Peter M Clifton

Summary

Country: Australia

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Long-term effects of a high-protein weight-loss diet
    Peter M Clifton
    CSIRO Human Nutrition, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:23-9. 2008
  2. doi request reprint Effects of a high protein diet on body weight and comorbidities associated with obesity
    Peter Clifton
    Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Room P5 16 Playford Building, University of South Australia, Frome Rd, Adelaide 5000, SA, Australia
    Br J Nutr 108:S122-9. 2012
  3. pmc Beverage intake and obesity in Australian children
    Peter M Clifton
    Nutritional Interventions Laboratory, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, 75 Commercial Rd, Melbourne, 3004, Australia
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 8:87. 2011
  4. doi request reprint Bariatric surgery: results in obesity and effects on metabolic parameters
    Peter M Clifton
    Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Curr Opin Lipidol 22:1-5. 2011
  5. doi request reprint Protein and coronary heart disease: the role of different protein sources
    Peter M Clifton
    Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Level 3, 195 North Terrace, GPO Box 884, Adelaide 5000, Australia
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 13:493-8. 2011
  6. ncbi request reprint Effects of acute and longer-term dietary restriction on upper gut motility, hormone, appetite, and energy-intake responses to duodenal lipid in lean and obese men
    Radhika V Seimon
    University of Adelaide Discipline of Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, Australia RVS, TJL, SS, MH, and CF B the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia Centre of Research Excellence in Translating Nutritional Science to Good Health, Adelaide, Australia RVS, TJL, MN, SS, PMC, MH, and CF B the Commomwealth Science and Industry Research Organisation Animal, Food and Health Science, Adelaide, Australia PT and MN and the University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia PMC
    Am J Clin Nutr 99:24-34. 2014
  7. pmc A high-protein diet with resistance exercise training improves weight loss and body composition in overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes
    Thomas P Wycherley
    Preventative Health Flagship, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Food and Nutritional Sciences, Adelaide, Australia
    Diabetes Care 33:969-76. 2010
  8. ncbi request reprint Effect of an energy-restricted, high-protein, low-fat diet relative to a conventional high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet on weight loss, body composition, nutritional status, and markers of cardiovascular health in obese women
    Manny Noakes
    CSIRO Health Sciences and Nutrition, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:1298-306. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Long-term weight maintenance and cardiovascular risk factors are not different following weight loss on carbohydrate-restricted diets high in either monounsaturated fat or protein in obese hyperinsulinaemic men and women
    Jennifer B Keogh
    CSIRO Human Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, 5000, Australia
    Br J Nutr 97:405-10. 2007
  10. doi request reprint Comparison of the effects of weight loss from a high-protein versus standard-protein energy-restricted diet on strength and aerobic capacity in overweight and obese men
    Thomas P Wycherley
    Division of Health Sciences, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Eur J Nutr 52:317-25. 2013

