M Whitby

Summary

Country: Australia

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Biological agents as weapons 1: smallpox and botulism
    Michael Whitby
    Infection Management Services, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD
    Med J Aust 176:431-3. 2002
  2. doi request reprint Needlestick injuries in a major teaching hospital: the worthwhile effect of hospital-wide replacement of conventional hollow-bore needles
    Michael Whitby
    Center for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Am J Infect Control 36:180-6. 2008
  3. ncbi request reprint Post-discharge surgical site surveillance: does patient education improve reliability of diagnosis?
    M Whitby
    Centre for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention CHRISP, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, 4102, Australia
    J Hosp Infect 66:237-42. 2007
  4. pmc Cost effectiveness of antimicrobial catheters in the intensive care unit: addressing uncertainty in the decision
    Kate A Halton
    The Centre for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, GPO Box 48, Brisbane, Queensland, 4001 Australia
    Crit Care 13:R35. 2009
  5. ncbi request reprint Hollow-bore needlestick injuries in a tertiary teaching hospital: epidemiology, education and engineering
    R Michael Whitby
    Infection Management Services, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Ipswich Road, Wolloongabba, QLD 4102, Australia
    Med J Aust 177:418-22. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint Handwashing in healthcare workers: accessibility of sink location does not improve compliance
    M Whitby
    Centre for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Ipswich Road, Brisbane 4102, Australia
    J Hosp Infect 58:247-53. 2004
  7. doi request reprint Three successful interventions in health care workers that improve compliance with hand hygiene: is sustained replication possible?
    Michael Whitby
    Center for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Am J Infect Control 36:349-55. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Post-discharge surveillance: can patients reliably diagnose surgical wound infections?
    M Whitby
    Infection Management Services, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Australia
    J Hosp Infect 52:155-60. 2002
  9. ncbi request reprint Why healthcare workers don't wash their hands: a behavioral explanation
    Michael Whitby
    Centre for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD 4102, Australia
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 27:484-92. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Biological agents as weapons 2: anthrax and plague
    Michael Whitby
    Infection Management Services, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD
    Med J Aust 176:605-8. 2002

Detail Information

Publications46

  1. ncbi request reprint Biological agents as weapons 1: smallpox and botulism
    Michael Whitby
    Infection Management Services, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD
    Med J Aust 176:431-3. 2002
    ..5. Foodborne and inhalational botulism could result from deliberate release of toxin. 6. Botulism presents with cranial nerve palsies and descending paralysis in a patient with normal conscious state and no fever...
  2. doi request reprint Needlestick injuries in a major teaching hospital: the worthwhile effect of hospital-wide replacement of conventional hollow-bore needles
    Michael Whitby
    Center for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Am J Infect Control 36:180-6. 2008
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Post-discharge surgical site surveillance: does patient education improve reliability of diagnosis?
    M Whitby
    Centre for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention CHRISP, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, 4102, Australia
    J Hosp Infect 66:237-42. 2007
    ..This outcome further questions the value of post-discharge infection rates obtained by patient self-assessment as a measure of quality of performance...
  4. pmc Cost effectiveness of antimicrobial catheters in the intensive care unit: addressing uncertainty in the decision
    Kate A Halton
    The Centre for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, GPO Box 48, Brisbane, Queensland, 4001 Australia
    Crit Care 13:R35. 2009
    ..There is uncertainty amongst clinicians over which, if any, A-CVCs to use. We re-evaluated the cost effectiveness of all commercially available A-CVCs for prevention of CR-BSI in adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients...
  5. ncbi request reprint Hollow-bore needlestick injuries in a tertiary teaching hospital: epidemiology, education and engineering
    R Michael Whitby
    Infection Management Services, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Ipswich Road, Wolloongabba, QLD 4102, Australia
    Med J Aust 177:418-22. 2002
    ..To describe the frequency, cause and potential cost of prevention of hollow-bore dirty needlestick injury (NSI) sustained by healthcare workers...
  6. ncbi request reprint Handwashing in healthcare workers: accessibility of sink location does not improve compliance
    M Whitby
    Centre for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Ipswich Road, Brisbane 4102, Australia
    J Hosp Infect 58:247-53. 2004
    ..Glove use was shown to diminish compliance with handwashing protocols by as much as 25%. Improved accessibility to sinks does not lead to an improvement in healthcare workers' handwashing compliance...
  7. doi request reprint Three successful interventions in health care workers that improve compliance with hand hygiene: is sustained replication possible?
