N Bogduk

Summary

Affiliation: University of Newcastle
Country: Australia

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Biomechanics of the cervical spine. I: Normal kinematics
    N Bogduk
    Newcastle Bone and Joint Institute, University of Newcastle, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Level 4, David Maddison Building, Newcastle, NSW 2300, Australia
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 15:633-48. 2000
  2. ncbi request reprint Cervicogenic headache: anatomic basis and pathophysiologic mechanisms
    N Bogduk
    Newcastle Bone and Joint Institute, University of Newcastle, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, NSW 2300, Australia
    Curr Pain Headache Rep 5:382-6. 2001
  3. ncbi request reprint Chronic cervical zygapophysial joint pain after whiplash. A placebo-controlled prevalence study
    S M Lord
    Cervical Spine Research Unit, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 21:1737-44; discussion 1744-5. 1996
  4. pmc Advice or exercise for chronic whiplash disorders? Design of a randomized controlled trial
    Mark J Stewart
    School of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, PO Box 170, Lidcombe, NSW, 1825, Australia
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 4:18. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Biomechanics of the cervical spine Part 3: minor injuries
    N Bogduk
    Newcastle Bone and Joint Institute, University of Newcastle, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, Australia
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 16:267-75. 2001
  6. ncbi request reprint Role of anesthesiologic blockade in headache management
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Department of Clinical Research, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Pacific Street, Newcastle, NSW 2300, Australia
    Curr Pain Headache Rep 8:399-403. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint An overview of the International Congress on Whiplash Associated Disorders
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, Australia
    Pain Res Manag 8:103-6. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint Two-year follow-up of a controlled trial of intradiscal electrothermal anuloplasty for chronic low back pain resulting from internal disc disruption
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Newcastle Bone and Joint Institute, University of Newcastle, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, New South Wales, 2300, Australia
    Spine J 2:343-50. 2002
  9. ncbi request reprint Spinal manipulation for neck pain does not work
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Department of Clinical Research, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, NSW, Australia
    J Pain 4:427-8; discussion 429-30. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Management of chronic low back pain
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Newcastle Bone and Joint Institute, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, NSW, Australia
    Med J Aust 180:79-83. 2004

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. ncbi request reprint Biomechanics of the cervical spine. I: Normal kinematics
    N Bogduk
    Newcastle Bone and Joint Institute, University of Newcastle, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Level 4, David Maddison Building, Newcastle, NSW 2300, Australia
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 15:633-48. 2000
    ..The review concludes with an account of the location of instantaneous centres of rotation and their biological basis...
  2. ncbi request reprint Cervicogenic headache: anatomic basis and pathophysiologic mechanisms
    N Bogduk
    Newcastle Bone and Joint Institute, University of Newcastle, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, NSW 2300, Australia
    Curr Pain Headache Rep 5:382-6. 2001
    ..Experiments in normal volunteers have established that the cervical muscles and joints can be sources of headache...
  3. ncbi request reprint Chronic cervical zygapophysial joint pain after whiplash. A placebo-controlled prevalence study
    S M Lord
    Cervical Spine Research Unit, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 21:1737-44; discussion 1744-5. 1996
    ..This nosologic entity has survived challenge with placebo-controlled, diagnostic investigations and has proven to be of major clinical importance...
  4. pmc Advice or exercise for chronic whiplash disorders? Design of a randomized controlled trial
    Mark J Stewart
    School of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, PO Box 170, Lidcombe, NSW, 1825, Australia
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 4:18. 2003
    ..A secondary aim is to determine if pain severity, level of disability and fear of movement/(re)injury predict response to a physical activity program...
  5. ncbi request reprint Biomechanics of the cervical spine Part 3: minor injuries
    N Bogduk
    Newcastle Bone and Joint Institute, University of Newcastle, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, Australia
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 16:267-75. 2001
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Role of anesthesiologic blockade in headache management
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Department of Clinical Research, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Pacific Street, Newcastle, NSW 2300, Australia
    Curr Pain Headache Rep 8:399-403. 2004
    ..Positive blocks also predict good outcome from radiofrequency neurotomy of the nerve blocked...
