K L Schmid

Summary

Affiliation: Queensland University of Technology
Country: Australia

Publications

  1. pmc Identification of GABA receptors in chick cornea
    Zhen ying Cheng
    Myopia Center, Department of Ophthalmology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China
    Mol Vis 18:1107-14. 2012
  2. doi request reprint The effects and interactions of GABAergic and dopaminergic agents in the prevention of form deprivation myopia by brief periods of normal vision
    Katrina L Schmid
    School of Optometry and Vision Science, Faculty of Health and Vision Improvement Domain, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD 4059, Australia
    Exp Eye Res 110:88-95. 2013
  3. doi request reprint Assessment of daily light and ultraviolet exposure in young adults
    Katrina L Schmid
    School of Optometry and Vision Science, Faculty of Health, and Vision Improvement Domain, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland
    Optom Vis Sci 90:148-55. 2013
  4. ncbi request reprint Effects on the compensatory responses to positive and negative lenses of intermittent lens wear and ciliary nerve section in chicks
    K L Schmid
    Centre for Eye Research, Queensland University of Technology and Vision, Brisbane, Australia
    Vision Res 36:1023-36. 1996
  5. ncbi request reprint The effect of manipulations to target contrast on emmetropization in chick
    Katrina L Schmid
    Centre for Health Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Rd, Kelvin Grove, 4059 Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Vision Res 46:1099-107. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Inhibitory effects of apomorphine and atropine and their combination on myopia in chicks
    Katrina L Schmid
    School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, and Vision Touch and Hearing Research Centre, School of Biomedical Science, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Optom Vis Sci 81:137-47. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint Relationship between intraocular pressure and eye growth in chick
    Katrina L Schmid
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 23:25-33. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint Assessment of visual acuity and contrast sensitivity in the chick using an optokinetic nystagmus paradigm
    K L Schmid
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove Campus, Victoria Park Road, Redhill, Brisbane, QLD 4059, Australia
    Vision Res 38:2629-34. 1998
  9. ncbi request reprint Blur detection thresholds in childhood myopia: single and dual target presentation
    Katrina L Schmid
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove Campus, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, Queensland 4059, Australia
    Vision Res 42:239-47. 2002
  10. ncbi request reprint Timolol lowers intraocular pressure but does not inhibit the development of experimental myopia in chick
    K L Schmid
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Exp Eye Res 70:659-66. 2000

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications41

  1. pmc Identification of GABA receptors in chick cornea
    Zhen ying Cheng
    Myopia Center, Department of Ophthalmology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China
    Mol Vis 18:1107-14. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to determine if GABA receptors are located in chick cornea...
  2. doi request reprint The effects and interactions of GABAergic and dopaminergic agents in the prevention of form deprivation myopia by brief periods of normal vision
    Katrina L Schmid
    School of Optometry and Vision Science, Faculty of Health and Vision Improvement Domain, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD 4059, Australia
    Exp Eye Res 110:88-95. 2013
    ..The protective effect of normal vision against form-deprivation is modifiable by both the GABAergic and DAergic pathways...
  3. doi request reprint Assessment of daily light and ultraviolet exposure in young adults
    Katrina L Schmid
    School of Optometry and Vision Science, Faculty of Health, and Vision Improvement Domain, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland
    Optom Vis Sci 90:148-55. 2013
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Effects on the compensatory responses to positive and negative lenses of intermittent lens wear and ciliary nerve section in chicks
    K L Schmid
    Centre for Eye Research, Queensland University of Technology and Vision, Brisbane, Australia
    Vision Res 36:1023-36. 1996
    ..Ciliary nerve section used here to eliminate accommodation did not alter these response patterns...
  5. ncbi request reprint The effect of manipulations to target contrast on emmetropization in chick
    Katrina L Schmid
    Centre for Health Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Rd, Kelvin Grove, 4059 Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Vision Res 46:1099-107. 2006
    ..56 D; 8.5%: RE diff=-4.09+/-3.60 D). We conclude that image contrast provides important visual information for the eye growth control system or that contrast must reach a threshold value for some other emmetropization signal to function...
