H A Kelly

Summary

Affiliation: Royal Melbourne Hospital
Country: Australia

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Moderate influenza vaccine effectiveness with variable effectiveness by match between circulating and vaccine strains in Australian adults aged 20-64 years, 2007-2011
    Heath A Kelly
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Influenza Other Respir Viruses 7:729-37. 2013
  2. pmc Modelling the effect of seasonal influenza vaccination on the risk of pandemic influenza infection
    Geoffry N Mercer
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    BMC Public Health 11:S11. 2011
  3. pmc Simulation suggests that rapid activation of social distancing can arrest epidemic development due to a novel strain of influenza
    Joel K Kelso
    School of Computer Science and Software Engineering, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia
    BMC Public Health 9:117. 2009
  4. pmc Detecting the start of an influenza outbreak using exponentially weighted moving average charts
    Stefan H Steiner
    Dept of Statistics, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 10:37. 2010
  5. pmc Estimation of type- and subtype-specific influenza vaccine effectiveness in Victoria, Australia using a test negative case control method, 2007-2008
    James E Fielding
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory 10 Wreckyn Street, North Melbourne, Victoria 3051, Australia
    BMC Infect Dis 11:170. 2011
  6. pmc An evaluation of the sensitivity of acute flaccid paralysis surveillance for poliovirus infection in Australia
    Rochelle E Watkins
    Australian Biosecurity CRC for Emerging Infectious Disease, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia
    BMC Infect Dis 9:162. 2009
  7. ncbi request reprint Interruption of rubella virus transmission in Australia may require vaccination of adult males: evidence from a Victorian sero-survey
    Heath Kelly
    Epidemiology and Surveillance, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Locked Bag, Carlton South
    Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 28:69-73. 2004
  8. ncbi request reprint Epidemiological characteristics of pandemic influenza H1N1 2009 and seasonal influenza infection
    Heath A Kelly
    Epidemiology Unit, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Med J Aust 191:146-9. 2009
  9. doi request reprint H1N1 swine origin influenza infection in the United States and Europe in 2009 may be similar to H1N1 seasonal influenza infection in two Australian states in 2007 and 2008
    Heath Kelly
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Influenza Other Respir Viruses 3:183-8. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint The causes and diagnosis of influenza-like illness
    Heath Kelly
    Epidemiology Unit, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, North Melbourne, Victoria
    Aust Fam Physician 33:305-9. 2004

Detail Information

Publications77

  1. doi request reprint Moderate influenza vaccine effectiveness with variable effectiveness by match between circulating and vaccine strains in Australian adults aged 20-64 years, 2007-2011
    Heath A Kelly
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Influenza Other Respir Viruses 7:729-37. 2013
    ..Influenza vaccines are licensed annually based on immunogenicity studies. We used five sequential years of data to estimate influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE), the critical outcome in the field...
  2. pmc Modelling the effect of seasonal influenza vaccination on the risk of pandemic influenza infection
    Geoffry N Mercer
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    BMC Public Health 11:S11. 2011
    ..The model assumes that seasonal vaccine has no effect on the risk of infection with pandemic influenza...
  3. pmc Simulation suggests that rapid activation of social distancing can arrest epidemic development due to a novel strain of influenza
    Joel K Kelso
    School of Computer Science and Software Engineering, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia
    BMC Public Health 9:117. 2009
    ..We conducted simulations of a small community to determine the magnitude and timing of activation that would be necessary for social distancing interventions to arrest a future pandemic...
  4. pmc Detecting the start of an influenza outbreak using exponentially weighted moving average charts
    Stefan H Steiner
    Dept of Statistics, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 10:37. 2010
    ..The severity and length of influenza outbreaks vary from year to year. Quick and reliable detection of the start of an outbreak is needed to promote public health measures...
  5. pmc Estimation of type- and subtype-specific influenza vaccine effectiveness in Victoria, Australia using a test negative case control method, 2007-2008
    James E Fielding
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory 10 Wreckyn Street, North Melbourne, Victoria 3051, Australia
    BMC Infect Dis 11:170. 2011
    ..We used a test negative case control design to estimate influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) against influenza by type and subtype over two consecutive seasons in Victoria, Australia...
