L Degenhardt

Summary

Affiliation: University of New South Wales
Country: Australia

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Drug use and risk behaviour among regular ecstasy users: Does sexuality make a difference?
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Cult Health Sex 7:599-614. 2005
  2. doi request reprint The global epidemiology and burden of psychostimulant dependence: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, 2052, Australia Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, 3053, Australia Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 137:36-47. 2014
  3. doi request reprint What has been achieved in HIV prevention, treatment and care for people who inject drugs, 2010-2012? A review of the six highest burden countries
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Electronic address
    Int J Drug Policy 25:53-60. 2014
  4. doi request reprint Global burden of disease attributable to illicit drug use and dependence: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic, Australia Electronic address
    Lancet 382:1564-74. 2013
  5. pmc Establishing the Melbourne Injecting Drug User Cohort Study (MIX): rationale, methods, and baseline and twelve-month follow-up results
    Danielle Horyniak
    Centre for Population Health, Burnet Institute, 85 Commercial Rd, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia
    Harm Reduct J 10:11. 2013
  6. doi request reprint The persistence of the association between adolescent cannabis use and common mental disorders into young adulthood
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Addiction 108:124-33. 2013
  7. pmc The association between delusional-like experiences, and tobacco, alcohol or cannabis use: a nationwide population-based survey
    Sukanta Saha
    Queensland Centre for Mental Health Research, The Park Centre for Mental Health, Wacol, QLD 4076, Australia
    BMC Psychiatry 11:202. 2011
  8. pmc The impact of changes to heroin supply on blood-borne virus notifications and injecting related harms in New South Wales, Australia
    Carolyn Day
    National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales Level 2, Darlinghurst, NSW 2010, Australia
    BMC Public Health 5:84. 2005
  9. pmc Identification and quantification of change in Australian illicit drug markets
    Stuart Gilmour
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    BMC Public Health 6:200. 2006
  10. pmc Posttraumatic stress disorder among female street-based sex workers in the greater Sydney area, Australia
    Amanda Roxburgh
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    BMC Psychiatry 6:24. 2006

Detail Information

Publications90

  1. ncbi request reprint Drug use and risk behaviour among regular ecstasy users: Does sexuality make a difference?
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Cult Health Sex 7:599-614. 2005
    ....
  2. doi request reprint The global epidemiology and burden of psychostimulant dependence: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, 2052, Australia Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, 3053, Australia Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 137:36-47. 2014
    ..To estimate the global prevalence of cocaine and amphetamine dependence and the burden of disease attributable to these disorders...
  3. doi request reprint What has been achieved in HIV prevention, treatment and care for people who inject drugs, 2010-2012? A review of the six highest burden countries
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Electronic address
    Int J Drug Policy 25:53-60. 2014
    ..To set a baseline we proposed an "accountability matrix", focusing upon six countries accounting for half of the global population of PWID: China, Malaysia, Russia, Ukraine, Vietnam and the USA. Two years on, we review progress...
  4. doi request reprint Global burden of disease attributable to illicit drug use and dependence: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic, Australia Electronic address
    Lancet 382:1564-74. 2013
    ..We aimed to assess the prevalence and burden of drug dependence, as measured in years of life lived with disability (YLDs), years of life lost (YLLs), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs)...
  5. pmc Establishing the Melbourne Injecting Drug User Cohort Study (MIX): rationale, methods, and baseline and twelve-month follow-up results
    Danielle Horyniak
    Centre for Population Health, Burnet Institute, 85 Commercial Rd, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia
    Harm Reduct J 10:11. 2013
    ..In this study we specifically sought to recruit a sample of younger, largely out-of-treatment PWID, in order to study the trajectories of their drug use over time...
  6. doi request reprint The persistence of the association between adolescent cannabis use and common mental disorders into young adulthood
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Addiction 108:124-33. 2013
    ..Most reports have focused on associations in adolescence, with few studies extending into adulthood. We examine the association from adolescence until the age of 29 years in a representative prospective cohort of young Australians...
