Affiliation: University of New South Wales
- Bite forces and evolutionary adaptations to feeding ecology in carnivoresPer Christiansen
Zoological Museum, Universitetsparken 15, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
Ecology 88:347-58. 2007..Our results suggest that the incorporation of bite force data may assist in the construction of more robust evolutionary and palaeontological analyses of feeding ecology...
- How to build a mammalian super-predatorStephen Wroe
School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Zoology (Jena) 111:196-203. 2008....
- High-resolution three-dimensional computer simulation of hominid cranial mechanicsStephen Wroe
School of Biological Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, NSW, Australia
Anat Rec (Hoboken) 290:1248-55. 2007..We hypothesize that, despite energetic costs, this system may lend adaptive advantage through enhancing the organism's ability to modify its behavior before reaching catastrophic failure in bony or dental structures...
- The craniomandibular mechanics of being humanStephen Wroe
Computational Biomechanics Research Group, Evolution and Ecology Research Centre, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Proc Biol Sci 277:3579-86. 2010..Our findings resolve apparently discordant lines of evidence, i.e. the presence of teeth well adapted to sustain high loads within a lightweight cranium and mandible...
- Convergence and remarkably consistent constraint in the evolution of carnivore skull shapeStephen Wroe
School of Biological, Earth, and Environmental Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Evolution 61:1251-60. 2007....
- Computer simulation of feeding behaviour in the thylacine and dingo as a novel test for convergence and niche overlapStephen Wroe
School of Biological Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia
Proc Biol Sci 274:2819-28. 2007..It is probable that there was considerable ecological overlap. As a large mammalian hypercarnivore adapted to taking small-medium sized prey, the thylacine may have been particularly vulnerable to disturbance...
- Cranial performance in the Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis) as revealed by high-resolution 3-D finite element analysisKaren Moreno
School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Australia
J Anat 212:736-46. 2008..komodoensis shares various cranial and dental characteristics...
- Allometry in the distribution of material properties and geometry of the felid skull: why larger species may need to change and how they may achieve itUphar Chamoli
Computational Biomechanics Research Group, Evolution and Ecology Research Centre, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Kensington Campus, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
J Theor Biol 283:217-26. 2011..We further suggest that these trends and the explanations for them may be universal for vertebrates...
- On the rarity of big fierce carnivores and primacy of isolation and area: tracking large mammalian carnivore diversity on two isolated continentsStephen Wroe
School of Biological Sciences AO8, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Proc Biol Sci 271:1203-11. 2004..We conclude that isolation and landmass area, rather than productivity, are the primary constraints on large mammalian carnivore diversity. Our results quantify the rarity of large hypercarnivorous mammals worldwide...
- Effects of gape and tooth position on bite force and skull stress in the dingo (Canis lupus dingo) using a 3-dimensional finite element approachJason Bourke
School of Biological Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
PLoS ONE 3:e2200. 2008..Stress data, combined with bite force information, suggested that there is an optimal bite angle of between 25 degrees and 35 degrees in C. l. dingo. The function of these rather small bite angles remains unclear...
- Human remains from the Pleistocene-Holocene transition of southwest China suggest a complex evolutionary history for East AsiansDarren Curnoe
School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
PLoS ONE 7:e31918. 2012..We also undertook new excavations at Maludong (Yunnan Province) to clarify the stratigraphy and dating of a large sample of mostly undescribed human remains from the site...
- Ossification heterochrony in the therian postcranial skeleton and the marsupial-placental dichotomyVera Weisbecker
School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, UNSW NSW 2052, Australia
Evolution 62:2027-41. 2008..This suggests that ossification heterochrony in marsupials is not directly related to diversity constraints on the marsupial forelimb and shoulder girdle...
- An experimentally validated micromechanical model of a rat vertebra under compressive loadingNaomi Tsafnat
Evolution and Ecology Research Centre, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, NSW, Sydney, Australia
J Anat 218:40-6. 2011..Experimentally validated micro-FE analyses are a powerful method in the study of materials with complex microstructures such as bone...
- The size of the largest marsupial and why it mattersStephen Wroe
School of Biological Sciences A08, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Proc Biol Sci 271:S34-6. 2004..Our results contradict the conclusion that the maximum attainable body mass of an Australian marsupial has been constrained by low productivity...
- Supermodeled sabercat, predatory behavior in Smilodon fatalis revealed by high-resolution 3D computer simulationColin R McHenry
School of Engineering, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:16010-5. 2007..leo may be required for extended, asphyxiating bites and that the relatively low bite forces in S. fatalis might reflect its ability to kill large prey more quickly, avoiding the need for prolonged bites...
- Bite club: comparative bite force in big biting mammals and the prediction of predatory behaviour in fossil taxaStephen Wroe
School of Biological Sciences A08, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia 2006
Proc Biol Sci 272:619-25. 2005..Extremely high BFQ in the marsupial lion, Thylacoleo carnifex, indicates that it filled a large-prey hunting niche...
- Megafaunal extinction: climate, humans and assumptionsStephen Wroe
Trends Ecol Evol 21:61-2; author reply 63-4. 2006
- Bottom-feeding plesiosaursColin R McHenry
School of Environmental and Life Sciences Geology University of Newcastle, New South Wales 2308, Australia
Science 310:75. 2005..These finds point to a wider niche than has previously been supposed for these seemingly specialized predators and may also influence long-running controversy over the question of gastrolith function in plesiosaurs...
- Prolonged coexistence of humans and megafauna in Pleistocene AustraliaClive N G Trueman
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO1 2UP, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:8381-5. 2005..Here, we present geochemical evidence that demonstrates the coexistence of humans and now-extinct megafaunal species on the Australian continent for a minimum of 15 ka...