  6. ncbi request reprint Inhibitory effects of apomorphine and atropine and their combination on myopia in chicks
    Katrina L Schmid
    School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, and Vision Touch and Hearing Research Centre, School of Biomedical Science, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Optom Vis Sci 81:137-47. 2004
    ..Our study filled this deficiency. After establishing that apomorphine inhibited lens-induced myopia, we investigated whether apomorphine and atropine acted sequentially via the same control pathway or via different parallel pathways...
  7. ncbi request reprint Relationship between intraocular pressure and eye growth in chick
    Katrina L Schmid
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 23:25-33. 2003
    ..The faster growing eyes of the -15 D group exhibited a later relative increase in IOP. The described changes in IOP are compatible with, but do not prove, a modulatory influence of IOP on early eye growth...
  8. ncbi request reprint Assessment of visual acuity and contrast sensitivity in the chick using an optokinetic nystagmus paradigm
    K L Schmid
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove Campus, Victoria Park Road, Redhill, Brisbane, QLD 4059, Australia
    Vision Res 38:2629-34. 1998
    ..These data suggest that the visual performance of the chick is slightly poorer than that of the pigeon which has a similar eye size and exhibits similar foraging behaviour...
  9. ncbi request reprint Blur detection thresholds in childhood myopia: single and dual target presentation
    Katrina L Schmid
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove Campus, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, Queensland 4059, Australia
    Vision Res 42:239-47. 2002
    ..We found that the blur detection ability showed greater individual variation in myopic children. Further work is required to determine whether blur detection ability is of relevance to myopia development...
  10. ncbi request reprint Timolol lowers intraocular pressure but does not inhibit the development of experimental myopia in chick
    K L Schmid
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Exp Eye Res 70:659-66. 2000
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Imposed retinal image size changes--do they provide a cue to the sign of lens-induced defocus in chick?
    K L Schmid
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Optom Vis Sci 76:320-5. 1999
    ..magnification), we asked whether retinal image size might provide the required sign information...
  12. ncbi request reprint Contrast and spatial-frequency requirements for emmetropization in chicks
    K L Schmid
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Vision Res 37:2011-21. 1997
    ..Finally, the data hint that chromatic aberration may have some role as a cue to defocus in emmetropization...
  13. ncbi request reprint AC/A ratios in myopic and emmetropic Hong Kong children and the effect of timolol
    Jennifer C Chen
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, QLD, 4059, Australia
    Clin Exp Optom 86:323-30. 2003
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Hard contact lenses alter accommodative gain but do not prevent refractive adaptation in chicks
    K L Schmid
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Optom Vis Sci 74:20-7. 1997
    ..That compensation, albeit incomplete, occurred with the contact lens as well as the spectacle lens, suggests that neither accommodation nor astigmatism are fundamental cues for emmetropization as modeled here...
  15. ncbi request reprint Retinal serotonin, eye growth and myopia development in chick
    Abigail George
    Vision Touch and Hearing Research Centre, School of Biomedical Science, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Exp Eye Res 81:616-25. 2005
    ..5%). Collectively, these results suggest that manipulations to the serotonin system can alter the eye growth process but the role of this transmitter system within this process remains unclear...
  16. ncbi request reprint Emmetropisation responses when visual information is presented at only one or two near target planes in chick
    Katrina L Schmid
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, QLD, 4059, Australia
    Clin Exp Optom 86:308-16. 2003
    ..We investigated the effect of introducing information at a second nearer plane on emmetropisation responses under these conditions...
  17. doi request reprint Randomized trial of effect of bifocal and prismatic bifocal spectacles on myopic progression: two-year results
    Desmond Cheng
    School of Optometry, Faculty of Health and Vision Improvement Domain, Queensland University ofTechnology, Brisbane, Australia
    Arch Ophthalmol 128:12-9. 2010
    ..To determine whether bifocal and prismatic bifocal spectacles could control myopia in children with high rates of myopic progression...