  7. ncbi request reprint An overview of the International Congress on Whiplash Associated Disorders
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, Australia
    Pain Res Manag 8:103-6. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint Two-year follow-up of a controlled trial of intradiscal electrothermal anuloplasty for chronic low back pain resulting from internal disc disruption
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Newcastle Bone and Joint Institute, University of Newcastle, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, New South Wales, 2300, Australia
    Spine J 2:343-50. 2002
    ..On the basis of observational data, intradiscal electrothermal anuloplasty (IDETA) has been implemented as a treatment for back pain resulting from internal disc disruption...
  9. ncbi request reprint Spinal manipulation for neck pain does not work
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Department of Clinical Research, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, NSW, Australia
    J Pain 4:427-8; discussion 429-30. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Management of chronic low back pain
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Newcastle Bone and Joint Institute, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, NSW, Australia
    Med J Aust 180:79-83. 2004
    ..Zygapophysial joint pain can be relieved by radiofrequency neurotomy; techniques are emerging for treating sacroiliac joint pain and internal disc disruption...
  11. ncbi request reprint Diagnostic blocks: a truth serum for malingering
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Department of Clinical Research, University of Newcastle, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, Australia
    Clin J Pain 20:409-14. 2004
    ..They can also confirm or refute purported mechanisms of certain clinical features in complex regional pain syndromes...
  12. ncbi request reprint Pharmacological alternatives for the alleviation of back pain
    Nikolai Bogduk
    University of Newcastle and Department of Clinical Research, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, New South Wales 2300, Australia
    Expert Opin Pharmacother 5:2091-8. 2004
    ..Ironically, for chronic low back pain, the most effective and long-lasting outcomes have been documented for normal saline by injection into tender points in the lumbar spine...
  13. ncbi request reprint The prevalence and clinical features of internal disc disruption in patients with chronic low back pain
    A C Schwarzer
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Newcastle, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 20:1878-83. 1995
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Clinical features of patients with pain stemming from the lumbar zygapophysial joints. Is the lumbar facet syndrome a clinical entity?
    A C Schwarzer
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Newcastle, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 19:1132-7. 1994
    ..This study is a prospective cross-sectional analytic study...
  15. ncbi request reprint The sacroiliac joint in chronic low back pain
    A C Schwarzer
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Newcastle, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 20:31-7. 1995
    ..CONCLUSION. The sacroiliac joint is a significant source of pain in patients with chronic low back pain and warrants further study...
  16. ncbi request reprint Pain and psychologic symptoms of Australian patients with whiplash
    B J Wallis
    Cervical Spine Research Unit, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Newcastle, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 21:804-10. 1996
    ..CONCLUSIONS. The SCL-90-R is a convenient instrument to administer to patients with whiplash. It yielded a characteristic profile of pain and appears to be more expedient than other psychometric tests for these patients...
  17. ncbi request reprint The effects of flexion on the geometry and actions of the lumbar erector spinae
    J E Macintosh
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Newcastle, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 18:884-93. 1993
    ..However, if increases in passive tension are considered it emerges that the compression forces and moments exerted by the back muscles in full flexion are not significantly different from those produced in the upright posture...
  18. ncbi request reprint The cervical zygapophysial joints as a source of neck pain
    N Bogduk
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 13:610-7. 1988
    ..The high yield of positive responders in this study probably reflects the propensity of patients with zygapophysial joint syndromes to gravitate to a pain clinic when this condition is not recognised in conventional clinical practice...
  19. ncbi request reprint The ability of computed tomography to identify a painful zygapophysial joint in patients with chronic low back pain
    A C Schwarzer
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Newcastle, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, New South Wales, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 20:907-12. 1995
    ..CONCLUSIONS. Computed tomography has no place in the diagnosis of lumbar zygapophysial joint pain...
  20. ncbi request reprint The prevalence of chronic cervical zygapophysial joint pain after whiplash
    L Barnsley
    Cervical Spine Research Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 20:20-5; discussion 26. 1995
    ..Painful joints were identified in 54% of the patients (95% confidence interval, 40% to 68%). CONCLUSION. In this population, cervical zygapophysial joint pain was the most common source of chronic neck pain after whiplash...
  21. ncbi request reprint Safety, efficacy, and cost effectiveness of evidence-based guidelines for the management of acute low back pain in primary care
    B McGuirk
    Bone and Joint Institute, Royal Newcastle Hospital, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales 2300, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 26:2615-22. 2001
    ..Consumers approve of evidence-based care...
