R Byard

Summary

Affiliation: South Australia
Country: Australia

Publications

  1. doi Diphtheria - 'The strangling angel' of children
    Roger W Byard
    School of Medical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Level 3 Medical School North Building, Frome Rd, Adelaide, 5005 South Australia, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 20:65-8. 2013
  2. doi The complex spectrum of forensic issues arising from obesity
    Roger W Byard
    School of Medical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    Forensic Sci Med Pathol 8:402-13. 2012
  3. doi Potentially lethal complications of tracheostomy: autopsy considerations
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 32:352-4. 2011
  4. doi Significant increases in body mass indexes (BMI) in an adult autopsy population from 1986 to 2006--implications for modern forensic practice
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, Level 3 Medical School North Building, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Adelaide 5005, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 15:356-8. 2008
  5. doi Automobile door entrapment--a different form of vehicle-related crush asphyxia
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, Level 3 Medical School North Building, The University of Adelaide and Forensic Science SA, Frome Road, Adelaide 5005, South Australia, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 15:339-42. 2008
  6. doi Sarcoidosis and mechanisms of unexpected death
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 53:460-4. 2008
  7. doi Congenital mesenteric defects and unexpected death-a rare finding at autopsy
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Pediatr Dev Pathol 11:245-8. 2008
  8. ncbi The incidence and characteristic features of fatal hemorrhage due to ruptured varicose veins: a 10-year autopsy study
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:299-302. 2007
  9. ncbi An audit of the use of definitions of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, Level 3, Medical School North, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Adelaide 5005, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 14:453-5. 2007
  10. ncbi Lack of evidence for a causal relationship between hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and subdural hemorrhage in fetal life, infancy, and early childhood
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, University of Adelaide and Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Pediatr Dev Pathol 10:348-50. 2007

Detail Information

Publications94

  1. doi Diphtheria - 'The strangling angel' of children
    Roger W Byard
    School of Medical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Level 3 Medical School North Building, Frome Rd, Adelaide, 5005 South Australia, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 20:65-8. 2013
    ..Due to the rarity of cases in Western communities and atypical presentations, the diagnosis may only be established at autopsy...
  2. doi The complex spectrum of forensic issues arising from obesity
    Roger W Byard
    School of Medical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    Forensic Sci Med Pathol 8:402-13. 2012
    ....
  3. doi Potentially lethal complications of tracheostomy: autopsy considerations
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 32:352-4. 2011
    ....
  4. doi Significant increases in body mass indexes (BMI) in an adult autopsy population from 1986 to 2006--implications for modern forensic practice
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, Level 3 Medical School North Building, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Adelaide 5005, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 15:356-8. 2008
    ....
  5. doi Automobile door entrapment--a different form of vehicle-related crush asphyxia
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, Level 3 Medical School North Building, The University of Adelaide and Forensic Science SA, Frome Road, Adelaide 5005, South Australia, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 15:339-42. 2008
    ..Correlation of the physical dimensions of the door and frame with markings on the victim's body will assist in reconstructing the terminal events...
  6. doi Sarcoidosis and mechanisms of unexpected death
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 53:460-4. 2008
    ..The diagnosis relies on the demonstration of typical noncaseating granulomas and the exclusion of other infective and environmental diseases with similar histopathological findings...
  7. doi Congenital mesenteric defects and unexpected death-a rare finding at autopsy
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Pediatr Dev Pathol 11:245-8. 2008
    ..Death may relate to ischemic compromise of either the herniated portion of intestine (as in case 1) or to the stretched intestine bordering the hernial orifice (as in case 2)...
  8. ncbi The incidence and characteristic features of fatal hemorrhage due to ruptured varicose veins: a 10-year autopsy study
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:299-302. 2007
    ..Autopsy evaluation of such cases should include careful layer dissection of the area of hemorrhage to confirm the presence of the ruptured varix and to enable directed histologic sampling...
  9. ncbi An audit of the use of definitions of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, Level 3, Medical School North, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Adelaide 5005, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 14:453-5. 2007
    ..Failure to use standard published definitions of SIDS and/or to clearly specify the definition that has been followed may severely hamper the evaluation of SIDS research...
  10. ncbi Lack of evidence for a causal relationship between hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and subdural hemorrhage in fetal life, infancy, and early childhood
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, University of Adelaide and Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Pediatr Dev Pathol 10:348-50. 2007
    ..In no case was there macroscopic evidence of subdural hemorrhage. In this study no support could be given to the hypothesis that HIE in the young in the absence of trauma causes subdural hemorrhage...