  6. pmc An evaluation of the sensitivity of acute flaccid paralysis surveillance for poliovirus infection in Australia
    Rochelle E Watkins
    Australian Biosecurity CRC for Emerging Infectious Disease, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia
    BMC Infect Dis 9:162. 2009
    ..We applied recently developed methods for the quantitative evaluation of disease surveillance systems to evaluate the sensitivity of AFP surveillance for poliovirus infection in Australia...
  7. ncbi request reprint Interruption of rubella virus transmission in Australia may require vaccination of adult males: evidence from a Victorian sero-survey
    Heath Kelly
    Epidemiology and Surveillance, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Locked Bag, Carlton South
    Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 28:69-73. 2004
    ..A campaign, targeting both men and women in a similar age group has recently been successful in Costa Rica...
  8. ncbi request reprint Epidemiological characteristics of pandemic influenza H1N1 2009 and seasonal influenza infection
    Heath A Kelly
    Epidemiology Unit, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Med J Aust 191:146-9. 2009
    ..If the evolving pandemic allows, we should take advantage of the increased testing being conducted for pandemic influenza to learn more about the real impact of laboratory-confirmed seasonal influenza...
  9. doi request reprint H1N1 swine origin influenza infection in the United States and Europe in 2009 may be similar to H1N1 seasonal influenza infection in two Australian states in 2007 and 2008
    Heath Kelly
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Influenza Other Respir Viruses 3:183-8. 2009
    ..We aimed to compare available data on swine origin influenza A (H1N1) virus infection overseas with seasonal influenza A (H1N1) virus infection in Australia to assist with forward planning...
  10. ncbi request reprint The causes and diagnosis of influenza-like illness
    Heath Kelly
    Epidemiology Unit, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, North Melbourne, Victoria
    Aust Fam Physician 33:305-9. 2004
    ..These viruses cause symptoms often referred to as influenza-like illness (ILI), but are not generally distinguishable on clinical grounds alone...
  11. ncbi request reprint A pandemic response to a disease of predominantly seasonal intensity
    Heath A Kelly
    Epidemiology Unit, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Med J Aust 192:81-3. 2010
    ..It is critical to accumulate quality evidence about laboratory-confirmed influenza to guide our intervention policies for both seasonal and pandemic influenza...
  12. pmc Estimation of influenza vaccine effectiveness from routine surveillance data
    Heath Kelly
    Epidemiology Unit and Virus Identification Laboratory, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, Australia
    PLoS ONE 4:e5079. 2009
    ..It is possible to use a case control method to estimate vaccine effectiveness from surveillance data when all patients in a surveillance system are tested for influenza and their vaccination status is known...
  13. pmc Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza community transmission was established in one Australian state when the virus was first identified in North America
    Heath A Kelly
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, Australia
    PLoS ONE 5:e11341. 2010
    ..In contrast, this was not true for the pandemic in other parts of Australia, including Western Australia (WA)...
  14. doi request reprint Estimating sensitivity and specificity from positive predictive value, negative predictive value and prevalence: application to surveillance systems for hospital-acquired infections
    H Kelly
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Carlton South, Melbourne, Australia
    J Hosp Infect 69:164-8. 2008
    ..The general proof of this principle is provided as an Appendix. The sensitivity and specificity of surveillance systems can be calculated by two equivalent methods when only PPV, NPV and prevalence are known...
  15. pmc We should not be complacent about our population-based public health response to the first influenza pandemic of the 21st century
    Heath A Kelly
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, Australia
    BMC Public Health 11:78. 2011
    ..More than a year after an influenza pandemic was declared in June 2009, the World Health Organization declared the pandemic to be over. Evaluations of the pandemic response are beginning to appear in the public domain...
