M Burtscher

Summary

Affiliation: University of Innsbruck
Country: Austria

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Endurance performance of the elderly mountaineer: requirements, limitations, testing, and training
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, Innsbruck University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 116:703-14. 2004
  2. pmc Life-style characteristics and cardiovascular risk factors in regular downhill skiers: an observational study
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    BMC Public Health 13:788. 2013
  3. ncbi request reprint Predictive importance of anthropometric and training data in recreational male Ironman triathletes and marathon runners: comment on the study by Gianoli, et al. (2012)
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science University of Innsbruck, Austria
    Percept Mot Skills 116:655-7. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Effects of lightweight outdoor clothing on the prevention of hypothermia during low-intensity exercise in the cold
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Clin J Sport Med 22:505-7. 2012
  5. ncbi request reprint Arnold Durig (1872-1961): life and work. An Austrian pioneer in exercise and high altitude physiology
    Martin Burtscher
    Leopold Franzens University and Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    High Alt Med Biol 13:224-31. 2012
  6. doi request reprint Effects of supervised exercise on gamma-glutamyl transferase levels in patients with isolated impaired fasting glucose and those with impaired fasting glucose plus impaired glucose tolerance
    M Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Austria
    Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 120:445-50. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Short-term exposure to hypoxia for work and leisure activities in health and disease: which level of hypoxia is safe?
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Fürstenweg 185, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria
    Sleep Breath 16:435-42. 2012
  8. doi request reprint Effects of interval hypoxia on exercise tolerance: special focus on patients with CAD or COPD
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Sleep Breath 14:209-20. 2010
  9. doi request reprint Intermittent hypoxia increases exercise tolerance in patients at risk for or with mild COPD
    M Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Fürstenweg 185, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 165:97-103. 2009
  10. doi request reprint Superior endurance performance in aging mountain runners
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Sciences, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Gerontology 54:268-71. 2008

Detail Information

Publications61

  1. ncbi request reprint Endurance performance of the elderly mountaineer: requirements, limitations, testing, and training
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, Innsbruck University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 116:703-14. 2004
    ..A regular exercise-training program under medical and sports expert advice will help the elderly to achieve these fitness standards, enjoy the mountain environment, and prevent injuries and fatalities...
  2. pmc Life-style characteristics and cardiovascular risk factors in regular downhill skiers: an observational study
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    BMC Public Health 13:788. 2013
    ..Thus, the aim of the study was to compare life-style characteristics and cardiovascular risk factors between regular downhill skiers and the general population...
  3. ncbi request reprint Predictive importance of anthropometric and training data in recreational male Ironman triathletes and marathon runners: comment on the study by Gianoli, et al. (2012)
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science University of Innsbruck, Austria
    Percept Mot Skills 116:655-7. 2013
    ..Thus, the essential issue is whether the anthropometric and training data give additional predictive power beyond these other measures...
  4. doi request reprint Effects of lightweight outdoor clothing on the prevention of hypothermia during low-intensity exercise in the cold
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Clin J Sport Med 22:505-7. 2012
    ..To study protective effects of windbreaker jacket and pants during exercise in the cold...
  5. ncbi request reprint Arnold Durig (1872-1961): life and work. An Austrian pioneer in exercise and high altitude physiology
    Martin Burtscher
    Leopold Franzens University and Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    High Alt Med Biol 13:224-31. 2012
    ....
  6. doi request reprint Effects of supervised exercise on gamma-glutamyl transferase levels in patients with isolated impaired fasting glucose and those with impaired fasting glucose plus impaired glucose tolerance
    M Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Austria
    Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 120:445-50. 2012
    ....
  7. doi request reprint Short-term exposure to hypoxia for work and leisure activities in health and disease: which level of hypoxia is safe?
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Fürstenweg 185, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria
    Sleep Breath 16:435-42. 2012
    ..g., with fire control systems, there is no clear consensus on the level of hypoxia which is generally well tolerated by human beings when acutely exposed for short durations (hours to several days)...
  8. doi request reprint Effects of interval hypoxia on exercise tolerance: special focus on patients with CAD or COPD
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Sleep Breath 14:209-20. 2010
    ..Therefore, this review intends to present an overview for better understanding of such mechanisms and to stimulate further research work on this important topic...
  9. doi request reprint Intermittent hypoxia increases exercise tolerance in patients at risk for or with mild COPD
    M Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Fürstenweg 185, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 165:97-103. 2009
    ..48, p<0.05). Intermittent hypoxia treatment may be a valuable addition to therapy designed to improve exercise tolerance in patients at risk for, or with mild COPD...
