Jan De Houwer

Summary

Affiliation: Ghent University
Country: Belgium

Publications

  1. ncbi Forward blocking depends on retrospective inferences about the presence of the blocked cue during the elemental phase
    Houwer Jan De
    University of Southampton, England
    Mem Cognit 30:24-33. 2002
  2. ncbi Secondary task difficulty modulates forward blocking in human contingency learning
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Q J Exp Psychol B 56:345-57. 2003
  3. ncbi On the role of stimulus-response and stimulus-stimulus compatibility in the Stroop effect
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Mem Cognit 31:353-9. 2003
  4. ncbi The Extrinsic Affective Simon Task
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 50:77-85. 2003
  5. ncbi The Implicit Association Test as a tool for studying dysfunctional associations in psychopathology: strengths and limitations
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, University of Ghent, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 33:115-33. 2002
  6. ncbi A review of recent developments in research and theories on human contingency learning
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, University of Ghent, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Q J Exp Psychol B 55:289-310. 2002
  7. ncbi Outcome and cue properties modulate blocking
    Jan De Houwer
    University of Southampton, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol A 55:965-85. 2002
  8. ncbi Attention to primes modulates affective priming of pronunciation responses
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, University of Ghent, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 49:163-70. 2002
  9. ncbi Second-order backward blocking and unovershadowing in human causal learning
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, University of Gent, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 49:27-33. 2002
  10. doi Effects of attention training on self-reported, implicit, physiological and behavioural measures of spider fear
    Bram Van Bockstaele
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 42:211-8. 2011

Detail Information

Publications86

  1. ncbi Forward blocking depends on retrospective inferences about the presence of the blocked cue during the elemental phase
    Houwer Jan De
    University of Southampton, England
    Mem Cognit 30:24-33. 2002
    ..These findings support the probabilistic contrast model but are incompatible with the (revised) Rescorla-Wagner (Rescorla & Wagner, 1972) model...
  2. ncbi Secondary task difficulty modulates forward blocking in human contingency learning
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Q J Exp Psychol B 56:345-57. 2003
    ..The results suggest that forward blocking in human contingency learning cannot be fully accounted for by associative processes. Instead, forward blocking seems to depend at least partially on deliberate deductive reasoning processes...
  3. ncbi On the role of stimulus-response and stimulus-stimulus compatibility in the Stroop effect
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Mem Cognit 31:353-9. 2003
    ..The results thus confirm that both processes at the level of encoding and processes at the level of response selection contribute to the Stroop effect...
  4. ncbi The Extrinsic Affective Simon Task
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 50:77-85. 2003
    ..g., "insect"). This variant of the IAT is less susceptible to nonassociative effects of task recoding and can be used to assess single and multiple attitudes...
  5. ncbi The Implicit Association Test as a tool for studying dysfunctional associations in psychopathology: strengths and limitations
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, University of Ghent, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 33:115-33. 2002
    ..I present an overview of the available literature on the IAT and evaluate the usefulness of this task as a tool for clinically oriented research...
  6. ncbi A review of recent developments in research and theories on human contingency learning
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, University of Ghent, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Q J Exp Psychol B 55:289-310. 2002
    ..We provide a brief review of these recent developments and try to point to issues that need to be addressed in future research...
  7. ncbi Outcome and cue properties modulate blocking
    Jan De Houwer
    University of Southampton, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol A 55:965-85. 2002
    ..The results shed new light on previous findings and support probabilistic contrast models of human contingency judgements...
  8. ncbi Attention to primes modulates affective priming of pronunciation responses
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, University of Ghent, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 49:163-70. 2002
    ....
  9. ncbi Second-order backward blocking and unovershadowing in human causal learning
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, University of Gent, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 49:27-33. 2002
    ..e., decrease in ratings for T1 as the result of C+ trials) was stronger than first-order unovershadowing (i.e., increase in ratings for T1 as the result of C- trials)...
  10. doi Effects of attention training on self-reported, implicit, physiological and behavioural measures of spider fear
    Bram Van Bockstaele
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 42:211-8. 2011
    ..These results indicate that changes in attentional bias are not necessarily associated with changes in fear, suggesting that attention training may be unsuitable as a clinical intervention for spider fear...
