Ernst H W Koster

Summary

Affiliation: Ghent University
Country: Belgium

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The paradoxical effects of suppressing anxious thoughts during imminent threat
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 41:1113-20. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Components of attentional bias to threat in high trait anxiety: Facilitated engagement, impaired disengagement, and attentional avoidance
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Gent, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 44:1757-71. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Deficient inhibition of emotional information in depression
    Ellen Goeleven
    Ghent University, Department of Psychology, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Gent, Belgium
    J Affect Disord 93:149-57. 2006
  4. doi request reprint Introduction to the special section on cognitive bias modification in emotional disorders
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
    J Abnorm Psychol 118:1-4. 2009
  5. ncbi request reprint Attentional biases for angry faces in unipolar depression
    Lemke Leyman
    Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Psychol Med 37:393-402. 2007
  6. pmc Training working memory to reduce rumination
    Thomas Onraedt
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 9:e90632. 2014
  7. doi request reprint Rumination is characterized by valence-specific impairments in switching of attention
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium Electronic address
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 144:563-70. 2013
  8. doi request reprint Understanding depressive rumination from a cognitive science perspective: the impaired disengagement hypothesis
    Ernst H W Koster
    Dept of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Clin Psychol Rev 31:138-45. 2011
  9. ncbi request reprint Attentional retraining procedures: manipulating early or late components of attentional bias?
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Emotion 10:230-6. 2010
  10. doi request reprint Mood-congruent attention and memory bias in dysphoria: Exploring the coherence among information-processing biases
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 48:219-25. 2010

Detail Information

Publications56

  1. ncbi request reprint The paradoxical effects of suppressing anxious thoughts during imminent threat
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 41:1113-20. 2003
    ..There was no effect upon thought duration. The results support the idea that suppression of anxiety-related thoughts may result in a paradoxical increase in anxiety, and may cause and/or maintain anxiety problems...
  2. ncbi request reprint Components of attentional bias to threat in high trait anxiety: Facilitated engagement, impaired disengagement, and attentional avoidance
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Gent, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 44:1757-71. 2006
    ..These data provide evidence for differential patterns of anxiety-related biases in attentive processing of threat at early versus later stages of information processing...
  3. ncbi request reprint Deficient inhibition of emotional information in depression
    Ellen Goeleven
    Ghent University, Department of Psychology, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Gent, Belgium
    J Affect Disord 93:149-57. 2006
    ....
  4. doi request reprint Introduction to the special section on cognitive bias modification in emotional disorders
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
    J Abnorm Psychol 118:1-4. 2009
    ..The purpose of this special section is to introduce the central ideas underlying CBM and to bring together the research that exemplifies the theoretical and clinical potential of the CBM approach...
  5. ncbi request reprint Attentional biases for angry faces in unipolar depression
    Lemke Leyman
    Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Psychol Med 37:393-402. 2007
    ..However, to date, the nature of this attentional bias is still poorly understood and further exploration of this topic to advance current knowledge of attentional biases in depression seems imperative...
  6. pmc Training working memory to reduce rumination
    Thomas Onraedt
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 9:e90632. 2014
    ..Possible explanations for the failure to find transfer effects are discussed. ..
  7. doi request reprint Rumination is characterized by valence-specific impairments in switching of attention
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium Electronic address
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 144:563-70. 2013
    ..The attentional switching impairments were most strongly related to the depressive brooding component of rumination. The results of this study lend further support to the proposed link between rumination and switching abilities. ..
  8. doi request reprint Understanding depressive rumination from a cognitive science perspective: the impaired disengagement hypothesis
    Ernst H W Koster
    Dept of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Clin Psychol Rev 31:138-45. 2011
    ..The proposed framework can account for effectiveness of various treatments for depression and may aid in devising new interventions to target depressive cognition...
  9. ncbi request reprint Attentional retraining procedures: manipulating early or late components of attentional bias?
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Emotion 10:230-6. 2010
    ..Moreover, the present findings also bear relevance to the clinical application of attentional retraining procedures...
  10. doi request reprint Mood-congruent attention and memory bias in dysphoria: Exploring the coherence among information-processing biases
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 48:219-25. 2010
    ..Results demonstrate the coherence of attention and memory bias in dysphoric individuals and provide suggestions on the influence of attention bias on further processing of negative material...
  11. ncbi request reprint A time-course analysis of attentional cueing by threatening scenes
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 54:161-71. 2007
    ..The present results provide support for the idea that threat facilitates fast attentional orienting to its location, followed by the inhibition of attention to threat...
  12. ncbi request reprint Attention for emotional faces under restricted awareness revisited: do emotional faces automatically attract attention?