  10. doi request reprint Superior endurance performance in aging mountain runners
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Sciences, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Gerontology 54:268-71. 2008
    ..Endurance performance steeply decreases with aging but seems to be kept exceedingly high in elite mountain runners...
  11. doi request reprint Effects of modern ski equipment on the overall injury rate and the pattern of injury location in Alpine skiing
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Clin J Sport Med 18:355-7. 2008
    ..To identify whether the introduction of carving skis and related equipment has altered the overall injury rate and/or the pattern of injury location...
  12. ncbi request reprint Risk of cardiovascular events during mountain activities
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Austria
    Adv Exp Med Biol 618:1-11. 2007
    ..g. pharmacological interventions and adaptation to specific mountain activities. They also underline the need for intensified cardio-pulmonary resuscitation training for all mountaineers...
  13. doi request reprint Supervised exercise in patients with impaired fasting glucose: impact on exercise capacity
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Clin J Sport Med 19:394-8. 2009
    ..To compare the effects of counseling alone with that of additional participation in supervised training courses on exercise capacity in patients with impaired fasting glucose...
  14. doi request reprint The risk of cardiovascular events during leisure time activities at altitude
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Prog Cardiovasc Dis 52:507-11. 2010
    ..The detection of subjects at risk, evidence-based therapy, and advice on adequate behavior during the altitude sojourn will help to prevent SCD and to increase the health benefits generated by mountaineering activities...
  15. doi request reprint Effects of intermittent hypoxia on running economy
    M Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Austria
    Int J Sports Med 31:644-50. 2010
    ..Intermittent hypoxia did not affect RE during the second 5-wk period. These findings suggest that the effects of intermittent hypoxia on RE strongly depend on the training phase...
  16. doi request reprint [Effects of acute altitude exposure: which altitude can be tolerated?]
    Martin Burtscher
    Institut für Sportwissenschaft, Abteilung Medizin, Universitat Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Wien Med Wochenschr 160:362-71. 2010
    ..For safety reasons altitudes up to 2700 m or normobaric hypoxia up to FiO2 values of 15% are proposed to be well tolerated by most humans who are not severely diseased...
  17. doi request reprint Ventilation-limited exercise capacity in a 59-year-old athlete
    M Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 175:181-4. 2011
    ..However, beneficial adaptations to regular exercise may have helped maintain high aerobic performance without any adverse symptoms during submaximal exercise...
  18. doi request reprint Risk factors for high-altitude headache in mountaineers
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Cephalalgia 31:706-11. 2011
    ..The aim was to identify most relevant risk factors of high-altitude headache within a broad mountaineering population through a prospective, observational, rater-blinded study...
  19. doi request reprint The upper limit of aerobic power in humans
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Fürstenweg 185, Innsbruck, Austria
    Eur J Appl Physiol 111:2625-8. 2011
    ..6 mmol/L. At the self-selected maximal lactate steady state he consumed 78 mLO(2)/min/kg (85.7% V'O(2)max) with a corresponding lactate level of 4.4 mmol/L. These values rank among the highest ever demonstrated in human beings...
  20. ncbi request reprint Prediction of the susceptibility to AMS in simulated altitude
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Fürstenweg 185, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Sleep Breath 12:103-8. 2008
    ..Thus, the main purpose of this paper is the comparison of existing studies dealing with the prediction of AMS susceptibility and to draw conclusions on presently most valuable tests...
  21. ncbi request reprint Preacclimatization in simulated altitudes
    M Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Fürstenweg 185, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Sleep Breath 12:109-14. 2008
    ..The main purpose of this paper was to review existing studies and observations on the effectiveness of preacclimatization at simulated altitude...
  22. ncbi request reprint [Cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses during mountain hiking and downhill skiing]
    Martin Burtscher
    Institut für Sportwissenschaften, Universitat Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Osterreich
    Wien Med Wochenschr 155:129-35. 2005
    ..A high degree of fitness based on regular training decreases exercise responses and improves exercise tolerance...
  23. ncbi request reprint Prediction of susceptibility to acute mountain sickness by SaO2 values during short-term exposure to hypoxia
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Austria
    High Alt Med Biol 5:335-40. 2004
    ..In conclusion, Sa(O2) values after 20 to 30 min of exposure to normobaric or hypobaric hypoxia represent a useful tool to detect subjects highly susceptible to AMS...