  16. ncbi request reprint Polioviruses and other enteroviruses isolated from faecal samples of patients with acute flaccid paralysis in Australia, 1996-2004
    Heath Kelly
    Epidemiology Unit, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    J Paediatr Child Health 42:370-6. 2006
    ..This study aims to review the significance of all enteroviruses, including polioviruses, isolated from patients with AFP in Australia between 1996 and 2004...
  17. ncbi request reprint Laboratory-supported influenza surveillance in Victorian sentinel general practices
    H Kelly
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, North Melbourne, Locked Bag 815, Carlton South, Vic, Australia 3053
    Commun Dis Intell 24:379-83. 2000
    ..The clinical suspicion of influenza was confirmed in 49 to 54 per cent of cases seen in general practice...
  18. ncbi request reprint Measles immunity among young adults in Victoria
    H A Kelly
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, North Melbourne, Victoria
    Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 25:129-32. 2001
    ..A review of published Australian data supports this conclusion and confirms the need for a measles control program aimed at young adults...
  19. pmc The age-specific cumulative incidence of infection with pandemic influenza H1N1 2009 was similar in various countries prior to vaccination
    Heath Kelly
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, North Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    PLoS ONE 6:e21828. 2011
    ..We reviewed all published serological studies that estimated the cumulative incidence of infection with pandemic influenza H1N1 2009 prior to the initiation of population-based vaccination against the pandemic strain...
  20. ncbi request reprint The number needed to vaccinate (NNV) and population extensions of the NNV: comparison of influenza and pneumococcal vaccine programmes for people aged 65 years and over
    Heath Kelly
    Epidemiology Division, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Locked Bag 815, Carlton South 3053, Melbourne, Australia
    Vaccine 22:2192-8. 2004
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint A no-fault compensation scheme for serious adverse events attributed to vaccination
    Heath A Kelly
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Med J Aust 195:4-5. 2011
    ..No-fault compensation, based on the ethical principle of redistributive justice, should form a cornerstone of Australia's immunisation strategy...
  22. doi request reprint Pandemic influenza H1N1 2009 infection in Victoria, Australia: no evidence for harm or benefit following receipt of seasonal influenza vaccine in 2009
    Heath A Kelly
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Vaccine 29:6419-26. 2011
    ....
  23. pmc Residual susceptibility to measles among young adults in Victoria, Australia following a national targeted measles-mumps-rubella vaccination campaign
    Heath A Kelly
    Epidemiology Unit, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory VIDRL and World Health Organization WHO Western Pacific Region Measles Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, Australia
    BMC Public Health 7:99. 2007
    ..By estimating age-specific immunity, we aimed to evaluate the success of this campaign in the state of Victoria...
  24. ncbi request reprint Evidence for a causal association between oral polio vaccine and transverse myelitis: A case history and review of the Literature
    Heath Kelly
    Victorian Infectitious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, Australia
    J Paediatr Child Health 42:155-9. 2006
    ..The clinical history and laboratory results in this case satisfy these criteria, providing plausible evidence for the causal link between OPV and transverse myelitis...
  25. ncbi request reprint A random cluster survey and a convenience sample give comparable estimates of immunity to vaccine preventable diseases in children of school age in Victoria, Australia
    Heath Kelly
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Locked Bag 815, 10 Wreckyn Street, North Melbourne 3051, Carlton South, VIC 3053, Australia
    Vaccine 20:3130-6. 2002
    ....
  26. doi request reprint Hospitalized community-acquired pneumonia in the elderly: an Australian case-cohort study
    S A Skull
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children s Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
    Epidemiol Infect 137:194-202. 2009
    ..Investigation is ad hoc and management empirical. Influenza vaccination is associated with reduced mortality. Patient characteristics can predict risk of CAP and subsequent mortality...
  27. pmc Mumps and rubella: a year of enhanced surveillance and laboratory testing
    R J Guy
    Communicable Diseases Section, Rural and Regional Health and Aged Care Services Division, Department of Human Services, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Epidemiol Infect 132:391-8. 2004
    ..These results highlight the value of laboratory confirmation of the diagnosis when mumps and rubella are rare, failure to do so is likely to overestimate disease incidence...