  7. pmc The association between delusional-like experiences, and tobacco, alcohol or cannabis use: a nationwide population-based survey
    Sukanta Saha
    Queensland Centre for Mental Health Research, The Park Centre for Mental Health, Wacol, QLD 4076, Australia
    BMC Psychiatry 11:202. 2011
    ..The aim of the study was to explore the association between DLE and three commonly used substances--tobacco, alcohol and cannabis...
  8. pmc The impact of changes to heroin supply on blood-borne virus notifications and injecting related harms in New South Wales, Australia
    Carolyn Day
    National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales Level 2, Darlinghurst, NSW 2010, Australia
    BMC Public Health 5:84. 2005
    ....
  9. pmc Identification and quantification of change in Australian illicit drug markets
    Stuart Gilmour
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    BMC Public Health 6:200. 2006
    ..This paper aims to investigate the presence of these epidemic patterns, to quantify the scale over which they occur and to estimate the relative importance of the 'heroin shortage' and any epidemic patterns in the drug markets...
  10. pmc Posttraumatic stress disorder among female street-based sex workers in the greater Sydney area, Australia
    Amanda Roxburgh
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    BMC Psychiatry 6:24. 2006
    ..It also investigates associations between current PTSD symptoms and: demographic characteristics, psychiatric comorbidity, injecting and sex risk behaviours, and trauma history...
  11. pmc Using intervention time series analyses to assess the effects of imperfectly identifiable natural events: a general method and example
    Stuart Gilmour
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    BMC Med Res Methodol 6:16. 2006
    ..ITSA methods are quasi-experimental in nature and the validity of modelling with these methods depends upon assumptions about the timing of the intervention and the response of the process to it...
  12. doi request reprint Meth/amphetamine use and associated HIV: Implications for global policy and public health
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Int J Drug Policy 21:347-58. 2010
    ..More active models of engagement with M/A users and provision of services that meet their specific needs are required...
  13. ncbi request reprint The predictors and consequences of adolescent amphetamine use: findings from the Victoria Adolescent Health Cohort Study
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Addiction 102:1076-84. 2007
    ..However, little is known about the predictors and effects of early-onset amphetamine use. We set out to examine these issues using a representative cohort of young people followed-up over 11 years in Victoria, Australia...
  14. pmc Epidemiological patterns of extra-medical drug use in the United States: evidence from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication, 2001-2003
    Louisa Degenhardt
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, B601 West Fee Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 90:210-23. 2007
    ..This paper describes such patterns based upon more recent data from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R)...
  15. ncbi request reprint Hospital separations for cannabis- and methamphetamine-related psychotic episodes in Australia
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Med J Aust 186:342-5. 2007
    ..To examine trends in hospital separations related to "drug-induced" psychosis for cannabis and methamphetamine, in the context of patterns of cannabis and methamphetamine use in the Australian population...
  16. ncbi request reprint The temporal dynamics of relationships between cannabis, psychosis and depression among young adults with psychotic disorders: findings from a 10-month prospective study
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Psychol Med 37:927-34. 2007
    ..The design was a prospective study of 101 patients with schizophrenia and related disorders who were assessed monthly over 10 months on medication compliance, cannabis and other drug use, symptoms of depression and symptoms of psychosis...
  17. ncbi request reprint Is cannabis use a contributory cause of psychosis?
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Can J Psychiatry 51:556-65. 2006
    ..To assess whether cannabis use in adolescence and young adulthood is a contributory cause of schizophreniform psychosis in that it may precipitate psychosis in vulnerable individuals...
  18. ncbi request reprint Trends in morphine prescriptions, illicit morphine use and associated harms among regular injecting drug users in Australia
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of NSW, New South Wales
    Drug Alcohol Rev 25:403-12. 2006
    ..Further research is required to monitor and reduce morphine diversion and related harms by such polydrug injectors...
  19. doi request reprint Mortality among cocaine users: a systematic review of cohort studies
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 113:88-95. 2011
    ..To conduct a systematic review of mortality among cohort studies of cocaine users...
