Stephen C Barker

Summary

Affiliation: University of Queensland
Country: Australia

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Low intraspecific variation in the rRNA internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) of the Australian paralysis tick, Ixodes holocyclus
    M Shaw
    Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Parasitol Res 88:247-52. 2002
  2. doi request reprint International guidelines for clinical trials with pediculicides
    Stephen C Barker
    Parasitology Section, School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia
    Int J Dermatol 51:853-8. 2012
  3. pmc An ex vivo, assessor blind, randomised, parallel group, comparative efficacy trial of the ovicidal activity of three pediculicides after a single application--melaleuca oil and lavender oil, eucalyptus oil and lemon tea tree oil, and a "suffocation" pedic
    Stephen C Barker
    Parasitology Section, School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, and UniQuest Pty Ltd, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    BMC Dermatol 11:14. 2011
  4. ncbi request reprint Systematics and evolution of ticks with a list of valid genus and species names
    S C Barker
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Queensland, Australia
    Parasitology 129:S15-36. 2004
  5. pmc A randomised, assessor blind, parallel group comparative efficacy trial of three products for the treatment of head lice in children--melaleuca oil and lavender oil, pyrethrins and piperonyl butoxide, and a "suffocation" product
    Stephen C Barker
    Parasitology Section, School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, and UniQuest Pty, Ltd, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, 4072 Australia
    BMC Dermatol 10:6. 2010
  6. ncbi request reprint Numerous gene rearrangements in the mitochondrial genome of the wallaby louse, Heterodoxus macropus (Phthiraptera)
    R Shao
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, and Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Mol Biol Evol 18:858-65. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint A total-evidence phylogeny of ticks provides insights into the evolution of life cycles and biogeography
    A Murrell
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 21:244-58. 2001
  8. ncbi request reprint Evolution of the secondary structure of the rRNA internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) in hard ticks (Ixodidae, Arthropoda)
    O Hlinka
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, and Institute for Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
    Heredity (Edinb) 88:275-9. 2002
  9. doi request reprint Phylogenetic analysis of the mitochondrial genomes and nuclear rRNA genes of ticks reveals a deep phylogenetic structure within the genus Haemaphysalis and further elucidates the polyphyly of the genus Amblyomma with respect to Amblyomma sphenodonti and A
    Thomas D Burger
    School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
    Ticks Tick Borne Dis 4:265-74. 2013
  10. ncbi request reprint Multiple origins of parasitism in lice: phylogenetic analysis of SSU rDNA indicates that the Phthiraptera and Psocoptera are not monophyletic
    Anna Murrell
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Parasitology Section, School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072, Australia
    Parasitol Res 97:274-80. 2005

Detail Information

Publications51

  1. ncbi request reprint Low intraspecific variation in the rRNA internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) of the Australian paralysis tick, Ixodes holocyclus
    M Shaw
    Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Parasitol Res 88:247-52. 2002
    ..1%). These data indicate that I. holocyclus does not contain cryptic species despite possible geographic isolation of some populations. We conclude that variation in the ITS2 is likely to be informative about the phylogeny of the group...
  2. doi request reprint International guidelines for clinical trials with pediculicides
    Stephen C Barker
    Parasitology Section, School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia
    Int J Dermatol 51:853-8. 2012
    ..Here we recommend protocols for clinical trials of the efficacy and safety of single-, two-, and three-treatment interventions...
  3. pmc An ex vivo, assessor blind, randomised, parallel group, comparative efficacy trial of the ovicidal activity of three pediculicides after a single application--melaleuca oil and lavender oil, eucalyptus oil and lemon tea tree oil, and a "suffocation" pedic
    Stephen C Barker
    Parasitology Section, School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, and UniQuest Pty Ltd, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    BMC Dermatol 11:14. 2011
    ..Eggs were collected, pre-treatment and post-treatment, from subjects with different types of hair, different coloured hair and hair of different length...
  4. ncbi request reprint Systematics and evolution of ticks with a list of valid genus and species names
    S C Barker
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Queensland, Australia
    Parasitology 129:S15-36. 2004
    ..Finally, we present a list of the 899 valid genus and species names of ticks as of February 2004...
