Alfio V Parisi

Summary

Affiliation: University of Southern Queensland
Country: Australia

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Lower body anatomical distribution of solar ultraviolet radiation on the human form in standing and sitting postures
    A V Parisi
    Centre for Astronomy, Solar Radiation and Climate, Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba 4350, Australia
    J Photochem Photobiol B 69:1-6. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of the cloudy sky solar UVA radiation exposures
    A V Parisi
    Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia Electronic address
    J Photochem Photobiol B 138:141-5. 2014
  3. doi request reprint Influence of high levels of cloud cover on vitamin D effective and erythemal solar UV irradiances
    Alfio V Parisi
    University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland 4350, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol Sci 11:1855-9. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Determination of the usage of shade structures via a dosimetry technique
    Alfio V Parisi
    Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol 88:1012-5. 2012
  5. doi request reprint Dosimetric investigation of the solar erythemal UV radiation protection provided by beards and moustaches
    A V Parisi
    Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 150:278-82. 2012
  6. ncbi request reprint Comparison of biologically damaging spectral solar ultraviolet radiation at a southern hemisphere sub-tropical site
    A V Parisi
    Center for Astronomy, Solar Radiation and Climate, Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba 4350, Australia
    Phys Med Biol 48:N121-9. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Pre-vitamin D effective ultraviolet transmission through clothing during simulated wear
    A V Parisi
    Department of Biological and Physical Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowomba, Australia
    Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 21:303-10. 2005
  8. doi request reprint Solar ultraviolet protection provided by human head hair
    Alfio V Parisi
    Department of Biological and Physical Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol 85:250-4. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Cloud cover and horizontal plane eye damaging solar UV exposures
    A V Parisi
    Centre for Astronomy, Solar Radiation and Climate, University of Southern Queensland, 4350 Toowoomba, Australia
    Int J Biometeorol 49:130-6. 2004
  10. ncbi request reprint Variation of the enhanced biologically damaging solar UV due to clouds
    Alfio V Parisi
    Centre for Astronomy, Solar Radiation and Climate, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, 4350, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol Sci 3:643-7. 2004

Detail Information

Publications60

  1. ncbi request reprint Lower body anatomical distribution of solar ultraviolet radiation on the human form in standing and sitting postures
    A V Parisi
    Centre for Astronomy, Solar Radiation and Climate, Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba 4350, Australia
    J Photochem Photobiol B 69:1-6. 2003
    ..These results show that there is increased risk of non-melanoma skin cancer and malignant melanoma to the lower body if no UV preventative strategies are employed while in a sitting posture compared to a standing posture...
  2. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of the cloudy sky solar UVA radiation exposures
    A V Parisi
    Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia Electronic address
    J Photochem Photobiol B 138:141-5. 2014
    ..This was improved to 89% of the exposures within 20% of the measured UVA exposures for the cases of cloud with the sun not obscured. ..
  3. doi request reprint Influence of high levels of cloud cover on vitamin D effective and erythemal solar UV irradiances
    Alfio V Parisi
    University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland 4350, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol Sci 11:1855-9. 2012
    ..This research shows that the current public recommendations on the times of solar UV exposures required to produce adequate vitamin D are inappropriate for situations of more than 6.5 octa cloud...
  4. doi request reprint Determination of the usage of shade structures via a dosimetry technique
    Alfio V Parisi
    Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol 88:1012-5. 2012
    ..It provides an objective determination of the amount of shade use by population groups that have set periods of time outdoors...
  5. doi request reprint Dosimetric investigation of the solar erythemal UV radiation protection provided by beards and moustaches
    A V Parisi
    Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 150:278-82. 2012
    ..Protection from UVR is provided by the facial hair; however, it is not very high, particularly at the higher SZA...
