R Richardson

Summary

Affiliation: University of New South Wales
Country: Australia

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Effects of home-nest odors on the startle response in preweanling rats
    R Richardson
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Physiol Behav 64:621-4. 1998
  2. ncbi request reprint Latent inhibition of conditioned odor potentiation of startle: a developmental analysis
    Rick Richardson
    School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Dev Psychobiol 42:261-8. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint Behavioral expression of learned fear in rats is appropriate to their age at training, not their age at testing
    Rick Richardson
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Anim Learn Behav 30:394-404. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint Effects of an odor paired with illness on startle, freezing, and analgesia in rats
    Rick Richardson
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
    Physiol Behav 78:213-9. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Extinction of conditioned odor potentiation of startle
    Rick Richardson
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 78:426-40. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint Facilitation of fear extinction by D-cycloserine: theoretical and clinical implications
    Rick Richardson
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia
    Learn Mem 11:510-6. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint The ontogeny of conditioned odor potentiation of startle
    R Richardson
    School of Psychology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Behav Neurosci 114:1167-73. 2000
  8. ncbi request reprint Shock sensitization of startle: learned or unlearned fear?
    R Richardson
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Behav Brain Res 110:109-17. 2000
  9. ncbi request reprint Conditioned odor potentiation of startle in rats
    R Richardson
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Behav Neurosci 113:787-94. 1999
  10. ncbi request reprint Shock sensitization of startle in rats: the role of contextual conditioning
    R Richardson
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Behav Neurosci 112:1136-41. 1998

Detail Information

Publications63

  1. ncbi request reprint Effects of home-nest odors on the startle response in preweanling rats
    R Richardson
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Physiol Behav 64:621-4. 1998
    ..These results are discussed in relation to recent studies on modulation of the startle response in developing rats, the effects of olfactory stimuli on the startle response, and the pleasure-attenuation of startle in nonhuman subjects...
  2. ncbi request reprint Latent inhibition of conditioned odor potentiation of startle: a developmental analysis
    Rick Richardson
    School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Dev Psychobiol 42:261-8. 2003
    ..We compare our results with other studies of latent inhibition, and with recent studies on whether conditioned responses are appropriate to the animal's age at training or their age at test...
  3. ncbi request reprint Behavioral expression of learned fear in rats is appropriate to their age at training, not their age at testing
    Rick Richardson
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Anim Learn Behav 30:394-404. 2002
    ..The Discussion section focuses on the implications of these findings for (1) the developmental analysis of memory and (2) the idea that an aversive CS elicits a central state of fear...
  4. ncbi request reprint Effects of an odor paired with illness on startle, freezing, and analgesia in rats
    Rick Richardson
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
    Physiol Behav 78:213-9. 2003
    ..potential threshold differences for various expressions of learned fear and (2). the possibility that the content of the learning established by odor-shock pairings differ from those established by odor-illness pairings...
  5. ncbi request reprint Extinction of conditioned odor potentiation of startle
    Rick Richardson
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 78:426-40. 2002
    ..Taken together, the results of this study show that (1) although OPS is somewhat resistant to extinction, it does extinguish with repeated tests and (2) suggests that there are no age differences in the rate of extinction of OPS...
  6. ncbi request reprint Facilitation of fear extinction by D-cycloserine: theoretical and clinical implications
    Rick Richardson
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia
    Learn Mem 11:510-6. 2004
    ..In addition, attempts at interpreting this research illustrate our limited understanding of the processes involved in extinction...
  7. ncbi request reprint The ontogeny of conditioned odor potentiation of startle
    R Richardson
    School of Psychology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Behav Neurosci 114:1167-73. 2000
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Shock sensitization of startle: learned or unlearned fear?
    R Richardson
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Behav Brain Res 110:109-17. 2000
    ..Several other procedures that have potential as model preparations for studying unlearned fear are discussed briefly...
  9. ncbi request reprint Conditioned odor potentiation of startle in rats
    R Richardson
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Behav Neurosci 113:787-94. 1999
    ..The implications of these findings for the startle probe procedure and for neural models of learning and memory based on results obtained with that procedure are discussed...
  10. ncbi request reprint Shock sensitization of startle in rats: the role of contextual conditioning
    R Richardson
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Behav Neurosci 112:1136-41. 1998
    ..The implications of this finding for using the shock sensitization of startle procedure as a model preparation for examining the neural and pharmacological bases of unconditioned fear are discussed...