  22. ncbi request reprint The relative contributions of the disc and zygapophyseal joint in chronic low back pain
    A C Schwarzer
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Newcastle, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 19:801-6. 1994
    ..Only three patients had both a positive discogram and a symptomatic zygapophyseal joint. CONCLUSIONS. In patients with chronic low back pain, the combination of discogenic pain and zygapophyseal joint pain is uncommon...
  23. pmc Radiofrequency neurotomy for the treatment of third occipital headache
    J Govind
    Department of Clinical Research, University of Newcastle, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle NSW 2300, Australia
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 74:88-93. 2003
    ..To evaluate the efficacy of a revised technique of percutaneous radiofrequency neurotomy for third occipital headache...
  24. ncbi request reprint The neck and headaches
    Nikolai Bogduk
    University of Newcastle, Department of Clinical Research, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, NSW 2300, Australia
    Neurol Clin 22:151-71, vii. 2004
    ..The definitive criterion is complete relief of pain after controlled diagnostic blocks of cervical structures or their nerve supply. The most rigorously studied example of cervicogenic headache is third occipital headache...
  25. doi request reprint A narrative review of lumbar medial branch neurotomy for the treatment of back pain
    Nikolai Bogduk
    University of Newcastle, Newcastle Bone and Joint Institute, Newcastle, Australia
    Pain Med 10:1035-45. 2009
    ..As a result, negative conclusions about procedures have been drawn because lack of efficacy of one procedure has been misattributed to other, cognate, but different procedures...
  26. doi request reprint The pain of vertebral compression fractures can arise in the posterior elements
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Royal Newcastle Centre, Newcastle Bone and Joint Institute, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
    Pain Med 11:1666-73. 2010
    ..To describe and test a model to explain the biomechanical basis for persistent pain after compression fractures of the vertebral body...
  27. doi request reprint Evidence-informed management of chronic low back pain with facet injections and radiofrequency neurotomy
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Pain Medicine Department, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia
    Spine J 8:56-64. 2008
    ..It is hoped that articles in this special focus issue will be informative and aid in decision making for the many stakeholders evaluating nonsurgical interventions for CLBP...
  28. ncbi request reprint Evidence-based care for low back pain in workers eligible for compensation
    Brian McGuirk
    Department of Clinical Research, University of Newcastle, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
    Occup Med (Lond) 57:36-42. 2007
    ..Although guidelines for the management of low back pain have been promoted, few studies have assessed their effectiveness. One previous study did not include patients with workers' compensation claims...
  29. ncbi request reprint A universal model of the lumbar back muscles in the upright position
    N Bogduk
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Newcastle, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 17:897-913. 1992
    ..A force coefficient of 46 Ncm-2 was determined to apply for the back muscles. These results have a bearing on the appreciation of the effects on the back muscles of surgery and physiotherapy...
  30. ncbi request reprint The validity of manual examination in assessing patients with neck pain
    Wade King
    Department of Clinical Research, Royal Newcastle Hospital, The University of Newcastle, Newcastle NSW 2300, Australia
    Spine J 7:22-6. 2007
    ..However, the study indicated that its results should be reproduced before they could be generalized...
  31. ncbi request reprint The attachments of the lumbar erector spinae
    J E Macintosh
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 16:783-92. 1991
    ..This result vindicates the technique used to plot the location of individual fascicles of the lumbar back muscles...
  32. ncbi request reprint A biological basis for instantaneous centres of rotation of the vertebral column
    N Bogduk
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
    Proc Inst Mech Eng H 209:177-83. 1995
    ..These equations allow aberrations in the location of an axis to be interpreted in terms of the anatomical and pathological factors that affect the centre of reaction of the vertebra and the rotation and translation it undergoes...
  33. ncbi request reprint Pulsed radiofrequency
    Nikolai Bogduk
    University of Newcastle, Department of Clinical Research, Royal Newcastle Center, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
    Pain Med 7:396-407. 2006
  34. ncbi request reprint Diagnostic nerve blocks in chronic pain
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Department of Clinical Research, University of Newcastle, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, NSW 2300, Australia
    Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 16:565-78. 2002
    ..They provide an example and benchmark for how diagnostic blocks can and should be validated...