  24. ncbi request reprint Intermittent hypoxia increases exercise tolerance in elderly men with and without coronary artery disease
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Fürstenweg 185, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Int J Cardiol 96:247-54. 2004
    ..Because the improvement of exercise tolerance reduces mortality in the elderly with and without coronary artery disease intermittent hypoxia might be a valuable preventive and therapeutic tool. However, controlled studies are lacking...
  25. ncbi request reprint Effects of short-term acclimatization to altitude (3200 m) on aerobic and anaerobic exercise performance
    M Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Austria
    Int J Sports Med 27:629-35. 2006
    ..7 % from HA1 to HA3 which implies a 50 % recovery of the initial loss. These findings are important for individuals going to high altitude for work, for athletic competition, or recreation...
  26. ncbi request reprint Cardiopulmonary and metabolic responses in healthy elderly humans during a 1-week hiking programme at high altitude
    M Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Eur J Appl Physiol 84:379-86. 2001
    ..Heart rate and SaO2 measurements are considered to be highly sensitive in estimating the state of acclimatisation and for monitoring exercise intensity and duration at high altitude...
  27. ncbi request reprint Risk factor profile for sudden cardiac death during mountain hiking
    M Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Int J Sports Med 28:621-4. 2007
    ..g. lipid lowering drugs, aspirin, and beta-blockers, should be considered...
  28. ncbi request reprint Prior myocardial infarction is the major risk factor associated with sudden cardiac death during downhill skiing
    M Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Austria
    Int J Sports Med 21:613-5. 2000
    ..Therefore adaptation to high intensity exercise and therapeutic interventions or abstinence from skiing in certain cases should be considered for downhill skiers at high risk...
  29. ncbi request reprint Arterial oxygen saturation during ascending to altitude under various conditions: lessons from the field
    Martin Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Austria
    J Sci Med Sport 11:535-7. 2008
    ..Oxygen desaturation was best prevented by acetazolamide which was also associated with faster ascent times compared to control conditions...
  30. ncbi request reprint [High altitude headache: epidemiology, pathophysiology, therapy and prophylaxis]
    M Burtscher
    Institut für Sportwissenschaften, Universitat Innsbruck, Osterreich
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 111:830-6. 1999
    ..The most beneficial effects however, may be achieved by the combined application of acetazolamide and aspirin. This combination increases oxygenation and reduces prostaglandin synthesis...
  31. ncbi request reprint Effects of aspirin during exercise on the incidence of high-altitude headache: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
    M Burtscher
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Austria
    Headache 41:542-5. 2001
    ..Aspirin resulted in tolerance to lower arterial oxygen saturation without development of headache; exercise had the opposite effect...
  32. doi request reprint Short-term intermittent hypoxia reduces the severity of acute mountain sickness
    M Wille
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 22:e79-85. 2012
    ..434), but the AMS incidence was not different between the HG and the PG at POST. In conclusion, short-term IH reduced the severity of AMS development during a subsequent 8-h exposure to normobaric hypoxia...
  33. doi request reprint ACL injury mechanisms and related factors in male and female carving skiers: a retrospective study
    G Ruedl
    University Innsbruck, Sport Science, Innsbruck, Austria
    Int J Sports Med 32:801-6. 2011
    ..6 times more with females than with males (p=0.005). The forward twisting fall seems to have become the dominant ACL injury mechanism both in male and female recreational skiers since the introduction of carving skis...
  34. doi request reprint Short-term supplementation with alpha-ketoglutaric acid and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural does not prevent the hypoxia induced decrease of exercise performance despite attenuation of oxidative stress
    H Gatterer
    Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Int J Sports Med 34:1-7. 2013
    ..However, positive effects on muscle oxygen extraction, as indicated by the tissue oxygenation index, might indicate that mitochondrial functioning was actually influenced by the supplementation...
  35. doi request reprint Impact of environmental factors on knee injuries in male and female recreational skiers
    G Ruedl
    Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 22:185-9. 2012
    ..In conclusion, low ambient temperature and snowfall are important environmental risk factors for knee injuries in female skiers...
  36. doi request reprint Effects of exercise and hypoxia on heart rate variability and acute mountain sickness
    K Mairer
    Department of Sports Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Int J Sports Med 34:700-6. 2013
    ..However, the influence of moderate exercise on HRV and AMS is minor, only "non-GI" symptoms seem to be exacerbated when exercise is applied. ..