  11. ncbi request reprint Effects of D-cycloserine on extinction of learned fear to an olfactory cue
    Marianne Weber
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 87:476-82. 2007
    ..Thus, extinction of freezing to an odor cue was facilitated by systemic injections of DCS, but only when some amount of within-session extinction occurred prior to injection...
  12. doi request reprint US habituation, like CS extinction, produces a decrement in conditioned fear responding that is NMDA dependent and subject to renewal and reinstatement
    Andreas Berg Storsve
    School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 93:463-71. 2010
    ..Together, these results suggest that the decrement in conditioned fear responses produced by US habituation and CS extinction could rely on overlapping processes...
  13. ncbi request reprint D-cycloserine facilitates extinction of learned fear: effects on reacquisition and generalized extinction
    Lana Ledgerwood
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Biol Psychiatry 57:841-7. 2005
    ..d-cycloserine (DCS) facilitates extinction of learned fear. The aim of this study was to examine whether DCS 1) affects reacquisition of fear (Experiment 1) and 2) produces generalized extinction of fear (Experiment 2)...
  14. doi request reprint Extinction in preweanling rats does not involve NMDA receptors
    Jee Hyun Kim
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Anzac Parade, Kensington, Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 94:176-82. 2010
    ..e., these rats still exhibited an impairment in extinction retention if given MK-801 prior to re-extinction). Taken together, these findings demonstrate that a qualitatively different system mediates extinction early in life...
  15. doi request reprint New findings on extinction of conditioned fear early in development: theoretical and clinical implications
    Jee Hyun Kim
    University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Biol Psychiatry 67:297-303. 2010
    ..These findings showing that distinct processes mediate extinction at different stages of development may have significant clinical implications, which are discussed in this review...
  16. ncbi request reprint Effects of multiple exposures to D-cycloserine on extinction of conditioned fear in rats
    A Sophie Parnas
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 83:224-31. 2005
    ..These findings suggest that DCS has significant clinical value but that behavioral desensitization may occur with multiple exposures; however, desensitization is not permanent and is reduced by the passage of time...
  17. doi request reprint Updating memories: changing the involvement of the prelimbic cortex in the expression of an infant fear memory
    S Li
    School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Neuroscience 222:316-25. 2012
    ....
  18. doi request reprint Expression of renewal is dependent on the extinction-test interval rather than the acquisition-extinction interval
    Jee Hyun Kim
    School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Behav Neurosci 123:641-9. 2009
    ..Finally, the expression of extinction appears to be GABA dependent regardless of the extinction-test interval or the test context...
  19. ncbi request reprint A developmental dissociation in compound summation following extinction
    Andreas Berg Storsve
    School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 92:80-8. 2009
    ..Taken together, these results suggest that there are developmental differences in the amount of associative change that occurs to CSs during extinction training...
  20. doi request reprint The effect of temporary amygdala inactivation on extinction and reextinction of fear in the developing rat: unlearning as a potential mechanism for extinction early in development
    Jee Hyun Kim
    School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    J Neurosci 28:1282-90. 2008
    ..Consistent with previous findings, these results show that there are fundamental differences in the neural mechanisms of fear extinction across development...
  21. doi request reprint D-cycloserine facilitates extinction the first time but not the second time: an examination of the role of NMDA across the course of repeated extinction sessions
    Julia M Langton
    School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Neuropsychopharmacology 33:3096-102. 2008
    ..The results of this series of experiments suggest that the role of NMDA in extinction depends on whether extinction is new learning (first extinction) or retrieval of a previous extinction memory (re-extinction)...
  22. doi request reprint Acute systemic fibroblast growth factor-2 enhances long-term extinction of fear and reduces reinstatement in rats
    Bronwyn M Graham
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Neuropsychopharmacology 34:1875-82. 2009
    ..Together, these experiments demonstrate that FGF2 facilitates extinction and attenuates relapse. Thus, FGF2 may be a novel pharmacological adjunct to exposure therapy...
  23. pmc GABA(A) receptors determine the temporal dynamics of memory retention
    Gavan P McNally
    School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Learn Mem 15:106-11. 2008
    ..Our results suggest that the temporal dynamics of memory retention may be caused by variations in neurotransmission through the GABA(A) receptor in the post-training period...