  35. ncbi request reprint Diagnosing lumbar zygapophysial joint pain
    Nikolai Bogduk
    University of Newcastle, Department of Clinical Research, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Australia
    Pain Med 6:139-42. 2005
  36. pmc Systematic review of tests to identify the disc, SIJ or facet joint as the source of low back pain
    M J Hancock
    Back Pain Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, PO Box 170, Lidcombe, 1825, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Eur Spine J 16:1539-50. 2007
    ..However, the changes in probability are usually small and at best moderate. The usefulness of these tests in clinical practice, particularly for guiding treatment selection, remains unclear...
  37. ncbi request reprint Anatomy and biomechanics of quadratus lumborum
    S Phillips
    Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia
    Proc Inst Mech Eng H 222:151-9. 2008
    ..These data indicate that quadratus lumborum has no more than a modest action on the lumbar spine, in quantitative terms. Its actual role in spinal biomechanics has still to be determined...
  38. doi request reprint Cervicogenic headache: an assessment of the evidence on clinical diagnosis, invasive tests, and treatment
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Newcastle Bone and Joint Institute, Royal Newcastle Centre, New South Wales, Australia
    Lancet Neurol 8:959-68. 2009
    ..We provide recommendations that enable a pragmatic approach to the diagnosis and management of probable cervicogenic headache, as well as a rigorous approach to the diagnosis and management of definite cervical headache...
  39. ncbi request reprint The anatomy and pathophysiology of neck pain
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Department of Clinical Research, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, NSW 2300, Australia
    Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 14:455-72, v. 2003
    ..The critique of many of the accepted entities in the differential diagnosis of neck pain is crucial to an understanding of the causes of neck pain and an ability to implement appropriate therapies...
  40. ncbi request reprint The surgical anatomy of lumbar medial branch neurotomy (facet denervation)
    Peter Lau
    Department of Clinical Research, University of Newcastle, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, Australia
    Pain Med 5:289-98. 2004
    ..To demonstrate the validity of placing electrodes parallel to the target nerve in lumbar radiofrequency neurotomy...
  41. ncbi request reprint Abnormal motion in spondylolytic spondylolisthesis
    Gregory Schneider
    Department of Clinical Research, University of Newcastle, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:1159-64. 2005
    ..A retrospective, cohort study of the kinematics of the lumbar spine of patients with spondylolisthesis compared with asymptomatic normal subjects...
  42. ncbi request reprint A narrative review of intra-articular corticosteroid injections for low back pain
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Department of Clinical Research, University of Newcastle, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
    Pain Med 6:287-96. 2005
    ..To summarize and to analyze the available literature on the efficacy of intra-articular injections of corticosteroids for low back pain...
  43. doi request reprint Minimal access versus open posterior lumbar interbody fusion in the treatment of spondylolisthesis
    Ali Ghahreman
    Department of Neurosurgery, John Hunter Hospital and University of Newcastle, New Lambton, New South Wales, Australia
    Neurosurgery 66:296-304; discussion 304. 2010
    ..To compare the safety and effectiveness of minimal access posterior lumbar interbody fusion (MAPLIF) with open posterior lumbar interbody fusion (OPLIF) in patients with spondylolisthesis and radicular pain...
  44. ncbi request reprint Pressure-controlled lumbar discography in volunteers without low back symptoms
    Richard Derby
    Spinal Diagnostics and Treatment Center, Daly City, California 94105, USA
    Pain Med 6:213-21; discussion 222-4. 2005
    ..None of these studies, however, controlled for both pressure of injection and intensity of response...
  45. ncbi request reprint Responsiveness of pain and disability measures for chronic whiplash
    Mark Stewart
    Discipline of Physiotherapy, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 32:580-5. 2007
    ..Cohort study...
  46. ncbi request reprint Radiofrequency procedures in chronic pain
    Susan M Lord
    Division of Anaesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain Management, John Hunter Hospital, Locked Bag 1, Hunter Region Mail Centre, New South Wales 2310, Australia
    Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 16:597-617. 2002
    ..In this chapter the evidence for efficacy and safety is reviewed and interrogated with special emphasis on the available randomized controlled trails and systematic review...