  20. doi request reprint Extent of illicit drug use and dependence, and their contribution to the global burden of disease
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Lancet 379:55-70. 2012
    ..This need is especially urgent in high-income countries with substantial rates of illicit drug use and in low-income and middle-income countries close to illicit drug production areas...
  21. ncbi request reprint Examining links between cocaine use and street-based sex work in New South Wales, Australia
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, 2052, Australia
    J Sex Res 43:107-14. 2006
    ..Subsequent reductions in cocaine availability led to decreased cocaine use and possession offenses, along with reductions in prostitution offenses...
  22. pmc Using cohort studies to estimate mortality among injecting drug users that is not attributable to AIDS
    L Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 82:iii56-63. 2006
    ..The current review provides estimates of the excess non-AIDS mortality among IDUs...
  23. pmc The "lessons" of the Australian "heroin shortage"
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 1:11. 2006
    ..In this paper we summarise insights from four years' research into the causes, consequences and policy implications of the "heroin shortage"...
  24. ncbi request reprint Who are the new amphetamine users? A 10-year prospective study of young Australians
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Addiction 102:1269-79. 2007
    ..We examined these issues using a representative cohort of young people followed-up in Victoria, Australia...
  25. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of GHB and ketamine use in an Australian household survey
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of NSW, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Int J Drug Policy 19:311-6. 2008
    ..This paper provides the first such Australian data on the patterns and correlates of GHB and ketamine use...
  26. pmc Assessment of cocaine and other drug dependence in the general population: "gated" versus "ungated" approaches
    Louisa Degenhardt
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, B601 West Fee Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 93:227-32. 2008
    ..There is a need for large-scale epidemiological surveys to be (a) faithful to diagnostic specifications and (b) constrain time and participant burden associated with each section of a possibly lengthy interview...
  27. pmc Evaluating the drug use "gateway" theory using cross-national data: consistency and associations of the order of initiation of drug use among participants in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 108:84-97. 2010
    ..We compared patterns and order of initiation of alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, and other illicit drug use across 17 countries with a wide range of drug use prevalence...
  28. doi request reprint The epidemiology of ecstasy use and harms in Australia
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, N S W 2052, Australia
    Neuropsychobiology 60:176-87. 2009
    ..This paper examines the epidemiology of ecstasy use and harm in Australia using multiple data sources...
  29. doi request reprint Is ecstasy a drug of dependence?
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 107:1-10. 2010
    ..Further controlled studies are required to investigate this phenomenon...
  30. doi request reprint Estimating the burden of disease attributable to illicit drug use and mental disorders: what is 'Global Burden of Disease 2005' and why does it matter?
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Addiction 104:1466-71. 2009
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Injection of medications used in opioid substitution treatment in Australia after the introduction of a mixed partial agonist-antagonist formulation
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Med J Aust 191:161-5. 2009
    ..Comparison was made with injecting of two other opioid substitution treatment medications, methadone and buprenorphine (BPN); severe harms have been documented after injection of the latter...
  32. doi request reprint Mortality among clients of a state-wide opioid pharmacotherapy program over 20 years: risk factors and lives saved
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of NSW, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 105:9-15. 2009
    ..The current study examines reductions in mortality related to treatment in an entire treatment population...
  33. doi request reprint Outcomes of occasional cannabis use in adolescence: 10-year follow-up study in Victoria, Australia
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, 2052, NSW, Australia
    Br J Psychiatry 196:290-5. 2010
    ..Regular adolescent cannabis use predicts a range of later drug use and psychosocial problems. Little is known about whether occasional cannabis use carries similar risks...
  34. pmc Toward a global view of alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, and cocaine use: findings from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    PLoS Med 5:e141. 2008
    ..This paper describes such data from the first 17 countries participating in the World Health Organization's (WHO's) World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative...
