Country: Belgium

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint [Religion and brain functioning (part 2): does religion have a positive impact on mental health?]
    C Kornreich
    Service de Psychiatrie, C H U Brugmann, Laboratoire de Psychologie Médicale, ULB, Bruxelles
    Rev Med Brux 33:87-96. 2012
  2. doi request reprint Polysubstance dependent patients display a more utilitarian profile in moral decision-making than alcohol-dependent patients, depressive patients and controls
    Charles Kornreich
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Médicale, Universite Libre de Bruxelles ULB, Place Van Gehuchten 4, 1020 Brussels, Belgium Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 132:434-40. 2013
  3. doi request reprint Impaired processing of emotion in music, faces and voices supports a generalized emotional decoding deficit in alcoholism
    Charles Kornreich
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Médicale et d Addictologie, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
    Addiction 108:80-8. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Conditional reasoning difficulties in polysubstance-dependent patients
    Charles Kornreich
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Médicale, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
    Psychol Addict Behav 26:665-71. 2012
  5. pmc Impaired conditional reasoning in alcoholics: a negative impact on social interactions and risky behaviors?
    Charles Kornreich
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Médicale Université Libre de Bruxelles, CHU Brugmann, Brussels, Belgium
    Addiction 106:951-9. 2011
  6. ncbi request reprint Impaired emotional facial expression recognition in alcoholism compared with obsessive-compulsive disorder and normal controls
    C Kornreich
    Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brugmann Hospital, Brussels, Belgium
    Psychiatry Res 102:235-48. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint Deficits in recognition of emotional facial expression are still present in alcoholics after mid- to long-term abstinence
    C Kornreich
    Department of Psychiatry, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brugmann Hospital, Brussels, Belgium
    J Stud Alcohol 62:533-42. 2001
  8. ncbi request reprint [Religion and brain functioning (part 1): are our mental structures designed for religion?]
    C Kornreich
    Service de Psychiatrie, C H U Brugmann, Laboratoire de Psychologie Médicale, ULB, Bruxelles
    Rev Med Brux 31:50-6. 2010
  9. ncbi request reprint Impaired emotional facial expression recognition in alcoholics, opiate dependence subjects, methadone maintained subjects and mixed alcohol-opiate antecedents subjects compared with normal controls
    Charles Kornreich
    Department of Psychiatry, Free University of Brussels, Brugmann Hospital, Place Van Gehuchten 4, 1020 Brussels, Belgium
    Psychiatry Res 119:251-60. 2003
  10. pmc Time course of attentional bias for gambling information in problem gambling
    Damien Brevers
    Psychological Medicine Laboratory, Consciousness, Cognition and Computation Group, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
    Psychol Addict Behav 25:675-82. 2011

Detail Information

Publications39

  1. ncbi request reprint [Religion and brain functioning (part 2): does religion have a positive impact on mental health?]
    C Kornreich
    Service de Psychiatrie, C H U Brugmann, Laboratoire de Psychologie Médicale, ULB, Bruxelles
    Rev Med Brux 33:87-96. 2012
    ....
  2. doi request reprint Polysubstance dependent patients display a more utilitarian profile in moral decision-making than alcohol-dependent patients, depressive patients and controls
    Charles Kornreich
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Médicale, Universite Libre de Bruxelles ULB, Place Van Gehuchten 4, 1020 Brussels, Belgium Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 132:434-40. 2013
    ..Addiction has been shown to be associated with the endorsement of utilitarian moral judgments. Ventro-medial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC) dysfunction may explain these findings...
  3. doi request reprint Impaired processing of emotion in music, faces and voices supports a generalized emotional decoding deficit in alcoholism
    Charles Kornreich
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Médicale et d Addictologie, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
    Addiction 108:80-8. 2013
    ..To test the generalized emotional decoding impairment hypothesis in alcoholism...
  4. doi request reprint Conditional reasoning difficulties in polysubstance-dependent patients
    Charles Kornreich
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Médicale, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
    Psychol Addict Behav 26:665-71. 2012
    ..This population may have difficulties properly understanding social contracts in real-life settings, suggesting a potential target for clinical intervention...
  5. pmc Impaired conditional reasoning in alcoholics: a negative impact on social interactions and risky behaviors?
    Charles Kornreich
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Médicale Université Libre de Bruxelles, CHU Brugmann, Brussels, Belgium
    Addiction 106:951-9. 2011
    ..To study the 'social brain' in alcoholics by investigating social contract reasoning, theory of mind and emotional intelligence...