  6. ncbi request reprint Comparison of biologically damaging spectral solar ultraviolet radiation at a southern hemisphere sub-tropical site
    A V Parisi
    Center for Astronomy, Solar Radiation and Climate, Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba 4350, Australia
    Phys Med Biol 48:N121-9. 2003
    ..The relative changes for the different action spectra show that the erythemal action spectrum cannot be used as a proxy for other biologically damaging responses...
  7. ncbi request reprint Pre-vitamin D effective ultraviolet transmission through clothing during simulated wear
    A V Parisi
    Department of Biological and Physical Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowomba, Australia
    Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 21:303-10. 2005
    ..The aim of the current research was to investigate the effect of fabric type, color, fit, and wetness on the transmission of pre-vitamin D(3) effective UV through garments during simulated wear, in a high UV exposure environment...
  8. doi request reprint Solar ultraviolet protection provided by human head hair
    Alfio V Parisi
    Department of Biological and Physical Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol 85:250-4. 2009
    ..This research shows that the UV exposure limits to the scalp through hair can be exceeded within short timeframes and provides important information to assist employers to comply with Workplace Health and Safety legislation...
  9. ncbi request reprint Cloud cover and horizontal plane eye damaging solar UV exposures
    A V Parisi
    Centre for Astronomy, Solar Radiation and Climate, University of Southern Queensland, 4350 Toowoomba, Australia
    Int J Biometeorol 49:130-6. 2004
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Variation of the enhanced biologically damaging solar UV due to clouds
    Alfio V Parisi
    Centre for Astronomy, Solar Radiation and Climate, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, 4350, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol Sci 3:643-7. 2004
    ..21 to 1.25. In comparison, the highest value of 1.4 was for the DNA action spectrum...
  11. ncbi request reprint Variations in the short wavelength cut-off of the solar UV spectra
    A V Parisi
    Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, 4350, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol Sci 5:331-5. 2006
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Influence of solar UVA on erythemal irradiances
    A V Parisi
    Centre for Rural and Remote Area Health, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba 4350, Australia
    Phys Med Biol 51:3241-9. 2006
    ..The time period of 40 to 60 min was the most frequent length of time for an exposure of one SED with 60 to 80 min the next frequent length of time required for a one SED exposure...
  13. ncbi request reprint Dosimetric and spectroradiometric investigations of glass filtered solar UV
    Alfio V Parisi
    Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Queensland, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol 83:777-81. 2007
    ..The UVA dosimeter was employed in the field to measure the glass-filtered UV exposures to different receiving planes. The UVA dosimeter reported has the potential for personal solar UVA exposure measurements...
  14. ncbi request reprint Cloud observations for the statistical evaluation of the UV index at Toowoomba, Australia
    A V Parisi
    University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia
    Int J Biometeorol 52:159-66. 2008
    ..The correlation for this new data set was 0.50, which increased to 0.65 for the cases when the clouds were considered to be a contributor to UV enhancement above that of a cloud-free day...
  15. doi request reprint Influence of summer daylight saving time on scattered erythemal solar ultraviolet exposures
    A V Parisi
    Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba 4350, Australia
    J Photochem Photobiol B 91:35-40. 2008
    ..The increase in diffuse UV exposure due to the afternoon break may be negated by the decrease in exposure due to the morning break. In this case, the effect on diffuse UV exposures due to changing to daylight saving time will be minimal...
  16. doi request reprint Comparison of biologically effective spectra for erythema and pre-vitamin D3 synthesis
    A V Parisi
    Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, 4350, Australia
    Int J Biometeorol 53:11-5. 2009
    ....
  17. doi request reprint Solar UV exposures measured simultaneously to all arbitrarily oriented leaves on a plant
    Alfio V Parisi
    Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba 4350, Australia
    J Photochem Photobiol B 99:87-92. 2010
    ..Variations in the measurements take into account the inclination and orientation of each leaf investigated, as well as the influence of shading by other leaves in the plant canopy...