  5. pmc A randomised, assessor blind, parallel group comparative efficacy trial of three products for the treatment of head lice in children--melaleuca oil and lavender oil, pyrethrins and piperonyl butoxide, and a "suffocation" product
    Stephen C Barker
    Parasitology Section, School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, and UniQuest Pty, Ltd, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, 4072 Australia
    BMC Dermatol 10:6. 2010
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Numerous gene rearrangements in the mitochondrial genome of the wallaby louse, Heterodoxus macropus (Phthiraptera)
    R Shao
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, and Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Mol Biol Evol 18:858-65. 2001
    ..The large number of gene rearrangements in the mt genome of H. macropus is unprecedented for an arthropod...
  7. ncbi request reprint A total-evidence phylogeny of ticks provides insights into the evolution of life cycles and biogeography
    A Murrell
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 21:244-58. 2001
    ..g., one gene or morphology) seldom resolve many phylogenetic relationships, but analyses of more than one dataset can generate well-resolved phylogenies for these ticks...
  8. ncbi request reprint Evolution of the secondary structure of the rRNA internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) in hard ticks (Ixodidae, Arthropoda)
    O Hlinka
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, and Institute for Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
    Heredity (Edinb) 88:275-9. 2002
    ....
  9. doi request reprint Phylogenetic analysis of the mitochondrial genomes and nuclear rRNA genes of ticks reveals a deep phylogenetic structure within the genus Haemaphysalis and further elucidates the polyphyly of the genus Amblyomma with respect to Amblyomma sphenodonti and A
    Thomas D Burger
    School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
    Ticks Tick Borne Dis 4:265-74. 2013
    ..sphenodonti is sister to the genus Bothriocroton. These 2 species do not belong in the genus Amblyomma, and we propose that new genera are required for A. sphenodonti and A. elaphense...
  10. ncbi request reprint Multiple origins of parasitism in lice: phylogenetic analysis of SSU rDNA indicates that the Phthiraptera and Psocoptera are not monophyletic
    Anna Murrell
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Parasitology Section, School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072, Australia
    Parasitol Res 97:274-80. 2005
    ..In addition, there are implications for the evolution of parasitism in insects; parasitism may have evolved twice in lice or have evolved once and been subsequently lost in the Liposcelididae...
  11. ncbi request reprint Phylogeny, evolution and historical zoogeography of ticks: a review of recent progress
    Stephen C Barker
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Institute for Molecular Biosciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, QLD, Australia
    Exp Appl Acarol 28:55-68. 2002
    ..annulatus, but the nomenclature will have been changed to reflect our knowledge of the phylogeny and evolution of these ticks. New insights into the historical zoogeography of ticks will also be presented...
  12. ncbi request reprint Evolution of duplicate control regions in the mitochondrial genomes of metazoa: a case study with Australasian Ixodes ticks
    Renfu Shao
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, and Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Mol Biol Evol 22:620-9. 2005
    ..Duplicate CRs have much potential as phylogenetic markers at low taxonomic levels, such as within genera, within families, or among families, but not at high taxonomic levels, such as among orders...
  13. ncbi request reprint Rates of gene rearrangement and nucleotide substitution are correlated in the mitochondrial genomes of insects
    Renfu Shao
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, and Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Mol Biol Evol 20:1612-9. 2003
    ..73, P = 0.01; Rs = 0.67, P < 0.05). We propose that increased rates of nucleotide substitution may lead to increased rates of gene rearrangement in the mt genomes of insects...
  14. pmc The single mitochondrial chromosome typical of animals has evolved into 18 minichromosomes in the human body louse, Pediculus humanus
    Renfu Shao
    The University of Queensland, Parasitology Section, School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, Queensland, Australia
    Genome Res 19:904-12. 2009
    ..Fragmentation of mt genome, however, has coevolved with blood feeding in the sucking lice. It will be of interest to explore whether or not life history features are associated with the evolution of fragmented chromosomes...
  15. doi request reprint Phylogenetic analysis of ticks (Acari: Ixodida) using mitochondrial genomes and nuclear rRNA genes indicates that the genus Amblyomma is polyphyletic
    Thomas D Burger
    School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 64:45-55. 2012
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Synonymy of Boophilus Curtice, 1891 with Rhipicephalus Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae)
    Anna Murrell
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072 Queensland, Australia
    Syst Parasitol 56:169-72. 2003
    ..In addition, Rhipicephalus is a well-known genus and the change proposed is simple -- all five species of Boophilus become members of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus)...