    Michael Whitby
    Center for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Am J Infect Control 36:349-55. 2008
    ..Two major programs (Washington and Geneva) have demonstrated interventions that induce sustained improvement. The introduction of alcohol-based hand rub (AHR) together with education also has been reported to improve compliance...
  8. ncbi request reprint Post-discharge surveillance: can patients reliably diagnose surgical wound infections?
    M Whitby
    Infection Management Services, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Australia
    J Hosp Infect 52:155-60. 2002
    ..76). This latter measure, particularly when confirmed by the GP in those patients reporting an infection, appears to provide the most valid and resource efficient marker of post-discharge surgical wound infection...
  9. ncbi request reprint Why healthcare workers don't wash their hands: a behavioral explanation
    Michael Whitby
    Centre for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD 4102, Australia
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 27:484-92. 2006
    ..To elucidate behavioral determinants of handwashing among nurses...
  10. ncbi request reprint Biological agents as weapons 2: anthrax and plague
    Michael Whitby
    Infection Management Services, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD
    Med J Aust 176:605-8. 2002
    ..Medical advocacy for strengthening the Biological Weapons Convention, particularly with an enforceable protocol including verification and compliance provisions, is needed...
  11. ncbi request reprint Risk of death from methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia: a meta-analysis
    M Whitby
    Infection Management Services, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD
    Med J Aust 175:264-7. 2001
    ..aureus (MSSA), by meta-analysis of selected studies...
  12. ncbi request reprint The application of statistical process control charts to the detection and monitoring of hospital-acquired infections
    A P Morton
    Infection Management Services, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Ipswich Road, Brisbane, Queensland 4102, Australia
    J Qual Clin Pract 21:112-7. 2001
    ..When used together, Shewhart and EWMA methods are ideal for monitoring bacteraemia and multiresistant organism rates. Shewhart and CUSUM charts are suitable for surgical infection surveillance...
  13. ncbi request reprint An investigation of contact transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
    E S McBryde
    Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Qld 4001, Australia
    J Hosp Infect 58:104-8. 2004
    ..Non-contact staff (cleaners, food services) had the shortest handwashing times. In this study, glove use compliance rates were 75% or above in all healthcare worker groups except doctors whose compliance was only 27%...
  14. doi request reprint Organisation of hospital infection control in Mongolia
    B E Ider
    University of Queensland, School of Population Health, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    J Hosp Infect 75:209-13. 2010
    ..Non-governmental infection control initiatives are limited by time and coverage...
  15. pmc Improved hospital-level risk adjustment for surveillance of healthcare-associated bloodstream infections: a retrospective cohort study
    E N C Tong
    Centre for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Royal Brisbane and Women s Hospital, Brisbane, Australia
    BMC Infect Dis 9:145. 2009
    ..We aimed to identify medical services associated with high or low BSI rates, and to evaluate the services provided by the hospital as indicators that can be used for more objective hospital-level risk adjustment...
  16. ncbi request reprint Behavioural considerations for hand hygiene practices: the basic building blocks
    M Whitby
    Centre for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Australia
    J Hosp Infect 65:1-8. 2007
    ..A reflection on challenges to be met and areas for future research are also proposed...
  17. doi request reprint Do staffing and workload levels influence the risk of new acquisitions of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a well-resourced intensive care unit?
    F Kong
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia
    J Hosp Infect 80:331-9. 2012
    ..New MRSA acquistions may provide a clearer picture of the relationship between MRSA acquisition and staffing in the ICU setting...
  18. doi request reprint Infection control systems in transition: the challenges for post-Soviet Bloc countries
    B E Ider
    University of Queensland, School of Population Health, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    J Hosp Infect 80:277-87. 2012
    ..Intensive health system reforms have altered infection control in many of these countries. However, much of the literature from these countries is difficult to access by international scientists...
  19. doi request reprint Who bears the cost of healthcare-acquired surgical site infection?
    N Graves
    Centre for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Australia
    J Hosp Infect 69:274-82. 2008
    ..These results can be used to inform subsequent cost-effectiveness analyses that evaluate the efficiency of programmes to reduce the risks of HA-SSI...
  20. doi request reprint Funnel plots and risk-adjusted count data adverse events. A limitation of indirect standardisation
    A Morton
    Infection Management Services, Princess Alexandra Hospital Brisbane, Australia
    J Hosp Infect 78:260-3. 2011
    ..We illustrate this difficulty with risk-adjusted bacteraemia data from the Queensland Health Centre for Healthcare Infection, Surveillance and Prevention (CHRISP) database...