  18. ncbi request reprint Personal solar UV exposure measurements employing modified polysulphone with an extended dynamic range
    Alfio V Parisi
    Centre for Astronomy, Solar Radiation and Climate, Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol 79:411-5. 2004
    ..The results show that longer-term measurement programs of personal solar UV have been made more feasible with the use of these polysulphone dosimeters with an extended dynamic range compared with unfiltered polysulphone dosimeters...
  19. ncbi request reprint Diffuse solar UV radiation and implications for preventing human eye damage
    A V Parisi
    Center for Astronomy and Atmospheric Research, Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, 4350, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol 73:135-9. 2001
    ..The average percentage diffuse UVB over all the measurements in the tree shade for the morning, noon and afternoon was 62, 58 and 71%, respectively, and the average percentage diffuse UVA was 52, 51 and 59%, respectively...
  20. ncbi request reprint Horizontal and sun-normal spectral biologically effective ultraviolet irradiances
    A V Parisi
    Centre for Astronomy and Atmospheric Research, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia
    J Photochem Photobiol B 53:70-4. 1999
    ..In contrast to the total UV, the diffuse UV and diffuse biologically effective irradiances are reduced in a sun-normal compared with a horizontal orientation by a factor ranging from 0.70 +/- 0.05 to 0.76 +/- 0.03...
  21. ncbi request reprint Personal exposure distribution of solar erythemal ultraviolet radiation in tree shade over summer
    A V Parisi
    Centre for Astronomy and Atmospheric Research, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia
    Phys Med Biol 45:349-56. 2000
    ..6 to 14.6 MED. This research has provided new data that is essential to quantify human UV exposure during outdoor activities...
  22. ncbi request reprint Diffuse component of solar ultraviolet radiation in tree shade
    A V Parisi
    Centre for Astronomy and Atmospheric Research, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia
    J Photochem Photobiol B 54:116-20. 2000
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Spectral shade ratios on horizontal and sun normal surfaces for single trees and relatively cloud free sky
    A V Parisi
    Centre for Astronomy and Atmospheric Research, Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia
    J Photochem Photobiol B 65:151-6. 2001
    ..22 for the edge and 0.13 for the trunk. Similarly, the decrease was 34-39% on the sun normal plane or, in absolute terms, a reduction by 0.19 for the edge and 0.12 for the trunk...
  24. ncbi request reprint Solar ultraviolet exposures at ground level in tree shade during summer in south east Queensland
    A V Parisi
    Centre for Astronomy and Atmospheric Research, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, 4350, Australia
    Int J Environ Health Res 11:117-27. 2001
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint An estimation of biological hazards due to solar radiation
    A V Parisi
    Centre for Astronomy and Atmospheric Research, Department of Biological and Physical Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia
    J Photochem Photobiol B 54:126-30. 2000
    ..Extrapolation to humans suggests that exposure to the UV-A band will contribute to photodamage in human skin during exposure to solar radiation...
  26. ncbi request reprint Optical properties of a long dynamic range chemical UV dosimeter based on solvent cast polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
    Abdurazaq Amar
    Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD 4350, Australia Electronic address
    J Photochem Photobiol B 128:92-9. 2013
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Optimizing solar UV-radiation exposures for vitamin D3: comparing global and diffuse spectral UV radiation
    David J Turnbull
    Centre for Rural and Remote Area Health, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland 4350, Australia
    Radiat Res 169:344-9. 2008
    ..27% at 10 degrees . For SZAs of 25 degrees and less, more UV radiation is in the wavelength region contributing to vitamin D(3) synthesis (UV(D3)) than in the UVA region for diffuse UV radiation than for global UV radiation...
  28. doi request reprint Measurements of the upper body ultraviolet exposure to golfers: non-melanoma skin cancer risk, and the potential benefits of exposure to sunlight
    Nathan J Downs
    Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD, Australia
    Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 25:317-24. 2009
    ..This sport is a popular recreational activity for the Queensland population and must be played during daylight hours...