  28. pmc Investigation of optimal specimen type and sampling time for detection of measles virus RNA during a measles epidemic
    M A Riddell
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, North Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    J Clin Microbiol 39:375-6. 2001
    ..Of lymphocytes, urine, throat swab, and serum specimens, throat swab specimens were optimal for detection of measles virus RNA during the first 2 weeks after the rash...
  29. ncbi request reprint Measles outbreak in young adults in Victoria, 1999
    S B Lambert
    Department of Human Services, Melbourne, Vic
    Med J Aust 173:467-71. 2000
    ..To describe an outbreak of measles in Victoria...
  30. ncbi request reprint Higher than normal seasonal influenza activity in Victoria, 2003
    Joy Turner
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, North Melbourne, Victoria
    Commun Dis Intell 28:175-80. 2004
    ..Although the proportion of patients with ILI detected through MMLS surveillance was greater than the proportion from sentinel general practices, the ILI pattern was comparable between the two surveillance systems...
  31. pmc Using the two-source capture-recapture method to estimate the incidence of acute flaccid paralysis in Victoria, Australia
    Kathryn Whitfield
    Department of Human Services, Victorian Public Health Training Scheme, Melbourne, Australia
    Bull World Health Organ 80:846-51. 2002
    ..To estimate the incidence and the completeness of ascertainment of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) in Victoria, Australia, in 1998-2000 and to determine its common causes among children aged under 15 years...
  32. ncbi request reprint Detection of rubella immunoglobulin M from dried venous blood spots using a commercial enzyme immunoassay
    Theo Karapanagiotidis
    Serology Laboratory and World Health Organization Western Pacific Regional Reference Laboratory for Measles, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Carlton South 3053, Melbourne, Australia
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 53:107-11. 2005
    ..7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 83.3-100%) and the specificity was 100% (95% CI, 93.7-100%)...
  33. ncbi request reprint Laboratory diagnosis and surveillance of human respiratory viruses by PCR in Victoria, Australia, 2002-2003
    Julian Druce
    Virology Department, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, 10 Wreckyn Street, North Melbourne 3051, Victoria, Australia
    J Med Virol 75:122-9. 2005
    ..Infection with more than one respiratory virus occurred in a small number of patients; picornaviruses were most commonly implicated in these dual infections...
  34. doi request reprint Varicella infection--evidence for peak activity in summer months
    E R Miller
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Locked Bag 815, Carlton South 3053, Australia
    J Infect 56:360-5. 2008
    ..This finding may have implications for prevention in temperate regions elsewhere in the world wherever estimations of local seasonal trends have been based on international experiences...
  35. pmc ICD-10 codes are a valid tool for identification of pneumonia in hospitalized patients aged > or = 65 years
    S A Skull
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children s Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
    Epidemiol Infect 136:232-40. 2008
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint A serosurvey evaluation of the school-based measles 'catch-up' immunisation campaign in Victorian school-aged children
    M A Riddell
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Victoria
    Aust N Z J Public Health 25:529-33. 2001
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Importation of wild poliovirus into Australia, July 2007
    Bruce Thorley
    Poliovirus Reference Laboratory, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, North Melbourne, VIC 3053
    Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 31:299. 2007
  38. doi request reprint Markers of hepatitis B virus infection and immunity in Victoria, Australia, 1995 to 2005
    Benjamin Cowie
    The University of Melbourne, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, Victoria
    Aust N Z J Public Health 34:72-8. 2010
    ..This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of serological markers of infection with, and immunity to, HBV in the Victorian population and to analyse trends in these estimates over time...
  39. doi request reprint Using samples to estimate the sensitivity and specificity of a surveillance process
    Emma S McBryde
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Service, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 29:559-63. 2008
    ..It provides a formula for deriving confidence intervals for these estimates and a guide to minimum requirements for sampling results...