  6. ncbi request reprint Impaired emotional facial expression recognition in alcoholism compared with obsessive-compulsive disorder and normal controls
    C Kornreich
    Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brugmann Hospital, Brussels, Belgium
    Psychiatry Res 102:235-48. 2001
    ..Comparison with other psychopathological groups is still needed. Possible consequences of EFE decoding deficits in RA include distorted interpersonal relationships...
  7. ncbi request reprint Deficits in recognition of emotional facial expression are still present in alcoholics after mid- to long-term abstinence
    C Kornreich
    Department of Psychiatry, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brugmann Hospital, Brussels, Belgium
    J Stud Alcohol 62:533-42. 2001
    ..Decoding errors have been described in several pathological conditions, including alcoholism. The aim of this study was to investigate whether EFE decoding skill deficits persist after abstention from alcohol of at least 2 months...
  8. ncbi request reprint [Religion and brain functioning (part 1): are our mental structures designed for religion?]
    C Kornreich
    Service de Psychiatrie, C H U Brugmann, Laboratoire de Psychologie Médicale, ULB, Bruxelles
    Rev Med Brux 31:50-6. 2010
    ..In particular, religion could function as an insurance mechanism given by the religious group. It is likely that both theories are complementary and useful to explain why religion is a universal phenomenon in the human species...
  9. ncbi request reprint Impaired emotional facial expression recognition in alcoholics, opiate dependence subjects, methadone maintained subjects and mixed alcohol-opiate antecedents subjects compared with normal controls
    Charles Kornreich
    Department of Psychiatry, Free University of Brussels, Brugmann Hospital, Place Van Gehuchten 4, 1020 Brussels, Belgium
    Psychiatry Res 119:251-60. 2003
    ..In this context, EFE-decoding impairment could reflect a more general emotional intelligence deficit in addicted populations...
  10. pmc Time course of attentional bias for gambling information in problem gambling
    Damien Brevers
    Psychological Medicine Laboratory, Consciousness, Cognition and Computation Group, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
    Psychol Addict Behav 25:675-82. 2011
    ..In the PrG group, measures of gambling-related attentional bias were not associated with craving for gambling and gambling dependence severity. Theoretical and clinical implications of these results are discussed...
  11. ncbi request reprint Impaired emotional facial expression recognition in alcoholics: are these deficits specific to emotional cues?
    Marie Line Foisy
    Department of Psychiatry, Free University of Brussels, Brugmann Hospital, Brussels, Belgium
    Psychiatry Res 150:33-41. 2007
    ....
  12. doi request reprint Separating intentional inhibition of prepotent responses and resistance to proactive interference in alcohol-dependent individuals
    Xavier Noel
    Psychological Medicine Laboratory, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brugmann Campus, CP403 21, Place Van Gehuchten, 4, 1020 Brussels, Belgium
    Drug Alcohol Depend 128:200-5. 2013
    ..e., inhibition of a prepotent response) and overcoming competition in memory (i.e., resistance to proactive interference) in sober and recently detoxified alcohol-dependent individuals...
  13. ncbi request reprint Impaired emotional facial expression recognition is associated with interpersonal problems in alcoholism
    Charles Kornreich
    Department of Psychiatry, Free University of Brussels, Brugmann Hospital, Department of Psychology, University of Louvain, Louvain la Neuve, Belgium
    Alcohol Alcohol 37:394-400. 2002
    ..The present study investigated the relationship between EFE recognition impairments and interpersonal difficulties in recently detoxified alcoholics (RA)...
  14. doi request reprint The contribution of executive functions deficits to impaired episodic memory in individuals with alcoholism
    Xavier Noel
    Belgium Fund for Scientific Research FRS FNRS, Psychological Medicine Laboratory, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brugmann Campus, 4 Place Van Gehuchten, 1020 Brussels, Belgium
    Psychiatry Res 198:116-22. 2012
    ..Compared with controls, patients used effortful learning strategies, which are nonetheless less efficient...
  15. pmc Alcohol-related context modulates performance of social drinkers in a visual Go/No-Go task: a preliminary assessment of event-related potentials
    Géraldine Petit
    Laboratory of Psychological Medicine, Free University of Brussels, Brussels, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 7:e37466. 2012
    ..The aim of our study was to confront social drinkers to a task triggering high alcohol cue-reactivity, to verify whether it specifically altered inhibitory performance, by using long-lasting background picture presentation...
  16. doi request reprint Decision making under ambiguity but not under risk is related to problem gambling severity
    Damien Brevers
    Psychological Medicine Laboratory, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
    Psychiatry Res 200:568-74. 2012
    ..These results suggest that impairments in decision-making under uncertain conditions of problem gamblers may represent an important neurocognitive mechanism in the maintenance of their problem gambling...