  11. doi The automatic orienting of attention to goal-relevant stimuli
    Julia Vogt
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 134:61-9. 2010
    ..The results provide evidence for motivational accounts of attention, which state that the automatic allocation of attention is guided by the current goals of a person...
  12. doi Theoretical claims necessitate basic research: reply to Gawronski, Lebel, Peters, and Banse (2009) and Nosek and Greenwald (2009)
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Psychol Bull 135:377-9. 2009
    ..In the absence of basic research, measures and their relation to behavior can only be described. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)...
  13. ncbi Affective priming of nonaffective semantic categorization responses
    Adriaan Spruyt
    Ghent University, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 54:44-53. 2007
    ....
  14. doi Differential predictive power of self report and implicit measures on behavioural and physiological fear responses to spiders
    Bram Van Bockstaele
    Ghent University, Psychology and Educational Sciences, Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000, Gent, Belgium
    Int J Psychophysiol 79:166-74. 2011
    ..These results suggest that indirect measures may be useful in predicting and understanding fear responses that are not easily voluntarily controlled...
  15. ncbi Do children with obesity implicitly identify with sedentariness and fat food?
    Mietje Craeynest
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 37:347-57. 2006
    ..Results revealed a marked group difference on the implicit identification with food: Only youngsters without obesity identified themselves more with non-fat food than with fat food...
  16. ncbi The predictive value of attentional bias towards pain-related information in chronic pain patients: a diary study
    Dimitri M L Van Ryckeghem
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, Ghent, Belgium
    Pain 154:468-75. 2013
    ..The use of interventions that diminish attentional bias may therefore be helpful to reduce daily disability and the level of distraction from current tasks despite the presence of pain in chronic pain patients...
  17. ncbi On the role of US expectancies in avoidance behavior
    Mieke Declercq
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Psychon Bull Rev 15:99-102. 2008
    ..The results indicated that after the revaluation phase, participants avoided the positive US less than the negative US. These results cannot be explained by S-R theories of avoidance learning...
  18. doi Limited transfer of threat bias following attentional retraining
    Bram Van Bockstaele
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 43:794-800. 2012
    ..Still, little is known about the potential transfer of computerized training of attention to different components of attentional processing of threat...
  19. doi Implicit measures: A normative analysis and review
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Psychol Bull 135:347-68. 2009
    ..PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)...
  20. ncbi The identification-EAST as a valid measure of implicit attitudes toward alcohol-related stimuli
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 38:133-43. 2007
    ..Also, our measure of implicit attitudes was related to self-reported alcohol consumption even after controlling for explicit attitudes...
  21. doi On the predictive validity of automatically activated approach/avoidance tendencies in abstaining alcohol-dependent patients
    Adriaan Spruyt
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Drug Alcohol Depend 127:81-6. 2013
    ..We also examined whether individual differences in automatically activated approach/avoidance tendencies towards alcohol are predictive of relapse in patients...
  22. doi Instruction-based task-rule congruency effects
    Baptist Liefooghe
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 38:1325-35. 2012
    ..Implications of our results for the impact of instructions on performance in general and for the occurrence of task-rule congruency effects in particular are discussed...
  23. doi Does temporal contiguity moderate contingency learning in a speeded performance task?
    James R Schmidt
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 65:408-25. 2012
    ..Relations to past research on causal judgement and implications for further contingency learning research are discussed...
  24. doi Looking out for danger: An attentional bias towards spatially predictable threatening stimuli
    Lies Notebaert
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 48:1150-4. 2010
    ..Of further importance was the finding that the experimental group also attended to the location that was predictive of the CS+, even when no CS+ was presented. Findings are discussed in terms the effects of predictability on anxiety...
  25. doi On the (un)conditionality of automatic attitude activation: the valence proportion effect
    Tom Everaert
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Can J Exp Psychol 65:125-32. 2011
    ....
  26. ncbi People want to see information that will help them make valid inferences in human causal learning
    Stefaan Vandorpe
    Department of Psychology, Universiteit Gent, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Mem Cognit 34:1133-9. 2006
    ....
  27. doi Attempts to control pain prioritize attention towards signals of pain: an experimental study
    Lies Notebaert
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Pain 152:1068-73. 2011
    ..Results showed that in the pain-control group, attention was more prioritized towards the Conditioned Stimulus than in the comparison group. The theoretical and clinical implications of these results are discussed...