  18. ncbi request reprint Hyperopia is predominantly axial in nature
    N C Strang
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Curr Eye Res 17:380-3. 1998
    ..e. myopic eyes have longer than normal axial lengths, with corneal radius variations having only a small influence on the magnitude of the refractive error. In this study we assess whether a similar relationship exists for hyperopia...
  19. ncbi request reprint The effect of under and over refractive correction on visual performance and spectacle lens acceptance
    D A Atchison
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Australia
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 21:255-61. 2001
    ..In conclusion, the questionnaire findings support the need for both accurate monocular and binocular refractions. Subjects differed in their criteria for judging lens acceptability...
  20. ncbi request reprint Changes in implicit time of the multifocal electroretinogram response following contrast adaptation
    Jennifer C Chen
    School of Optometry and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Curr Eye Res 31:549-56. 2006
    ..We sought to investigate the characteristics of retinal contrast adaptation using the multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG)...
  21. doi request reprint The effect of positive-lens addition and base-in prism on accommodation accuracy and near horizontal phoria in Chinese myopic children
    Desmond Cheng
    School of Optometry and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 28:225-37. 2008
    ..25 D alone (-2.4 Delta vs -6.9 Delta). The results suggest that incorporating near base-in prism when prescribing bifocal lenses for young progressing myopes with exophoria could reduce the positive lens-induced oculomotor imbalance...
  22. ncbi request reprint Neural and optical limits to visual performance in myopia
    David A Atchison
    School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, QLD, Australia
    Vision Res 46:3707-22. 2006
    ..g. ganglion cell death) or a posterior polar expansion in which the point about which expansion occurs is near the centre of the previously emmetropic globe...
  23. ncbi request reprint Slow flash multifocal electroretinogram in myopia
    Jennifer C Chen
    School of Optometry, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Vision Res 46:2869-76. 2006
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Peripheral refraction along the horizontal and vertical visual fields in myopia
    David A Atchison
    School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, QLD 4059, Australia
    Vision Res 46:1450-8. 2006
    ..Myopia has more effect on peripheral refraction of adult eyes along the horizontal than along the vertical visual field. The peripheral variations in refraction match well what is known about the shapes of emmetropic and myopic eyes...
  25. ncbi request reprint Retinal adaptation responses revealed by global flash multifocal electroretinogram are dependent on the degree of myopic refractive error
    Jennifer C Chen
    School of Optometry and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Vision Res 46:3413-21. 2006
    ..We sought to investigate the response dynamics of the inner retina of adult emmetropes and myopes using the global flash multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) paradigm...
  26. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of myopia in a group of Hong Kong microscopists
    Patrick W K Ting
    Centre for Myopia Research, Department of Optometry and Radiography, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
    Optom Vis Sci 81:88-93. 2004
    ..To study the prevalence and magnitude of myopia in a group of Hong Kong Chinese microscopists and compare it with that observed in microscopists working in the United Kingdom...
  27. ncbi request reprint Delayed mfERG responses in myopia
    Jennifer C Chen
    Centre for Health Research Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, QLD 4059, Australia
    Vision Res 46:1221-9. 2006
    ..Delayed mfERG responses observed in myopes were not attributable to the anatomical change that accompanies myopia and may suggest underlying differences in retinal function that result from being myopic...
  28. ncbi request reprint The effect of common reductions in letter size and contrast on accommodation responses in young adult myopes and emmetropes
    Katrina L Schmid
    Centre for Health Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Optom Vis Sci 82:602-11. 2005
    ..These were varied so as to mimic what might occur when students photocopy and reduce reading materials...
  29. ncbi request reprint Shape of the retinal surface in emmetropia and myopia
    David A Atchison
    Centre for Health Research Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:2698-707. 2005
    ..To determine and compare the shapes of the retinas of emmetropic and myopic eyes...