  35. pmc The adverse effects of cannabinoids: implications for use of medical marijuana
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    CMAJ 178:1685-6. 2008
  36. doi request reprint Australian heroin seizures and the causes of the 2001 heroin shortage
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Int J Drug Policy 19:293-4; discussion 295-6. 2008
  37. doi request reprint Prevention of HIV infection for people who inject drugs: why individual, structural, and combination approaches are needed
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Lancet 376:285-301. 2010
    ..Although further evidence is needed on how to optimise combinations of interventions in different settings and epidemics, we know enough now about which actions are effective: the challenge is to deliver these well and to scale...
  38. doi request reprint The epidemiology of methamphetamine use and harm in Australia
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, New South Wales
    Drug Alcohol Rev 27:243-52. 2008
    ..This paper provides data on methamphetamine use in Australia, and documents trends in methamphetamine-related harms...
  39. doi request reprint The effects of the market withdrawal of temazepam gel capsules on benzodiazepine injecting in Sydney, Australia
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 27:145-51. 2008
    ..This study assessed the impact on benzodiazepine injection among IDU in Sydney of removing temazepam gel capsule preparations from the Australian market...
  40. pmc Does the 'gateway' matter? Associations between the order of drug use initiation and the development of drug dependence in the National Comorbidity Study Replication
    L Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of NSW, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Psychol Med 39:157-67. 2009
    ..We have examined the role of pre-existing mental disorders and sociodemographics in explaining the predictive effects of violations using data from the US National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R)...
  41. ncbi request reprint The management of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use problems by general practitioners in Australia
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 24:499-506. 2005
    ..More efforts need to be directed towards assisting GPs to identify and target problematic alcohol and tobacco use among their patients...
  42. pmc Was an increase in cocaine use among injecting drug users in New South Wales, Australia, accompanied by an increase in violent crime?
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    BMC Public Health 5:40. 2005
    ..Specifically, the paper aims to examine the impact of increased cocaine use among Sydney IDU upon police incidents of robbery with a weapon, assault and homicide...
  43. ncbi request reprint Evaluating explanations of the Australian 'heroin shortage'
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW, Australia
    Addiction 100:459-69. 2005
    ..In this paper we outline and evaluate competing explanations for a heroin shortage that occurred in Australia during 2001 with an abrupt onset at the beginning of 2001...
  44. ncbi request reprint The effect of a reduction in heroin supply on fatal and non-fatal drug overdoses in New South Wales, Australia
    Louisa J Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney
    Med J Aust 182:20-3. 2005
    ..To examine the impact of a sudden and dramatic decrease in heroin availability, concomitant with increases in price and decreases in purity, on fatal and non-fatal drug overdoses in New South Wales, Australia...
  45. ncbi request reprint Cannabis and psychosis
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, 2502
    Curr Psychiatry Rep 4:191-6. 2002
    ....
  46. ncbi request reprint GHB use among Australians: characteristics, use patterns and associated harm
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 67:89-94. 2002
    ..The high rate of problems reported by a group with limited use of this drug suggests that in a context of polydrug use, GHB use is associated with significant risks to users...
  47. ncbi request reprint 'Diagnostic orphans' among young adult cannabis users: persons who report dependence symptoms but do not meet diagnostic criteria
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Sydney, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 67:205-12. 2002
    ..To examine the characteristics of 'diagnostic orphans' among cannabis users-those who report one or two symptoms of DSM-IV dependence but do not meet diagnostic criteria for DSM-IV abuse or dependence...
  48. ncbi request reprint Exploring the association between cannabis use and depression
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Addiction 98:1493-504. 2003
    ..To examine the evidence on the association between cannabis and depression and evaluate competing explanations of the association...
  49. ncbi request reprint Testing hypotheses about the relationship between cannabis use and psychosis
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of NSW, NSW 2052, Sydney, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 71:37-48. 2003
    ..To model the impact of rising rates of cannabis use on the incidence and prevalence of psychosis under four hypotheses about the relationship between cannabis use and psychosis...
  50. ncbi request reprint Age differentials in the impacts of reduced heroin: effects of a "heroin shortage" in NSW, Australia
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 79:397-404. 2005
    ..This paper uses a unique event, the Australian heroin shortage, to see whether an abrupt, substantial and sustained change in heroin supply had different effects on harms related to heroin use among younger and older heroin users...
