Catriona S Bradshaw

Summary

Affiliation: Melbourne Sexual Health Centre
Country: Australia

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Missing pelvic inflammatory disease? Substantial differences in the rate at which doctors diagnose PID
    A Doxanakis
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 84:518-23. 2008
  2. pmc Prevalent and incident bacterial vaginosis are associated with sexual and contraceptive behaviours in young Australian women
    Catriona S Bradshaw
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    PLoS ONE 8:e57688. 2013
  3. doi request reprint Recurrence of bacterial vaginosis is significantly associated with posttreatment sexual activities and hormonal contraceptive use
    Catriona S Bradshaw
    Melbourne School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Australia
    Clin Infect Dis 56:777-86. 2013
  4. pmc Efficacy of oral metronidazole with vaginal clindamycin or vaginal probiotic for bacterial vaginosis: randomised placebo-controlled double-blind trial
    Catriona S Bradshaw
    Melbourne School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e34540. 2012
  5. pmc Maximising retention in a longitudinal study of genital Chlamydia trachomatis among young women in Australia
    Jennifer Walker
    Centre for Women s Health, Gender and Society, School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
    BMC Public Health 11:156. 2011
  6. ncbi request reprint High recurrence rates of bacterial vaginosis over the course of 12 months after oral metronidazole therapy and factors associated with recurrence
    Catriona S Bradshaw
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, The Alfred Hospital, Victoria, Australia
    J Infect Dis 193:1478-86. 2006
  7. doi request reprint Mycoplasma genitalium in men who have sex with men at male-only saunas
    C S Bradshaw
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Carlton 3053, Victoria, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 85:432-5. 2009
  8. pmc Persistence of Mycoplasma genitalium following azithromycin therapy
    Catriona S Bradshaw
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    PLoS ONE 3:e3618. 2008
  9. ncbi request reprint The association of Atopobium vaginae and Gardnerella vaginalis with bacterial vaginosis and recurrence after oral metronidazole therapy
    C S Bradshaw
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, The Alfred Hospital, Carlton, 3053, Victoria, Australia
    J Infect Dis 194:828-36. 2006
  10. pmc Azithromycin failure in Mycoplasma genitalium urethritis
    Catriona S Bradshaw
    Alfred Hospital, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1149-52. 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications56

  1. doi request reprint Missing pelvic inflammatory disease? Substantial differences in the rate at which doctors diagnose PID
    A Doxanakis
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 84:518-23. 2008
    ..The clinical diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is subjective. Our aim was to determine if the pattern of diagnosis of PID among experienced clinicians varied compared with the diagnosis of genital warts...
  2. pmc Prevalent and incident bacterial vaginosis are associated with sexual and contraceptive behaviours in young Australian women
    Catriona S Bradshaw
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    PLoS ONE 8:e57688. 2013
    ..To determine prevalence and incidence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) and risk factors in young sexually-active Australian women...
  3. doi request reprint Recurrence of bacterial vaginosis is significantly associated with posttreatment sexual activities and hormonal contraceptive use
    Catriona S Bradshaw
    Melbourne School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Australia
    Clin Infect Dis 56:777-86. 2013
    ..Bacterial vaginosis (BV) recurrence posttreatment is common. Our aim was to determine if behaviors were associated with BV recurrence in women in a randomized controlled trial (RCT)...
  4. pmc Efficacy of oral metronidazole with vaginal clindamycin or vaginal probiotic for bacterial vaginosis: randomised placebo-controlled double-blind trial
    Catriona S Bradshaw
    Melbourne School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e34540. 2012
    ..To determine if oral metronidazole (MTZ-400 mg bid) with 2% vaginal clindamycin-cream (Clind) or a Lactobacillus acidophilus vaginal-probiotic containing oestriol (Prob) reduces 6-month bacterial vaginosis (BV) recurrence...
  5. pmc Maximising retention in a longitudinal study of genital Chlamydia trachomatis among young women in Australia
    Jennifer Walker
    Centre for Women s Health, Gender and Society, School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
    BMC Public Health 11:156. 2011
    ..The aims of this paper are to describe the methods used to recruit and retain young women in a longitudinal study and to explore factors associated with loss to follow up...