  47. ncbi request reprint In defense of radiofrequency neurotomy
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 27:439-41; author reply 441-2. 2002
  48. ncbi request reprint Cervical zygapophysial joint pain maps
    Grant Cooper
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, New York Presbyterian Hospital, The University Hospital of Columbia and Cornell, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Pain Med 8:344-53. 2007
    ..To determine the patterns of referred pain in patients with proven cervical zygapophysial joint pain...
  49. ncbi request reprint Chronic whiplash and whiplash-associated disorders: an evidence-based approach
    Jerome Schofferman
    Pain Medicine, SpineCare Medical Group, San Francisco Spine Institute, Daly City, CA 94015, USA
    J Am Acad Orthop Surg 15:596-606. 2007
    ..Occasionally, long-term treatment with medication may be indicated. Anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion is necessary on rare occasions...
  50. ncbi request reprint Randomized controlled trial of exercise for chronic whiplash-associated disorders
    Mark J Stewart
    School of Physiotherapy, University of Sydney, Australia
    Pain 128:59-68. 2007
    ..In the short-term exercise and advice is slightly more effective than advice alone for people with persisting pain and disability following whiplash. Exercise is more effective for subjects with higher baseline pain and disability...
  51. ncbi request reprint Prolotherapy injections, saline injections, and exercises for chronic low-back pain: a randomized trial
    Michael J Yelland
    Centre for General Practice and School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:9-16; discussion 16. 2004
    ..To assess the efficacy of a prolotherapy injection and exercise protocol in the treatment of chronic nonspecific low back pain...
  52. doi request reprint The nature of neck pain in a private pain clinic in the United States
    Way Yin
    Interventional Medical Associates of Bellingham, Bellingham, Washington, USA
    Pain Med 9:196-203. 2008
    ..To determine the prevalence of different causes of neck pain in a private practice clinic...
  53. ncbi request reprint Cervical transforaminal injection of steroids
    James P Rathmell
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Vermont, Burlington, 05401, USA
    Anesthesiology 100:1595-600. 2004
  54. ncbi request reprint An audit of the use of epidural injections for back pain and sciatica
    Christopher Jackson
    Flinders University of South Australia
    Aust Health Rev 26:34-42. 2003
    ..The practice of epidural injections is dissonant both with the evidence-based literature and with recommended guidelines, and squanders both financial and professional resources...
  55. ncbi request reprint Difficulties inherent in the interpretation and performance of randomized controlled clinical trials
    Scott Haldeman
    Spine J 4:241-7. 2004
  56. ncbi request reprint Clinical anatomy of ligamentum nuchae
    Susan R Mercer
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Clin Anat 16:484-93. 2003
    ..Importantly, the findings of this study emphasize the need for clinical and biomechanical literature to portray the gross anatomy of ligamentum nuchae accurately...
  57. ncbi request reprint Sonographic visualization and ultrasound-guided block of the third occipital nerve: prospective for a new method to diagnose C2-C3 zygapophysial joint pain
    Urs Eichenberger
    Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Pain Therapy, University of Bern, Inselspital, CH 3010 Bern, Switzerland
    Anesthesiology 104:303-8. 2006
    ..Diagnostic blocks of nerves supplying the joints are performed using fluoroscopy. The authors' hypothesis was that the third occipital nerve can be visualized and blocked with use of an ultrasound-guided technique...
  58. ncbi request reprint Lumbar radiofrequency neurotomy
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Clin J Pain 22:409. 2006
  59. ncbi request reprint Comparative effectiveness of cervical transforaminal injections with particulate and nonparticulate corticosteroid preparations for cervical radicular pain
    Paul Dreyfuss
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Pain Med 7:237-42. 2006
    ..Therefore, a study was designed to determine whether there is a basis for promoting a theoretically safer nonparticulate corticosteroid preparation...
  60. ncbi request reprint A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of intradiscal electrothermal therapy for the treatment of discogenic low back pain
    Kevin J Pauza
    Texas Spine and Joint Hospital, 1814 Roseland Boulevard, Tyler, TX 75701, USA
    Spine J 4:27-35. 2004
    ..Intradiscal electrothermal therapy (IDET) is a treatment for discogenic low back pain the efficacy of which has not been rigorously tested...
  61. pmc Whiplash can have lesions
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Pain Res Manag 11:155. 2006
  62. ncbi request reprint In defense of King et al: the validity of manual examination in assessing patients with neck pain
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Spine J 7:749-52; author reply 752-3. 2007