D Hermans

Summary

Affiliation: Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Country: Belgium

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Expectancy-learning and evaluative learning in human classical conditioning: affective priming as an indirect and unobtrusive measure of conditioned stimulus valence
    Dirk Hermans
    Department of Psychology, Centre for Learning Theories and Behaviour Therapy, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 40:217-34. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Implicit and explicit memory for shape, body weight, and food-related words in patients with anorexia nervosa and nondieting controls
    D Hermans
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    J Abnorm Psychol 107:193-202. 1998
  3. ncbi request reprint Reality monitoring and metacognitive beliefs related to cognitive confidence in obsessive-compulsive disorder
    Dirk Hermans
    University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 41:383-401. 2003
  4. ncbi request reprint Reinstatement of fear responses in human aversive conditioning
    Dirk Hermans
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 43:533-51. 2005
  5. ncbi request reprint Trauma and autobiographical memory specificity in depressed inpatients
    Dirk Hermans
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 42:775-89. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint Extinction in human fear conditioning
    Dirk Hermans
    Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Biol Psychiatry 60:361-8. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Affective priming as an indirect measure of food preferences acquired through odor conditioning
    Dirk Hermans
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 52:180-6. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint Affective priming using a color-naming task: a test of an affective-motivational account of affective priming effects
    D Hermans
    Department of Psychology University of Leuven
    Z Exp Psychol 45:136-48. 1998
  9. ncbi request reprint Affective priming with subliminally presented pictures
    Dirk Hermans
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Can J Exp Psychol 57:97-114. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Pre-extinction of sensory preconditioned electrodermal activity
    D Vansteenwegen
    University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Q J Exp Psychol B 53:359-71. 2000

Detail Information

Publications57

  1. ncbi request reprint Expectancy-learning and evaluative learning in human classical conditioning: affective priming as an indirect and unobtrusive measure of conditioned stimulus valence
    Dirk Hermans
    Department of Psychology, Centre for Learning Theories and Behaviour Therapy, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 40:217-34. 2002
    ..Finally, imagery instructions during acquisition did not facilitate expectancy-learning nor evaluative learning...
  2. ncbi request reprint Implicit and explicit memory for shape, body weight, and food-related words in patients with anorexia nervosa and nondieting controls
    D Hermans
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    J Abnorm Psychol 107:193-202. 1998
    ..There was no evidence for a similar bias in implicit memory. Results are discussed in the context of cognitive biases in psychopathology...
  3. ncbi request reprint Reality monitoring and metacognitive beliefs related to cognitive confidence in obsessive-compulsive disorder
    Dirk Hermans
    University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 41:383-401. 2003
    ..The whole of these data do not support memory deficit models of OCD, but are in line with recent emphasis on the importance of memory confidence and other meta-cognitive beliefs in OCD...
  4. ncbi request reprint Reinstatement of fear responses in human aversive conditioning
    Dirk Hermans
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 43:533-51. 2005
    ..These findings constitute a first demonstration of reinstatement of conditioned fear responses in humans. Implications for exposure treatment and suggestions for future research are discussed...
  5. ncbi request reprint Trauma and autobiographical memory specificity in depressed inpatients
    Dirk Hermans
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 42:775-89. 2004
    ..The results are discussed in the context of a functional hypothesis about the developmental relations between memory specificity, trauma and depression...
  6. ncbi request reprint Extinction in human fear conditioning
    Dirk Hermans
    Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Biol Psychiatry 60:361-8. 2006
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Affective priming as an indirect measure of food preferences acquired through odor conditioning
    Dirk Hermans
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 52:180-6. 2005
    ..A reversed pattern was present for negative targets. Based on these findings, it is suggested that affective priming might be used as a demand-free measure of evaluative learning...
  8. ncbi request reprint Affective priming using a color-naming task: a test of an affective-motivational account of affective priming effects
    D Hermans
    Department of Psychology University of Leuven
    Z Exp Psychol 45:136-48. 1998
    ..The present results therefore provide no direct support for the affective-motivational account of the affective priming effect. Suggestions for future research are provided...
  9. ncbi request reprint Affective priming with subliminally presented pictures
    Dirk Hermans
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Can J Exp Psychol 57:97-114. 2003
    ..These reverse priming effects are situated within a series of recent similar findings, and implications for theories of affective priming are discussed...
  10. ncbi request reprint Pre-extinction of sensory preconditioned electrodermal activity
    D Vansteenwegen
    University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Q J Exp Psychol B 53:359-71. 2000
    ..These findings suggest that sensory preconditioning of anticipatory/preparatory responding only occurs when the pre-conditioned stimulus (A) actually predicts the conditioned stimulus (B)...