  37. doi request reprint [Mean speed of winter sport participants depending on various factors]
    Gerhard Ruedl
    Institut für Sportwissenschaft der Universität Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Osterreich
    Sportverletz Sportschaden 24:150-3. 2010
    ..In general, to avoid speed related injuries, preventive recommendations include skiing under speed control consistent with the individual skiing ability, and slope and weather conditions...
  38. doi request reprint Factors associated with self-reported risk-taking behaviour on ski slopes
    G Ruedl
    Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Austria
    Br J Sports Med 44:204-6. 2010
    ..In recent years, discussions have arisen about the potential influence of wearing a ski helmet on an increasing level of risk taking and higher speeds on ski slopes...
  39. doi request reprint Different metabolic responses during incremental exercise assessed by localized 31P MRS in sprint and endurance athletes and untrained individuals
    D Pesta
    Department of Radiology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Int J Sports Med 34:669-75. 2013
    ..This non-invasive method offers a way to quantify differences between individual muscles and muscle components in athletes compared to untrained individuals. ..
  40. doi request reprint Does listening to music with an audio ski helmet impair reaction time to peripheral stimuli?
    G Ruedl
    Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Int J Sports Med 33:1016-9. 2012
    ..9 ± 13.8 ms) (p=0.094). In conclusion, listening to music with an audio ski helmet did not increase mean reaction time to peripheral stimuli in a laboratory setting...
  41. ncbi request reprint Effects of the performance level and the FIFA "11" injury prevention program on the injury rate in Italian male amateur soccer players
    H Gatterer
    Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 52:80-4. 2012
    ..e., male adult amateur players) are missing. The study aims to assess the injury rate in male adult amateur soccer players of different levels and to evaluate the effectiveness of the prevention program the "11"...
  42. doi request reprint Changes in cardiac autonomic activity during a passive 8 hour acute exposure to 5 500 m normobaric hypoxia are not related to the development of acute mountain sickness
    M Wille
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Austria
    Int J Sports Med 33:186-91. 2012
    ..Our results confirm reduced HRV with a shift towards sympathetic predominance during acute exposure to hypoxia. However, changes in cardiac autonomic modulations are not related to AMS development in acute normobaric hypoxia...
  43. ncbi request reprint Changes in hydration status of soccer players competing in the 2008 European Championship
    H Gatterer
    Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 51:89-94. 2011
    ..However, no one tested this hypothesis. Therefore, the purpose of present work was to investigate the impact of the European Soccer Championship 2008 on players' body composition...
  44. ncbi request reprint Frequency of cardiovascular diseases among ski mountaineers in the Austrian Alps
    M Faulhaber
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Int J Sports Med 28:78-81. 2007
    ..Scientific research should provide the basis of an optimal risk management for this group of persons...
  45. doi request reprint Interaction of potential intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors in ACL injured recreational female skiers
    G Ruedl
    Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Austria
    Int J Sports Med 32:618-22. 2011
    ..59; 95% confidence interval, 1.2-5.5, P=0.013). In conclusion, ACL injuries in female recreational skiers are the result of a complex interaction of intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors...
  46. doi request reprint Prevalence of acute mountain sickness in the Eastern Alps
    Klemens Mairer
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    High Alt Med Biol 10:239-45. 2009
    ..Consideration of easily modifiable risk factors such as individual exertion and water intake could markedly reduce AMS and contribute to the enjoyment of mountaineering...
  47. doi request reprint [Who is wearing a ski helmet? Helmet use on Austrian ski slopes depending on various factors]
    G Ruedl
    Institut für Sportwissenschaft Innsbruck, Innsbruck Osterreich
    Sportverletz Sportschaden 24:27-30. 2010
    ..No significant differences have been found with regard to gender, used type of gear, and risk taking behaviour. Thus, future helmet campaigns should also be aimed at older people, ski guest from other nations, and less skilled skiers...
  48. ncbi request reprint Beta-blockers may provoke oxygen desaturation during submaximal exercise at moderate altitudes in elderly persons
    Martin Faulhaber
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    High Alt Med Biol 4:475-8. 2003
    ..If confirmed in further studies, the increased heart work and exertion could indicate a reduced exercise tolerance of people taking beta-blockers during acute high altitude exposure...
  49. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases among alpine skiers and hikers in the Austrian Alps
    Martin Faulhaber
    University of Innsbruck, Department of Sport Science, Innsbruck, Austria
    High Alt Med Biol 8:245-52. 2007
    ..It can be assumed that 4 to 5 million hikers and skiers with known cardiovascular diseases are active in the Alps annually. Scientific research should provide the basis of an optimal risk management for this large group of persons...