  17. ncbi request reprint Molecular mechanisms for the variation of mitochondrial gene content and gene arrangement among chigger mites of the genus Leptotrombidium (Acari: Acariformes)
    Renfu Shao
    Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Fukuyama University, Fukuyama, Hiroshima, 729 0292, Japan
    J Mol Evol 63:251-61. 2006
    ..pallidum evolved from the type present in the other three Leptotrombidium species, and (2) three molecular mechanisms were involved in the evolution of mt gene content and gene arrangement in Leptotrombidium species...
  18. ncbi request reprint Novel mitochondrial gene content and gene arrangement indicate illegitimate inter-mtDNA recombination in the chigger mite, Leptotrombidium pallidum
    Renfu Shao
    Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Fukuyama University, Fukuyama, Hiroshima 729 0292, Japan
    J Mol Evol 60:764-73. 2005
    ..pallidum...
  19. ncbi request reprint The head and body lice of humans are genetically distinct (Insecta: Phthiraptera, Pediculidae): evidence from double infestations
    N P Leo
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
    Heredity (Edinb) 95:34-40. 2005
    ..Our results indicate that head and body lice are separate species...
  20. ncbi request reprint Mitochondrial genomes of parasitic arthropods: implications for studies of population genetics and evolution
    R Shao
    Parasitology Section, School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia
    Parasitology 134:153-67. 2007
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint The mitochondrial genomes of soft ticks have an arrangement of genes that has remained unchanged for over 400 million years
    R Shao
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, and Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Insect Mol Biol 13:219-24. 2004
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Acetylcholinesterase cDNA of the cattle tick, Boophilus microplus: characterisation and role in organophosphate resistance
    G D Baxter
    Department of Parasitology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Insect Biochem Mol Biol 28:581-9. 1998
    ..No point mutations were detected in the acetylcholinesterase gene from organophosphate resistant strains of B. microplus. Alternative explanations for resistance to organophosphates in B. microplus are discussed...
  23. ncbi request reprint Transmission ratio distortion in the human body louse, Pediculus humanus (Insecta: Phthiraptera)
    C J McMeniman
    Parasitology Section, School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
    Heredity (Edinb) 96:63-8. 2006
    ..We interpret this pattern of inheritance as evidence for extreme transmission ratio distortion of paternal alleles in this species...
  24. ncbi request reprint Extraordinary number of gene rearrangements in the mitochondrial genomes of lice (Phthiraptera: Insecta)
    C Covacin
    Parasitology Section, School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Insect Mol Biol 15:63-8. 2006
    ..There has been an extraordinary number of gene rearrangements in the mitochondrial genomes of lice!..
  25. ncbi request reprint Susceptibility of head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) to pediculicides in Australia
    J A Hunter
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Queensland, 4072 Brisbane, Australia
    Parasitol Res 90:476-8. 2003
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Isolation of a cDNA for an octopamine-like, G-protein coupled receptor from the cattle tick, Boophilus microplus
    G D Baxter
    Department of Parasitology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Insect Biochem Mol Biol 29:461-7. 1999
    ..Thus, a point mutation/s did not confer resistance to amitraz in the strains we studied. Alternative explanations for resistance to amitraz in B. microplus are discussed...
  27. ncbi request reprint The novel mitochondrial gene arrangement of the cattle tick, Boophilus microplus: fivefold tandem repetition of a coding region
    N J Campbell
    Department of Parasitology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Mol Biol Evol 16:732-40. 1999
    ..microplus. Instead, slipped-strand mispairing or recombination are the most plausible explanations for the evolution of these tandem repeats...
  28. ncbi request reprint Evidence from mitochondrial DNA that head lice and body lice of humans (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) are conspecific
    N P Leo
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Institute for Molecular Biosciences and ARC Special Research Centre for Functional and Applied Genomics, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    J Med Entomol 39:662-6. 2002
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Recurrent gains and losses of large (84-109 bp) repeats in the rDNA internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) of rhipicephaline ticks
    A Murrell
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Institute for Molecular Biosciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072 Queensland, Australia
    Insect Mol Biol 10:587-96. 2001
    ..In our putative secondary structure, each repeat copy can fold into a distinct and almost identical stem-loop complex; a gain or loss of a repeat copy apparently does not impair the function of the ITS2 in these ticks...