  24. doi request reprint The effect of the mu-opioid receptor antagonist naloxone on extinction of conditioned fear in the developing rat
    Jee Hyun Kim
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Learn Mem 16:161-6. 2009
    ..Taken together, these findings indicate that opioid neurotransmission, in contrast to GABA and NMDA activity, is critical for extinction acquisition across development...
  25. doi request reprint Acute systemic fibroblast growth factor-2 enhances long-term memory in developing rats
    Bronwyn M Graham
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 91:424-30. 2009
    ..These results implicate FGF2 as a possible molecular signal in long-term memory, and further, illustrate a novel means of enhancing memory...
  26. pmc Impaired extinction retention in adolescent rats: effects of D-cycloserine
    Jessica McCallum
    University of New South Wales, Anzac Parade, Kensington, New South Wales, Australia
    Neuropsychopharmacology 35:2134-42. 2010
    ..These novel findings have potential implications for clinical treatments of fear and anxiety disorders in adolescent patients...
  27. doi request reprint Fear extinction across development: the involvement of the medial prefrontal cortex as assessed by temporary inactivation and immunohistochemistry
    Jee Hyun Kim
    School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Kensington, Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia
    J Neurosci 29:10802-8. 2009
    ..Together, these findings show that extinction in P17 rats does not involve the mPFC, which has important theoretical and clinical implications for the treatment of anxiety disorders in humans...
  28. doi request reprint Early-life exposure to fibroblast growth factor-2 facilitates context-dependent long-term memory in developing rats
    Bronwyn M Graham
    School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, 2052
    Behav Neurosci 124:337-45. 2010
    ..These results further implicate FGF2 as a critical signal involved in the development of learning and memory...
  29. doi request reprint The effect of D-cycloserine on immediate vs. delayed extinction of learned fear
    Julia M Langton
    Adult Cancer Program, Prince of Wales Clinical School, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Learn Mem 17:547-51. 2010
    ..These results suggest that aversive experiences prior to DCS administration can prevent it from facilitating extinction...
  30. doi request reprint The role of context in the re-extinction of learned fear
    Julia M Langton
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 92:496-503. 2009
    ..and context-specific (the present study). The precise conditions that govern whether extinction requires NMDAr activation are of considerable theoretical interest and remain to be fully characterized...
  31. pmc Fibroblast growth factor-2 enhances extinction and reduces renewal of conditioned fear
    Bronwyn M Graham
    School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Neuropsychopharmacology 35:1348-55. 2010
    ..These results show that FGF2 facilitates long-term extinction and attenuates relapse, and thus highlight its potential as a novel pharmacological adjunct to exposure therapy...
  32. doi request reprint Fibroblast growth factor-2 alters the nature of extinction
    Bronwyn M Graham
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Learn Mem 18:80-4. 2011
    ..These findings add to a growing body of work suggesting that FGF2 may be a novel pharmacological enhancer of exposure therapy for humans with anxiety disorders...
  33. doi request reprint Maternal separation results in early emergence of adult-like fear and extinction learning in infant rats
    Bridget L Callaghan
    School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia 2052
    Behav Neurosci 125:20-8. 2011
    ..Taken together, these results suggest that early life adversity may prepare young animals to respond more cautiously toward fear signals in their environment...
  34. doi request reprint The temporal specificity of the switch from NMDAr-dependent extinction to NMDAr-independent re-extinction
    Julia M Langton
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Behav Brain Res 208:646-9. 2010
    ....
  35. doi request reprint Looking beyond fear: the extinction of other emotions implicated in anxiety disorders
    Elizabeth C Mason
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    J Anxiety Disord 24:63-70. 2010
    ..As such, this inattention to disgust reactions may reduce the effectiveness of treatment in the short-term or may leave the patient vulnerable to relapse in the long-term...
  36. ncbi request reprint The effects of FG7142 on two types of forgetting in 18-day-old rats
    Helen H Y Tang
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Behav Neurosci 121:1421-5. 2007
    ..These results suggest that in the developing rat, forgetting observed at different retention intervals is mediated by different physiological mechanisms...