  28. doi On the malleability of automatic attentional biases: effects of feature-specific attention allocation
    Tom Everaert
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Cogn Emot 27:385-400. 2013
    ..Moreover, the results of Experiment 1 suggest that attention is automatically biased towards non-affective stimulus dimensions that are currently relevant...
  29. doi Signals of threat do not capture, but prioritize, attention: a conditioning approach
    Lies Notebaert
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Emotion 11:81-9. 2011
    ..The search on congruent trials was affected by set size (90 ms/item), but to a lesser extent than on baseline trials (105 ms/item). We conclude that threat prioritizes, but does not capture attention...
  30. ncbi On the costs and benefits of directing attention towards or away from threat-related stimuli: a classical conditioning experiment
    Bram Van Bockstaele
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 48:692-7. 2010
    ..The results are in line with the Emotional Processing Theory and cognitive accounts of classical conditioning...
  31. doi Multiple goal management starts with attention: goal prioritizing affects the allocation of spatial attention to goal-relevant events
    Julia Vogt
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 58:55-61. 2011
    ..These findings demonstrate that the allocation of spatial attention is dependent on the motivational strength of goal pursuit...
  32. ncbi Statistical contingency has a different impact on preparation judgements than on causal judgements
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 60:418-32. 2007
    ..These findings also add to previous evidence showing that people can use contingency information in a flexible manner depending on the type of test question...
  33. ncbi Evidence for an expectancy-based theory of avoidance behaviour
    Mieke Declercq
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 61:1803-12. 2008
    ..In line with this theory, we found that avoidance behaviour was based on an integration of acquired knowledge about, on the one hand, the relation between stimuli and, on the other hand, the relation between behaviour and stimuli...
  34. doi Unconscious semantic activation depends on feature-specific attention allocation
    Adriaan Spruyt
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Cognition 122:91-5. 2012
    ..Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that unconscious activation of (affective) semantic information is modulated by feature-specific attention allocation...
  35. doi Failures to induce implicit evaluations by means of approach-avoid training
    Katrien Vandenbosch
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Cogn Emot 25:1311-30; discussion 1331-8. 2011
    ..We conclude that the impact of approach-avoid training on implicit evaluations is subject to subtle boundary conditions...
  36. ncbi Outcome maximality and additivity training also influence cue competition in causal learning when learning involves many cues and events
    Stefaan Vandorpe
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 60:356-68. 2007
    ..The results showed that outcome maximality and additivity training had an influence on cue competition but that this influence was more pronounced for forward cue competition than for retrospective cue competition...
  37. doi The propositional approach to associative learning as an alternative for association formation models
    Jan De Houwer
    Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Learn Behav 37:1-20. 2009
    ..Whereas a propositional approach thus offers many new insights, questions can be raised about what the idea of association formation adds to our understanding of associative learning...
  38. ncbi A comparison of cue competition in a simple and a complex design
    Stefaan Vandorpe
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Gent, Belgium
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 122:234-46. 2006
    ..More fine grained analyses with respect to retrospective cue competition showed that unovershadowing but not backward blocking differed significantly between complexity conditions...
  39. doi Testing the validity of implicit measures of wanting and liking
    Helen Tibboel
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 42:284-92. 2011
    ..We examined whether implicit and explicit measures of wanting and of liking are differentially sensitive to manipulations of wanting and expected that these manipulations would affect primarily measures of wanting...
  40. doi Allocation of spatial attention to emotional stimuli depends upon arousal and not valence
    Julia Vogt
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Emotion 8:880-5. 2008
    ..The effect was independent of the valence of the pictures and not gender-specific. The findings support the idea that arousal affects the allocation of attention...
  41. ncbi Avoidance behavior can function as a negative occasion setter
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 31:101-6. 2005
    ....
  42. ncbi Attentive processing of threat and adult attachment: a dot-probe study
    Marieke Dewitte
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Gent, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 45:1307-17. 2007
    ..The findings are discussed in terms of attachment theory and its relation to attentional biases observed in psychopathology...