  50. doi request reprint Are oral contraceptive use and menstrual cycle phase related to anterior cruciate ligament injury risk in female recreational skiers?
    Gerhard Ruedl
    Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Fürstenweg 185, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 17:1065-9. 2009
    ..Analysis of menstrual history data revealed that recreational skiers in the preovulatory phase were significantly more likely to sustain an ACL injury than were skiers in the postovulatory phase...
  51. doi request reprint Distribution of injury mechanisms and related factors in ACL-injured female carving skiers
    Gerhard Ruedl
    Institut für Sportwissenschaften Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 17:1393-8. 2009
    ..1% released during the remaining mechanisms. In contrast to traditional skiers, the forward twisting fall was the dominant injury mechanism in female carving skiers with ACL injury...
  52. doi request reprint Intermittent hypoxia does not affect endurance performance at moderate altitude in well-trained athletes
    Martin Faulhaber
    Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    J Sports Sci 28:513-9. 2010
    ..13). Our results suggest that the applied protocol of intermittent hypoxia had no positive effect on endurance performance at moderate altitude. Whether different intermittent hypoxia protocols are advantageous remains to be determined...
  53. ncbi request reprint High-energy phosphate metabolism during two bouts of progressive calf exercise in humans measured by phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy
    Michael F H Schocke
    Division of Diagnostic Radiology I, Department of Radiology, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Eur J Appl Physiol 93:469-79. 2005
    ..The lack of substantial changes in pH during the second exercise bout indicates that prior high-intensity exercise leads to an activation of oxidative phosphorylation...
  54. ncbi request reprint Effects of a 10-week conventional strength training program on lower leg muscle performance in adolescent boys compared to adults
    D Pesta
    Department of Radiology Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 54:147-53. 2014
    ..This might be related to peak height velocity (PHV) which is a "sensitive" period of trainability and accelerated adaptation to resistance training in adolescents. ..
  55. doi request reprint Frontal plane leg alignment and muscular activity during maximum eccentric contractions in individuals with and without patellofemoral pain syndrome
    M C Liebensteiner
    Institute of Sports Science, Leopold Franzens University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Knee 15:180-6. 2008
    ..The aim of the current study was to determine whether, in individuals with PFPS, frontal plane tibiofemoral alignment or muscular activity of the index knee's crossing muscles is altered during maximum eccentric leg press exercise...
  56. doi request reprint [Application of CPAP improves oxygenation during normobaric and hypobaric hypoxia]
    Robert Koch
    Klinische Abteilung für Gastroenterologie und Hepatologie, Universitatsklinik fur Innere Medizin, Medizinische Universitat Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Wien Med Wochenschr 158:156-9. 2008
    ..97, p < 0.01, n = 6). Further studies are needed to determine the effectiveness, its mechanisms in context with altitude diseases, and the applicability of this treatment under extreme environmental conditions...
  57. doi request reprint Interval hypoxic training improves autonomic cardiovascular and respiratory control in patients with mild chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Thomas Haider
    Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    J Hypertens 27:1648-54. 2009
    ..This study evaluates the effects of interval hypoxic training on cardiovascular and respiratory control in patients with mild COPD...
  58. ncbi request reprint Neuromuscular fatigue during sustained contractions performed in short-term hypoxia
    Christoph Szubski
    1Department of Sports Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:948-54. 2007
    ..The present study was designed to study neuromuscular fatigue in acute hypoxia, and we hypothesized that hypoxia results in additional fatigue during sustained contractions, presumably because of increased central fatigue...
  59. ncbi request reprint The effects of short-term hypoxia on motor cortex excitability and neuromuscular activation
    Christoph Szubski
    Department of Sports Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    J Appl Physiol 101:1673-7. 2006
    ..42 +/- 39.69 ms) (P < 0.05). These data demonstrate that acute hypoxia results in increased cortical excitability and suggest that acute hypoxia alters motor cortical ion-channel function and GABAergic transmission...
  60. doi request reprint Aerobic exercise with relaxation: influence on pain and psychological well-being in female migraine patients
    Sara Maria Dittrich
    Center of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Department of General and Social Psychiatry, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Clin J Sport Med 18:363-5. 2008
    ..The objective of this pilot study was to address the influence of an aerobic exercise program combined with relaxation on pain and psychological variables in migraine patients...
  61. ncbi request reprint Leukonychia following high altitude exposure
    Martin Burtscher
    High Alt Med Biol 3:93-4. 2002