  40. doi request reprint Oral poliovirus vaccine type 3 from a patient with transverse myelitis is neurovirulent in a transgenic mouse model
    Bruce Thorley
    Polio Reference Laboratory and Epidemiology Unit, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, North Melbourne, Australia
    J Clin Virol 44:268-71. 2009
    ..It is therefore possible that OPV could cause transverse myelitis. We previously reported a case of transverse myelitis that developed in a 6-month-old boy, 7 days after receiving his second dose of OPV...
  41. ncbi request reprint Report on a workshop on the laboratory diagnosis of measles
    Jennie Leydon
    Serology Laboratory, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, North Melbourne
    Pac Health Dialog 12:159-63. 2005
    ..It also provided an introduction to proficiency testing...
  42. ncbi request reprint A meta-analysis of effectiveness of influenza vaccine in persons aged 65 years and over living in the community
    Trang Vu
    Victorian Public Health Training Program, Charles Connibere Building, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, VIC 3050, Australia
    Vaccine 20:1831-6. 2002
    ..To estimate the effectiveness of inactivated influenza vaccine in persons aged 65 years and over living in the community...
  43. ncbi request reprint Incidence and characteristics of endemic Norwalk-like virus-associated gastroenteritis
    John A Marshall
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, North Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    J Med Virol 69:568-78. 2003
    ..NLV G1 seasonality was significantly different from that of NLV G2. Seven major NLV clusters were identified by phylogenetic analysis...
  44. ncbi request reprint Working towards a simple case definition for influenza surveillance
    Karin Thursky
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Victorian Infectious Diseases Service, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Grattan Street, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia
    J Clin Virol 27:170-9. 2003
    ..A single definition of influenza-like illness (ILI) has been recommended by the Australian Influenza Pandemic planning committee for influenza surveillance systems throughout Australia...
  45. ncbi request reprint Annual report of the Australian National Poliovirus Reference Laboratory, 2002
    Bruce R Thorley
    Poliovirus Reference Laboratory, Carlton South, Victoria
    Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 27:352-6. 2003
    ..Until global eradication of poliomyelitis is achieved, it is essential that a high level of poliovirus vaccination coverage, and surveillance for cases of acute flaccid paralysis, be maintained in Australia...
  46. pmc Hepatitis E infections, Victoria, Australia
    Benjamin C Cowie
    Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:482-4. 2005
    ..The increase is compared with a background of exposure in countries in which hepatitis E is endemic...
  47. ncbi request reprint Fragmentation of influenza surveillance in Australia
    Caroline Watts
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Carlton South
    Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 26:8-13. 2002
    ..Prompt attention to these issues is important to ensure an adequate public health response to future influenza virus epidemics or a pandemic...
  48. ncbi request reprint Parasite-specific IgG response and peripheral blood eosinophil count following albendazole treatment for presumed chronic strongyloidiasis
    Harin Karunajeewa
    Department of Medicine, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    J Travel Med 13:84-91. 2006
    ..Accurate and reliable means of diagnosis and follow-up are required for effective management. The role of S stercoralis enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in this context was examined...
  49. ncbi request reprint Persistent risk of tuberculosis in migrants a decade after arrival in Australia
    Michelle E McPherson
    Communicable Disease Control, Department of Human Services, Melbourne, Vic
    Med J Aust 188:528-31. 2008
    ..To examine the risk of tuberculosis (TB) in migrants a decade after their arrival in Australia...
  50. ncbi request reprint Validation of coronary artery bypass graft surgical site infection surveillance data from a statewide surveillance system in Australia
    N Deborah Friedman
    Victorian Hospital Acquired Infection Surveillance System Coordinating Centre, North Melbourne, Australia
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:812-7. 2007
    ....
  51. ncbi request reprint What factors facilitate a GP survey high response rate?
    James Fielding
    Communicable Diseases Section, Department of Human Services, Melbourne, Victoria
    Aust Fam Physician 34:895-6. 2005
  52. ncbi request reprint Geographic representativeness for sentinel influenza surveillance: implications for routine surveillance and pandemic preparedness
    Hazel Clothier
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, 10 Wreckyn Street, North Melbourne, Victoria 3051
    Aust N Z J Public Health 30:337-41. 2006
    ..To review the guidelines for geographic representativeness applied to sentinel influenza surveillance as proposed in the Framework for an Australian Influenza Pandemic Plan (1999)...
