Madhuri Behari

Summary

Publications

  1. pmc Knowledge of Parkinson's disease among patients and caregivers attending movement disorder clinic at a tertiary care centre in north India
    Ravi Yadav
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Ann Indian Acad Neurol 15:294-6. 2012
  2. doi request reprint Role of platelets in neurodegenerative diseases: a universal pathophysiology
    Madhuri Behari
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India
    Int J Neurosci 123:287-99. 2013
  3. doi request reprint Abnormal sympathetic hyper-reactivity in patients with myasthenia gravis: a prospective study
    Garima Shukla
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India
    Clin Neurol Neurosurg 115:179-86. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Effect of successful epilepsy surgery on subjective and objective sleep parameters--a prospective study
    Paresh Zanzmera
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Sleep Med 14:333-8. 2013
  5. doi request reprint RBD in Parkinson's disease: a clinical case control study from North India
    Deepti Vibha
    Department of Neurology, Neurosciences Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India
    Clin Neurol Neurosurg 113:472-6. 2011
  6. doi request reprint Thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor gene polymorphisms are associated with antigenic levels in the Asian-Indian population but may not be a risk for stroke
    Arijit Biswas
    Department of Haematology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Br J Haematol 143:581-8. 2008
  7. doi request reprint Apolipoprotein-E genotypes and myasthenia gravis
    Hamid Suhail
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Neurol India 58:443-5. 2010
  8. doi request reprint Leads from xenobiotic metabolism genes for Parkinson's disease among north Indians
    Sohan Punia
    Department of Genetics, University of Delhi South Campus, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Pharmacogenet Genomics 21:790-7. 2011
  9. doi request reprint Markedly disturbed sleep in medically refractory compared to controlled epilepsy - a clinical and polysomnography study
    Paresh Zanzmera
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Seizure 21:487-90. 2012
  10. doi request reprint Ultrastructural variations in platelets and platelet mitochondria: a novel feature in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
    Mohita Shrivastava
    Department of Neurobiochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Ultrastruct Pathol 35:52-9. 2011

Collaborators

  • Garima Shukla
  • Uday B Muthane
  • R M Pandey
  • Manjari Tripathi
  • Deepak Kumar
  • Suman Singh
  • Ashish Suri
  • Rajesh Sagar
  • Jitendra Behari
  • Pramod Kumar Pal
  • Renu Saxena
  • Bikash K Mishra
  • Odity Mukherjee
  • Vinay Goyal
  • Deepti Vibha
  • Achal Srivastava
  • Arijit Biswas
  • Mohammed Faruq
  • Paresh Zanzmera
  • Anupama Gupta
  • Ravi Yadav
  • Mohita Shrivastava
  • Sohan Punia
  • Hamid Suhail
  • Ajay Garg
  • Mohammad S Akhter
  • Achal Kumar Srivastava
  • Shyla T Govindappa
  • Ramesh C Juyal
  • Vinod K Rai
  • Mohd Suhail Akhter
  • Hina Rashid
  • Anshul Srivastava
  • Luxmi Devi
  • Mohit Saxena
  • Jaiben George
  • Murali Munisamy
  • Suneel Kumar
  • Sumedha Sudhaman
  • Mitali Mukerji
  • Bhavna Kaul
  • Amit Batla
  • Achal K Srivastava
  • Rashmi Mathur
  • B K Thelma
  • Jayam P Lazarus
  • Vivekanandhan Subbiah
  • Hardeep Gambhir
  • Taposh K Das
  • Uttam Pati
  • S Vivekanandhan
  • Mitashree Das
  • Inder Singh
  • Soaham D Desai
  • Dilip Soni
  • Arvind Meena
  • Ravi Ranjan
  • Vibhor Pardasani
  • Praveen Gupta
  • Isha Trikha
  • Dinesh Khandelwal
  • Shivani Poornima
  • Mohammad Afsar
  • Tanuj Dada
  • Rohit Gupta
  • Neha Rai
  • Sanjay K Sood
  • Ratna Sharma
  • Varun Suroliya
  • Vaishna Narang
  • S Senthil Kumaran
  • Barghavi Ramanujam
  • Valery D Avelev
  • C S Bal
  • Thirumurthy Velpandian
  • D C Jain
  • Karthik Arumugam
  • S Raghavan
  • Toney Jose
  • Vipin Ola
  • Suman Jain
  • Yury Petrovich Gerasimenko
  • Surulivel Rajan Mallayasamy
  • Thiyagu Rajakannan
  • S Leve Joseph Devarajan
  • Hariom Singh
  • Vijay Aggarwal
  • K K Handa
  • Chanchal Goyal
  • Trilochan Srivastava

Detail Information

Publications46

  1. pmc Knowledge of Parkinson's disease among patients and caregivers attending movement disorder clinic at a tertiary care centre in north India
    Ravi Yadav
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Ann Indian Acad Neurol 15:294-6. 2012
    ..Few studies have been done to see the level of knowledge among patients and caregivers about Parkinson's disease (PD)...