  21. doi request reprint Prevalence of hospital-acquired infections and antibiotic use in two tertiary Mongolian hospitals
    B E Ider
    University of Queensland, School of Population Health, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    J Hosp Infect 75:214-9. 2010
    ..The study results were comparable with reports from some other developing countries and confirm that official statistics underestimate the true frequency of HAI in Mongolia...
  22. ncbi request reprint Fusidic acid in septicaemia and endocarditis
    M Whitby
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Infection Control and Sexual Health, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 12:S17-22. 1999
    ..However, in spite of over 30 years of use and its recommendation in a number of guidelines, published evidence is insufficient to allow reliable comment on the efficacy of the antibiotic in the treatment of endocarditis...
  23. ncbi request reprint Fusidic acid in the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
    M Whitby
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Infection Control and Sexual Health, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 12:S67-71. 1999
    ..Given the widespread use of fusidic acid against MRSA, published evidence supporting its efficacy is limited and does not support the use of the agent as monotherapy...
  24. doi request reprint Hospital adverse events and control charts: the need for a new paradigm
    A Morton
    Infection Management Services, The Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    J Hosp Infect 73:225-31. 2009
    ..It may then be better to employ time-series methods to analyse and present the data. A convenient approach is to employ spline-regression or a generalised additive model...
  25. ncbi request reprint A comparison of competing methods for the detection of surgical-site infections in patients undergoing total arthroplasty of the knee, partial and total arthroplasty of hip and femoral or similar vascular bypass
    M Curtis
    Centre for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Queensland Health, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Level 1, Building 17, Ipswich Road, Woolloongabba, QLD 4102, Australia
    J Hosp Infect 57:189-93. 2004
    ..9%. Based on these results we do not support retrospective review of ICD-10-AM codes in preference prospective surveillance for SSI...
  26. doi request reprint Intradermal versus intramuscular hepatitis B vaccination in hemodialysis patients: a prospective open-label randomized controlled trial in nonresponders to primary vaccination
    Katherine A Barraclough
    Department of Nephrology, University of Queensland at Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Australia
    Am J Kidney Dis 54:95-103. 2009
    ..Primary hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination through the intramuscular (IM) route is less efficacious in dialysis patients than in the general population. Previous studies suggest improved seroconversion with intradermal (ID) vaccination...
  27. ncbi request reprint Intradermal recombinant hepatitis B vaccine for healthcare workers who fail to respond to intramuscular vaccine
    E Geoffrey Playford
    Infection Management Services, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 23:87-90. 2002
    ..To study the humoral immune responses, safety, and tolerability of intradermal recombinant hepatitis B vaccination in healthcare workers (HCWs) nonresponsive to previous repeated intramuscular vaccination...
  28. ncbi request reprint Prevention of needlestick injuries: the need for strategic marketing to address health care worker misperceptions
    Karen Slater
    Center for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Am J Infect Control 35:560-2. 2007
  29. doi request reprint Patient safety culture: factors that influence clinician involvement in patient safety behaviours
    John G Wakefield
    Patient Safety Centre, Queensland Centre for Healthcare Improvement, RBWH, Herston Queensland Health, Australia
    Qual Saf Health Care 19:585-91. 2010
    ..To develop an understanding of the factors that influence patient safety-related behaviours by nurses, doctors and allied health staff employed by Queensland Health, using a theory-driven behavioural model...
  30. ncbi request reprint Continuous infusion of ticarcillin-clavulanate for home treatment of serious infections: clinical efficacy, safety, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics
    Wendy J Munckhof
    Infection Management Services, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Ipswich Road, Woolloongabba, Brisbane, QLD 4102, Australia
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 25:514-22. 2005
    ..Home CI of ticarcillin-clavulanate is a safe, effective, convenient and practical therapy and is a therapeutic advance over traditional intermittent dosing when used in the home setting...
  31. ncbi request reprint Risk stratification for surgical site infections in Australia: evaluation of the US National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance risk index
    A C A Clements
    Division of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4006, Australia
    J Hosp Infect 66:148-55. 2007
    ..The discriminatory ability of the NNIS RI was insufficient for its use as an accurate risk stratification tool for SSI surveillance in Australia and its sensitivity was too low for it to be appropriately used as a prognostic indicator...
  32. ncbi request reprint The comparative efficacy of intravenous cefotaxime and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole in preventing infection after neurosurgery: a prospective, randomized study. Brisbane Neurosurgical Infection Group
    M Whitby
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Australia
    Br J Neurosurg 14:13-8. 2000
    ..3%). We concluded cefotaxime and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole administered as single dose prior to neurosurgery are equally effective in controlling neurosurgical infection and postoperative infection at remote sites...