  53. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology and impact of childhood molluscum contagiosum: a case series and critical review of the literature
    Anna Braue
    Department of Dermatology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    Pediatr Dermatol 22:287-94. 2005
    ..Age, living in close proximity, skin-to-skin contact, sharing of fomites, and residence in tropical climates were also associated with higher rates of infection while sex, seasonality, and hygiene showed no such association...
  54. ncbi request reprint Influenza surveillance within hospitals: what is the world doing?
    Kylie S Carville
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Carlton South, Victoria
    Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 31:413-8. 2007
    ..The approach to influenza surveillance within hospitals will depend on objectives and available resources, although an automated approach is likely to have greater longevity as labour requirements are reduced...
  55. ncbi request reprint Establishing thresholds for influenza surveillance in Victoria
    Caroline G Watts
    Epidemiology Division, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Locked Bag 815, Carlton South, Victoria 3053
    Aust N Z J Public Health 27:409-12. 2003
    ....
  56. ncbi request reprint Prevention of community-acquired pneumonia among a cohort of hospitalized elderly: benefit due to influenza and pneumococcal vaccination not demonstrated
    Susan A Skull
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children s Hospital, Flemington Rd, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia
    Vaccine 25:4631-40. 2007
    ..02, 95%CI 0.84-1.20) or for both vaccines compared with influenza vaccine (RR 0.98, 95%CI 0.81-1.18). The current program of funding these vaccines for the elderly is not having a discernable impact on HCAP in this setting...
  57. ncbi request reprint Vigilance is required for Australia to remain polio free
    Bruce R Thorley
    Med J Aust 184:474-5. 2006
  58. ncbi request reprint Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine may not prevent hospitalization for pneumonia in elderly individuals
    Susan A Skull
    Clin Infect Dis 44:617; author reply 617-8. 2007
  59. ncbi request reprint Annual report of the Australian National Poliovirus Reference Laboratory and summary of acute flaccid paralysis surveillance, 2001
    Bruce R Thorley
    Head Poliovirus Reference Laboratory, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Carlton South
    Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 26:419-27. 2002
    ....
  60. ncbi request reprint Measles transmission in healthcare settings in Australia
    Heath A Kelly
    Med J Aust 176:50-1. 2002
  61. ncbi request reprint A comparison of data sources for the surveillance of seasonal and pandemic influenza in Victoria
    Hazel J Clothier
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Parkville, Victoria
    Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 30:345-9. 2006
    ..Other surveillance systems would be needed for early pandemic case or cluster detection, while pandemic monitoring would be better achieved by a more automated system...
  62. pmc Detection of measles virus-specific immunoglobulin M in dried venous blood samples by using a commercial enzyme immunoassay
    Michaela A Riddell
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory WHO Western Pacific Measles Regional Reference Laboratory, North Melbourne, Australia
    J Clin Microbiol 40:5-9. 2002
    ..7% agreement between the results for the two sample types. These results demonstrate the potential for the use of DVB samples for the diagnosis of measles in routine diagnostic laboratories...
  63. pmc Dried venous blood samples for the detection and quantification of measles IgG using a commercial enzyme immunoassay
    Michaela A Riddell
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory VIDRL WHO Western Pacific Measles Regional Reference Laboratory, 10 Wreckyn Street, North Melbourne, 3051 Victoria, Australia
    Bull World Health Organ 81:701-7. 2003
    ..To determine whether samples of dried venous blood (DVB) were an acceptable alternative to serum for detecting measles-specific IgG in a commercial enzyme immunoassay...