  17. doi request reprint Greater sensitivity of the P300 component to bimodal stimulation in an event-related potentials oddball task
    Salvatore Campanella
    Laboratory of Psychological Medicine, Free University of Brussels, Brussels, Belgium
    Clin Neurophysiol 123:937-46. 2012
    ..In the present study, a bimodal oddball design with synchronized pairs of audio-visual stimuli was used to further improve the clinical sensitivity of the P300...
  18. doi request reprint Early attentional modulation by alcohol-related cues in young binge drinkers: an event-related potentials study
    Géraldine Petit
    Laboratory of Psychological Medicine, Free University of Brussels, Brussels, Belgium
    Clin Neurophysiol 123:925-36. 2012
    ..Using event-related potentials (ERPs), we investigated the responses of binge drinkers to alcohol-related pictures...
  19. doi request reprint Impaired self-awareness in pathological gamblers
    Damien Brevers
    Psychological Medicine Laboratory, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, 4 Place Van Gehuchten, Brussels, Belgium
    J Gambl Stud 29:119-29. 2013
    ..Perhaps this deficit reflects the impaired insight and self-awareness that many addicts suffer from, thus providing a novel approach for capturing and measuring this impairment, and for investigating its possible causes...
  20. ncbi request reprint Impaired emotional facial expression recognition in alcohol dependence: do these deficits persist with midterm abstinence?
    Marie Line Foisy
    Department of Psychiatry, Free University of Brussels, Brugmann Hospital, Brussels, Belgium
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 31:404-10. 2007
    ..Emotional facial expression (EFE) decoding has been repetitively shown to be impaired in alcoholic inpatients. The present study aimed to replicate and extend previous findings on EFE recognition deficits in alcoholism...
  21. ncbi request reprint Emotional facial expression decoding impairment in persons dependent on multiple substances: impact of a history of alcohol dependence
    Marie Line Foisy
    Department of Psychiatry, Free University of Brussels, Brugmann Hospital, Belgium
    J Stud Alcohol 66:673-81. 2005
    ..two complementary questions: (1) How do these decoding deficits change with long-term abstinence during an institutionalized therapeutic program? and (2) Do alcohol-dependent antecedents constitute a factor impairing a potential recovery?..
  22. doi request reprint Is two better than one? A cross-modal oddball paradigm reveals greater sensitivity of the P300 to emotional face-voice associations
    Salvatore Campanella
    Laboratory of Psychological Medicine, Free University of Brussels, Brussels, Belgium
    Clin Neurophysiol 121:1855-62. 2010
    ..The present study aims to increase the clinical sensitivity of these P3b modulations by using a more ecological oddball design, using synchronized pairs of audio-visual emotional stimuli...
  23. doi request reprint Implicit gambling attitudes in problem gamblers: positive but not negative implicit associations
    Damien Brevers
    Psychological Medicine Laboratory, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, CHU Brugmann, CP403 21, Place Van Gehuchten, 4, 1020 Brussels, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 44:94-7. 2013
    ..This study examined whether problem gamblers exhibit both positive and negative implicit attitudes toward gambling-related stimuli...
  24. doi request reprint Neurocognitive determinants of novelty and sensation-seeking in individuals with alcoholism
    Xavier Noel
    Psychological Medicine Laboratory, Campus Brugmann, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
    Alcohol Alcohol 46:407-15. 2011
    ..However, little is known about the specific and common cognitive processes associated with NS and sensation-seeking personality traits in detoxified sober alcoholic abusers...
  25. doi request reprint Impaired metacognitive capacities in individuals with problem gambling
    Damien Brevers
    Medical Psychology, alcohol and drug addiction, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, 4, Place Van Gehuchten, 1020, Brussels, Belgium
    J Gambl Stud 30:141-52. 2014
    ..Clinical interventions tailored to improve metacognition in gambling could be a fruitful avenue of research in order to prevent pathological gambling. ..
  26. ncbi request reprint Recognition of emotional facial expressions in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
    Karine Pelc
    Department of Neurology, Hopital Universitaire des Enfants Reine Fabiola, Free University of Brussels ULB, Brussels, Belgium
    Pediatr Neurol 35:93-7. 2006
    ..These results suggest suboptimal nonverbal decoding abilities in ADHD that may have important implications for therapy...
  27. pmc Impulsive action but not impulsive choice determines problem gambling severity
    Damien Brevers
    Psychological Medicine Laboratory, CHU Brugmann, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 7:e50647. 2012
    ....