  11. ncbi request reprint Affective priming of nonaffective semantic categorization responses
    Adriaan Spruyt
    Ghent University, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 54:44-53. 2007
    ....
  12. doi request reprint Priming associations between bodily sensations and catastrophic misinterpretations: Specific for panic disorder?
    Dirk Hermans
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 48:900-8. 2010
    ..Theoretical and clinical implications are discussed...
  13. doi request reprint On the mediating role of subtypes of rumination in the relationship between childhood emotional abuse and depressed mood: brooding versus reflection
    Filip Raes
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Depress Anxiety 25:1067-70. 2008
    ..We examined the mediating role of rumination in the relationship between emotional abuse and depression, focusing on two subtypes of rumination: reflection versus brooding...
  14. ncbi request reprint Reinstatement of conditioned responses in human differential fear conditioning
    Trinette Dirikx
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 38:237-51. 2007
    ..Clinical implications and suggestions for further research are discussed...
  15. ncbi request reprint The emotional stroop task and chronic pain: what is threatening for chronic pain sufferers?
    G Crombez
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Eur J Pain 4:37-44. 2000
    ..No other attentional effects were found. The results are discussed in terms of possible reasons for the difficulty of demonstrating attentional bias in chronic pain patients...
  16. doi request reprint Affective priming of naming responses does not depend on stimulus repetition
    Adriaan Spruyt
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Can J Exp Psychol 62:237-41. 2008
    ..Results show that affective priming of naming responses does not depend on stimulus repetition...
  17. ncbi request reprint Autobiographical memory specificity and affect regulation: coping with a negative life event
    Dirk Hermans
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Depress Anxiety 25:787-92. 2008
    ..The correlational nature of this study limits to some extent the conclusions that can be drawn. The results offer support for the affect-regulation account of reduced autobiographical memory specificity...
  18. ncbi request reprint Stronger renewal in human fear conditioning when tested with an acquisition retrieval cue than with an extinction retrieval cue
    Debora Vansteenwegen
    Centre for the Psychology of Learning and Behaviour Therapy, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 44:1717-25. 2006
    ..As expected, renewal of conditioned electro-dermal responding and retrospective expectancy ratings was strongest in the acquisition-cue group. Theoretical and clinical implications of this finding are discussed...
  19. ncbi request reprint Negative affect, respiratory reactivity, and somatic complaints in a CO2 enriched air inhalation paradigm
    K Stegen
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Biol Psychol 49:109-22. 1998
    ..The pattern of results suggests that experimental inductions of complaints may largely wipe out NA-related differences in attentional/interpretative processes that may mediate the NA complaints link...
  20. ncbi request reprint Is overgeneral autobiographical memory an isolated memory phenomenon in major depression?
    Filip Raes
    University of Leuven, Belgium
    Memory 14:584-94. 2006
    ..Furthermore, in line with Ramponi et al. (2004), rumination was found to be related to both overgeneral AM and poor source memory...
  21. ncbi request reprint On the nature of the affective priming effect: effects of stimulus onset asynchrony and congruency proportion in naming and evaluative categorization
    Adriaan Spruyt
    University of Leuven, Belgium
    Mem Cognit 35:95-106. 2007
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Cognitive confidence in obsessive-compulsive disorder: distrusting perception, attention and memory
    Dirk Hermans
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000, Leuven, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 46:98-113. 2008
    ..In addition, it was observed that cognitive distrust while performing OCD-related actions not only extends to attention, but also to perception. It is argued that research on metacognition in OCD should move beyond the study of memory...
  23. ncbi request reprint Autobiographical memory specificity and affect regulation: an experimental approach
    Filip Raes
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Emotion 3:201-6. 2003
    ..Results are discussed within the affect-regulation model. It is suggested that future research take a more functional perspective on AM specificity...
  24. ncbi request reprint Autobiographical memory specificity and emotional abuse
    Filip Raes
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Br J Clin Psychol 44:133-8. 2005
    ..Examined the relationship between trauma and memory specificity and the importance in this of level of support received...
  25. ncbi request reprint Automatic non-associative semantic priming: episodic affective priming of naming responses
    Adriaan Spruyt
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, Leuven B 3000, Belgium
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 116:39-54. 2004
    ..This finding indicates that mere affective overlap is sufficient to produce automatic priming. As such, our results are in line with theoretical accounts of automatic priming that are based on semantic relatedness...
  26. ncbi request reprint On the replicability of the affective priming effect in the pronunciation task
    Adriaan Spruyt
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 51:109-15. 2004
    ..We report the results of a nearly exact replication of Bargh et al.'s (1996) Experiment 2. In line with previous replication studies, we failed to detect the affective priming effect...