  64. ncbi request reprint Influenza outbreaks in aged-care facilities: staff vaccination and the emerging use of antiviral therapy
    Rebecca J Guy
    Department of Human Services, Melbourne, Vic
    Med J Aust 180:640-2. 2004
  65. ncbi request reprint Higher than expected seasonal influenza activity in Victoria, 2007
    Emma R Miller
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, Victoria
    Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 32:63-70. 2008
    ..While neither virus strain was specifically included in the 2007 Australian influenza vaccine, reasonable cross protection was afforded by the strains in the vaccine...
  66. ncbi request reprint Influenza and pneumococcal vaccine coverage among a random sample of hospitalised persons aged 65 years or more, Victoria
    Ross M Andrews
    Centre for International Child Health and Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville, Victoria
    Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 29:283-8. 2005
    ..However, these data highlight the need for greater awareness of pneumococcal vaccine among practitioners and for systematic recording of vaccination status, as many of these subjects will soon become eligible for revaccination...
  67. ncbi request reprint An evaluation of the Australian Sentinel Practice Research Network (ASPREN) surveillance for influenza-like illness
    Hazel J Clothier
    Laboratory Epidemiologist, Epidemiology Unit, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, Victoria
    Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 29:231-47. 2005
    ..These evaluation findings will be used to inform redevelopment of ASPREN as part of the Biosecurity Surveillance System project...
  68. ncbi request reprint Influenza surveillance in Victoria, 2005
    Joy L Turner
    Epidemiology Unit, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, Victoria
    Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 30:137-43. 2006
    ..Although the predominant H3 and B circulating strains were not included in the vaccine, there was reasonable serological cross protection between vaccine and circulating strains...
  69. ncbi request reprint Missed opportunities to vaccinate a cohort of hospitalised elderly with pneumococcal and influenza vaccines
    Susan A Skull
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children s Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia
    Vaccine 25:5146-54. 2007
    ..Previous hospitalisation was a risk factor for being unvaccinated. Barriers to implementation of current vaccination policy in the hospital setting require formal evaluation in Australia...
  70. ncbi request reprint Sustained increase in infectious syphilis notifications in Victoria
    Rebecca J Guy
    Med J Aust 183:218. 2005
  71. ncbi request reprint Influenza surveillance in Victoria, 2006
    James E Fielding
    Communicable Disease Control Unit, Department of Human Services, Melbourne, Victoria
    Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 31:100-6. 2007
    ..The influenza vaccine for 2006 contained A/New Caledonia/20/ 99(H1N1)-like virus, A/California/7/2004(H3N2)-like virus and B/Malaysia/2506/2004-like virus...
  72. ncbi request reprint Knowledge about hepatitis and previous exposure to hepatitis viruses in immigrants and refugees from the Mekong Region
    Sonia R Caruana
    Department of Medicine RMH WH, University of Melbourne, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria
    Aust N Z J Public Health 29:64-8. 2005
    ..This study assesses knowledge about HBV and HCV and estimates the seroprevalence of markers for these viruses in immigrants from Laos and Cambodia...
  73. ncbi request reprint Validity of self-reported influenza and pneumococcal vaccination status among a cohort of hospitalized elderly inpatients
    Susan A Skull
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children s Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia
    Vaccine 25:4775-83. 2007
    ..Self-report remains imperfect and whole-of-life immunisation registers a preferable goal...
  74. ncbi request reprint Undiagnosed and potentially lethal parasite infections among immigrants and refugees in Australia
    Sonia R Caruana
    Department of Medicine, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3050, Australia
    J Travel Med 13:233-9. 2006
    ..Immigrants and refugees from high-risk countries would benefit from comprehensive health checks soon after resettlement...
  75. ncbi request reprint Ethics committees and guardianship legislation
    James E Fielding
    Med J Aust 179:390; discussion 390. 2003
  76. ncbi request reprint Serum alanine aminotransferase levels and the detection of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in chronic HCV infections
    Heath A Kelly
    Med J Aust 176:139. 2002
  77. ncbi request reprint Immunisation at the crossroads: 9th National Immunisation/1st Asia-Pacific Vaccine Preventable Diseases Conference
    Peter B McIntyre
    National Centre for Immunisation Research, Sydney, NSW
    Med J Aust 182:15-6. 2005