  33. ncbi request reprint Histoplasmosis in Australia: a report of a case with a review of the literature
    M V N O'Sullivan
    Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland
    Aust Dent J 49:94-7. 2004
    ..Histoplasmosis may present to general dental practitioners as chronic mucosal ulceration and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of such lesions. Diagnosis is best made by culture and histology of biopsy specimens...
  34. ncbi request reprint Hypercalcaemia and elevated 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) levels associated with disseminated Mycobacterium avium infection in AIDS
    E G Playford
    Infection Management Services, Southern Queensland, Australia
    J Infect 42:157-8. 2001
    ..The biochemical and clinical similarities between these cases and other hypercalcaemic granulomatous diseases suggest a common mechanism related to macrophage activation and dysregulated vitamin D production...
  35. ncbi request reprint Tick-borne diseases in Australia
    G Playford
    Princess Alexandra Hospital and District Health Service, Woolloongabba, Brisbane, Queensland
    Aust Fam Physician 25:1841-5. 1996
    ..However, our understanding of the microbiology and epidemiology of many of these diseases is incomplete...
  36. doi request reprint Catheter-related bloodstream infections in intensive care units: a systematic review with meta-analysis
    Prabha Ramritu
    The Centre for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    J Adv Nurs 62:3-21. 2008
    ....
  37. pmc Costs of surgical site infections that appear after hospital discharge
    Nicholas Graves
    The Centre for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:831-4. 2006
    ..46%. Strong evidence showed that these infections caused minor additional costs, which contradicts existing literature. We discuss why previous studies might have overstated costs...
  38. doi request reprint Surveillance of healthcare-acquired infections in Queensland, Australia: data and lessons from the first 5 years
    Anthony P Morton
    Centre for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Queensland Health, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 29:695-701. 2008
    ..To present healthcare-acquired infection surveillance data for 2001-2005 in Queensland, Australia...
  39. doi request reprint Potential effect of excluding variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease on the eye donor pool in Australia
    Lawrence W Hirst
    Queensland Eye Bank, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Australia
    Cornea 27:773-5. 2008
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint SARS: a new infectious disease for a new century
    Noela Whitby
    Carindale Medical Clinic, Brisbane, Queensland
    Aust Fam Physician 32:779-83. 2003
    ..A new infectious disease swept the world in early 2003, causing restrictions on international travel and economic downturn in affected countries...
  41. doi request reprint A systematic review comparing the relative effectiveness of antimicrobial-coated catheters in intensive care units
    Prabha Ramritu
    The Centre for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Am J Infect Control 36:104-17. 2008
    ..To develop policy for managing the risks of these infections, all available evidence for prevention strategies should be synthesized and understood...
  42. ncbi request reprint Modeling the economic losses from pressure ulcers among hospitalized patients in Australia
    Nicholas Graves
    Queensland University of Technology, School of Public Health, and Princess Alexandra Hospital, Center for Health Care Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Wound Repair Regen 13:462-7. 2005
    ..By preventing pressure ulcers, public hospitals can improve efficiency and the quality of the patient's experience and health outcome...
  43. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with health care-acquired urinary tract infection
    Nicholas Graves
    The Centre for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Am J Infect Control 35:387-92. 2007
    ..Health care-acquired urinary tract infection is common, and the risk factors should be understood by those who manage hospitalized patients and researchers interested in interventions and programs designed to reduce rates...
  44. ncbi request reprint Effect of healthcare-acquired infection on length of hospital stay and cost
    Nicholas Graves
    Centre for Healthcare Related Infection Surveillance and Prevention, Princess Alexandra Hospital, and School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, QLD 4059, Australia
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:280-92. 2007
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint Comment on: Johnson PDR, et al. Efficacy of an alcohol/chlorhexidine hand hygiene program in a hospital with high rates of nosocomial methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection. Med J Aust 2005; 183: 509-19
    R Michael Whitby
    Med J Aust 184:253-4; author reply 254. 2006
  46. ncbi request reprint Health care-associated Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infections: a clinical quality indicator for all hospitals
    Peter J Collignon
    Infectious Diseases Unit and Department of Microbiology, Canberra Hospital, Canberra, ACT, Australia
    Med J Aust 184:404-6. 2006
    ..Continuous monitoring of infection incidence would enable health care facilities to determine the effectiveness of interventions designed to minimise SAB infections...