  2. doi request reprint Role of platelets in neurodegenerative diseases: a universal pathophysiology
    Madhuri Behari
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India
    Int J Neurosci 123:287-99. 2013
    ..It also discusses how platelets epitomize ultrastructural, morphological, biochemical and molecular changes, highlighting their emerging role as systemic tools in different NDDs...
  3. doi request reprint Abnormal sympathetic hyper-reactivity in patients with myasthenia gravis: a prospective study
    Garima Shukla
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India
    Clin Neurol Neurosurg 115:179-86. 2013
    ..Patients with myasthenia gravis, especially those in crises, are not infrequently observed to demonstrate wide fluctuation in heart rate and blood pressure...
  4. doi request reprint Effect of successful epilepsy surgery on subjective and objective sleep parameters--a prospective study
    Paresh Zanzmera
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Sleep Med 14:333-8. 2013
    ..To evaluate the effect of surgery on subjective and objective measures of sleep quality among patients with medically refractory focal epilepsy...
  5. doi request reprint RBD in Parkinson's disease: a clinical case control study from North India
    Deepti Vibha
    Department of Neurology, Neurosciences Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India
    Clin Neurol Neurosurg 113:472-6. 2011
    ..The study aimed to compare the characteristics of patients with PD with RBD versus those without RBD...
  6. doi request reprint Thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor gene polymorphisms are associated with antigenic levels in the Asian-Indian population but may not be a risk for stroke
    Arijit Biswas
    Department of Haematology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Br J Haematol 143:581-8. 2008
    ..However none of the haplotype combinations generated showed any association with disease phenotype and therefore could not explain for the difference in CPB2 antigen levels between cases and controls...
  7. doi request reprint Apolipoprotein-E genotypes and myasthenia gravis
    Hamid Suhail
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Neurol India 58:443-5. 2010
    ..023). Our results suggest that the presence of Apo-E4 allele might influence seropositive status in patients with MG and seems an associated susceptible factor in female patients...
  8. doi request reprint Leads from xenobiotic metabolism genes for Parkinson's disease among north Indians
    Sohan Punia
    Department of Genetics, University of Delhi South Campus, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Pharmacogenet Genomics 21:790-7. 2011
    ..This study investigated the contribution of polymorphisms in genes from drug-metabolizing enzymes (DMEs) and the oxidative stress pathway to PD susceptibility and severity among a north Indian cohort...
  9. doi request reprint Markedly disturbed sleep in medically refractory compared to controlled epilepsy - a clinical and polysomnography study
    Paresh Zanzmera
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Seizure 21:487-90. 2012
    ..To evaluate sleep disturbances or sleep related events and their characteristics among patients with medically refractory epilepsy, compared to those with controlled epilepsy...
  10. doi request reprint Ultrastructural variations in platelets and platelet mitochondria: a novel feature in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
    Mohita Shrivastava
    Department of Neurobiochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Ultrastruct Pathol 35:52-9. 2011
    ..These observations also support the view that systemic involvement might be a novel feature in ALS pathophysiology...
  11. doi request reprint VPS35 and EIF4G1 mutations are rare in Parkinson's disease among Indians
    Sumedha Sudhaman
    Department of Genetics, University of Delhi South Campus, New Delhi, India
    Neurobiol Aging 34:2442.e1-3. 2013
    ..These results, together with our previous reports on the absence of mutations in SNCA and LRRK2, warrant a continuing search for novel causative genes for PD among Indians. ..