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Emotion 7:285-95. 2007
    ..These data suggest that briefly presented emotional faces influence cognitive processing but do not automatically capture visual attention...
  13. doi request reprint Negative information enhances the attentional blink in dysphoria
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, Ghent, Belgium
    Depress Anxiety 26:E16-22. 2009
    ..Research has suggested that depression is characterized by maintained attention for negative information...
  14. ncbi request reprint Selective attention to threat in the dot probe paradigm: differentiating vigilance and difficulty to disengage
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 42:1183-92. 2004
    ..It was found that the dot probe effects are at least partially due to disengagement effects. The implications of these results for the understanding of attentional bias in normal and anxious individuals are discussed...
  15. ncbi request reprint Mood-congruent attentional bias in dysphoria: maintained attention to and impaired disengagement from negative information
    Ernst H W Koster
    Ghent University, Department of Psychology, Gent, Belgium
    Emotion 5:446-55. 2005
    ..Furthermore, nondysphoric participants maintain their attention more strongly to positive words. These results are discussed in relation to recent developments in the pathogenesis and treatment of depression...
  16. ncbi request reprint Time-course of attention for threatening pictures in high and low trait anxiety
    Ernst H W Koster
    Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 43:1087-98. 2005
    ..For the 1250 ms condition, the HTA individuals attended away from high and mild threat pictures. The observed pattern of differential attention to threatening pictures may explain the persistence of fear in HTA individuals...
  17. ncbi request reprint Does imminent threat capture and hold attention?
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Emotion 4:312-7. 2004
    ..Response latencies showed that threatening cues captured and held attention. These results support recent views on attention to threat, proposing that imminent threat captures attention in everyone...
  18. doi request reprint Effects of attention training on self-reported, implicit, physiological and behavioural measures of spider fear
    Bram Van Bockstaele
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 42:211-8. 2011
    ..These results indicate that changes in attentional bias are not necessarily associated with changes in fear, suggesting that attention training may be unsuitable as a clinical intervention for spider fear...
  19. doi request reprint Differential predictive power of self report and implicit measures on behavioural and physiological fear responses to spiders
    Bram Van Bockstaele
    Ghent University, Psychology and Educational Sciences, Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000, Gent, Belgium
    Int J Psychophysiol 79:166-74. 2011
    ..These results suggest that indirect measures may be useful in predicting and understanding fear responses that are not easily voluntarily controlled...
  20. doi request reprint Cognitive control moderates the association between stress and rumination
    Evi De Lissnyder
    Ghent University, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 43:519-25. 2012
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Limited transfer of threat bias following attentional retraining
    Bram Van Bockstaele
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 43:794-800. 2012
    ..Still, little is known about the potential transfer of computerized training of attention to different components of attentional processing of threat...
  22. ncbi request reprint Startling secrets: startle eye blink modulation by concealed crime information
    Bruno Verschuere
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Biol Psychol 76:52-60. 2007
    ..The data suggest that not only orienting, but also inhibition contributes to physiological responding to concealed information...
  23. ncbi request reprint Antisociality, underarousal and the validity of the Concealed Information Polygraph Test
    Bruno Verschuere
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Biol Psychol 74:309-18. 2007
    ..67; a=0.82; 79%), and did not differ significantly from that obtained in the community volunteers (d=3.04; a=0.85; 87%). The present data support the validity of the Concealed Information Test in criminal populations...
  24. doi request reprint Does contingency awareness mediate the influence of emotional learning on the cueing of visual attention?
    An K Raes
    Faculty of Psychology, Department of Experimental, Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, 9000, Gent, Belgium
    Psychol Res 73:107-13. 2009
    ..These findings suggest that conditioning with full and restricted CA can lead to qualitatively different effects on attention...
  25. doi request reprint Aversive conditioning under conditions of restricted awareness: effects on spatial cueing
    An K Raes
    Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 63:2336-58. 2010
    ..These experiments suggest that subliminal aversive conditioning produces small but significant effects, which may be modulated by expectancy awareness...
  26. doi request reprint Internal cognitive control in clinical depression: general but no emotion-specific impairments
    Evi De Lissnyder
    Ghent University, Department of Psychology, Henri Dunantlaan, 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Psychiatry Res 199:124-30. 2012
    ..The results of this study offer new insights into the relationship between depression and impaired cognitive control with potential clinical implications, informing treatment and prevention programmes...
  27. ncbi request reprint Depressive symptoms and cognitive control in a mixed antisaccade task: specific effects of depressive rumination
    Evi De Lissnyder
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Cogn Emot 25:886-97. 2011
    ..No group differences were observed on antisaccade error rates. Implications for understanding the underlying vulnerability factors for the development of depressive symptoms are discussed...