  11. ncbi Symmetrical "mirror-image" injuries and the "chessboard" pattern: useful markers of self-mutilation
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:255-8. 2007
    ....
  12. ncbi Forensic considerations in cases of neurofibromatosis--an overview
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, Level 3 Medical School North Building, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 52:1164-70. 2007
    ....
  13. ncbi Barrett esophagus and unexpected death
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:147-9. 2007
    ..Ulceration of the lower esophagus at autopsy should prompt consideration of the possibility of a Barrett esophagus and initiate careful dissection/examination of the surrounding mediastinal tissues and vessels...
  14. ncbi Use of a pig model to demonstrate vulnerability of major neck vessels to inflicted trauma from common household items
    Roger W Byard
    The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:31-4. 2007
    ..Security systems may therefore need to focus on measures such as increased surveillance of passenger behavior, rather than on attempting to eliminate every object that may serve as a potential weapon...
  15. ncbi Forensic aspects related to pediatric pathology--Medicolegal aspects of pediatric head injuries
    Roger W Byard
    Disciline of Pathology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    Keio J Med 55:149-52. 2006
    ..The following paper reviews some of the problems that are currently found in the medicolegal evaluation of infants and young children with inflicted craniocerebral trauma and issues that consequently arise in court...
  16. ncbi The role of beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta-APP) staining in the neuropathologic evaluation of sudden infant death and in the initiation of clinical investigations of subsequent siblings
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 27:340-4. 2006
    ....
  17. ncbi Avulsion of the distal tibial shaft in aircraft crashes: a pathological feature of extreme decelerative injury
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA and Department of Pathology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 27:337-9. 2006
    ..When present, this observation represents another feature at autopsy that can add to the understanding of the circumstances of a fatal air crash and the position of the victims immediately prior to impact...
  18. ncbi Recovery of human remains after shark attack
    Roger W Byard
    Department of Pathology, University of Adelaide and Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 27:256-9. 2006
    ..DNA testing is also possible on such recovered fragments, enabling confirmation of the identity of the victim...
  19. ncbi Blood stain pattern interpretation in cases of fatal haemorrhage from ruptured varicose veins
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, 21 Divett Place, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 14:155-8. 2007
    ....
  20. doi How reliable is reported sleeping position in cases of unexpected infant death?
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Frome Rd, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 53:1169-71. 2008
    ..This may act as a confounding factor in studies attempting to link sleeping position with other risk factors...
  21. doi Tonsillitis and sudden childhood death
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 15:516-8. 2008
    ..Presentations may not be straightforward and there may be misleading histories of epistaxis, hemoptysis, hematemesis and even melena...
  22. doi Characteristics of asphyxial deaths in adolescence
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Anatomy and Pathology, Level 3 Medical School North Building, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Adelaide 5005, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 18:107-9. 2011
    ..Thus, constant monitoring of local trends in mortality will identify if new activities such as the "choking game" have emerged, and also characterize specific problems that may exist in particular communities or cultural groups...
  23. doi All that wheezes is not asthma--Alternative findings at autopsy
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Frome Rd, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 56:252-5. 2011
    ..Autopsy examination may, therefore, be crucial in revealing other conditions that may have caused or contributed to episodic breathlessness that may have been incorrectly attributed to asthma...
  24. doi The effect of decalcifying solutions on hemosiderin staining
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 55:1356-8. 2010
    ..As the amount of stainable hemosiderin in tissues may be significantly altered by decalcification, the absence of hemosiderin in tissues adjacent to a fracture site does not necessarily indicate that the injury was acute...
  25. doi "Murder-suicide" or "murder-accident"? Difficulties with the analysis of cases
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 55:1375-7. 2010
    ..Murder-accident rather than murder-suicide may therefore be a more accurate designation for such cases...
  26. doi Forensic issues in cases of water birth fatalities
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 31:258-60. 2010
    ..Vitreous sodium levels may reveal electrolyte disturbances. While fatal cases appear rare, this may change if water births gain in popularity...
  27. doi Diagnostic yield and characteristic features in a series of decomposed bodies subject to coronial autopsy
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Level 3 Medical School North Building, Frome Road, Adelaide, SA, 5005, Australia
    Forensic Sci Med Pathol 4:9-14. 2008
    ....
  28. doi Positive "water test"-an external indicator of base of skull hinge-ring fracture
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 55:519-20. 2010
    ..The water test provides a quick and noninvasive method for demonstrating the presence of a particular type of skull fracture...