  12. doi request reprint Clinical and polysomnographic characteristics in 20 North Indian patients with narcolepsy: a seven-year experience from a neurology service sleep clinic
    Anupama Gupta
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Neurol India 60:75-8. 2012
    ..Narcolepsy is not an uncommon sleep disorder in the West. There is, however, only one reported case in literature from India. In this study, we report characteristics of patients with narcolepsy over a seven-year period...
  13. doi request reprint Lower prevalence of sleep disturbances in familial versus sporadic Parkinson's disease: a questionnaire based study
    Deepti Vibha
    Department of Neurology, Neurosciences Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India
    J Neurol Sci 295:27-30. 2010
    ..006 and 0.002) despite comparable disease severity scores and duration of disease (P=0.116). Clinical RBD and other sleep disturbances are much less common in patients with familial PD as compared with those with sporadic PD...
  14. doi request reprint Memory, executive function and language function are similarly impaired in both temporal and extra temporal refractory epilepsy-A prospective study
    Vinod K Rai
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India Electronic address
    Epilepsy Res 109:72-80. 2015
    ..This study was conducted to evaluate the degree and selectivity of involvement of memory, language and executive functions performance among patients with temporal (TLE) versus extratemporal epilepsy (ETLE)...
  15. doi request reprint Screening of the GPX3 gene identifies the "T" allele of the SNP -861A/T as a risk for ischemic stroke in young Asian Indians
    Mohammad S Akhter
    Department of Haematology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 23:2060-8. 2014
    ..The aim of our present study was to evaluate the impact of genetic variations in the GPX3 gene and plasma GPx-3 antigen levels on ischemic stroke in young Asian Indians...
  16. doi request reprint A case control study of women with Parkinson's disease and their fertility characteristics
    Ravi Yadav
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India
    J Neurol Sci 319:135-8. 2012
    ..This study was undertaken to evaluate associations of reproductive characteristics in a population with higher fertility and risk of PD among women...
  17. doi request reprint The effect of uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase (UGT)1A6 genetic polymorphism on valproic acid pharmacokinetics in Indian patients with epilepsy: a pharmacogenetic approach
    Murali Munisamy
    Department of Neurobiochemistry, Neurosciences Center, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, 110029, India
    Mol Diagn Ther 17:319-26. 2013
    ....
  18. doi request reprint A study of voice profiles and acoustic signs in patients with Parkinson's disease in North India
    Jayam P Lazarus
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110 029, India
    J Clin Neurosci 19:1125-9. 2012
    ..034), inability to phonate (noiseless speech, Z; p=0.002) and the mean noise-to-noiseless speech (S/Z) ratio (p=0.006)...
  19. pmc Spinocerebellar ataxia 7 (SCA7) in Indian population: predilection of ATXN7-CAG expansion mutation in an ethnic population
    Mohammed Faruq
    Department of Neurology, Neurosciences Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences AIIMS, New Delhi, India
    Indian J Med Res 141:187-98. 2015
    ..In this study we describe the clinico-genetic characteristics of nine SCA7 families of Indian origin and cross compare these with other available worldwide studies...
  20. doi request reprint Impact of sleep on the localizing value of video EEG in patients with refractory focal seizures - a prospective video-EEG with EOG and submental EMG study
    Shaily Singh
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Clin Neurophysiol 125:2337-43. 2014
    ..To examine the role of sleep and its stages on the localizing value of video EEG in the evaluation of refractory focal seizures...
  21. doi request reprint Identification of FXTAS presenting with SCA 12 like phenotype in India
    Mohammed Faruq
    Neurology Department, Neuroscience Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India Genomics and Molecular Medicine, CSIR Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, CSIR IGIB, Mall Road, New Delhi 110007, India Electronic address
    Parkinsonism Relat Disord 20:1089-93. 2014
    ..We aimed to screen FMR1-CGG repeats in our cohort of progressive late-onset cerebellar ataxia/tremor cohort to characterize the occurrence of FXTAS in India...
  22. doi request reprint Paroxysmal occipital discharges suppressed by eye opening: spectrum of clinical and imaging features at a tertiary care center in India
    Bhavna Kaul
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Neurol India 60:461-4. 2012
    ..Paroxysmal occipital discharges (PODs) demonstrating the phenomena of fixation-off sensitivity have classically been described in childhood epilepsies with occipital paroxysms...