  30. ncbi request reprint Intragenomic variation in ITS2 rDNA in the louse of humans, Pediculus humanus: ITS2 is not a suitable marker for population studies in this species
    N P Leo
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Queensland
    Insect Mol Biol 11:651-7. 2002
    ..A phylogenetic tree of 15 different ITS2 sequences showed that the sequences from individual lice were not monophyletic. We conclude that the ITS2 is not a useful marker of populations for Pediculus humanus...
  31. ncbi request reprint The Australian paralysis tick may be the missing link in the transmission of Hendra virus from bats to horses to humans
    S C Barker
    Department of Microbiology and Parisitology, Institute for Molecular Biosciences, ARC Special Research Center for Functional and Applied Genomics, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Med Hypotheses 60:481-3. 2003
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint Phylogeny of the hard ticks (Ixodidae) inferred from 18S rRNA indicates that the genus Aponomma is paraphyletic
    S J Dobson
    Department of Parasitology, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, 4072, Australia
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 11:288-95. 1999
    ..latum and Ap. fimbriatum). There was a basal divergence between endemic Australian and other species in both the Metastriata and the Prostriata divisions of the hard ticks...
  33. pmc Substantial variation in the extent of mitochondrial genome fragmentation among blood-sucking lice of mammals
    Haowei Jiang
    Parasitology Section, School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Genome Biol Evol 5:1298-308. 2013
    ..Our results indicate substantial variation in the rate and extent of mt genome fragmentation among different lineages of the sucking lice. ..
  34. pmc Evolution of extensively fragmented mitochondrial genomes in the lice of humans
    Renfu Shao
    GeneCology Research Group, School of Science, Education and Engineering, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Queensland, Australia
    Genome Biol Evol 4:1088-101. 2012
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint The value of idiosyncratic markers and changes to conserved tRNA sequences from the mitochondrial genome of hard ticks (Acari: Ixodida: Ixodidae) for phylogenetic inference
    Anna Murrell
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Institute for Molecular Biosciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia
    Syst Biol 52:296-310. 2003
    ..Idiosyncratic markers and changes to typically conserved nucleotides in tRNAs that are phylogenetically informative were common in this data set, and thus these types of markers might be found in other organisms...
  36. ncbi request reprint Unravelling the evolution of the head lice and body lice of humans
    Natalie P Leo
    Parasitology Section, School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
    Parasitol Res 98:44-7. 2005
    ..PLoS Biol 2:e340, 2004) proposed that they diverged 1.18 mya and suggested that one of the lineages, the H-only lineage, evolved in the New World on Homo erectus. We discuss this hypothesis in light of our results from ssu rRNA...
  37. doi request reprint Chimeric mitochondrial minichromosomes of the human body louse, Pediculus humanus: evidence for homologous and non-homologous recombination
    Renfu Shao
    The University of Queensland, School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, Queensland 4072, Australia
    Gene 473:36-43. 2011
    ..Our analyses of the nucleotide sequences of chimeric mt minichromosomes indicate both homologous and non-homologous recombination between minichromosomes in the mitochondria of the human body louse...
  38. ncbi request reprint Supergroup F Wolbachia bacteria parasitise lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera)
    Catherine Covacin
    Parasitology Section, School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Parasitol Res 100:479-85. 2007
    ..We propose a novel mechanism for the horizontal transfer of Wolbachia between different species of lice from birds: transfer of Wolbachia during phoresis by hippoboscid flies...
  39. ncbi request reprint Identification and characterisation of a cytochrome P450 gene and processed pseudogene from an arachnid: the cattle tick, Boophilus microplus
    A L Crampton
    Department of Parasitology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Insect Biochem Mol Biol 29:377-84. 1999
    ..The CYP4 genes from arthropods have diverged from each other more than those of mammals; consequently the phylogeny of the arthropod genes could not be resolved...
  40. ncbi request reprint Monooxygenases play only a minor role in resistance to synthetic pyrethroids in the cattle tick, Boophilus microplus
    A L Crampton
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, and Center for Cellular and Molecular Biology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Exp Appl Acarol 23:897-905. 1999
    ..1; after flumethrin 8.9). We hypothesize that B. microplus lacks monooxygenases capable of conferring resistance to SPs because it and its recent ancestors were blood-feeders rather than herbivores...