  43. doi Competing for attentional priority: temporary goals versus threats
    Julia Vogt
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Emotion 13:587-98. 2013
    ..e., a colored patch signaling the presentation of an aversive noise). These findings further corroborate the conclusion that an individual's current and temporary goals guide early attentional processes...
  44. ncbi Norms of valence, arousal, dominance, and age of acquisition for 4,300 Dutch words
    Agnes Moors
    Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Behav Res Methods 45:169-77. 2013
    ..Therefore, the new norms are a valuable source of information for affective research in the Dutch language...
  45. doi Learning, awareness, and instruction: subjective contingency awareness does matter in the colour-word contingency learning paradigm
    James R Schmidt
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Conscious Cogn 21:1754-68. 2012
    ..Participants with these false instructions learned the actual contingencies worse than controls. Collectively, our results suggest that conscious contingency knowledge might play a moderating role in the strength of implicit learning...
  46. doi Return of fear after retrospective inferences about the absence of an unconditioned stimulus during extinction
    An K Raes
    Ghent University, Faculty of Psychology, Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 49:212-8. 2011
    ..The results are in accordance with a propositional account of associative learning and highlight the importance of retrospective reasoning as a cause of relapse after exposure therapy...
  47. doi Using the Implicit Association Test as a measure of causal learning does not eliminate effects of rule learning
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 57:61-7. 2010
    ..This suggests that the IAT does not allow one to measure causal learning in a manner that excludes an impact of conscious propositional knowledge...
  48. ncbi Blocking is sensitive to causal structure in 4-year-old and 8-year-old children
    Tom Beckers
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 52:264-71. 2005
    ..These results suggest that even young children are sensitive to the causal structure of a contingency learning task and that the occurrence of blocking in such a task defies an explanation in terms of associative learning theory...
  49. doi Failure to loose fear: The impact of cognitive load and trait anxiety on extinction
    An K Raes
    Ghent University, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 47:1096-101. 2009
    ..However, this effect was found only in low anxious participants, and it was prominent only on the skin conductance responses. The present results suggest that extinction is not automatic but requires cognitive resources...
  50. ncbi On the replicability of the affective priming effect in the pronunciation task
    Adriaan Spruyt
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 51:109-15. 2004
    ..We report the results of a nearly exact replication of Bargh et al.'s (1996) Experiment 2. In line with previous replication studies, we failed to detect the affective priming effect...
  51. doi On the role of goal relevance in emotional attention: disgust evokes early attention to cleanliness
    Julia Vogt
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Cogn Emot 25:466-77. 2011
    ..These findings suggest that the deployment of attention in aversive emotional states is not purely stimulus driven but is also guided by the goal to alleviate this emotional state...
  52. ncbi Does imminent threat capture and hold attention?
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Emotion 4:312-7. 2004
    ..Response latencies showed that threatening cues captured and held attention. These results support recent views on attention to threat, proposing that imminent threat captures attention in everyone...
  53. ncbi A time-course analysis of attentional cueing by threatening scenes
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 54:161-71. 2007
    ..The present results provide support for the idea that threat facilitates fast attentional orienting to its location, followed by the inhibition of attention to threat...
  54. doi Adding the goal to learn strengthens learning in an unintentional learning task
    James R Schmidt
    Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, 9000, Ghent, Belgium
    Psychon Bull Rev 19:723-8. 2012
    ..In contrast to some results from other learning paradigms, these results suggest that intentional learning adds to, rather than interferes with, unintentional learning, and we propose an explanation for some of the conflicting results...
  55. doi Evidence for the automatic evaluation of self-generated actions
    Kristien Aarts
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Cognition 124:117-27. 2012
    ..Our results suggest that simple actions are rapidly evaluated as positive or negative depending on the automatic monitoring of their perceived accuracy...
  56. doi Is the emotional modulation of the attentional blink driven by response bias?
    Helen Tibboel
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Cogn Emot 25:1176-83. 2011
    ..Using this paradigm, we obtained evidence that the diminished AB for taboo words cannot be explained by a response bias. This supports the idea that the emotional modulation of the AB is caused by attentional processes...
  57. ncbi Automatic non-associative semantic priming: episodic affective priming of naming responses
    Adriaan Spruyt
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, Leuven B 3000, Belgium
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 116:39-54. 2004
    ..This finding indicates that mere affective overlap is sufficient to produce automatic priming. As such, our results are in line with theoretical accounts of automatic priming that are based on semantic relatedness...
