Mark Westoby

Summary

Affiliation: Macquarie University
Country: Australia

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Phylogenetic ecology at world scale, a new fusion between ecology and evolution
    Mark Westoby
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales 2109, Australia
    Ecology 87:S163-5. 2006
  2. ncbi request reprint Land-plant ecology on the basis of functional traits
    Mark Westoby
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
    Trends Ecol Evol 21:261-8. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint The leaf size-twig size spectrum and its relationship to other important spectra of variation among species
    Mark Westoby
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, NSW 2109, Australia
    Oecologia 135:621-8. 2003
  4. doi request reprint Lifetime return on investment increases with leaf lifespan among 10 Australian woodland species
    Daniel S Falster
    Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    New Phytol 193:409-19. 2012
  5. pmc Relationships among ecologically important dimensions of plant trait variation in seven neotropical forests
    Ian J Wright
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, New South Wales 2109, Australia
    Ann Bot 99:1003-15. 2007
  6. pmc Anatomical basis of variation in mesophyll resistance in eastern Australian sclerophylls: news of a long and winding path
    Tiina Tosens
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, New South Wales 2109, Australia
    J Exp Bot 63:5105-19. 2012
  7. doi request reprint An evolutionary attractor model for sapwood cross section in relation to leaf area
    Mark Westoby
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
    J Theor Biol 303:98-109. 2012
  8. ncbi request reprint Irradiance, temperature and rainfall influence leaf dark respiration in woody plants: evidence from comparisons across 20 sites
    Ian J Wright
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, New South Wales 2109, Australia
    New Phytol 169:309-19. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Assessing the generality of global leaf trait relationships
    Ian J Wright
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, NSW 2109, Australia
    New Phytol 166:485-96. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint The worldwide leaf economics spectrum
    Ian J Wright
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, New South Wales 2109, Australia
    Nature 428:821-7. 2004