  29. doi The identification of submerged skeletonized remains
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 29:69-71. 2008
    ....
  30. doi Unusual gastrointestinal causes of unexpected death in the elderly
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, Level 3 Medical School North Building, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 16:424-6. 2009
    ....
  31. doi Characteristic features of pediatric firearm fatalities--comparisons between Australia and the United States
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Medical School Nth, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 54:1093-6. 2009
    ..Rifles of 0.22-caliber were preferred weapons in South Australia, compared to handguns in San Diego County...
  32. doi Lethal head entrapment--a problem characteristic of early childhood
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, Level 3 Medical School North Building, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Adelaide 5005, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 16:340-2. 2009
    ....
  33. doi An analysis of possible mechanisms of unexpected death occurring in hydatid disease (echinococcosis)
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide and Forensic Science SA, South Australia, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 54:919-22. 2009
    ..Measurement of serum tryptase and specific IgE levels should be undertaken for possible anaphylaxis...
  34. doi How rapidly does cerebral swelling follow trauma? Observations using an animal model and possible implications in infancy
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Adelaide 5005, Australia
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 11:S128-31. 2009
    ..Detection of cerebral swelling at autopsy may not, therefore, imply prolonged survival...
  35. doi Histologic dating of bruises in moribund infants and young children
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, University of Adelaide, Level 3 Medical School North Building, Frome Road, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
    Forensic Sci Med Pathol 4:187-92. 2008
    ..Variability in tissue response may also occur in different bruises in the same individual. Whether severe craniocerebral trauma played a role in delaying the cellular response in these particular injuries is unclear...
  36. doi Non-traumatic causes of perianal hemorrhage and excoriation in the young
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Level 3 Medical School North Building, Frome Road, Adelaide 5005, SA, Australia
    Forensic Sci Med Pathol 4:159-63. 2008
    ..Careful examination with appropriate photography and/or microbiological testing are required...
  37. doi Rainwater tank drowning
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 15:533-4. 2008
    ....
  38. ncbi Putrefaction and wound dehiscence: a potentially confusing postmortem phenomenon
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science Centre and University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 27:61-3. 2006
    ..Unusual skin lesions caused by the disruption and dehiscence of healing surgical wounds may be created by decomposition. This possibility should be considered when symmetrical, cleanly incised wounds are identified...
  39. ncbi Drowning, haemodilution, haemolysis and staining of the intima of the aortic root-- preliminary observations
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, 21 Divett Place, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
    J Clin Forensic Med 13:121-4. 2006
    ..These results provide further data to support haemolytic staining of the aortic root intima as a possible manifestation of freshwater drowning...
  40. ncbi The pathological features and circumstances of death of lethal crush/traumatic asphyxia in adults--a 25-year study
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA and University of Adelaide, 21 Divett Place, and Forensic Pathology, Forensic Science SA and Department of Histopathology, Women s and Children s Hospital, Adelaide 5000, Australia
    Forensic Sci Int 159:200-5. 2006
    ....
  41. ncbi Fatal unintentional traumatic asphyxia in childhood
    R W Byard
    Forensic Science Centre, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    J Paediatr Child Health 39:31-2. 2003
    ..The present study was undertaken to examine specific features of unintentional traumatic asphyxial deaths in childhood...
  42. ncbi Dehydration and heat-related death: sweat lodge syndrome
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 26:236-9. 2005
    ..Individuals with significant cardiovascular disease, those who are taking certain medications that predispose to hyperthermia, or those who have had large amounts of alcohol should not enter sweat lodges...
  43. ncbi Death due to electrocution in childhood and early adolescence
    R W Byard
    Forensic Science Centre, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    J Paediatr Child Health 39:46-8. 2003
    ..To delineate the clinicopathological features of fatal childhood electrocutions and to identify specific risk factors...
  44. ncbi Lethal injuries occurring during illegal break-ins
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 26:121-4. 2005
    ..Such a scenario constitutes a specific subgroup of offender injury that could be termed the break, enter, and die syndrome...
  45. ncbi Suicide methods in the elderly in South Australia 1981-2000
    R W Byard
    Forensic Science Centre, 21 Divett Place, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
    J Clin Forensic Med 11:71-4. 2004
    ..An awareness of the considerable variability that occurs among populations in suicide methods and rates is important in determining local requirements for suicide prevention campaigns...
