Alfred Bernard

Summary

Country: Belgium

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Changes in serum pneumoproteins caused by short-term exposures to nitrogen trichloride in indoor chlorinated swimming pools
    Sylviane Carbonnelle
    Industrial Toxicology Unit, Catholic University of Louvain, B 1200 Brussels, Belgium
    Biomarkers 7:464-78. 2002
  2. pmc Chlorinated pool attendance, atopy, and the risk of asthma during childhood
    Alfred Bernard
    Department of Public Health, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1567-73. 2006
  3. doi request reprint Biomarkers of metal toxicity in population studies: research potential and interpretation issues
    Alfred Bernard
    Department of Public Health, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 71:1259-65. 2008
  4. pmc The threshold level of urinary cadmium associated with increased urinary excretion of retinol-binding protein and beta 2-microglobulin: a re-assessment in a large cohort of nickel-cadmium battery workers
    Agnès Chaumont
    Unit of Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, Catholic University of Louvain, Avenue E Mounier 53 02, Brussels B 1200, Belgium
    Occup Environ Med 68:257-64. 2011
  5. pmc Associations of urinary cadmium with age and urinary proteins: further evidence of physiological variations unrelated to metal accumulation and toxicity
    Agnès Chaumont
    Laboratory of Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Environ Health Perspect 121:1047-53. 2013
  6. pmc Associations between testicular hormones at adolescence and attendance at chlorinated swimming pools during childhood
    M Nickmilder
    Laboratory of Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Int J Androl 34:e446-58. 2011
  7. pmc Effects of ultrafine particles-induced oxidative stress on Clara cells in allergic lung inflammation
    Francesca Alessandrini
    Division of Environmental Dermatology and Allergy, Helmholtz Zentrum Technische Universität München, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health GmbH, Ingolstaedter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Part Fibre Toxicol 7:11. 2010
  8. pmc Confounders in the assessment of the renal effects associated with low-level urinary cadmium: an analysis in industrial workers
    Nahida Haddam
    Laboratory of Medical Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, University Abou Bekr Belkaid, Tlemcen, Algeria
    Environ Health 10:37. 2011
  9. ncbi request reprint Infant swimming practice, pulmonary epithelium integrity, and the risk of allergic and respiratory diseases later in childhood
    Alfred Bernard
    Unit of Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Louvain, Avenue E Mounier 53, Box 53 02, B 1200 Brussels, Belgium
    Pediatrics 119:1095-103. 2007
  10. doi request reprint Biomarkers of early respiratory effects in smoking adolescents
    E Van Miert
    Faculty of Medicine, Louvain Centre for Toxicology and applied Pharmacology, Catholic University of Louvain, Avenue E Mounier 53 02, B 1200 Brussels, Belgium
    Eur Respir J 38:1287-93. 2011

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications53

  1. ncbi request reprint Changes in serum pneumoproteins caused by short-term exposures to nitrogen trichloride in indoor chlorinated swimming pools
    Sylviane Carbonnelle
    Industrial Toxicology Unit, Catholic University of Louvain, B 1200 Brussels, Belgium
    Biomarkers 7:464-78. 2002
    ..In view of the increasing and widespread human exposure to this gas not only in indoor pools but also in a variety of other situations, these findings warrant further study...
  2. pmc Chlorinated pool attendance, atopy, and the risk of asthma during childhood
    Alfred Bernard
    Department of Public Health, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1567-73. 2006
    ..These findings further support the hypothesis implicating pool chlorine in the rise of childhood asthma in industrialized countries...
  3. doi request reprint Biomarkers of metal toxicity in population studies: research potential and interpretation issues
    Alfred Bernard
    Department of Public Health, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 71:1259-65. 2008
    ..Factors to consider in this exercise include the magnitude and type of adverse effect, the possibility of some reversal, the strength of associations, and the type and size of populations at risk...
  4. pmc The threshold level of urinary cadmium associated with increased urinary excretion of retinol-binding protein and beta 2-microglobulin: a re-assessment in a large cohort of nickel-cadmium battery workers
    Agnès Chaumont
    Unit of Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, Catholic University of Louvain, Avenue E Mounier 53 02, Brussels B 1200, Belgium
    Occup Environ Med 68:257-64. 2011
    ..5 and 6.6 μg/g creatinine...
  5. pmc Associations of urinary cadmium with age and urinary proteins: further evidence of physiological variations unrelated to metal accumulation and toxicity
    Agnès Chaumont
    Laboratory of Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Environ Health Perspect 121:1047-53. 2013
    ..The current risk assessment for environmental cadmium (Cd) largely relies on the assumption that urinary Cd (U-Cd) is a reliable biomarker of the Cd body burden. Recent studies have questioned the validity of this assumption...