  51. ncbi request reprint Ambulance calls to suspected overdoses: New South Wales patterns July 1997 to June 1999
    L Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales
    Aust N Z J Public Health 25:447-50. 2001
    ..Using data on New South Wales ambulance calls to suspected overdoses from July 1997 to June 1999 to: a) examine temporal and geographic trends in calls; and b) compare geographic patterns of fatal and non-fatal opioid overdose...
  52. ncbi request reprint The relationship between cannabis use and other substance use in the general population
    L Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of NSW, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 64:319-27. 2001
    ..The high likelihood of other substance use and substance use disorders needs to be considered among persons seeking treatment for cannabis use problems...
  53. ncbi request reprint Patterns of ecstasy use in Australia: findings from a national household survey
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of NSW, Sydney, Australia
    Addiction 99:187-95. 2004
    ..To examine the patterns, correlates and context of 'recent' (preceding 12 months) ecstasy use using data from a nationally representative sample of Australians interviewed in 2001...
  54. ncbi request reprint Cohort trends in the age of initiation of drug use in Australia
    L Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales
    Aust N Z J Public Health 24:421-6. 2000
    ..To examine birth cohort trends in the prevalence of use and the age of initiation of use of: alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, amphetamines, LSD, and heroin...
  55. ncbi request reprint The prevalence and correlates of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) overdose among Australian users
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSE 2052, Australia
    Addiction 98:199-204. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the correlates, context and risk perceptions regarding gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) overdose among a sample of recreational GHB users in Australia...
  56. ncbi request reprint Are diagnostic orphans at risk of developing cannabis abuse or dependence? Four-year follow-up of young adult cannabis users not meeting diagnostic criteria
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 92:86-90. 2008
    ..To examine the characteristics of "diagnostic orphans" among cannabis users - those who report one or two symptoms of DSM-IV dependence but do not meet diagnostic criteria for DSM-IV abuse or dependence - 4 years post-assessment...
  57. ncbi request reprint Underlying causes of cocaine, amphetamine and opioid related deaths in Australia
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    J Clin Forensic Med 12:187-95. 2005
    ..To examine the characteristics of deaths in Australia where opioids, cocaine or amphetamines were mentioned, taking into account changes in the use and availability of these drugs in recent years...
  58. ncbi request reprint Recent trends in the use of "club drugs": an Australian review
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of NSW, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Subst Use Misuse 40:1241-56. 2005
    ..This could be most easily achieved by the inclusion of MDMA, ketamine, and GHB in household surveys that are currently collected routinely in a number of countries...
  59. ncbi request reprint The impact of a reduction in drug supply on demand for and compliance with treatment for drug dependence
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 79:129-35. 2005
    ..Given the evidence of drug substitution by some users, the current paper also examines the effects of the shortage on entry to treatment for other forms of drug dependence...
  60. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of injecting drug use and associated risk behavior among regular ecstasy users in Australia
    Bethany White
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 83:210-7. 2006
    ..The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of injecting drug use and associated risk behaviour among a sentinel sample of ecstasy users...
  61. doi request reprint Drug dependence and associated risks among female street-based sex workers in the greater Sydney area, Australia
    Amanda Roxburgh
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Subst Use Misuse 43:1202-17. 2008
    ..This study examines drug use and dependence and associated risks among female street-based sex workers...
  62. ncbi request reprint Alcohol, cannabis and tobacco use among Australians: a comparison of their associations with other drug use and use disorders, affective and anxiety disorders, and psychosis
    L Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Addiction 96:1603-14. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: The use of alcohol, tobacco and cannabis are associated with different patterns of co-morbidity in the general population...
  63. doi request reprint Drug use and risk among regular injecting drug users in Australia: does age make a difference?
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of NSW, New South Wales, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 27:357-60. 2008
    ..To examine age-related differences in drug use and risk among regular injecting drug users (IDU) in Australia...