  29. doi request reprint Dosimeter for the measurement of UV exposures related to melanoma induction
    David J Turnbull
    Centre for Rural and Remote Area Health, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland 4350, Australia
    Phys Med Biol 55:3767-76. 2010
    ..Preliminary results indicate that this UVMel dosimeter can measure exposures of more than 189 kJ m(-2) of biologically effective weighted solar UV radiation with an inter-dosimeter variability of no more than +/-5%...
  30. ncbi request reprint Usage of the polyphenylene oxide dosimeter to measure annual solar erythemal exposures
    Peter W Schouten
    School of Engineering, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol 86:706-10. 2010
    ..As the dynamic range for PPO is known to be 5 days during summer at a sub-tropical location, the advantage of using the NDF is that half the number of dosimeters is needed to be fabricated and measured before and after exposure...
  31. ncbi request reprint Potential dosemeter for quantifying biologically effective blue light exposures
    David J Turnbull
    Centre for Rural and Remote Area Health, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland 4350, Australia
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 149:245-50. 2012
    ..Preliminary results indicate that this dosemeter saturates relatively slowly and is able to measure exposures equivalent to >1200 kJ m(-2) of blue light hazard weighted solar radiation...
  32. doi request reprint Ultraviolet exposures in different playground settings: a cohort study of measurements performed in a school population
    Nathan J Downs
    Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD, Australia
    Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 25:196-201. 2009
    ..Solar erythemally effective ultraviolet (UVE) measured on the face, neck, arms, hands and legs of a cohort of school children was investigated with respect to student movement about a school environment located in Southern Queensland...
  33. doi request reprint Latitudinal variations over Australia of the solar UV-radiation exposures for vitamin D3 in shade compared to full sun
    David J Turnbull
    Centre for Rural and Remote Area Health, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland 4350, Australia
    Radiat Res 173:373-9. 2010
    ..This research indicates that an improved approach to optimize UV-radiation exposures for the production of vitamin D(3) is to use diffuse UV radiation under shade in and around the middle of the day...
  34. doi request reprint Influence of reflected UV irradiance on occupational exposure from combinations of reflective wall surfaces
    Joanna Turner
    University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol Sci 12:1589-95. 2013
    ..Additionally, this knowledge may be used by workers, workplaces and advisory bodies to assist with developing further protective strategies that aim to provide more moderate UV exposures to outdoor workers. ..
  35. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of a high exposure solar UV dosimeter for underwater use
    Peter W Schouten
    Department of Biological and Physical Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol 83:931-7. 2007
    ..These results show that this dosimeter has the potential for long-term underwater UV exposure measurements...
  36. ncbi request reprint Comparison between seasons of the ultraviolet environment in the shade of trees in Australia
    A V Parisi
    Centre for Astronomy and Atmospheric Research, Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia
    Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 17:55-9. 2001
    ..This, combined with the visible irradiances in the tree shade not being a reliable indication of the biologically damaging UV irradiances, has consequences for public health and skin cancer prevention...
  37. doi request reprint Seasonal variations in the subsurface ultraviolet-B on an inshore Pacific coral reef ecosystem
    Nathan J Downs
    Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol 89:1234-43. 2013
    ..The influence of season, diurnal tidal variation, cloud cover and solar zenith angle were analyzed over the campaign period. Mean minimum daylight water depth was found to be the most significant factor influencing subsurface UVB. ..
  38. ncbi request reprint Effective shade structures
    David J Turnbull
    Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, West Street, Toowoomba, QLD 4350, Australia
    Med J Aust 184:13-5. 2006
    ..Community organisations such as child care centres and schools that need to provide effective shade are hindered by cost and building regulations. The protective function of shade structures is more important than their aesthetic appeal...