  58. doi The attentional blink is diminished for targets that form coherent semantic categories
    Helen Tibboel
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 136:321-8. 2011
    ..In three experiments, we found that the AB is diminished for stimuli that form a coherent semantic category within the T2 stimulus set. Both theoretical and practical implications are discussed...
  59. ncbi Higher-order retrospective revaluation in human causal learning
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, University of Southampton, Highfield, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol B 55:137-51. 2002
    ....
  60. ncbi Further evidence for the role of inferential reasoning in forward blocking
    Stefaan Vandorpe
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Mem Cognit 33:1047-56. 2005
    ..These findings point to a major impact of inferential reasoning in human causal learning...
  61. doi Stop what you are not doing! Emotional pictures interfere with the task not to respond
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Psychon Bull Rev 17:699-703. 2010
    ..Our findings confirm the former prediction: Pictures high in emotional arousal impaired performance on no-go trials...
  62. ncbi What's in a name? Attachment-related attentional bias
    Marieke Dewitte
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Emotion 7:535-45. 2007
    ..Attachment anxiety was associated with hypervigilance toward the attachment name in threatening and positive attachment contexts. Attachment avoidance was unrelated to any attentional bias effects...
  63. ncbi The implicit association test as a general measure of similarity
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Can J Exp Psychol 59:228-39. 2005
    ..We provide further evidence for this in a new study in which the outcome of an IAT depended on whether the perceptual or functional characteristics of the stimuli were made salient...
  64. ncbi Implicit alcohol-related cognitions in a clinical sample of heavy drinkers
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, Ghent B9000, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 35:275-86. 2004
    ..Our results replicate and extend those of Wiers et al. (J. Abnormal Psychol 111 (2002) 648)...
  65. ncbi Contingency learning with evaluative stimuli: testing the generality of contingency learning in a performance paradigm
    James R Schmidt
    Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 59:175-82. 2012
    ..We discuss the implications of these findings for theories about the processes that underlie contingency learning in performance tasks and for research on evaluative conditioning...
  66. doi Now you see it, now you don't: controlling for contingencies and stimulus repetitions eliminates the Gratton effect
    James R Schmidt
    Ghent University, Belgium
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 138:176-86. 2011
    ..Instead, tentative support was found for a congruency switch cost hypothesis. In all, the conflict adaptation account failed to account for any of the reported data. Implications for future work on cognitive control are discussed...
  67. ncbi Further evidence for the role of mode-independent short-term associations in spatial Simon effects
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Percept Psychophys 67:659-66. 2005
    ..Our findings suggest that task demands determine whether short-term associations are mode specific or mode independent and confirm that such associations can be set up as the result of instructions only...
  68. doi Semantic access in second-language visual word processing: evidence from the semantic Simon paradigm
    Wouter Duyck
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Psychon Bull Rev 15:961-6. 2008
    ....
  69. ncbi Automatic integration of non-perceptual action effect features: the case of the associative affective Simon effect
    Tom Beckers
    Department of Psychology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Psychol Res 66:166-73. 2002
    ..The results of Experiment 2 replicated those of Experiment 1, using alternating target-response assignment. These findings point to the integration of affective action effect feature codes in the cognitive representation of actions...
  70. ncbi Explicit and implicit attitudes towards food and physical activity in childhood obesity
    Mietje Craeynest
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 43:1111-20. 2005
    ..Children and adolescents with obesity had a more pronounced positive implicit attitude towards food in general. The relevance of these findings in terms of prevention, treatment and further research is discussed...
  71. ncbi A comparison of forward blocking and reduced overshadowing in human causal learning
    Stefaan Vandorpe
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Psychon Bull Rev 12:945-9. 2005
    ..These results are problematic for at least some associative learning models but were predicted on the basis of higher order reasoning accounts of cue competition in human causal learning...
  72. doi Reduced attentional blink for alcohol-related stimuli in heavy social drinkers
    Helen Tibboel
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    J Psychopharmacol 24:1349-56. 2010
    ..This suggests that alcohol-related information is processed relatively more efficiently in the former group. Even though these results are promising, our study shows that the internal consistency of the attentional blink can be improved...