  64. ncbi request reprint The external validity of results derived from ecstasy users recruited using purposive sampling strategies
    Libby Topp
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Sydney, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 73:33-40. 2004
    ..These findings may partially offset concerns that purposive samples of ecstasy users are likely to remain a primary source of ecstasy-related information...
  65. ncbi request reprint The relationship between cannabis use, depression and anxiety among Australian adults: findings from the National Survey of Mental Health and Well-Being
    L Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of NSW, Sydney, Australia
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 36:219-27. 2001
    ..This study aimed to examine the patterns of association between cannabis use, and anxiety and affective disorders, in the general population...
  66. ncbi request reprint Alcohol- and drug-use disorders in Australia: implications of the National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing
    M Teesson
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 34:206-13. 2000
    ..This study reports the prevalence and correlates of ICD-10 alcohol- and drug-use disorders in the National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (NSMHWB) and discusses their implications for treatment...
  67. ncbi request reprint Patterns of co-morbidity between alcohol use and other substance use in the Australian population
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 22:7-13. 2003
    ..Co-morbid substance use disorders (sedatives, stimulants or opioids) predicted a high likelihood of seeking treatment for a mental health problem among alcohol-dependent people...
  68. ncbi request reprint The association between psychosis and problematical drug use among Australian adults: findings from the National Survey of Mental Health and Well-Being
    L Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Psychol Med 31:659-68. 2001
    ..Work is needed to develop effective treatment approaches for problematical substance use among persons with psychosis...
  69. ncbi request reprint The relationship between tobacco use, substance-use disorders and mental health: results from the National Survey of Mental Health and Well-being
    L Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of NSW, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Nicotine Tob Res 3:225-34. 2001
    ..To examine comorbidity between tobacco use, substance-use disorders and mental health problems among Australian adults aged 18 years and over...
  70. doi request reprint Estimating the costs of drug-related hospital separations in Australia
    Steven Riddell
    The National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Aust N Z J Public Health 32:156-61. 2008
    ..To estimate the total hospital costs of drug-related separations in Australia from 1999/2000 to 2004/05, and separate costs for the following illicit drug classes: opioids, amphetamine, cannabis and cocaine...
  71. ncbi request reprint Substance use disorders in an Australian community survey
    Maree Teesson
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 21:275-80. 2002
    ..A third (33%) of those people with an alcohol use disorder and 42% of those with a drug use disorder had consulted a health professional in the past 12 months for their substance use disorder...
  72. ncbi request reprint Changes in the initiation of heroin use after a reduction in heroin supply
    Carolyn Day
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 25:307-13. 2006
    ..Efforts need to be made to reduce the chances that young people who have initiated methamphetamine injecting do not move to heroin injecting when the heroin supply returns...
  73. ncbi request reprint Effects of a sustained heroin shortage in three Australian States
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Addiction 100:908-20. 2005
    ..In early 2001 in Australia there was a sudden and dramatic decrease in heroin availability that occurred throughout the country that was evidenced by marked increases in heroin price and decreases in its purity...
  74. ncbi request reprint Cohort trends in youth suicide in Australia 1964-1997
    M Lynskey
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 34:408-12. 2000
    ..This paper examines trends in the rate of suicide among young Australians aged 15-24 years from 1964 to 1997 and presents an age-period-cohort analysis of these trends...
  75. ncbi request reprint Changes in patterns of drug injection concurrent with a sustained reduction in the availability of heroin in Australia
    Libby Topp
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 70:275-86. 2003
    ....
  76. ncbi request reprint The emergence of potent forms of methamphetamine in Sydney, Australia: a case study of the IDRS as a strategic early warning system
    Libby Topp
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 21:341-8. 2002
    ..Base and ice are more potent forms of methamphetamine than speed, and international experience, along with preliminary data obtained from the IDRS, suggest that their use is associated with harms in a number of domains...
  77. ncbi request reprint Reasons for cannabis use in psychosis
    David Schofield
    University of Sydney, Psychological Medicine, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, New South Wales, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 40:570-4. 2006
    ..To examine the reasons for cannabis use among individuals with psychotic disorders...