  6. pmc Associations between testicular hormones at adolescence and attendance at chlorinated swimming pools during childhood
    M Nickmilder
    Laboratory of Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Int J Androl 34:e446-58. 2011
    ..The absorption of reprotoxic chlorination by-products across the highly permeable scrotum might explain these associations...
  7. pmc Effects of ultrafine particles-induced oxidative stress on Clara cells in allergic lung inflammation
    Francesca Alessandrini
    Division of Environmental Dermatology and Allergy, Helmholtz Zentrum Technische Universität München, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health GmbH, Ingolstaedter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Part Fibre Toxicol 7:11. 2010
    ..The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of elemental carbon ultrafine particles (EC-UFP)-induced oxidative stress on Clara cells and CC16 in a mouse model of allergic lung inflammation...
  8. pmc Confounders in the assessment of the renal effects associated with low-level urinary cadmium: an analysis in industrial workers
    Nahida Haddam
    Laboratory of Medical Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, University Abou Bekr Belkaid, Tlemcen, Algeria
    Environ Health 10:37. 2011
    ..Few studies have considered the possibility that these associations might be non causal and arise from confounding by factors influencing the renal excretion of Cd and proteins...
  9. ncbi request reprint Infant swimming practice, pulmonary epithelium integrity, and the risk of allergic and respiratory diseases later in childhood
    Alfred Bernard
    Unit of Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Louvain, Avenue E Mounier 53, Box 53 02, B 1200 Brussels, Belgium
    Pediatrics 119:1095-103. 2007
    ..We evaluated the impact of infant swimming practice on allergic status and respiratory health later in childhood...
  10. doi request reprint Biomarkers of early respiratory effects in smoking adolescents
    E Van Miert
    Faculty of Medicine, Louvain Centre for Toxicology and applied Pharmacology, Catholic University of Louvain, Avenue E Mounier 53 02, B 1200 Brussels, Belgium
    Eur Respir J 38:1287-93. 2011
    ..In conclusion, tobacco smoke can cause early changes in the airways of adolescents with a cumulative smoking history of <1 pack-yr...
  11. ncbi request reprint Chlorination products: emerging links with allergic diseases
    A Bernard
    Department of Public Health, Unit of Toxicology, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Curr Med Chem 14:1771-82. 2007
    ..Giving the increasing popularity of water recreational areas, there is an obvious need to assess the effects of chlorine-based oxidants on human health and their possible implication in the epidemic of allergic diseases...
  12. doi request reprint Impact of chlorinated swimming pool attendance on the respiratory health of adolescents
    Alfred Bernard
    Department of Public Health, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Pediatrics 124:1110-8. 2009
    ..The goal was to estimate the burden of allergic diseases associated with chlorinated pool exposure among adolescents...
  13. ncbi request reprint Impact of iron and steel industry and waste incinerators on human exposure to dioxins, PCBs, and heavy metals: results of a cross-sectional study in Belgium
    Sebastien Fierens
    Industrial Toxicology and Occupational Medicine Unit, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 70:222-6. 2007
    ..These results indicate that dioxins and coplanar PCBs emitted by MSWIs can indeed accumulate in the body of residents who regularly consume animal products of local origin...
  14. doi request reprint Nasal epithelium integrity, environmental stressors, and allergic sensitization: a biomarker study in adolescents
    Antonia Sardella
    Louvain Centre for Toxicology and applied Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Biomarkers 17:309-18. 2012
    ..The results suggest that the CC16/albumin ratio in NALF can be used to detect nasal epithelium alterations linked to allergic sensitization...
  15. doi request reprint Nasal epithelium biomarkers in young children: associations with allergic sensitization and environmental stressors
    Antonia Sardella
    Louvain Centre for Toxicology and applied Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Pediatr Pulmonol 48:571-8. 2013
    ..To test this hypothesis, we assessed associations between nasal epithelium biomarkers, environmental stressors, and the risks of allergic sensitization...
  16. doi request reprint Fractional exhaled NO and serum pneumoproteins after swimming in a chlorinated pool
    Sylviane Carbonnelle
    School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:1472-6. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine whether a swimming session performed in a pool sanitized with chlorine-based agents induces lung inflammation, modifies lung epithelium permeability, and alters lung function...
  17. ncbi request reprint Increase of exhaled nitric oxide in children exposed to low levels of ambient ozone
    Marc Nickmilder
    Industrial Toxicology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 70:270-4. 2007
    ..These observations suggest that ambient ozone produces early inflammatory changes in the airways of children at levels slightly below current air quality standards...