  27. ncbi request reprint Reinstatement of extinguished conditioned responses and negative stimulus valence as a pathway to return of fear in humans
    Trinette Dirikx
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven 3000, Belgium
    Learn Mem 11:549-54. 2004
    ..These data provide clear evidence for reinstatement and for the role of negative stimulus valence in the return of conditioned responding after extinction...
  28. ncbi request reprint Return of fear in a human differential conditioning paradigm caused by a return to the original acquistion context
    Debora Vansteenwegen
    Department of Psychology, Centre for the Psychology of Learning and Behaviour Therapy, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, Leuven B 3000, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 43:323-36. 2005
    ..Several theoretical explanations for this type of return of fear as well as implications for clinical practice are discussed...
  29. ncbi request reprint Return of fear in a human differential conditioning paradigm caused by a stimulus change after extinction
    Bram Vervliet
    Centre for the Psychology of Learning and Behaviour Therapy, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 43:357-71. 2005
    ..This observation points to a differential impact of stimulus change after acquisition vs. extinction treatment. The findings are discussed from the theoretical perspective of renewal and the clinical perspective of Return of Fear...
  30. pmc Extinction and renewal of Pavlovian modulation in human sequential Feature Positive discrimination learning
    Frank Baeyens
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Learn Mem 12:178-92. 2005
    ..This evidences aba-renewal of extinguished modulation...
  31. ncbi request reprint The role of extinction and reinstatement in attentional bias to threat: a conditioning approach
    Stefaan Van Damme
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 44:1555-63. 2006
    ..This biased attention largely disappeared during extinction. During the reinstatement phase attentional bias to threat signals re-emerged in the reinstatement group, but not in the control group...
  32. pmc A sentence completion procedure as an alternative to the Autobiographical Memory Test for assessing overgeneral memory in non-clinical populations
    Filip Raes
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Memory 15:495-507. 2007
    ..Study 2 further showed that this enhanced sensitivity is most likely due to the omission of the instruction to be specific rather than to the SCEPT's sentence completion format (as opposed to free recall to cue words)...
  33. doi request reprint Non-ruminative processing reduces overgeneral autobiographical memory retrieval in students
    Filip Raes
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 46:748-56. 2008
    ....
  34. doi request reprint Associations between components of rumination and autobiographical memory specificity as measured by a Minimal Instructions Autobiographical Memory Test
    Elise Debeer
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102 box 3712, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Memory 17:892-903. 2009
    ..Further it was found that brooding, and not reflection, is significantly associated with reduced autobiographical memory specificity and functions as a mediator between reduced memory specificity and depression...
  35. doi request reprint Deficits in acquisition and extinction of conditioned responses in mGluR7 knockout mice
    Hannelore Goddyn
    Laboratory of Biological Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 90:103-11. 2008
    ..The observed delays in the acquisition of complicated stimulus associations across conditioning procedures may suggest a critical role for mGluR7 in neurocognitive functions and psychopathology...
  36. ncbi request reprint The development of cued versus contextual conditioning in a predictable and an unpredictable human fear conditioning preparation
    Carlos Iberico
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 127:593-600. 2008
    ..This gradual development and the evidence for the role of US-expectancy in contextual fear add to the idea that cued and contextual fear rely on the same basic associative processes...
  37. doi request reprint Non-differential return of fear in humans after a reinstatement procedure
    Trinette Dirikx
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 130:175-82. 2009
    ..An increase in 'conditioned' responding was also observed for the control stimulus. This interesting observation will be discussed against the background of a number of recent theoretical conceptualizations of reinstatement...
  38. ncbi request reprint An exploration of affective priming as an indirect measure of food attitudes
    Sabine Lamote
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, Leuven 3000, Belgium
    Appetite 42:279-86. 2004
    ..No differential sensitivity for attitudes of moderate or extreme evaluative meaning could be demonstrated, however. The implications for future research and the applicability of this indirect index of food (dis)likes are discussed...
  39. ncbi request reprint Verbal, behavioural and physiological assessment of the generalization of exposure-based fear reduction in a spider-anxious population
    Debora Vansteenwegen
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 45:291-300. 2007
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint Sequential and simultaneous feature positive discriminations: occasion setting and configural learning in human Pavlovian conditioning
    F Baeyens
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 27:279-95. 2001
    ..J. M. Pearce's (1987) configural learning theory can account for most but not all findings of Experiments 3 and 4...
  41. doi request reprint A picture-flavour paradigm for studying complex conditioning processes in food preference learning
    Inneke Kerkhof
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Appetite 53:303-8. 2009
    ..Hence, our adaptation constitutes a good alternative for the original procedure. It moreover allows investigating a broader range of topics in food preference learning...