  78. doi request reprint A review of the use of US-derived aetiological fractions in an Australian setting for antenatal problems related to cocaine use
    Steven Riddell
    The National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, NSW
    Aust N Z J Public Health 32:393-4. 2008
    ..As such, it is recommended that any use of these aetiological fractions with Australian data should occur with caution...
  79. ncbi request reprint Cannabis use and psychosis: a review of clinical and epidemiological evidence
    W Hall
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 34:26-34. 2000
    ....
  80. ncbi request reprint Gender differences among regular injecting drug users in Sydney, Australia, 1996-2003
    Courtney Breen
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 24:353-8. 2005
    ..Treatment and other measures to reduce harm may need to be targeted specifically at women and, in particular, indigenous women...
  81. doi request reprint HIV prevention, treatment, and care services for people who inject drugs: a systematic review of global, regional, and national coverage
    Bradley M Mathers
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Lancet 375:1014-28. 2010
    ..We undertook a systematic review to estimate national, regional, and global coverage of HIV services in IDUs...
  82. ncbi request reprint Changes in patterns of drug use among injecting drug users following changes in the availability of heroin in New South Wales, Australia
    Amanda Roxburgh
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 23:287-94. 2004
    ..It also highlighted the importance of the ongoing monitoring of drug trends in Australia...
  83. pmc Impulsivity and borderline personality as risk factors for suicide attempts among opioid-dependent individuals
    Elizabeth Maloney
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
    Psychiatry Res 169:16-21. 2009
    ..This research also highlights the importance of assessing impulsivity, in both clinical settings and research, particularly among those with a history of suicidal behaviour...
  84. doi request reprint Injecting risk behaviour and related harm among men who use performance- and image-enhancing drugs
    Briony Larance
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 27:679-86. 2008
    ..Our study examines the patterns of use, risk behaviours and related harm associated with PIEDs injection. We also report the ways in which PIEDs users currently seek injecting equipment and harm-reduction advice...
  85. doi request reprint Estimating the level of HIV prevention coverage, knowledge and protective behavior among injecting drug users: what does the 2008 UNGASS reporting round tell us?
    Bradley M Mathers
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 52:S132-42. 2009
    ..9 million global IDU population...
  86. ncbi request reprint The definition of opioid-related deaths in Australia: implications for surveillance and policy
    Marianne E Jauncey
    Public Health Officer Training Program, Public Health Training and Development Branch, NSW Department of Health, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 24:401-9. 2005
    ..Any interpretation of reported numbers of opioid deaths should specify any restrictions placed on the data, and describe the implications of definitions used...
  87. ncbi request reprint Opioid overdose deaths can occur in patients with naltrexone implants
    Amy E Gibson
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney
    Med J Aust 186:152-3. 2007
    ..These cases indicate that patients can die from opioid overdose with a naltrexone implant and blood naltrexone levels higher than reported blockade levels...
  88. ncbi request reprint Mortality related to pharmacotherapies for opioid dependence: a comparative analysis of coronial records
    Amy E Gibson
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 26:405-10. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the mortality associated with oral naltrexone, methadone and buprenorphine in opioid dependence treatment, employing a retrospective data analysis using coronial and prescription data...
  89. ncbi request reprint The effects of restricting publicly subsidised temazepam capsules on benzodiazepine use among injecting drug users in Australia
    Courtney L Breen
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Med J Aust 181:300-4. 2004
    ..To assess the effect of a restriction on publicly subsidised temazepam 10 mg capsules upon the injection of benzodiazepines by injecting drug users (IDUs)...
  90. ncbi request reprint CDT, GGT, and AST as markers of alcohol use: the WHO/ISBRA collaborative project
    Katherine M Conigrave
    Drug and Alcohol Department, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Missenden Road, Camperdown, NSW 2050, Sydney, Australia
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 26:332-9. 2002
    ..The WHO/ISBRA Collaborative Study allows assessment and comparison of CDT, GGT, and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) as markers of drinking in a large, well-characterized, multicenter sample...