Detail Information

Publications26

  1. ncbi request reprint Phylogenetic ecology at world scale, a new fusion between ecology and evolution
    Mark Westoby
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales 2109, Australia
    Ecology 87:S163-5. 2006
    ..There will be unification of two aims: first to explain the spread of different ways of making a living, across the range of present-day species; and second, to narrate the evolutionary history that has led up to present-day ecology...
  2. ncbi request reprint Land-plant ecology on the basis of functional traits
    Mark Westoby
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
    Trends Ecol Evol 21:261-8. 2006
    ..By extending the list and by developing better models for how traits influence species distributions and interactions, a strong foundation of basic ecology can be established, with many practical applications...
  3. ncbi request reprint The leaf size-twig size spectrum and its relationship to other important spectra of variation among species
    Mark Westoby
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, NSW 2109, Australia
    Oecologia 135:621-8. 2003
    ..The leaf-size-twig-size spectrum has obvious consequences for the texture of canopies, but we are only just beginning to understand the costs and benefits of large versus small leaf and twig size...
  4. doi request reprint Lifetime return on investment increases with leaf lifespan among 10 Australian woodland species
    Daniel S Falster
    Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    New Phytol 193:409-19. 2012
    ..This suggests that time-discounting effects, that is, the compounding of income that arises from quick reinvestment of C revenue, are key in allowing short-LL species to succeed in the face of this economic handicap...
  5. pmc Relationships among ecologically important dimensions of plant trait variation in seven neotropical forests
    Ian J Wright
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, New South Wales 2109, Australia
    Ann Bot 99:1003-15. 2007
    ..Here we investigated relationships among several traits, and thus the strategy dimensions they represented, across 2134 woody species from seven Neotropical forests...
  6. pmc Anatomical basis of variation in mesophyll resistance in eastern Australian sclerophylls: news of a long and winding path
    Tiina Tosens
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, New South Wales 2109, Australia
    J Exp Bot 63:5105-19. 2012
    ....
  7. doi request reprint An evolutionary attractor model for sapwood cross section in relation to leaf area
    Mark Westoby
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
    J Theor Biol 303:98-109. 2012
    ..Evolutionary-attractor theory for SA:LA and RA:LA complements models that take whole-plant conductivity per leaf area as a parameter...
  8. ncbi request reprint Irradiance, temperature and rainfall influence leaf dark respiration in woody plants: evidence from comparisons across 20 sites
    Ian J Wright
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, New South Wales 2109, Australia
    New Phytol 169:309-19. 2006
    ..Our findings should prove useful for modelling plant nutrient and carbon budgets, and for modelling vegetation shifts with climate change...
  9. ncbi request reprint Assessing the generality of global leaf trait relationships
    Ian J Wright
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, NSW 2109, Australia
    New Phytol 166:485-96. 2005
    ..Much, but not all, heterogeneity can be explained by variation in sample size alone. PNUE can also be considered as part of this trait spectrum, whereas leaf K and N : P ratios are only loosely related...
  10. ncbi request reprint The worldwide leaf economics spectrum
    Ian J Wright
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, New South Wales 2109, Australia
    Nature 428:821-7. 2004
    ..Reliable quantification of the leaf economics spectrum and its interaction with climate will prove valuable for modelling nutrient fluxes and vegetation boundaries under changing land-use and climate...
  11. doi request reprint Global patterns of leaf mechanical properties
    Yusuke Onoda
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
    Ecol Lett 14:301-12. 2011
    ..Seldom appreciated in the past, toughness per density is a key factor in leaf mechanical resistance, which itself influences plant-animal interactions and ecosystem functions across the globe...
  12. ncbi request reprint Setbacks to shoot growth are common in woody plants, so how are shoots of some species safer than others?
    Don W Butler
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie, University, New South Wales 2109, Australia
    Ecology 93:1275-82. 2012
    ....
  13. doi request reprint The relationship between stem biomechanics and wood density is modified by rainfall in 32 Australian woody plant species
    Yusuke Onoda
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
    New Phytol 185:493-501. 2010
    ..Our results also highlight the importance of understanding how the biomechanics-wood density relationship evolves under different environmental conditions to better understand plant growth across diverse habitats...
  14. doi request reprint The importance of leaf cuticle for carbon economy and mechanical strength
    Yusuke Onoda
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, 2109, Australia
    New Phytol 196:441-7. 2012
    ..The substantial cost of thicker cuticle is probably offset by increased mechanical resistance which might confer longer leaf lifespans among evergreen species...
  15. doi request reprint Safety and streamlining of woody shoots in wind: an empirical study across 39 species in tropical Australia
    Don W Butler
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, New South Wales 2109, Australia
    New Phytol 193:137-49. 2012
    ..Variable shoot and stem traits, which all influenced shoot biomechanics, were integrated in shoots to yield a relatively narrow range of outcomes in wind...
  16. pmc Costs of height gain in rainforest saplings: main-stem scaling, functional traits and strategy variation across 75 species
    Robert M Kooyman
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
    Ann Bot 104:987-93. 2009
    ..Height gain plays an important role in plant life-history strategies and species coexistence. Here main-stem costs of height gain of saplings across species within a rainforest community are compared...
  17. ncbi request reprint A brief history of seed size
    Angela T Moles
    National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, 735 State Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93101 5304, USA
    Science 307:576-80. 2005
    ..Cross-species studies and evolutionary theory are consistent with this evidence that growth form and seed size evolve in a coordinated manner...
  18. pmc Factors that shape seed mass evolution
    Angela T Moles
    National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, 735 State Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93101 5304, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:10540-4. 2005
    ..However, these environmental variables had much less explanatory power than did plant traits such as seed dispersal syndrome and plant growth form...
  19. ncbi request reprint The relationship between nuclear DNA content and leaf strategy in seed plants
    Huw D Morgan
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
    Ann Bot 96:1321-30. 2005
    ..A prediction that species 2C-values are negatively related to leaf life span (LL) and leaf mass per area (LMA) is tested. These leaf traits are components of a major dimension of ecological variation among plant species...
  20. ncbi request reprint Spatial scaling of microbial eukaryote diversity
    Jessica L Green
    Key Centre for Biodiversity and Bioresources, Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, New South Wales 2109, Australia
    Nature 432:747-50. 2004
    ..Taxa dissimilarities across continents and between them would strengthen these projections. Such data do not yet exist, but would be feasible to collect...
  21. ncbi request reprint Least-cost input mixtures of water and nitrogen for photosynthesis
    Ian J Wright
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales 2109, Australia
    Am Nat 161:98-111. 2003
    ..This restraint of transpirational water use apparently counterbalances the multiple costs of deploying high-nitrogen leaves...
  22. doi request reprint A general model for the scaling of offspring size and adult size
    Daniel S Falster
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, New South Wales 2109, Australia
    Am Nat 172:299-317. 2008
    ..In these ways, the model generalizes across previous theory and provides explanations for some differences between major taxa...
  23. ncbi request reprint Rebuilding community ecology from functional traits
    Brian J McGill
    Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1B1
    Trends Ecol Evol 21:178-85. 2006
    ..We suggest this approach can create a more quantitative and predictive science that can more readily address issues of global change...
  24. doi request reprint Plant species traits are the predominant control on litter decomposition rates within biomes worldwide
    William K Cornwell
    Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Department of Systems Ecology, Institute of Ecological Science, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Ecol Lett 11:1065-71. 2008
    ..This connection between plant strategies and decomposability is crucial for both understanding vegetation-soil feedbacks, and for improving forecasts of the global carbon cycle...
  25. ncbi request reprint Accessory costs of seed production
    Janice M Lord
    Department of Botany, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Oecologia 150:310-7. 2006
    ..We found a proportional relationship between accessory costs and seed mass that warrants further investigation within the context of selection on margin returns on investment...
  26. ncbi request reprint An earlier formulation of the genetic conflict hypothesis of genomic imprinting
    David Haig
    Nat Genet 38:271. 2006