  46. ncbi Narcotic administration and stenosing lesions of the upper airway--a potentially lethal combination
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, 21 Divett Place, Adelaide 5000, South Australia, Australia
    J Clin Forensic Med 12:29-31. 2005
    ..Toxicological evaluation in fatal cases of upper airway narrowing/stenosis may be extremely useful in revealing compounding factors such as opiate administration...
  47. ncbi Mechanisms of unexpected death in tuberous sclerosis
    R W Byard
    Forensic Science Center, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 48:172-6. 2003
    ....
  48. ncbi Research and sudden infant death syndrome: definitions, diagnostic difficulties and discrepancies
    R W Byard
    Forensic Science Centre, Adelaide, Australia
    J Paediatr Child Health 40:419-21. 2004
    ..Unless this approach is adopted, evaluation of research findings in SIDS will be difficult and the literature will continue to be beset by contradictions and unsubstantiated conclusions...
  49. ncbi Unusual facial markings and lethal mechanisms in a series of gasoline inhalation deaths
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science Centre and State Coroner s Office, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 24:298-302. 2003
    ..Discouraging solitary gasoline sniffing in bed may reduce the death rate in communities where this behavior is practiced...
  50. ncbi Changing patterns of female suicide: 1986-2000
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science Centre, 21 Divett Place, Adelaide 5000, South Australia
    J Clin Forensic Med 11:123-8. 2004
    ..Although drug related deaths remained the largest category, hanging deaths, which were once uncommon in females, have increased markedly...
  51. ncbi Unexpected infant death: lessons from the Sally Clark case
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science Centre, and University of Adelaide, SA 5061
    Med J Aust 181:52-4. 2004
    ..This type of case has unfortunately led to mistrust of the medical and legal systems and has made the investigation of such emotive and tragic cases all the harder...
  52. ncbi Gasoline exposure in motor vehicle accident fatalities
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science Centre, Adelaide, South Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 23:42-4. 2002
    ..Postmortem toxicologic investigations of such cases, which include analyses for volatile hydrocarbons, may therefore produce additional significant information...
  53. ncbi The interaction of death, sorcery and coronial/forensic practices within traditional indigenous communities
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, Australia
    J Clin Forensic Med 12:242-4. 2005
    ..Relatively minor alterations in standard forensic/coronial reporting practices may significantly assist certain groups whose cultural requirements may be under-appreciated and incompletely understood by investigating authorities...
  54. ncbi Child booster seats and lethal seat belt injury
    R W Byard
    Forensic Science Centre, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    J Paediatr Child Health 40:639-41. 2004
    ..For these reasons their use should be discouraged...
  55. ncbi Shared bathing and drowning in infants and young children
    R Byard
    Forensic Science Centre, Adelaide, Australia
    J Paediatr Child Health 37:542-4. 2001
    ..A study was undertaken to look at possible risks of shared bathing in early childhood...
  56. ncbi Clinicopathologic features of fatal self-inflicted incised and stab wounds: a 20-year study
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science Centre, Adelaide, South Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 23:15-8. 2002
    ..Although this study demonstrated a higher number of men than women committing suicide by using sharp objects, this method of suicide remains uncommon...
  57. ncbi Diabetic ketoacidosis--a possible complicating factor in deaths associated with drug overdose: two case reports
    R W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, South Australia
    Med Sci Law 46:81-4. 2006
    ..Lethal mechanisms were, therefore, more complex than simple drug toxicity or diabetic ketoacidosis in isolation...
  58. ncbi Fatal childhood vascular injuries associated with seat belt use
    K J Riches
    Forensic Science Centre, Adelaide, South Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 23:45-7. 2002
    ....
  59. ncbi Death and paramethoxyamphetamine -- an evolving problem
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science Centre, Adelaide, SA
    Med J Aust 176:496. 2002
  60. ncbi Infant bath seats, drowning and near-drowning
    R W Byard
    Forensic Science Centre and Child Protection Unit, Women s and Children s Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    J Paediatr Child Health 40:305-7. 2004
    ..To investigate the possible role of infant bathtub seats in drowning and near-drowning episodes in infants...
  61. ncbi Sudden infant death syndrome: overview and update
    Roger W Byard
    Division of Pathology, Forensic Science Centre, 21 Divett Place, Adelaide 5000, South Australia, Australia
    Pediatr Dev Pathol 6:112-27. 2003
    ....
  62. ncbi Forensic issues and possible mechanisms of sudden death in Rett syndrome
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science Centre SA, 21 Divett Place, Adelaide 5000, South Australia
    J Clin Forensic Med 13:96-9. 2006
    ..Complications of Rett syndrome' may, therefore, be the most accurate designation when individuals with this condition are found unexpectedly dead and no anatomical cause of death can be identified at autopsy...