  39. doi request reprint Empirical evaluation of global vitamin D effective ultraviolet irradiances under cloudy conditions for a subtropical southern hemisphere site
    David J Turnbull
    Centre for Rural and Remote Area Health, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland 4350, Australia
    Radiat Res 173:703-8. 2010
    ..90. The output of the model was compared to data measured during the first 6 months of 2005 for an SZA of 70 degrees or less and provided an R(2) value of approximately 0.82...
  40. ncbi request reprint Human UVA exposures estimated from ambient UVA measurements
    Michael G Kimlin
    Centre for Astronomy, Solar Radiation and Climate, Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba 4350, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol Sci 2:365-9. 2003
    ..Measurement of the exposure ratios for a series of solar zenith angles between 90 degrees and 0 degrees will allow extension of this technique to other latitudes...
  41. ncbi request reprint Diffuse solar ultraviolet radiation
    Alfio V Parisi
    University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia 4350
    Int Ophthalmol Clin 45:19-27. 2005
  42. ncbi request reprint Annual variation of the angular distribution of the UV beneath public shade structures
    D J Turnbull
    Centre for Astronomy, Solar Radiation and Climate, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba 4350, Australia
    J Photochem Photobiol B 76:41-7. 2004
    ..For the medium and large shade structures, the measurements directed to the west and south were the highest levels in the shade after roughly 42 degrees and 50 degrees, respectively...
  43. ncbi request reprint Effect of cloud on UVA and exposure to humans
    J Sabburg
    Centre for Medical and Health Physics, Queensland University of Technology, Centre for Astronomy and Atmospheric Research, University of Southern Queensland, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol 74:412-6. 2001
    ..M. the additional UVA exposure was on an average 6.9 kJ m-2 over three cloud-enhanced days. To the authors' knowledge this is the first paper to present some evidence of cloud-enhanced UVA human exposure...
  44. ncbi request reprint Scattered UV beneath public shade structures during winters
    D J Turnbull
    Centre for Astronomy, Solar Radiation and Climate, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol 78:180-3. 2003
    ..From this research it can be concluded that the UV radiation levels in the shade in winter could cause erythema and other sun-related disorders...
  45. ncbi request reprint Increasing the ultraviolet protection provided by shade structures
    D J Turnbull
    Centre for Astronomy, Solar Radiation and Climate, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba 4350, Australia
    J Photochem Photobiol B 78:61-7. 2005
    ....
  46. doi request reprint Field calibrations of a long-term UV dosimeter for aquatic UVB exposures
    P W Schouten
    Department of Biological and Physical Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba 4350, Australia
    J Photochem Photobiol B 91:108-16. 2008
    ..This research addressed these issues by formulating and developing a calibration methodology required for accurate underwater long-term UVB measurements in the field using the PPO film dosimeter...
  47. ncbi request reprint Optical properties of poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) film and its potential for a long-term solar ultraviolet dosimeter
    R A Lester
    Centre for Astronomy, Solar Radiation and Climate, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia
    Phys Med Biol 48:3685-98. 2003
    ..3% at any angle greater than 40 degrees. These results indicate that PPO film satisfies the requirements for use as a UV dosimeter, and may be employed in long-term human exposure measurements...
  48. ncbi request reprint Vitamin D effective ultraviolet wavelengths due to scattering in shade
    D J Turnbull
    Centre for Astronomy, Solar Radiation and Climate, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba 4350, QLD, Australia
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 96:431-6. 2005
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint Spectral UV in public shade settings
    D J Turnbull
    Centre for Astronomy, Solar Radiation and Atmospheric Research, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba 4350, Australia
    J Photochem Photobiol B 69:13-9. 2003
    ..Even though the UV transmission through the materials may be very low, it is the construction of the entire shade setting that determines the exposure beneath the shade structure...