  73. ncbi Proximity seeking in adult attachment: examining the role of automatic approach-avoidance tendencies
    Marieke Dewitte
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
    Br J Soc Psychol 47:557-73. 2008
    ..Findings are discussed as providing first evidence on the role of automatic action tendencies in adult attachment...
  74. ncbi Outcome additivity and outcome maximality influence cue competition in human causal learning
    Tom Beckers
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 31:238-49. 2005
    ..The results are compatible with the idea that blocking results from inferential processes at the time of testing and not from a failure to acquire associative strength during training...
  75. ncbi Unintentional processing of motivational valence
    Agnes Moors
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Q J Exp Psychol A 58:1043-63. 2005
    ..Nevertheless, strong affective priming effects were found in both studies. These results provide additional support for the claim that motivational valence can be processed without the conscious intention to do so...
  76. ncbi Eye movements to smoking-related pictures in smokers: relationship between attentional biases and implicit and explicit measures of stimulus valence
    Karin Mogg
    Centre for the Study of Emotion and Motivation, Department of Psychology, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
    Addiction 98:825-36. 2003
    ..To investigate biases in overt orienting of attention to smoking-related cues in cigarette smokers, and to examine the relationship between measures of visual orienting and the affective and motivational valence of smoking cues...
  77. doi A multi-modal approach to the study of attachment-related distress
    Marieke Dewitte
    Ghent University, Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Henri Dunantlaan 2, Gent, Belgium
    Biol Psychol 85:149-62. 2010
    ..Attachment style was also found to moderate the interrelations between emotional indices, revealing interesting information on the regulatory strategies underlying attachment anxiety and avoidance...
  78. ncbi AD/HD and the capture of attention by briefly exposed delay-related cues: evidence from a conditioning paradigm
    Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke
    Centre for Research into Psychological Development, Department of Psychology, University of Southampton, Highfield, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 45:274-83. 2004
    ..The selective attention of children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) to briefly exposed delay-related cues was examined in two experiments using a dot-probe conditioning paradigm...
  79. ncbi Selective attention to threat in the dot probe paradigm: differentiating vigilance and difficulty to disengage
    Ernst H W Koster
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 42:1183-92. 2004
    ..It was found that the dot probe effects are at least partially due to disengagement effects. The implications of these results for the understanding of attentional bias in normal and anxious individuals are discussed...
  80. ncbi Affective priming with subliminally presented pictures
    Dirk Hermans
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Can J Exp Psychol 57:97-114. 2003
    ..These reverse priming effects are situated within a series of recent similar findings, and implications for theories of affective priming are discussed...
  81. ncbi Automatic processing of dominance and submissiveness
    Agnes Moors
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Exp Psychol 52:296-302. 2005
    ..These results provide new information about the automatic nature of information related to emotion-antecedent appraisals...
  82. ncbi Spatial Simon effects with nonspatial responses
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Psychon Bull Rev 11:49-53. 2004
    ..This new type of stimulus-response compatibility effect provides the first evidence for short-term associations that involve mode-independent representations...
  83. ncbi A conceptual and theoretical analysis of evaluative conditioning
    Jan De Houwer
    Ghent University, Belgium
    Span J Psychol 10:230-41. 2007
    ..Future research should adopt a meta-conditional approach that focuses not only on whether a certain condition is crucial for obtaining evaluative conditioning but should also examine when a certain condition is crucial...
  84. ncbi Evidence for the role of higher order reasoning processes in cue competition and other learning phenomena
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Learn Behav 33:239-49. 2005
    ..We review the evidence that supports this hypothesis and discuss whether higher order reasoning might also play a role in other learning phenomena...
  85. ncbi The implicit association test outperforms the extrinsic affective Simon task as an implicit measure of inter-individual differences in attitudes
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Br J Soc Psychol 46:401-21. 2007
    ..The present results suggest that the EAST as introduced by De Houwer (2003b, Experimental Psychology) does not offer a good alternative for the IAT as an implicit measure of inter-individual differences in attitudes...
  86. doi Evidence for the interchangeability of an avoidance behavior and a negative occasion setter
    Mieke Declercq
    Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Learn Behav 36:290-300. 2008
    ..All three reported experiments support the occasion-setting account of avoidance behavior...