  23. doi request reprint Study of DSM-IV Axis I psychiatric disorders in patients with refractory complex partial seizures using a short structured clinical interview
    Soaham D Desai
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Epilepsy Behav 19:301-5. 2010
    ..All patients should be assessed and treated for psychiatric comorbidity to improve overall quality of life...
  24. doi request reprint Role of polymorphisms in dopamine synthesis and metabolism genes and association of DBH haplotypes with Parkinson's disease among North Indians
    Sohan Punia
    Department of Genetics, University of Delhi South Campus, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Pharmacogenet Genomics 20:435-41. 2010
    ..In this study, contribution of six genes involved in dopamine synthesis and metabolism to PD susceptibility and disease severity was assessed in a North Indian PD cohort...
  25. doi request reprint What features differentiate unilateral from bilateral restless legs syndrome? A comparative observational study of 195 patients
    Garima Shukla
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India Electronic address
    Sleep Med 15:714-9. 2014
    ..This study was planned to evaluate various clinical and investigational parameters which might differentiate the profile of patients with unilateral versus bilateral RLS...
  26. doi request reprint Cardiovascular and sudomotor autonomic dysfunction in Wilson's disease--limited correlation with clinical severity
    Dilip Soni
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India
    Auton Neurosci 151:154-8. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate autonomic cardiovascular reflexes in patients of Wilson's disease and to look for any relationship between autonomic nervous system disturbances and clinical severity of Wilson's disease...
  27. doi request reprint Abnormal sleep-wake cycles in patients with tuberculous meningitis: a case-control study
    Vibhor Pardasani
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India
    J Neurol Sci 269:126-32. 2008
    ..We undertook this study to evaluate sleep related abnormalities in patients with TBM since there is no published literature pertaining to the same...
  28. doi request reprint Hemifacial spasm: clinical characteristics of 321 Indian patients
    Amit Batla
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India
    J Neurol 259:1561-5. 2012
    ..Interesting observations of this study are lack of female preponderance, presence of clicking in the ipsilateral ear and facial weakness even prior to botulinum toxin injection...
  29. ncbi request reprint Atypical Kleine--Levin syndrome: can insomnia and anorexia be features too?
    Garima Shukla
    Department of Neurology, Neurosciences Center, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India
    Sleep Med 9:172-6. 2008
    ..Many patients may not necessarily fulfill minimum criteria described for diagnosis. We aim to report such patients with atypical presentation resembling the Kleine-Levin syndrome...
  30. doi request reprint Prolonged preictal psychosis in refractory seizures: a report of three cases
    Garima Shukla
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Epilepsy Behav 13:252-5. 2008
    ..This is the first report of psychosis preceding seizures. The literature on seizure anticipation, as well as on the complex relationship between seizures and psychosis, is also reviewed...
  31. pmc Quantitative thermal sensory testing and sympathetic skin response in primary Restless legs syndrome - A prospective study on 57 Indian patients
    Garima Shukla
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Ann Indian Acad Neurol 15:260-2. 2012
    ..Almost two third patients demonstrated abnormalities in the detailed testing of the peripheral nervous system. Sbtle abnormalities of the peripheral nervous system may be more common than previously believed...
  32. ncbi request reprint Low-dose topiramate versus lamotrigine in migraine prophylaxis (the Lotolamp study)
    Praveen Gupta
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Headache 47:402-12. 2007
    ..To assess the efficacy and safety of topiramate and lamotrigine for prophylaxis in patients with frequent migraine as compared to each other and to placebo...
  33. ncbi request reprint Comparative efficacy of low dose, daily versus alternate day plasma exchange in severe myasthenia gravis: a randomised trial
    Isha Trikha
    Department of Neurology, Neurosciences Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India
    J Neurol 254:989-95. 2007
    ..To evaluate the comparative efficacy of low dose daily versus alternate day plasma exchange in patients with severe myasthenia...
  34. doi request reprint Serological and clinical features of patients with myasthenia gravis in north Indian population
    Hamid Suhail
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India
    Int J Neurosci 120:115-9. 2010
    ..047). MG patients with thymoma were significantly older and consisted of higher percent of males. Bulbar symptoms and severe grade (IIB+ III+ IV) at disease onset were more frequent in SPMG than SNMG patients...