  50. doi request reprint Reflected solar radiation from horizontal, vertical and inclined surfaces: ultraviolet and visible spectral and broadband behaviour due to solar zenith angle, orientation and surface type
    J Turner
    Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba 4350, Australia
    J Photochem Photobiol B 92:29-37. 2008
    ..Errors in measuring the RRG at large solar zenith angles are explored, which equally highlights the errors in albedo measurement at large solar zenith angles...
  51. doi request reprint Applicability of the polyphenylene oxide film dosimeter to high UV exposures in aquatic environments
    P W Schouten
    Department of Biological and Physical Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba 4350, Australia
    J Photochem Photobiol B 96:184-92. 2009
    ..These K(d) values where found to be in close agreement to standalone K(d) values derived from results taken using a standard calibrated spectrometer in the same sea water...
  52. doi request reprint Phenothiazine UVA dosimeter: characteristics and performance
    Keqin Jia
    AusSun Research Laboratory, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol Sci 9:1224-7. 2010
    ..1. These characterizations have confirmed the reliability and reproducibility of a phenothiazine-mylar combined dosimeter as an effective solar UVA exposure tool for field-based studies of the UVA exposures to population groups...
  53. ncbi request reprint Comparison of the solar spectral ultraviolet irradiance in motor vehicles with windows in an open and closed position
    M G Kimlin
    Centre for Astronomy and Atmospheric Research, Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia
    Int J Biometeorol 46:150-6. 2002
    ..Results gained from this research provide new findings on the exposure of humans to UV in a vehicle...
  54. ncbi request reprint Spectral ultraviolet albedo of roofing surfaces and human facial exposure
    R A Lester
    Centre for Astronomy and Atmospheric Research, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, 4350, Australia
    Int J Environ Health Res 12:75-81. 2002
    ..Consequently, normally shaded facial anatomical sites receive substantially higher UV exposures over these galvanised surfaces compared to grass...
  55. ncbi request reprint Potential of phenothiazine as a thin film dosimeter for UVA exposures
    A V Parisi
    Centre for Astronomy, Solar Radiation and Climate, Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia 4350
    Photochem Photobiol Sci 4:907-10. 2005
    ..The shape of this calibration curve varies with the season. This can be overcome in the same manner as for polysulfone where the dosimeter is calibrated for the conditions that it will be employed to measure the UVA exposures...
  56. doi request reprint Spectral response of solvent-cast polyvinyl chloride (PVC) thin film used as a long-term UV dosimeter
    Abdurazaq Amar
    Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia
    J Photochem Photobiol B 125:115-20. 2013
    ..The most suitable concentration (W/V%) of PVC/Tetrahydrofuran solution was found to be 10% and the best thickness for the dosimeter was determined as 16 μm...
  57. ncbi request reprint Measuring the influence of UV reflection from vertical metal surfaces on humans
    Joanna Turner
    University of Southern Queensland, Department of Biological and Physical Sciences, West St, Toowoomba, 4350, QLD, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol Sci 8:62-9. 2009
    ..This may be due to the reason that metal surfaces seem to involve specular reflection as well as diffuse reflection...
  58. ncbi request reprint Understanding the UVA environment at a sub-tropical site and its consequent impact on human UVA exposure
    M G Kimlin
    Centre for Astronomy and Atmospheric Research, Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia 4350
    Photochem Photobiol Sci 1:478-82. 2002
    ..This result parallels the exposure patterns of these two population groups, with the outdoor workers spending most of the working week outdoors, whilst the home workers spend small, intermittent time periods outdoors in the sun...
  59. ncbi request reprint Shade provision for UV minimization: a review
    Alfio V Parisi
    University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol 90:479-90. 2014
    ..Articles for the Australian setting are considered first, followed by those in an international setting. ..
  60. doi request reprint Ultraviolet reflection irradiances and exposures in the constructed environment for horizontal, vertical and inclined surfaces
    Joanna Turner
    Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol 89:730-6. 2013
    ..07-1.46 for specific body sites and by 1.01-1.70 for averages of group body sites for zinc aluminium coated steel sheeting...