  6. ncbi request reprint High recurrence rates of bacterial vaginosis over the course of 12 months after oral metronidazole therapy and factors associated with recurrence
    Catriona S Bradshaw
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, The Alfred Hospital, Victoria, Australia
    J Infect Dis 193:1478-86. 2006
    ..We wished to determine recurrences of bacterial vaginosis (BV) after treatment over the course of 12 months and to establish factors associated with recurrence...
  7. doi request reprint Mycoplasma genitalium in men who have sex with men at male-only saunas
    C S Bradshaw
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Carlton 3053, Victoria, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 85:432-5. 2009
    ..To determine the prevalence and clinical associations of Mycoplasma genitalium in urethral, rectal and pharyngeal specimens collected from men who have sex with men (MSM) attending male-only saunas...
  8. pmc Persistence of Mycoplasma genitalium following azithromycin therapy
    Catriona S Bradshaw
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    PLoS ONE 3:e3618. 2008
    ..To determine clinical outcomes and cure rates for M.genitalium genital infection in men and women following azithromycin 1 g...
  9. ncbi request reprint The association of Atopobium vaginae and Gardnerella vaginalis with bacterial vaginosis and recurrence after oral metronidazole therapy
    C S Bradshaw
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, The Alfred Hospital, Carlton, 3053, Victoria, Australia
    J Infect Dis 194:828-36. 2006
    ..We investigated associations between Atopobium vaginae and bacterial vaginosis (BV) and the role that A. vaginae plays in recurrent BV after oral metronidazole therapy...
  10. pmc Azithromycin failure in Mycoplasma genitalium urethritis
    Catriona S Bradshaw
    Alfred Hospital, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1149-52. 2006
    ..genitalium to macrolides. Moxifloxacin administration resulted in rapid symptom resolution and eradication of infection in all cases. These findings have implications for management of urethritis...
  11. pmc Screening injecting drug users for sexually transmitted infections and blood borne viruses using street outreach and self collected sampling
    C S Bradshaw
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, The Alfred Hospital, 580 Swanston Street, Carlton, 3053, Victoria, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 81:53-8. 2005
    ..Injecting drug users (IDUs) are a marginalised population, who infrequently access health services for screening for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and blood borne viruses (BBVs), and are at high risk of these infections...
  12. ncbi request reprint Comment on editorial by B. Donovan: asymptomatic non-chlamydial non-gonococcal urethritis--an iatrogenic disease (Sexual Health 1, 65-67). The role of the urethral gram stain in non-gonococcal urethritis
    C S Bradshaw
    School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia
    Sex Health 1:187; discussion 188. 2004
  13. pmc Characteristics of adenovirus associated urethritis
    C S Bradshaw
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Carlton, Victoria, 3053, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 78:445-7. 2002
    ..To describe the characteristics of adenovirus urethritis in men...
  14. ncbi request reprint Etiologies of nongonococcal urethritis: bacteria, viruses, and the association with orogenital exposure
    Catriona S Bradshaw
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, The Alfred Hospital, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    J Infect Dis 193:336-45. 2006
    ..The purpose of the present study was to determine pathogens and behaviors associated with nongonococcal urethritis (NGU) and the usefulness of the urethral smear in predicting the presence of pathogens...
  15. pmc Evaluation of a point-of-care test, BVBlue, and clinical and laboratory criteria for diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis
    C S Bradshaw
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, 580 Swanston St, Carlton, 3053 Victoria, Australia
    J Clin Microbiol 43:1304-8. 2005
    ....
  16. pmc Chlamydia trachomatis incidence and re-infection among young women--behavioural and microbiological characteristics
    Jennifer Walker
    CERSH Melbourne Medical School, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e37778. 2012
    ..This study aimed to estimate rates of chlamydia incidence and re-infection and to investigate the dynamics of chlamydia organism load in prevalent, incident and re-infections among young Australian women...
  17. doi request reprint Mycoplasma genitalium incidence, organism load, and treatment failure in a cohort of young Australian women
    Jennifer Walker
    Centre for Excellence in Rural Sexual Health, Rural Health Academic Centre, Melbourne Medical School, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
    Clin Infect Dis 56:1094-100. 2013
    ..This study aimed to estimate MG incidence and treatment failure and provide estimates of organism load in infection...
  18. pmc 'The difference in determinants of Chlamydia trachomatis and Mycoplasma genitalium in a sample of young Australian women'
    Jennifer Walker
    Centre for Women s Health, Gender and Society, School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
    BMC Infect Dis 11:35. 2011
    ..Differences in the determinants of Chlamydia trachomatis ('chlamydia') and Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) genital infection in women are not well understood...