  37. ncbi request reprint Immediate post-reminder injection of gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) agonist midazolam attenuates reactivation of forgotten fear in the infant rat
    Jee Hyun Kim
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Behav Neurosci 121:1328-32. 2007
    ..From this, it appears that alterations in GABAergic neurotransmission may be an underlying process mediating memory reactivation in the infant rat...
  38. ncbi request reprint Loss of emotional experience after traumatic brain injury: findings with the startle probe procedure
    Jennifer Clare Saunders
    University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Neuropsychology 20:224-31. 2006
    ..The results are consistent with recent evidence of differential impairment in negative versus positive emotions after TBI and are discussed in relation to 2 competing explanations of startle modulation...
  39. ncbi request reprint Pretraining inactivation of the caudal pontine reticular nucleus impairs the acquisition of conditioned fear-potentiated startle to an odor, but not a light
    Marianne Weber
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 2052, NSW, Australia
    Behav Neurosci 118:965-74. 2004
    ..Further, no savings were evident on retraining. When the CS was a light, inactivation of the PnC had no effect on the acquisition of FPS. Thus, the PnC may be crucial for the acquisition of conditioned FPS to an odor, but not a light...
  40. ncbi request reprint Latent inhibition in the developing rat: an examination of context-specific effects
    Carol S L Yap
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Dev Psychobiol 47:55-65. 2005
    ..The results of this study suggest that (a) PN18 rats can exhibit latent inhibition, and (b) the expression of context-specific latent inhibition depends on the age at which conditioning occurs...
  41. ncbi request reprint Behavioral expression of learned fear: updating of early memories
    Carol S L Yap
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Behav Neurosci 119:1467-76. 2005
    ..This updating effect appears to be modality specific, whereby the subsequent training must involve a CS of the same sensory modality as the original training...
  42. ncbi request reprint Recovery of fear memories in rats: role of gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) in infantile amnesia
    Jee Hyun Kim
    School of PsychologyUniversity of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Behav Neurosci 120:40-8. 2006
    ..It appears that GABA may be involved in infantile amnesia regardless of the emotional content of the memory...
  43. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of the effect of D-cycloserine on exposure therapy for spider fear
    Adam J Guastella
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Kensington, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    J Psychiatr Res 41:466-71. 2007
    ..DCS did not enhance the reduction of spider fears or the generalisation of treatment of a single session of exposure-based therapy. These results suggest that DCS may not enhance loss of non-clinical levels of fear in human populations...
  44. ncbi request reprint Effects of D-cycloserine on extinction of conditioned freezing
    Lana Ledgerwood
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Behav Neurosci 117:341-9. 2003
    ..These results suggest that DCS facilitates extinction of conditioned freezing by acting on consolidation processes partly mediated by the basolateral amygdala...
  45. ncbi request reprint Reinstatement of fear to an extinguished conditioned stimulus: two roles for context
    R Frederick Westbrook
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 28:97-110. 2002
    ..These findings suggest 2 roles for context in reinstatement: conditioning of the test context (M. E. Bouton, 1993) and mediated conditioning by the extinction context (P. C. Holland, 1990)...
  46. ncbi request reprint D-cycloserine and the facilitation of extinction of conditioned fear: consequences for reinstatement
    Lana Ledgerwood
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Behav Neurosci 118:505-13. 2004
    ..Overall, these results (a) raise questions about the mechanisms underlying DCS facilitation of extinction and (b) suggest that DCS might have substantial practical benefit...
  47. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of the effect of D-cycloserine on extinction and fear conditioning in humans
    Adam J Guastella
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Behav Res Ther 45:663-72. 2007
    ..Further experimental research is needed to better understand the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effects of DCS...
  48. ncbi request reprint The effect of the NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801 on the acquisition and extinction of learned fear in the developing rat
    Julia M Langton
    School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Learn Mem 14:665-8. 2007
    ..These results illustrate another fundamental developmental difference in extinction as well as a dissociation in the role of NMDA in the acquisition and extinction of fear early in development...
  49. ncbi request reprint The ontogeny of fear-potentiated startle: effects of earlier-acquired fear memories
    Carol S L Yap
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Behav Neurosci 121:1053-62. 2007
    ..Some constraints of this "facilitation" effect are determined in follow-up experiments. This facilitation effect may provide a novel way of testing the development of the neural circuits underlying learned fear...