  28. ncbi request reprint Hypervigilance to learned pain signals: a componential analysis
    Stefaan Van Damme
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    J Pain 7:346-57. 2006
    ..We conclude that hypervilance to pain signals does not emerge as rapid initial shifting to the pain signal but rather as enhanced processing once it is detected. Theoretical and clinical implications of these findings are discussed...
  29. ncbi request reprint Psychopathic traits and autonomic responding to concealed information in a prison sample
    Bruno Verschuere
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Psychophysiology 42:239-45. 2005
    ..This finding indicates that the sensitivity of the concealed information test may be decreased in antisocial offenders...
  30. ncbi request reprint Cognitive-motivational determinants of fat food consumption in overweight and obese youngsters: the implicit association between fat food and arousal
    Mietje Craeynest
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 39:354-68. 2008
    ..No differences were found between the groups, nor between the positive and the negative arousal task. These results are related to cognitive-motivational theories of fat food intake...
  31. doi request reprint Attentional bias training in depression: therapeutic effects depend on depression severity
    Saskia Baert
    Ghent University, Department of Psychology, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Gent, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 41:265-74. 2010
    ..No beneficial effects of training on top of therapy and/or medication were found in depressed patients. These results indicate that therapeutic effects of attentional bias modification might be dependent on depression severity...
  32. ncbi request reprint Rumination mediates the relationship between impaired cognitive control for emotional information and depressive symptoms: A prospective study in remitted depressed adults
    Ineke Demeyer
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, Ghent, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 50:292-7. 2012
    ..They can stimulate translational research to improve the effectiveness of interventions that aim to decrease vulnerability by targeting cognitive control...
  33. ncbi request reprint Fear-conditioned cues of impending pain facilitate attentional engagement
    Stefaan Van Damme
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Neurophysiol Clin 34:33-9. 2004
    ..In order to identify the attentional components involved in the selection of pain signals over competing demands, we used an emotional modification of an exogenous cueing task...
  34. ncbi request reprint Attentive processing of threat and adult attachment: a dot-probe study
    Marieke Dewitte
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Gent, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 45:1307-17. 2007
    ..The findings are discussed in terms of attachment theory and its relation to attentional biases observed in psychopathology...
  35. ncbi request reprint The role of extinction and reinstatement in attentional bias to threat: a conditioning approach
    Stefaan Van Damme
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 44:1555-63. 2006
    ..This biased attention largely disappeared during extinction. During the reinstatement phase attentional bias to threat signals re-emerged in the reinstatement group, but not in the control group...
  36. doi request reprint Allocation of spatial attention to emotional stimuli depends upon arousal and not valence
    Julia Vogt
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Emotion 8:880-5. 2008
    ..The effect was independent of the valence of the pictures and not gender-specific. The findings support the idea that arousal affects the allocation of attention...
  37. ncbi request reprint Attention, interpretation, and memory biases in subclinical depression: a proof-of-principle test of the combined cognitive biases hypothesis
    Jonas Everaert
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University
    Emotion 14:331-40. 2014
    ..Implications for theoretical models and emotion regulation across the spectrum of depressive symptoms are discussed...
  38. ncbi request reprint The indirect effect of attention bias on memory via interpretation bias: evidence for the combined cognitive bias hypothesis in subclinical depression
    Jonas Everaert
    a Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Cogn Emot 27:1450-9. 2013
    ..These findings extend previous research and provide further support for the combined cognitive bias hypothesis in depression. Theoretical and clinical implications of our findings are discussed. ..
  39. ncbi request reprint The default mode network and recurrent depression: a neurobiological model of cognitive risk factors
    Igor Marchetti
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Neuropsychol Rev 22:229-51. 2012
    ..During remission the TN-TP imbalance persists predisposing to vulnerability of recurrent depression. Empirical data to support this model is reviewed. Finally, we specify how this framework can guide future research efforts...
  40. doi request reprint On the role of goal relevance in emotional attention: disgust evokes early attention to cleanliness
    Julia Vogt
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Cogn Emot 25:466-77. 2011
    ..These findings suggest that the deployment of attention in aversive emotional states is not purely stimulus driven but is also guided by the goal to alleviate this emotional state...
  41. doi request reprint Understanding vulnerability for depression from a cognitive neuroscience perspective: A reappraisal of attentional factors and a new conceptual framework
    Rudi De Raedt
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 10:50-70. 2010
    ..We review the empirical data on the biological factors associated with the attentional impairments and detail how they are associated with rumination and mood regulation. The aim of our framework is to stimulate translational research...