  18. ncbi request reprint Serum pneumoproteins and biomarkers of exposure to urban air pollution: a cross-sectional comparison of policemen and foresters
    Karine Berthoin
    Unit of Industrial Toxicology and Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Louvain, B 12 Brussels, Belgium
    Biomarkers 9:341-52. 2004
    ..The results suggest that serum pneumoproteins and especially serum CC16 could be useful in the detection of chronic effects of urban air pollutants on the respiratory epithelium of populations particularly at risk...
  19. ncbi request reprint Lung epithelium injury biomarkers in workers exposed to sulphur dioxide in a non-ferrous smelter
    Nahida Haddam
    Laboratory of Medical Toxicology ToxicoMed, Faculty of Medicine, University Abou Bekr Belkaid, Tlemcen, Algeria
    Biomarkers 14:292-8. 2009
    ..While further illustrating the potential of serum CC16 and SP-D, our study confirms that SO(2) can cause airways damage at exposure levels below current occupational exposure limits...
  20. ncbi request reprint Risks of new-onset allergic sensitization and airway inflammation after early age swimming in chlorinated pools
    Catherine Voisin
    Louvain Centre for Toxicology and applied Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 217:38-45. 2014
    ..Irritant chlorination products in swimming pools can cause respiratory problems in swimmers but their possible implication in allergies development is still unclear...
  21. ncbi request reprint Dioxin/polychlorinated biphenyl body burden, diabetes and endometriosis: findings in a population-based study in Belgium
    Sebastien Fierens
    Toxicology Unit, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Biomarkers 8:529-34. 2003
    ..3, 95% CI 3.31-53.2) or 12 PCB markers (odds ratio 7.6, 95% CI 1.58-36.3). These findings warrant further studies to assess the significance of the associations between diabetes and environmental exposure to polychlorinated pollutants...
  22. ncbi request reprint Non-invasive biomarkers of pulmonary damage and inflammation: Application to children exposed to ozone and trichloramine
    Alfred Bernard
    Unit of Toxicology, Catholic University of Louvain, 30 54 Clos Chapelle aux Champs 1200 Brussels, Belgium
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 206:185-90. 2005
    ..Lung-specific proteins measurable in serum and markers in exhaled air represent sensitive tools that can be used to assess non-invasively the effects of air pollutants on the respiratory tract of children...
  23. doi request reprint Associations between proteins and heavy metals in urine at low environmental exposures: evidence of reverse causality
    Agnès Chaumont
    Louvain Center for Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Toxicol Lett 210:345-52. 2012
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Uteroglobin-related protein 1 and clara cell protein in induced sputum of patients with asthma and rhinitis
    Claire de Burbure
    Unit of Industrial Toxicology and Occupational Medicine, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Clos Chapelle aux Champs 30, bte 3054, B 1200 Brussels, Belgium
    Chest 131:172-9. 2007
    ..Uteroglobin-related protein 1 (UGRP1) and Clara cell protein (CC16), members of the secretoglobin family, increasingly appear to play a role in airway inflammatory response...
  25. doi request reprint Respiratory effects associated with wood fuel use: a cross-sectional biomarker study among adolescents
    Erik Van Miert
    Louvain Centre for Toxicology and applied Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Pediatr Pulmonol 47:358-66. 2012
    ..The increased risks of asthma, hay fever and aeroallergen sensitization, and the changes of lung-specific biomarkers consistently pointed towards respiratory effects associated with the use of wood fuel...
  26. ncbi request reprint Determinants of serum levels of surfactant proteins A and B and Clara cell protein CC16
    Cedric Hermans
    Industrial Toxicology and Occupational Medicine, Medical School, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Biomarkers 8:461-71. 2003
    ..We conclude that CC16 is cleared from blood by the renal route, whereas SP-A and SP-B are not. Serum SP-A and SP-B are influenced by age, which we speculate reflects increased damage to the alveolocapillary barrier...
  27. pmc Renal and neurologic effects of cadmium, lead, mercury, and arsenic in children: evidence of early effects and multiple interactions at environmental exposure levels
    Claire de Burbure
    Unit of Industrial Toxicology and Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Louvain, Clos Chapelle aux Champs 30, B 1200 Brussels, Belgium
    Environ Health Perspect 114:584-90. 2006
    ..Key words: arsenic, biomarkers, cadmium, dopaminergic, heavy metals, interactions, lead, mercury, renal...