  50. ncbi request reprint Extinction in the developing rat: an examination of renewal effects
    Carol S L Yap
    School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Dev Psychobiol 49:565-75. 2007
    ..These latter results show that whether or not context regulates the expression of an ambiguous memory is determined by the animal's age when the memory becomes ambiguous...
  51. doi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of D-cycloserine enhancement of exposure therapy for social anxiety disorder
    Adam J Guastella
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Biol Psychiatry 63:544-9. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to determine whether 50 mg of DCS enhances ET for social anxiety disorder (SAD) according to a comprehensive set of symptom and life impairment measures...
  52. ncbi request reprint A developmental dissociation in reinstatement of an extinguished fear response in rats
    Jee Hyun Kim
    School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 88:48-57. 2007
    ..Taken together, the results suggest that fundamentally different processes may mediate extinction early in development compared to later in development...
  53. ncbi request reprint A developmental dissociation of context and GABA effects on extinguished fear in rats
    Jee Hyun Kim
    School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Behav Neurosci 121:131-9. 2007
    ..Taken together, it appears that there are fundamental differences in the processes involved in extinction across development...
  54. ncbi request reprint Centrally administered corticotropin-releasing hormone and peripheral injections of strychnine hydrochloride potentiate the acoustic startle response in preweanling rats
    M Weber
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Behav Neurosci 115:1273-82. 2001
    ..This finding suggests that the failure to observe conditioned FPS in preweanling rats is due to an immaturity of the secondary fear circuit responsible for enhancing the ASR during a fear state...
  55. ncbi request reprint High illumination levels potentiate the acoustic startle response in preweanling rats
    Marianne Weber
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Behav Neurosci 117:1458-62. 2003
    ..These data suggest that conditioned and unconditioned FPS have different ontogenetic trajectories, and thereby provide support for the idea that learned and unlearned fear are subserved by dissociable neural systems...
  56. ncbi request reprint Effects of D-cycloserine on extinction: consequences of prior exposure to imipramine
    Aliza Werner-Seidler
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Biol Psychiatry 62:1195-7. 2007
    ..The current study examined whether pre-exposure to the antidepressant imipramine affects the enhancement of extinction by DCS...
  57. pmc The effect of adverse rearing environments on persistent memories in young rats: removing the brakes on infant fear memories
    B L Callaghan
    School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Transl Psychiatry 2:e138. 2012
    ....
  58. doi request reprint Ostracism: how much it hurts depends on how you remember it
    Gloria Lau
    School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Emotion 9:430-4. 2009
    ..These results have implications for the development of ameliorative strategies to manage the impact of social exclusion...
  59. ncbi request reprint Temporary inactivation of the nucleus accumbens disrupts acquisition and expression of fear-potentiated startle in rats
    Isabel Schwienbacher
    Animal Physiology, University of Tuebingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 28, D 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Brain Res 1027:87-93. 2004
    ..Taken together, these results show that the NAC is crucial for acquisition and expression of long-term conditioned fear, as measured by fear-potentiated startle, to discrete CSs, but not short-term conditioned fear to a context...
  60. ncbi request reprint Temporary inactivation of the perirhinal cortex by muscimol injections block acquisition and expression of fear-potentiated startle
    Brigitte Schulz
    Animal Physiology, University of Tubingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 28, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Eur J Neurosci 19:713-20. 2004
    ..Taken together, the present data show that the PRh is critical for the processing of aversive information and is necessary for the expression of emotional learning...
  61. ncbi request reprint Pharmacological dissociation of trace and long-delay fear conditioning in young rats
    Pamela S Hunt
    Department of Psychology, College of William and Mary, PO Box 8795, Williamsburg, VA 23187 8795, USA
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 87:86-92. 2007
    ..Taken together, the results indicate that despite the similarities between trace and long-delay conditioning in terms of developmental emergence and level of conditioned responding, they are mediated by different physiological systems...
  62. ncbi request reprint Effects of D-cycloserine on extinction: translation from preclinical to clinical work
    Michael Davis
    Emory University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Atlanta, Georgia 30329, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 60:369-75. 2006
    ....
  63. ncbi request reprint Synapses, circuits, and the ontogeny of learning
    Pamela S Hunt
    Department of Psychology, College of William and Mary, PO Box 8795, Williamsburg, VA 23187 8795, USA
    Dev Psychobiol 49:649-63. 2007
    ....