  63. ncbi Temporal trends over the past two decades in asphyxial deaths in South Australia involving plastic bags or wrapping
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, 21 Divett Place, Adelaide 5000, South Australia, Australia
    J Clin Forensic Med 13:9-14. 2006
    ....
  64. ncbi Incapacitation or death of a socially isolated parent or carer could result in the death of dependent children
    R W Byard
    Forensic Science Centre, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    J Paediatr Child Health 38:417-8. 2002
    ..The provision of medical-emergency buttons for such families, and/or the setting up of regular contact with medical clinics or neighbours are steps that could be taken to diminish the risk of such an outcome...
  65. ncbi Who's killing the autopsy?
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science South Australia, 21 Divett Place, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
    Med J Aust 183:654-5. 2005
    ..A new tool for assessing the causes of falling autopsy rates...
  66. doi Mesenteric fibrosis--a histologic marker of previous blunt abdominal trauma in early childhood
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Int J Legal Med 124:71-3. 2010
    ..Extensive histologic sampling of abdominal organs and tissues including the mesentery can, therefore, be extremely useful in such cases...
  67. ncbi Inhalant deaths in South Australia: a 20-year retrospective autopsy study
    Regula Wick
    Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:319-22. 2007
    ..Gasoline inhalation remains a significant problem in Aboriginal communities in South Australia...
  68. doi Matricides in South Australia - a 20-year retrospective review
    Regula Wick
    Discipline of Pathology, Level 3 Medical School North Building, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Adelaide 5005, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 15:168-71. 2008
    ..Matricides are uncommon forms of homicide that have similar features in most communities studied. Intra-familial tensions with underlying psychiatric illness in the perpetrator are common findings...
  69. ncbi Characteristic features of deaths due to decapitation
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science Centre, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 25:129-30. 2004
    ..2 years; male to female ratio, 1:4) and 2 were associated with industrial trauma. Suicidal decapitation accounted for <1% of total suicides and showed a striking male predominance, with the favored method involving trains...
  70. doi The spectrum of findings in cases of sudden death due to blunt cardiac trauma--'commotio cordis'
    Drew T Marshall
    Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 29:1-4. 2008
    ..Including cases such as these under the diagnostic umbrella of commotio cordis may demonstrate that a wider range of individuals are at risk for death from blunt cardiac trauma than sports-playing adolescents...
  71. ncbi Coincident deaths: double suicide or murder-suicide?
    Lisbeth L Jensen
    Discipline of Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Aarhus, Denmark
    Med Sci Law 49:27-32. 2009
    ..Spousal and familial links characterised both groups...
  72. doi Toddler run-overs--a persistent problem
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, Level 3 Medical School North Building, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Adelaide 5005, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 16:202-3. 2009
    ....
  73. ncbi Skin tension and cleavage lines (Langer's lines) causing distortion of ante- and postmortem wound morphology
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA and University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    Int J Legal Med 119:226-30. 2005
    ..These factors must be taken into consideration carefully when wounds are assessed at the death scene prior to autopsy...
  74. ncbi Haemolytic staining of the intima of the aortic root-- a useful pathological marker of freshwater drowning?
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, 21 Divett Place, Adelaide, 5000 SA, Australia
    J Clin Forensic Med 13:125-8. 2006
    ..It is not, however, present in all cases. Given the relatively small numbers in this study further work is required to clarify this issue...
  75. ncbi Esophageal causes of sudden and unexpected death
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 51:390-5. 2006
    ....
  76. ncbi Death associated with volatile substance inhalation--histologic, scanning electron microscopic and energy dispersive X-ray spectral analyses of lung tissue
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Forensic Sci Int 171:118-21. 2007
    ....
  77. ncbi Forensic issues in cases of Diogenes syndrome
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:177-81. 2007
    ....
  78. ncbi The brassiere 'sign' - a distinctive marker in crush asphyxia
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, South Australia
    J Clin Forensic Med 12:316-9. 2005
    ..This brassiere 'sign' provided a readily observable and easily recordable sign of crush asphyxia due to chest compression, and illustrated that vascular engorgement is necessary for the development of petechiae in these circumstances...
  79. doi A review of the potential forensic significance of traditional herbal medicines
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 55:89-92. 2010
    ..Given these issues the role of herbal medicines in forensic practice needs to be more clearly defined as deaths may be occurring where herbal medicines have made a significant, but as-yet unrecognized, contribution...