  28. ncbi request reprint Cystic fibrosis is associated with a defect in apical receptor-mediated endocytosis in mouse and human kidney
    Francois Jouret
    Division of Nephrology, Universite Catholique de Louvain, 10 Avenue Hippocrate, B 1200 Brussels, Belgium
    J Am Soc Nephrol 18:707-18. 2007
    ..The magnitude of the endocytosis defect that is caused by CFTR versus ClC-5 loss likely reflects functional heterogeneity along the PT...
  29. ncbi request reprint Interactions between domestic water hardness, infant swimming and atopy in the development of childhood eczema
    Agnès Chaumont
    Louvain Centre for Toxicology and applied Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Environ Res 116:52-7. 2012
    ..The combined influence of these two factors as well as their interaction with atopic status has not been investigated...
  30. ncbi request reprint House cleaning with chlorine bleach and the risks of allergic and respiratory diseases in children
    Marc Nickmilder
    Department of Public Health, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Pediatr Allergy Immunol 18:27-35. 2007
    ..As chlorine bleach is one of the most effective cleaning agent to be found, these observations argue against the idea conveyed by the hygiene hypothesis that cleanliness per se increases the risk of asthma and allergy...
  31. doi request reprint Kinetics and determinants of the changes of CC16, a lung secretory protein in a rat model of toxic lung injury
    Philippe Hantson
    Cliniques St Luc, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Clin Toxicol (Phila) 46:230-8. 2008
    ..To investigate the kinetics and the determinants of the changes of the Clara cell 16 kDa protein (CC16) as a marker of lung injury following exposure to different toxicants...
  32. doi request reprint Infant swimming in chlorinated pools and the risks of bronchiolitis, asthma and allergy
    C Voisin
    Dept of Public Health, Catholic University of Louvain, Louvain, Belgium
    Eur Respir J 36:41-7. 2010
    ..Swimming pool attendance during infancy is associated with a higher risk of bronchiolitis, with ensuing increased risks of asthma and allergic sensitisation...
  33. pmc Ecological association between childhood asthma and availability of indoor chlorinated swimming pools in Europe
    M Nickmilder
    Department of Public Health, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Occup Environ Med 64:37-46. 2007
    ..It has been hypothesised that the rise in childhood asthma in the developed world could result at least in part from the increasing exposure of children to toxic chlorination products in the air of indoor swimming pools...
  34. ncbi request reprint Critical review of Clara cell protein: sound science?
    Alfred Bernard
    Department of Public Health, Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium
    Biomarkers 13:237-43; discussion 244-5. 2008
  35. ncbi request reprint Biomarkers of renal effects in children and adults with low environmental exposure to heavy metals
    Claire de Burbure
    Unit of Industrial Toxicology and Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 66:783-98. 2003
    ....
  36. doi request reprint Outdoor swimming pools and the risks of asthma and allergies during adolescence
    A Bernard
    Dept of Public Health, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Eur Respir J 32:979-88. 2008
    ..Outdoor chlorinated swimming pool attendance is associated with higher risks of asthma, airways inflammation and some respiratory allergies...
  37. ncbi request reprint Renal dysfunction induced by cadmium: biomarkers of critical effects
    Alfred Bernard
    Catholic University of Louvain, 1200 Brussels, Belgium
    Biometals 17:519-23. 2004
    ..Cd-induced microproteinuria is usually considered as irreversible except at the incipient stage of the intoxication where a partial or complete reversibility has been found in some studies...
  38. ncbi request reprint Lung hyperpermeability, Clara-cell secretory potein (CC16), and susceptibility to ozone of five inbred strains of mice
    Fabrice Broeckaert
    Unit of Industrial Toxicology and Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Inhal Toxicol 15:1209-30. 2003
    ....
  39. doi request reprint Development of a new sensitive ELISA for the determination of uteroglobin-related protein 1, a new potential biomarker
    Virginie Van De Velde
    Louvain Center for Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Biomarkers 15:619-24. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that UGRP-1 might serve as a biomarker of respiratory epithelium integrity...
  40. ncbi request reprint Dioxin accumulation in residents around incinerators
    Sebastien Fierens
    Industrial Toxicology and Occupational Medicine Unit, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 66:1287-93. 2003
    ..Extrapolation from these data suggests that a significant increase of dioxin body burden is likely to occur only when dioxin emissions exceed 5 ng TEQ/Nm3, a threshold considerably above most emissions standards currently in force...
  41. pmc Lung hyperpermeability and asthma prevalence in schoolchildren: unexpected associations with the attendance at indoor chlorinated swimming pools
    A Bernard
    Industrial Toxicology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Louvain, B 1200 Brussels, Belgium
    Occup Environ Med 60:385-94. 2003
    ..To study whether exposure to nitrogen trichloride in indoor chlorinated pools may affect the respiratory epithelium of children and increase the risk of some lung diseases such as asthma...