  35. doi request reprint Genetics of Wilsons disease
    Madhuri Behari
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India
    Parkinsonism Relat Disord 16:639-44. 2010
    ..Genetic testing is not useful as a routine procedure, but has its role in at risk individuals such as siblings and children of probands and in individuals with suggestive symptoms but where other tests are contradictory...
  36. doi request reprint Mitochondrial perturbance and execution of apoptosis in platelet mitochondria of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
    Mohita Shrivastava
    Department of Neurobiochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Int J Neurosci 121:149-58. 2011
    ..In conclusion, our study further evinces the involvement of mitochondrial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of ALS and suggests implication of cell death in peripheral tissues apart from motor neurons in ALS...
  37. doi request reprint Multiple intraventricular neurocysticerci
    Deepti Vibha
    From the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Neurology 81:936-7. 2013
    ..Such a finding has been reported rarely in the literature.(1) Treatment options include surgery (ventriculostomy or shunt; cystectomy) or medical management (cysticidal agents, corticosteroids, antiepileptic drugs).(2.) ..
  38. doi request reprint Screening of the NOS3 gene identifies the variants 894G/T, 1998C/G and 2479G/A to be associated with acute onset ischemic stroke in young Asian Indians
    Mohd Suhail Akhter
    Department of Haematology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    J Neurol Sci 344:69-75. 2014
    ..We attempted to determine the role of NOS3 gene variants and plasma NO levels towards the development of ischemic stroke in young Asian-Indians...
  39. ncbi request reprint IgM anti-GM1 antibody titers in patients with monomelic amyotrophy
    Dinesh Khandelwal
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110 029, India
    Neurol India 54:399-401. 2006
    ..Anti-GM1 antibodies have been found to be elevated in multi-focal motor neuropathy with conduction block and other neurological diseases, which may have therapeutic implication...
  40. pmc Saccadic eye movements in Parkinson's disease
    Anshul Srivastava
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Indian J Ophthalmol 62:538-44. 2014
    ..Literature review was done using online Pubmed search engine and National Medical Library. ..
  41. doi request reprint Assessing speech dysfunction using BOLD and acoustic analysis in parkinsonism
    Mohit Saxena
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India
    Parkinsonism Relat Disord 20:855-61. 2014
    ..We studied acoustics using spectrogram and its correlation with BOLD activation during voice/speech production across these subjects...
  42. doi request reprint North and South Indian populations share a common ancestral origin of Friedreich's ataxia but vary in age of GAA repeat expansion
    Inder Singh
    Neuroscience Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Ann Hum Genet 74:202-10. 2010
    ....
  43. doi request reprint Use of Indian smell identification test for evaluating olfaction in idiopathic Parkinson's disease patients in India
    Jaiben George
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Neurol India 61:365-70. 2013
    ..Olfactory dysfunction in Parkinson's Disease (PD) has been recognized for a long time and a number of studies have been performed in various parts of the world, using culturally appropriate smell identification tests...
  44. doi request reprint Prothrombotic polymorphisms, mutations, and their association with pediatric non-cardioembolic stroke in Asian-Indian patients
    Arijit Biswas
    Department of Hematoloy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India
    Ann Hematol 88:473-8. 2009
    ..0001, O.R: 10.06(4.26-23.71)]. Polymorphisms in HPA-I and MTHFR may have important predisposing roles in the development of pediatric stroke...
  45. doi request reprint Exposure to extremely low-frequency magnetic field restores spinal cord injury-induced tonic pain and its related neurotransmitter concentration in the brain
    Suneel Kumar
    Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Electromagn Biol Med 32:471-83. 2013
    ..We suggest beneficial effect of chronic (2 h/day × 8 weeks) exposure to MF (50 Hz, 17.96 μT) on tonic pain that is mediated by 5-HT, GABA and NE in complete SCI rats. ..
  46. doi request reprint Progressive impairment in motor skill learning at 12 and 20 weeks post 6-OHDA- SNc lesion in rats
    Hardeep Gambhir
    Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Parkinsonism Relat Disord 17:476-8. 2011
    ..5 (20.4-52.1), p = 0.011} than that of the control rats throughout the study period. The results of our study suggest a slower brief learning of skilled motor tasks at post lesion week 12 whereas no learning at all at post-lesion week 20...