  80. ncbi Suffocation, shaking or sudden infant death syndrome: can we tell the difference?
    R Byard
    State Forensic Science Center, Department of Pediatrics, University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    J Paediatr Child Health 35:432-3. 1999
    ....
  81. doi Unusual causes of fatal upper aerodigestive tract obstruction in wild Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops aduncus)
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, Level 3 Medical School North Building, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    Forensic Sci Med Pathol 6:207-10. 2010
    ..These cases demonstrate rare causes of upper airway obstruction in wild dolphins that were identifiable only after detailed necropsy examination. The possibility of human involvement in the deaths could be excluded...
  82. doi Erosive gastritis, Armanni-Ebstein phenomenon and diabetic ketoacidosis
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Anatomy and Pathology, Level 3 Medical School North Building, The University of Adelaide and Forensic Science, Frome Road, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
    Forensic Sci Med Pathol 6:304-6. 2010
    ....
  83. doi Mechanisms of deaths in captive juvenile New Zealand fur seals (Arctocephalus forsteri)
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Anatomy and Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Level 3 Medical School North Building, Frome Road, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Forensic Sci Med Pathol 6:217-20. 2010
    ..Failure to establish the correct diagnosis rapidly may result in death soon after capture. The usefulness of imaging techniques such as CT scanning in delineating underlying injuries prior to necropsy is clearly demonstrated...
  84. ncbi Dancing with "death": p-methoxyamphetamine overdose and its acute management
    David G E Caldicott
    Emergency Department, Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace, Adelaide, Australia
    J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 41:143-54. 2003
    ..We report a case of PMA overdose in South Australia, and review our experience with the drug. We review the literature on PMA overdose and offer suggestions on the management of overdose with this dangerous drug...
  85. ncbi Unexpected death due to infectious mononucleosis
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science Centre, Adelaide, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 47:202-4. 2002
    ..08 mg/L. Toxicological evaluation of individuals with obstructive lesions of the upper airway may, therefore, be a useful adjunct to the autopsy assessment of such cases as it may reveal factors exacerbating mechanical blockage...
  86. ncbi Forensic issues in Down syndrome fatalities
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, Level 3 Medical School North Building, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Adelaide 5005, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 14:475-81. 2007
    ..Manifestations of Down syndrome are reviewed with an analysis of possible mechanisms of death and findings at autopsy...
  87. ncbi Is haemolytic staining of the aortic root a sign of fresh water drowning?
    Roger W Byard
    Pathology 37:551-2. 2005
  88. ncbi Initial neurologic presentation in young children sustaining inflicted and unintentional fatal head injuries
    Roger W Byard
    Pediatrics 116:1608; author reply 1608-9. 2005
  89. ncbi Infants and toddlers must not be thought of as "miniature adults" - a forensic perspective
    Henry F Krous
    J Forensic Leg Med 14:451-2. 2007
  90. ncbi Fatal electrocution in adults--a 30-year study
    Regula Wick
    Forensic Pathology, Forensic Science SA and Department of Histopathology, Women s and Children s Hospital, Adelaide, Australia
    Med Sci Law 46:166-72. 2006
    ..The reduction in cases over the last decade of the study may be a reflection of the success of workplace and domestic safety campaigns. Female electrocution suicides and electrocution homicides were rare events...
  91. ncbi Cervical fracture, decapitation, and vehicle-assisted suicide
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science Centre, Adelaide, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 47:392-4. 2002
    ..Although inadvertent alteration of the death scene in Case 1, with removal of the rope, complicated the initial assessment, the extent of soft tissue and bony injuries was such that ligature strangulation appeared unlikely...
  92. doi Hemolytic staining of the intima of the aortic root in freshwater drowning: a retrospective study
    Michael Tsokos
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 29:128-30. 2008
    ..When present, hemolytic staining of the aortic root intima may be a useful and possibly under-recognized corroborative sign of freshwater drowning...
  93. ncbi Fatalities associated with the use of gamma-hydroxybutyrate and its analogues in Australasia
    David G E Caldicott
    Department of Emergency Medicine and Trauma, Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
    Med J Aust 181:310-3. 2004
    ..To identify deaths in Australasia associated with overdose of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) and its precursors (gamma-butyrolactone and 1,4-butanediol)...
  94. ncbi Café coronary syndrome-fatal choking on food: an autopsy approach
    Regula Wick
    Forensic Science SA and Department of Pathology, University of Adelaide, 21 Divett Place, 5000 Adelaide, Australia
    J Clin Forensic Med 13:135-8. 2006
    ....