  42. ncbi request reprint The Belgian PCB/dioxin incident: analysis of the food chain contamination and health risk evaluation
    Alfred Bernard
    Unit of Industrial Toxicology, Catholic University of Louvain, 30 54 Clos Chapelle aux Champs, B 1200 Brussels, Belgium
    Environ Res 88:1-18. 2002
    ..But even in that case, it would have meant going back to the levels in the 1980s or attaining the body burden of subjects regularly eating contaminated seafood...
  43. pmc Pulmonary epithelial integrity in children: relationship to ambient ozone exposure and swimming pool attendance
    Birgitta Json Lagerkvist
    Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Environ Health Perspect 112:1768-71. 2004
    ..A possible relation between such damage to Clara cells and pulmonary morbidity (e.g., asthma) should be further investigated...
  44. ncbi request reprint Study of Clara cell 16, KL-6, and surfactant protein-D in serum as disease markers in pulmonary sarcoidosis
    Rob Janssen
    Heart Lung Center Utrecht, Department of Pulmonology, St Antonius Hospital, Koekoekslaan 1, 3435 CM Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
    Chest 124:2119-25. 2003
    ..To determine the discriminative value of serum Clara cell 16 (CC16), KL-6, and surfactant protein (SP)-D as markers of interstitial lung diseases, and their ability to reflect pulmonary disease severity and prognosis in sarcoidosis...
  45. ncbi request reprint Surfactant protein A, exposure to endotoxin, and asthma in garbage collectors and in wastewater workers
    Susanne Widmeier
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine Unit, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Inhal Toxicol 19:351-60. 2007
    ..Endotoxin has no effect on surfactant protein A at these endotoxin levels and serum surfactant protein A does not correlate with spirometry. The decreased surfactant protein A secretion in asthmatics requires further study...
  46. ncbi request reprint Outcome value of Clara cell protein in serum of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Olivier Lesur
    Groupe de Recherche en Physiopathologie Respiratoire, Centre de Recherche Clinique, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbrooke 3001, 12 Avenue Nord, Sherbrooke, Canada
    Intensive Care Med 32:1167-74. 2006
    ..We examined whether serum Clara cell protein (CC-16) concentration is correlated with the outcome, mechanical ventilation duration, and incidence of nonpulmonary organ failure...
  47. ncbi request reprint Inhaled LPS induces blood release of Clara cell specific protein (CC16) in human beings
    Olivier Michel
    Clinics of Allergology and Respiratory Diseases, Saint Pierre University Hospital, Free University of Brussels, Rue Haute 322, B 1000 Brussels, Belgium
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 115:1143-7. 2005
    ..Animal models of lung inflammation have validated the plasma 16-kd Clara cell protein (CC16) as a peripheral marker of the permeability of the alveolocapillary barrier...
  48. ncbi request reprint Lung epithelial injury markers are not influenced by use of lower tidal volumes during elective surgery in patients without preexisting lung injury
    Rogier M Determann
    Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Academic Medical Center, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 294:L344-50. 2008
    ..Mechanical ventilation with lower tidal volumes and PEEP did not have a different effect on levels of biomarkers of lung epithelial injury compared with conventional mechanical ventilation...
  49. ncbi request reprint Low bone density and renal dysfunction following environmental cadmium exposure in China
    Gunnar Nordberg
    Unit of Environmental Medicine, Umea University, SE 90187 Umea, Sweden
    Ambio 31:478-81. 2002
    ..Recent reports on bone effects in Cd-exposed population groups in Europe are discussed...
  50. ncbi request reprint Clara cell protein (CC16) in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of subjects exposed to asbestos
    Martin Petrek
    Department of Immunology, Palacky University and University Hospital, Olomouc, Czech Republic or
    Biomarkers 7:58-67. 2002
    ..This pneumoprotein therefore appears as a promising non-invasive biomarker of asbestos-induced lung injury and occupational disease in both smoking and non-smoking exposed subjects...
  51. ncbi request reprint Exploring the time dependence of serum clara cell protein as a biomarker of pulmonary injury in humans
    Ragnberth Helleday
    Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergy, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Chest 130:672-5. 2006
    ....
  52. pmc Exhaled metallic elements and serum pneumoproteins in asymptomatic smokers and patients with COPD or asthma
    Antonio Mutti
    Laboratory of Industrial Toxicology, Department of Clinical Medicine, Nephrology, and Health Sciences, University of Parma, Via Gramsci 14, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Chest 129:1288-97. 2006
    ..Serum pneumoproteins were used as lung-specific biomarkers of effect...