  30. ncbi request reprint The expandability of the eye in childhood myopia
    Katrina L Schmid
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Curr Eye Res 26:65-71. 2003
    ..No studies have assessed the significance of both of these variables in terms of childhood myopia and its progression...
  31. ncbi request reprint The effect of a beta-adrenoceptor antagonist on accommodative adaptation in Hong Kong children
    Jennifer C Chen
    Centre for Health Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Curr Eye Res 30:179-88. 2005
    ..Tonic accommodation was measured before and after 5 min of video game-playing using an open-field Shin-Nippon autorefractor. Measurements were repeated 30 min after timolol instillation...
  32. ncbi request reprint Effect of unilateral forced nostril breathing on tonic accommodation and intraocular pressure
    Jennifer C Chen
    Centre for Health Research, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Rd, Kelvin Grove, 4059, Brisbane, Australia
    Clin Auton Res 14:396-400. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of UFNB on the resting state of the accommodation system, i. e. tonic accommodation (TA), along with measures of intraocular pressure (IOP), blood pressure and heart rate...
  33. ncbi request reprint Eye shape in emmetropia and myopia
    David A Atchison
    School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 45:3380-6. 2004
    ..To determine axial, vertical, and horizontal eye dimensions in myopic and emmetropic eyes by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to relate these to different ocular expansion models of myopia development...
  34. ncbi request reprint The autonomic control of accommodation and implications for human myopia development: a review
    Jennifer C Chen
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, Brisbane QLD 4059, Australia
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 23:401-22. 2003
    ..The collective results of this research point to anomalous accommodation responses, possibly as a result of underlying anomalous autonomic input to the ciliary muscle, being involved in myopia development and progression...
  35. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of inner retinal function in myopia using oscillatory potentials of the multifocal electroretinogram
    Jennifer C Chen
    School of Optometry and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Vision Res 46:4096-103. 2006
    ..We sought to investigate the response dynamics of the inner retina of adult emmetropes and myopes by analysing the oscillatory potentials of the multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) in these groups...
  36. ncbi request reprint Myopia prevalence in Chinese-Canadian children in an optometric practice
    Desmond Cheng
    School of Optometry and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Optom Vis Sci 84:21-32. 2007
    ..This study aims to determine the prevalence and progression of myopia in ethnic Chinese children living in Canada...
  37. ncbi request reprint The detection of diabetic retinopathy by Australian optometrists
    Katrina L Schmid
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, QLD, 4059, Australia
    Clin Exp Optom 85:221-8. 2002
    ..It is important that optometrists detect diabetic retinal changes and refer appropriately. We sought to determine the proficiency of optometrists at detecting retinal changes caused by diabetes...
  38. ncbi request reprint Retrospective analysis of refractive errors in children with vision impairment
    Jojo W Du
    Centre for Health Research Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove 4059, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Optom Vis Sci 82:807-16. 2005
    ..We also compared the causes of vision impairment in children today to those between 1974 and 1981...
  39. ncbi request reprint Identification of apolipoprotein A-I as a "STOP" signal for myopia
    Eric Bertrand
    Genome and Proteome Sciences, Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, CH 4002 Basel, Switzerland
    Mol Cell Proteomics 5:2158-66. 2006
    ..The correlation of elevated apoA-I levels with reduced ocular axial growth points toward a functional relationship with the observed morphological changes of the eye...
  40. ncbi request reprint Objective real-time measurement of instrument myopia in microscopists under different viewing conditions
    Patrick W K Ting
    Centre for Myopia Research, School of Optometry, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
    Vision Res 46:2354-62. 2006
    ..Other factors may play more of a role in determining the degree of instrument myopia during microscopy than the task variables altered here...
  41. ncbi request reprint What image properties regulate eye growth?
    Robert F Hess
    McGill Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Curr Biol 16:687-91. 2006
    ..e., spectral slope) are important...