  41. pmc Heteroplasmy in the mitochondrial genomes of human lice and ticks revealed by high throughput sequencing
    Haoyu Xiong
    Parasitology Section, School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    PLoS ONE 8:e73329. 2013
    ..05). Our results indicate that heteroplasmy level can be substantially variable within a species and among closely related species, and does not appear to be determined by single factors such as genome fragmentation. ..
  42. ncbi request reprint Microsatellite loci of the cattle tick Boophilus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae)
    N N Chigagure
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Exp Appl Acarol 24:951-6. 2000
    ..Thus the presence of non-repeat bases in a repeated sequence seems to constrain the evolution of additional repeats by slip-strand misparing at these loci...
  43. ncbi request reprint A new family of cytochrome P450 genes (CYP41) from the cattle tick, Boophilus microplus
    A L Crampton
    Department of Parasitology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Insect Biochem Mol Biol 29:829-34. 1999
    ..e. compounds that are foreign to the cattle tick. The phylogenetic position of CYP41 could not be resolved because of the high level of sequence divergence at both the nucleotide and amino acid levels...
  44. ncbi request reprint A survey of bacterial diversity in ticks, lice and fleas from Australia
    Anna Murrell
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology and Institute for Molecular Bioscience, ARC Special Research Centre for Functional and Applied Genomics, University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072 QLD, Australia
    Parasitol Res 89:326-34. 2003
    ..Species of Bacillus and Proteus, which have biopesticide potential, were found in some of these ectoparasites. Overall, the communities of bacteria were similar to those found in other studies of parasitic arthropods...
  45. ncbi request reprint The highly rearranged mitochondrial genome of the plague thrips, Thrips imaginis (Insecta: Thysanoptera): convergence of two novel gene boundaries and an extraordinary arrangement of rRNA genes
    Renfu Shao
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology and Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Mol Biol Evol 20:362-70. 2003
    ..We discuss the potential of hemipteroid insects as a model system for studies of the evolution of animal mt genomes and outline some fundamental questions that may be addressed with this system...
  46. ncbi request reprint Analysis of the sequence and expression of a second putative acetylcholinesterase cDNA from organophosphate-susceptible and organophosphate-resistant cattle ticks
    Glenn D Baxter
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, and Institute for Molecular Biosciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
    Insect Biochem Mol Biol 32:815-20. 2002
    ..This seems to contradict studies of enzyme kinetics, which indicated that only one form of AChE was present in the synganglia, the site of the action of OPs, in this species of tick...
  47. ncbi request reprint Potential role of head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis, as vectors of Rickettsia prowazekii
    D Robinson
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, and Institute for Molecular Biosciences, University of Queensland, 4072 Brisbane, Australia
    Parasitol Res 90:209-11. 2003
    ..prowazekii in the field. Simple observations in the field would reveal whether or not head lice are natural vectors of this major human pathogen...
  48. ncbi request reprint Proteins in the saliva of the Ixodida (ticks): pharmacological features and biological significance
    N A Steen
    Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072, Australia
    Toxicon 47:1-20. 2006
    ..Sequence comparisons are illustrated. The importance of tick saliva and the significance of the findings to date are also discussed...
  49. ncbi request reprint The mitochondrial 12S gene is a suitable marker of populations of Sarcoptes scabiei from wombats, dogs and humans in Australia
    L F Skerratt
    School of Veterinary Science, The University of Melbourne, Werribee, Victoria, Australia
    Parasitol Res 88:376-9. 2002
    ..These data show that the mitochondrial 12S rRNA gene may be a suitable population marker of S. scabiei from wombats, dogs and humans in Australia...
  50. ncbi request reprint Metalloproteases and egg-hatching in Pediculus humanus, the body (clothes) louse of humans (Phthiraptera: Insecta)
    V M Bowles
    Centre for Animal Biotechnology, School of Veterinary Science, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, 3010, Australia
    Parasitology 135:125-30. 2008
    ..The presence of metalloproteases at the time of egg-hatch and the inhibition of egg-hatch in P. humanus by metalloprotease inhibitors suggests a crucial role for these proteases in the hatching of this medically important parasite...
  51. ncbi request reprint Infestation of people with lice in Kathmandu and Pokhara, Nepal
    S K S Poudel
    Department of Science, Janapriya Multiple Campus, Pokhara, Nepal
    Med Vet Entomol 18:212-3. 2004
    ..Simultaneous infestations with head and body lice (double infestations) varied from 18% in slum children to 59% in street children...