  42. ncbi request reprint Negative bias in the perception of others' facial emotional expressions in major depression: the role of depressive rumination
    Filip Raes
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Nerv Ment Dis 194:796-9. 2006
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Contextual fear induced by unpredictability in a human fear conditioning preparation is related to the chronic expectation of a threatening US
    Debora Vansteenwegen
    University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Biol Psychol 77:39-46. 2008
    ..This last finding suggests that a chronic expectation of the threatening US is responsible for sustained levels of anxiety in unpredictable situations...
  44. ncbi request reprint Determinants and predictive validity of direct and indirect measures of recently acquired food attitudes
    Filip Verhulst
    Department of Psychology, Center for the Psychology of Learning and Experimental Psychopathology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, B 3000 Belgium
    Appetite 46:137-43. 2006
    ..The latter finding, however, emerged only when food attitudes were based on sensory liking...
  45. doi request reprint The Dutch version of the Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale (BADS): psychometric properties and factor structure
    Filip Raes
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 41:246-50. 2010
    ....
  46. ncbi request reprint Autobiographical memory specificity and trauma in inpatient adolescents
    An de Decker
    University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 32:22-31. 2003
    ..The results are reconcilable with Williams' (1996) developmental idea that a pattern of overgeneral AM retrieval originates in childhood trauma as a way of regulating affect...
  47. ncbi request reprint Reduced autobiographical memory specificity and rumination in predicting the course of depression
    Filip Raes
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Abnorm Psychol 115:699-704. 2006
    ..Further mediation analyses indeed revealed support for rumination as a mediator of the relation between reduced AM specificity and poor outcome of depression...
  48. doi request reprint Reducing cognitive vulnerability to depression: a preliminary investigation of MEmory Specificity Training (MEST) in inpatients with depressive symptomatology
    Filip Raes
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 40:24-38. 2009
    ..These results suggest that the MEST may offer a potential and promising intervention to tackle a core cognitive process involved in depression and depressive vulnerability...
  49. ncbi request reprint Reduced specificity of autobiographical memory: a mediator between rumination and ineffective social problem-solving in major depression?
    Filip Raes
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    J Affect Disord 87:331-5. 2005
    ..The present study investigated the role of reduced specificity of autobiographical memories as a mediator of this relationship...
  50. ncbi request reprint Concurrent excitors limit the extinction of conditioned fear in humans
    Bram Vervliet
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensenstraat 102, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 45:375-83. 2007
    ..We argue that pharmacological, behavioral and/or cognitive manipulations that could prevent configural processing of stimulus constellations have direct clinical potential...
  51. ncbi request reprint Differential acquisition, extinction, and reinstatement of conditioned suppression in mice
    Trinette Dirikx
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 60:1313-20. 2007
    ..A differential return of conditioned responding was observed in the reinstatement group, but not in the control group. The implications of these findings for future conditioning research are discussed...
  52. ncbi request reprint Repeated cue exposure effects on subjective and physiological indices of chocolate craving
    Dinska Van Gucht
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Appetite 50:19-24. 2008
    ..These results provide evidence for the effects of cue exposure treatment in chocolate craving...
  53. ncbi request reprint The repeated confrontation with videotapes of spiders in multiple contexts attenuates renewal of fear in spider-anxious students
    Debora Vansteenwegen
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 45:1169-79. 2007
    ..Implications for exposure therapy are discussed...
  54. doi request reprint Overgeneral autobiographical memory predicts diagnostic status in depression
    Dirk Hermans
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 46:668-77. 2008
    ..These memory variables outperformed other relevant indices, such as depression severity, rumination, level of self-esteem and dysfunctional attitudes...
  55. ncbi request reprint Reduced autobiographical memory specificity as an avoidant coping style
    Dirk Hermans
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Br J Clin Psychol 44:583-9. 2005
    ..Previous studies suggest that reduced autobiographical memory specificity might serve as a way of regulating affect. This study examined the relationship between autobiographical memory specificity and avoidant coping...
  56. doi request reprint Affect 4.0: a free software package for implementing psychological and psychophysiological experiments
    Adriaan Spruyt
    University of Leuven, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 57:36-45. 2010
    ..e., semirandomized and response-contingent) sequences. Affect 4.0 is capable of registering response latencies and analog behavioral input with millisecond accuracy. Affect 4.0 is available free of charge...
  57. ncbi request reprint Implicit attitude towards pictures of back-stressing activities in pain-free subjects and patients with low back pain: an affective priming study
    Liesbet Goubert
    Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Eur J Pain 7:33-42. 2003
    ..The implications for the prevention of negative attitudes towards back-stressing activities in non-clinical and clinical samples are discussed...