  42. ncbi request reprint Autonomic and behavioral responding to concealed information: differentiating orienting and defensive responses
    Bruno Verschuere
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Psychophysiology 41:461-6. 2004
    ..The present findings support the idea that the orienting reflex accounts for the enhanced responding to concealed information. Theoretical and practical implications of the orienting account are discussed...
  43. ncbi request reprint What's in a name? Attachment-related attentional bias
    Marieke Dewitte
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Emotion 7:535-45. 2007
    ..Attachment anxiety was associated with hypervigilance toward the attachment name in threatening and positive attachment contexts. Attachment avoidance was unrelated to any attentional bias effects...
  44. ncbi request reprint A review of current evidence for the causal impact of attentional bias on fear and anxiety
    Bram Van Bockstaele
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ghent University
    Psychol Bull 140:682-721. 2014
    ..The relation between attentional bias and fear and anxiety is best described as a bidirectional, maintaining, or mutually reinforcing relation...
  45. doi request reprint Adaptive cognitive emotion regulation moderates the relationship between dysfunctional attitudes and depressive symptoms during a stressful life period: a prospective study
    Marie Anne Vanderhasselt
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium Electronic address
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 45:291-6. 2014
    ..The goal of this study is to investigate whether adaptive and/or maladaptive emotion regulation strategies moderate the relationship between dysfunctional attitudes and depressive symptoms under stress...
  46. ncbi request reprint Mindwandering heightens the accessibility of negative relative to positive thought
    Igor Marchetti
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Conscious Cogn 21:1517-25. 2012
    ..These findings contribute to our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of MW and provide insight into the relationship between task-involvement and affect...
  47. ncbi request reprint The combined cognitive bias hypothesis in depression
    Jonas Everaert
    Ghent University, Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Clin Psychol Rev 32:413-24. 2012
    ..We conclude this article with theoretical and clinical implications of the current state of research in this field and propose a number of ways in which research on the combined cognitive bias hypothesis can be advanced...
  48. ncbi request reprint Pathways to change in one-session exposure with and without cognitive intervention: an exploratory study in spider phobia
    An K Raes
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, Ghent, Belgium
    J Anxiety Disord 25:964-71. 2011
    ..This indicates that, even when cognitions are not explicitly targeted, exposure effects are cognitively mediated. This challenges the idea that cognitions have to be explicitly challenged to elicit cognitive change in exposure treatment...
  49. ncbi request reprint Proximity seeking in adult attachment: examining the role of automatic approach-avoidance tendencies
    Marieke Dewitte
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
    Br J Soc Psychol 47:557-73. 2008
    ..Findings are discussed as providing first evidence on the role of automatic action tendencies in adult attachment...
  50. ncbi request reprint Implicit alcohol-related cognitions in a clinical sample of heavy drinkers
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, Ghent B9000, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 35:275-86. 2004
    ..Our results replicate and extend those of Wiers et al. (J. Abnormal Psychol 111 (2002) 648)...
  51. doi request reprint Happy but still focused: failures to find evidence for a mood-induced widening of visual attention
    Lynn Bruyneel
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, 9000, Ghent, Belgium
    Psychol Res 77:320-32. 2013
    ..Across three experiments, positive affect consistently failed to exert any impact on selective attention. The implications of this null-finding for theoretical models of affect and cognition are discussed...
  52. doi request reprint Aging and attentional bias for death related and general threat-related information: less avoidance in older as compared with middle-aged adults
    Rudi De Raedt
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 68:41-8. 2013
    ..The aim of the current study was to investigate whether death related versus nondeath-related threat words would lead to differential attentional processing in middle aged versus older adults...
  53. doi request reprint Attentional control in depression: A translational affective neuroscience approach
    Rudi De Raedt
    Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 10:1-7. 2010
    ..In this introductory article, we present an integrative overview to demonstrate how these specific contributions might be valuable for translational research...
  54. ncbi request reprint Effects of positive mood on attention broadening for self-related information
    Maud Grol
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, 9000, Ghent, Belgium
    Psychol Res 78:566-73. 2014
    ..These results suggest that the meaning of the target of attention provides an interesting dimension for further investigation into the relation between positive emotions and attentional broadening. ..
  55. ncbi request reprint Attentional modulation by reward and punishment cues in relation to depressive symptoms
    Ana Maria Brailean
    Ghent University, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 45:351-9. 2014
    ....
  56. doi request reprint Attentional breadth and proximity seeking in romantic attachment relationships
    Marieke Dewitte
    Ghent University, Belgium
    Br J Soc Psychol 53:74-92. 2014
    ..This pattern of results reflects the underlying action of attachment strategies and provides insight into the complex and dynamic influence of attachment on attentional processing in a dyadic context. ..