  19. doi request reprint Low incidence of bacterial vaginosis in cohort of young Australian women
    Katherine A Fethers
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, The Alfred Hospital, Victoria, Australia
    Sex Transm Dis 38:124-6. 2011
    ..2]/100 woman-years), P = 0.10. In university students, incident BV was uncommon and absent in sexually abstinent women...
  20. pmc Comparison of two Mycoplasma genitalium real-time PCR detection methodologies
    Jimmy Twin
    Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, The Royal Women s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    J Clin Microbiol 49:1140-2. 2011
    ..97 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.94 to 1.01) and no difference in bacterial load quantified (P = 0.4399)...
  21. doi request reprint What do young women think about having a chlamydia test? Views of women who tested positive compared with women who tested negative
    Jennifer Walker
    Centre for Women s Health, Gender and Society, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia
    Sex Health 10:39-42. 2013
    ....
  22. pmc Oral human papillomavirus in men having sex with men: risk-factors and sampling
    Tim R H Read
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Health, Melbourne, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e49324. 2012
    ..Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma is becoming more common. We examined prevalence and risk factors for oral HPV among men who have sex with men (MSM) and compared sampling and transport methods...
  23. ncbi request reprint Human adenoviruses types associated with non-gonococcal urethritis
    Sepehr N Tabrizi
    Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, The Royal Women s Hospital, Carlton 3053, Victoria, Australia
    Sex Health 4:41-4. 2007
    ..Role of adenoviruses in non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU) has been reported in only a few studies. The aim of the study was to detect and type adenoviruses in men presenting with NGU...
  24. pmc Transmission and selection of macrolide resistant Mycoplasma genitalium infections detected by rapid high resolution melt analysis
    Jimmy Twin
    Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, The Royal Women s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e35593. 2012
    ....
  25. pmc Bacterial vaginosis (BV) candidate bacteria: associations with BV and behavioural practices in sexually-experienced and inexperienced women
    Katherine Fethers
    School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e30633. 2012
    ....
  26. pmc Trends in chlamydia and gonorrhea positivity among heterosexual men and men who have sex with men attending a large urban sexual health service in Australia, 2002-2009
    Lenka A Vodstrcil
    Melbourne School of Population Health, The University of Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    BMC Infect Dis 11:158. 2011
    ..To determine whether chlamydia positivity among heterosexual men (MSW) and chlamydia and gonorrhea positivity among men who have sex with men (MSM), are changing...
  27. pmc Provision of rapid HIV tests within a health service and frequency of HIV testing among men who have sex with men: randomised controlled trial
    Tim R H Read
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Health, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia
    BMJ 347:f5086. 2013
    ..To determine if the provision of rapid HIV testing to men who have sex with men attending a health service would increase their frequency of HIV testing over time...
  28. ncbi request reprint The incidence of induced abortion in a prospective cohort study of 16- to 25-year-old Australian women
    Jennifer Walker
    Centre for Women s Health, Gender and Society, School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia
    Sex Health 8:439-41. 2011
    ..7-9.0) (n=76) and IA rate of 2.1/100 women years (95% CI: 1.4-3.2) (n=22). Differences were found between States and Territories, information which might influence the development of services in regions of Australia...
  29. doi request reprint Advertising sexual health services that provide sexually transmissible infection screening for rural young people - what works and what doesn't
    Deepa G Gamage
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, VIC 3053, Australia
    Sex Health 8:407-11. 2011
    ..TESTme' is a sexually transmissible infection (STI) screening service for Victorian young people living in rural areas. We evaluated the effectiveness of advertising for this service over an 11-month pilot period...
  30. pmc Automated, computer generated reminders and increased detection of gonorrhoea, chlamydia and syphilis in men who have sex with men
    Huachun Zou
    Sexual Health Unit, School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
    PLoS ONE 8:e61972. 2013
    ....
  31. pmc Evaluation of Electronic Medical Record (EMR) at large urban primary care sexual health centre
    Christopher K Fairley
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    PLoS ONE 8:e60636. 2013
    ..Our aim was to evaluate changes in efficiency and quality of services after the introduction of a purpose built EMR system, and to assess its acceptability by the doctors, nurses and patients using it...