  28. doi request reprint Reduced attentional blink for gambling-related stimuli in problem gamblers
    Damien Brevers
    FNRS, Psychological Medicine Laboratory, CHU Brugmann, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Place Van Gehuchten 4, 1020 Brussels, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 42:265-9. 2011
    ..Theoretical and clinical implications of these results are discussed...
  29. doi request reprint Binge drinking in adolescents: a review of neurophysiological and neuroimaging research
    Géraldine Petit
    Corresponding author The Belgian Fund for Scientific Research FNRS, CHU Brugmann, Department of Psychiatry, 4 Place Vangehuchten, 1020 Brussels, Belgium
    Alcohol Alcohol 49:198-206. 2014
    ..While the relationship between chronic exposure to alcohol and neurobiological damage is well established, deleterious brain effects of binge drinking in youths have only recently been studied...
  30. doi request reprint Unfairness sensitivity and social decision-making in individuals with alcohol dependence: a preliminary study
    Damien Brevers
    Laboratory of Medical Psychology and Addictology, CHU Brugmann, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
    Drug Alcohol Depend 133:772-5. 2013
    ..Here, we hypothesize that, due to an impulsive decision making style, individuals with alcoholism will display an heightened unfairness sensitivity that leads them to reject advantageous offers more frequently on the Ultimatum Game...
  31. ncbi request reprint An atypical neuropsychological profile of a Korsakoff syndrome patient throughout the follow-up
    X Noel
    Department of Psychiatry, Free University of Brussels, Brugmann Hospital, Brussels, Belgium
    Eur Neurol 46:140-7. 2001
    ..The present report details the nature and extent of amnesia in an alcoholic patients with WKS and which appears to be mainly due to frontal lobe (executive) deficits...
  32. ncbi request reprint Supervisory attentional system in nonamnesic alcoholic men
    X Noel
    Department of Psychiatry, Free University of Brussels, Belgium
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 58:1152-8. 2001
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Alcoholism and emotional reactivity: more heterogeneous film-induced emotional response in newly detoxified alcoholics compared to controls--a preliminary study
    C Kornreich
    Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
    Addict Behav 23:413-8. 1998
    ..We hypothesize that alcohol could be used to restore an optimal level of emotional arousal. This homeostatic function of alcohol is yet to be clearly assessed...
  34. doi request reprint Gender differences in reactivity to alcohol cues in binge drinkers: a preliminary assessment of event-related potentials
    Géraldine Petit
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Médicale et Addictions, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium Electronic address
    Psychiatry Res 209:494-503. 2013
    ..Our results suggest the phenomenon of alcohol cue reactivity to be a possible avenue by which a higher risk population, binge drinkers, and men in particular, are prone to develop problematic alcohol use. ..
  35. ncbi request reprint Correlation between inhibition, working memory and delimited frontal area blood flow measure by 99mTc-Bicisate SPECT in alcohol-dependent patients
    X Noel
    Department of Psychiatry, Free University of Brussels, Brugmann Hospital, Belgium
    Alcohol Alcohol 36:556-63. 2001
    ..18). These results suggest a relationship between inhibition and working memory deficits in alcoholic patients, and regional rCBF measured in frontal areas. Clinical implications of these data related to alcohol relapse are discussed...
  36. doi request reprint Chronic alcoholism: insights from neurophysiology
    S Campanella
    Laboratory of Medical Psychology, Psychiatry Department, CHU Brugmann, University of Brussels, 4, place Vangehuchten, 1020 Brussels, Belgium
    Neurophysiol Clin 39:191-207. 2009
    ..Accordingly, considerable insight has been gained in recent years into a common psychiatric condition, i.e., chronic alcoholism...
  37. ncbi request reprint Pediatric phantom vision (Charles Bonnet) syndrome
    Leena D Mewasingh
    Neurology Department University Children s Hospital Queen Fabiola, Free University of Brussels, Brussels, Belgium
    Pediatr Neurol 26:143-5. 2002
    ..This pediatric case is the fourth report of this condition. We have reviewed the other cases...
  38. ncbi request reprint [Obsessive compulsive disorder]
    C Kornreich
    Institut de Psychiatrie, CHU Brugmann, ULB, Bruxelles
    Rev Med Brux 25:A321-5. 2004
    ..Treatment usually associates medication and behavior therapy. It has a favorable impact, most of the time, on the patients' functioning, total remission being rather rare...
  39. ncbi request reprint [The impact of regular physical activity on physical and mental health: how motivate the patient?]
    C Kornreich
    Service de Psychiatrie, C H U Brugmann, U L B, Bruxelles
    Rev Med Brux 26:89-96. 2005
    ..Potential mechanisms of its positive influence are discussed and prescription recommendations are made...