  32. ncbi request reprint Sexually transmissible infection and HIV management among men who have sex with men with and without HIV: survey of medical practitioners who are members of the Australasian Society for HIV Medicine
    Christopher K Fairley
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, 580 Swanston Street, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia
    Sex Health 5:155-9. 2008
    ..Our aim was to determine if the use of suppressive treatment for genital herpes, the treatment of HIV or STI screening practices were different between states in Australia...
  33. pmc Computer assisted self interviewing in a sexual health clinic as part of routine clinical care; impact on service and patient and clinician views
    Lenka A Vodstrcil
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Hospital, and Sexual Health Unit, Melbourne School of Population Health, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    PLoS ONE 6:e18456. 2011
    ..We aimed to evaluate the impact of CASI operating at MSHC...
  34. doi request reprint Sampling technique and detection rates for pharyngeal gonorrhea using culture
    Mohamed F Razali
    Melbourne School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Australia
    Sex Transm Dis 37:522-4. 2010
    ..3%, P = 0.05). The detection rate was associated with the frequency with which clinicians reported inducing a gag reflex when taking pharyngeal swabs (P < 0.05)...
  35. doi request reprint Early sexual experiences and risk factors for bacterial vaginosis
    Katherine A Fethers
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, The Alfred Hospital, Victoria, Australia
    J Infect Dis 200:1662-70. 2009
    ..We have undertaken a cross-sectional study that investigates the association between bacterial vaginosis (BV) and sexual practices in sexually experienced and inexperienced women...
  36. pmc Hormonal contraception is associated with a reduced risk of bacterial vaginosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Lenka A Vodstrcil
    Sexual Health Unit, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Hospital, Carlton, Australia Murdoch Children s Research Institute, Parkville, Australia
    PLoS ONE 8:e73055. 2013
    ..To examine the association between hormonal contraception (HC) and bacterial vaginosis (BV) by systematic review and meta-analysis...
  37. doi request reprint The near disappearance of genital warts in young women 4 years after commencing a national human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme
    Tim R H Read
    Department of Public Health, Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Hospital and School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Carlton, Victoria, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 87:544-7. 2011
    ..Australia provided free quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccines to 12-18-year-old girls and women aged ≤26 years from mid-2007 until the end of 2009. After this time, only girls aged 12-13 years had access to free vaccines...
  38. pmc Incidence of hepatitis-C among HIV infected men who have sex with men (MSM) attending a sexual health service: a cohort study
    Deepa G Gamage
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    BMC Infect Dis 11:39. 2011
    ..We aimed to determine the incidence of Hepatitis C (HCV) infection among HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) attending a Sexual Health Centre...
  39. doi request reprint Evaluation of Health Map: a patient-centred web-based service for supporting HIV-infected patients
    Deepa G Gamage
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, 580 Swanston Street, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia
    Sex Health 8:194-8. 2011
    ..Our aim was to describe the use of and responses to a self-management website, 'Health Map', established to address the key chronic health issues of HIV-positive people...
  40. pmc The potential of metatranscriptomics for identifying screening targets for bacterial vaginosis
    Jimmy Twin
    Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, The Royal Women s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia
    PLoS ONE 8:e76892. 2013
    ..The ribosomal RNA content of a sample collected from a woman with bacterial vaginosis (BV) was analysed to determine the active microbial community, and to identify potential targets for further screening...
  41. doi request reprint Pelvic examination leads to changed clinical management in very few women diagnosed with asymptomatic chlamydia infection
    Yi Man Lee
    Centre for Women s Health, Gender and Society, University of Melbourne, 2 723 Swanston Street, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia
    Sex Health 7:498-9. 2010
    ..These data suggest that a pelvic examination will lead to changes in treatment for very few women diagnosed with asymptomatic chlamydia infection...
  42. ncbi request reprint Changes in the diagnosis and management of bacterial vaginosis following clinical research
    Anna N Morton
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, 580 Swanston St, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia
    Sex Health 3:183-5. 2006
    ..We investigated the premise that clinician involvement in research leads to improvements in clinical practice within a sexual health service in Melbourne, Australia...
  43. doi request reprint Cross-sectional study of hepatitis B immunity in MSM between 2002 and 2012
    Nimal Gamagedara
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 90:41-5. 2014
    ..Our aim was to determine the incidence of hepatitis B infection among MSM and level of immunity to hepatitis B attending a sexual health service over 10 years...
  44. doi request reprint Contribution of sexual practices (other than anal sex) to bacterial sexually transmitted infection transmission in men who have sex with men: a cross-sectional analysis using electronic health records
    Jessica L Nash
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 90:55-7. 2014
    ..We quantified the proportion of cases and risk of primary syphilis (PS), urethral chlamydia (UCT) and urethral gonorrhoea (UGC) attributable to sexual practices other than anal sex...
  45. doi request reprint Sexual risk factors and bacterial vaginosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Katherine A Fethers
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, The Alfred Hospital, Carlton, Victoria, Australia
    Clin Infect Dis 47:1426-35. 2008
    ..Investigation of sexual transmission of BV is limited by the absence of a clear microbiological etiology; however, we have shown that the epidemiological profile of BV is similar to that of established sexually transmitted infections...
  46. doi request reprint The job satisfaction of female sex workers working in licensed brothels in Victoria, Australia
    Jade E Bilardi
    Sexual Health Unit, Melbourne School of Population Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
    J Sex Med 8:116-22. 2011
    ..Previous studies have examined sex workers' attitudes to work but not their levels of job satisfaction compared with other occupations...
  47. ncbi request reprint Is it time to move to nucleic acid amplification tests screening for pharyngeal and rectal gonorrhoea in men who have sex with men to improve gonorrhoea control?
    Christopher K Fairley
    Sex Health 8:9-11. 2011
    ....
  48. doi request reprint What men who have sex with men think about the human papillomavirus vaccine
    D Simatherai
    School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 85:148-9. 2009
    ..If the HPV vaccine is targeted to MSM, the challenge will be for MSM to be vaccinated before they acquire HPV infection...
  49. ncbi request reprint Bacterial vaginosis - More questions than answers
    Marie Pirotta
    Primary Care Research Unit, Department of General Practice, University of Melbourne, Victoria
    Aust Fam Physician 38:394-7. 2009
    ..The aetiology, pathology, microbiology and transmission of bacterial vaginosis remain poorly understood...
  50. doi request reprint Legislation requiring monthly testing of sex workers with low rates of sexually transmitted infections restricts access to services for higher-risk individuals
    A Samaranayake
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Hospital, Carlton, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 85:540-2. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to quantify the resources and opportunities lost from this screening...
  51. doi request reprint Delay in the diagnosis of early syphilis among men who have sex with men: need for greater community and health provider education
    M Bissessor
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Victoria, Australia
    Int J STD AIDS 20:52-3. 2009
    ..If early detection and treatment of syphilis is to be optimized in order to improve syphilis control, greater awareness of its symptoms and signs of syphilis need to be promoted among both health-care providers and affected communities...
  52. ncbi request reprint Is routine vaginal examination necessary for asymptomatic women attending sexual health services?
    D M Lee
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    Int J STD AIDS 17:631-2. 2006
    ....
  53. doi request reprint Sex workers working within a legalised industry: their side of the story
    J Groves
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, 580 Swanston Street, Carlton, Victoria, Australia 3053
    Sex Transm Infect 84:393-4. 2008
    ..To examine the characteristics and work attitudes of female sex workers working in licensed brothels in Victoria, Australia...
  54. doi request reprint Rapid decline in presentations of genital warts after the implementation of a national quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccination programme for young women
    C K Fairley
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Hospital and School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Carlton, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 85:499-502. 2009
    ..This study aimed to determine if the Australian human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme has had a population impact on presentations of genital warts...
  55. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of Gardnerella vaginalis and Atopobium vaginae in virginal women
    Sepehr N Tabrizi
    Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, The Royal Women s Hospital, 132 Grattan Street, Victoria 3053, Australia
    Sex Transm Dis 33:663-5. 2006
    ..The objectives of this study was to determine the prevalence of Gardnerella vaginalis and Atopobium vaginae in virginal women and to establish if nonpenetrative sexual activity is associated with these organisms...
  56. ncbi request reprint Do all women attending urban sexual health services need testing for gonorrhoea?
    Tim R H Read
    Sex Health 2:259-60. 2005
    ..Fifteen cases of gonorrhoea were identified among women at MSHC, all had symptoms or an identifiable risk factor. Asymptomatic women without risk factors may not require screening for Neisseria gonorrhoeae in low prevalence populations...