Detail Information

Publications66

  1. ncbi request reprint Long-term effects of a high-protein weight-loss diet
    Peter M Clifton
    CSIRO Human Nutrition, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:23-9. 2008
    ..Evidence that high-protein diets are an effective strategy for the maintenance of long-term weight loss is limited...
  2. doi request reprint Effects of a high protein diet on body weight and comorbidities associated with obesity
    Peter Clifton
    Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Room P5 16 Playford Building, University of South Australia, Frome Rd, Adelaide 5000, SA, Australia
    Br J Nutr 108:S122-9. 2012
    ..These diets also lower plasma triglyceride and blood pressure and sometimes spare lean mass. There appear to be no harmful effects of high protein diets on bone density or renal function in weight loss studies...
  3. pmc Beverage intake and obesity in Australian children
    Peter M Clifton
    Nutritional Interventions Laboratory, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, 75 Commercial Rd, Melbourne, 3004, Australia
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 8:87. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  4. doi request reprint Bariatric surgery: results in obesity and effects on metabolic parameters
    Peter M Clifton
    Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Curr Opin Lipidol 22:1-5. 2011
    ..The mechanism for the immediate improvement in glucose tolerance after gastric bypass is not clear but is being actively investigated...
  5. doi request reprint Protein and coronary heart disease: the role of different protein sources
    Peter M Clifton
    Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Level 3, 195 North Terrace, GPO Box 884, Adelaide 5000, Australia
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 13:493-8. 2011
    ..Although dairy intake has been associated with a lower weight and lower insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome, the only long-term (6 months) dairy intervention performed so far has shown no effects on these parameters...
  6. ncbi request reprint Effects of acute and longer-term dietary restriction on upper gut motility, hormone, appetite, and energy-intake responses to duodenal lipid in lean and obese men
    Radhika V Seimon
    University of Adelaide Discipline of Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, Australia RVS, TJL, SS, MH, and CF B the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia Centre of Research Excellence in Translating Nutritional Science to Good Health, Adelaide, Australia RVS, TJL, MN, SS, PMC, MH, and CF B the Commomwealth Science and Industry Research Organisation Animal, Food and Health Science, Adelaide, Australia PT and MN and the University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia PMC
    Am J Clin Nutr 99:24-34. 2014
    ..To our knowledge, it is unknown whether these changes occur with 30% energy restriction and are sustained in the longer term...
  7. pmc A high-protein diet with resistance exercise training improves weight loss and body composition in overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes
    Thomas P Wycherley
    Preventative Health Flagship, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Food and Nutritional Sciences, Adelaide, Australia
    Diabetes Care 33:969-76. 2010
    ..17). CONCLUSIONS An energy-restricted HP diet combined with RT achieved greater weight loss and more favorable changes in body composition. All treatments had similar improvements in glycemic control and CVD risk markers...
  8. ncbi request reprint Effect of an energy-restricted, high-protein, low-fat diet relative to a conventional high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet on weight loss, body composition, nutritional status, and markers of cardiovascular health in obese women
    Manny Noakes
    CSIRO Health Sciences and Nutrition, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:1298-306. 2005
    ..Limited evidence suggests that a higher ratio of protein to carbohydrate during weight loss has metabolic advantages...
  9. ncbi request reprint Long-term weight maintenance and cardiovascular risk factors are not different following weight loss on carbohydrate-restricted diets high in either monounsaturated fat or protein in obese hyperinsulinaemic men and women
    Jennifer B Keogh
    CSIRO Human Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, 5000, Australia
    Br J Nutr 97:405-10. 2007
    ..After 1 year there remained a clinically significant weight loss and improvement in cardiovascular risk factors with no adverse effects of a high monounsaturated fat diet...
  10. doi request reprint Comparison of the effects of weight loss from a high-protein versus standard-protein energy-restricted diet on strength and aerobic capacity in overweight and obese men
    Thomas P Wycherley
    Division of Health Sciences, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Eur J Nutr 52:317-25. 2013
    ..To compare the effects of two low-fat, hypoenergetic diets differing in carbohydrate-to-protein ratio, on strength and aerobic capacity measures in overweight and obese men...
  11. doi request reprint Long-term effects of a very-low-carbohydrate weight loss diet compared with an isocaloric low-fat diet after 12 mo
    Grant D Brinkworth
    Preventative Health National Research Flagship, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization Human Nutrition, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:23-32. 2009
    ..Long-term weight loss and cardiometabolic effects of a very-low-carbohydrate, high-saturated-fat diet (LC) and a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet (LF) have not been evaluated under isocaloric conditions...
  12. doi request reprint Changes in endothelial function and depression scores are associated following long-term dietary intervention: a secondary analysis
    Lisa J Moran
    Robinson Institute, Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Adelaide, and South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, Adelaide, Australia
    Nutrition 29:1271-4. 2013
    ..The purpose of this study was to conduct a secondary analysis to examine whether there was an association between changes in FMD and depression...
  13. doi request reprint Marked differences in gustatory and gastrointestinal sensitivity to oleic acid between lean and obese men
    Jessica E Stewart
    University of Adelaide Discipline of Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 93:703-11. 2011
    ..Both orosensory stimulation and feedback from the gastrointestinal tract contribute to energy intake regulation...
  14. doi request reprint Intraduodenal protein modulates antropyloroduodenal motility, hormone release, glycemia, appetite, and energy intake in lean men
    Amy T Ryan
    University of Adelaide Discipline of Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 96:474-82. 2012
    ..Protein also suppresses energy intake, but its effects on these gastrointestinal factors and their role in the appetite-suppressive effects of protein remain unclear...
  15. ncbi request reprint In vitro mononuclear cell production of tumour necrosis factor-alpha and weight loss
    Alison M Morris
    Department of Physiology, Adelaide University, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 63:179-84. 2004
    ..Elevated tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) production in adipose tissue has been associated with obesity. We investigated whether mononuclear cell production of TNF-alpha decreased with weight loss in an obese population...
  16. ncbi request reprint Metabolic effects of high-protein diets
    Peter M Clifton
    CSIRO Human Nutrition, PO Box 10041, Adelaide BC, South Australia, 5000, Australia
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 9:472-8. 2007
    ..The overall effect on long-term atherosclerosis risk is not clear, as the current limited epidemiology provides conflicting data...
  17. doi request reprint The effect of a hypocaloric diet with and without exercise training on body composition, cardiometabolic risk profile, and reproductive function in overweight and obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome
    Rebecca L Thomson
    Australian Technology Network Centre for Metabolic Fitness and Nutritional Physiology Research Centre, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 93:3373-80. 2008
    ..In overweight women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the benefits of the addition of exercise to an energy-restricted diet in further improving cardiometabolic risk factors and reproductive function has not been extensively studied...
  18. ncbi request reprint Carbohydrate-restricted diets high in either monounsaturated fat or protein are equally effective at promoting fat loss and improving blood lipids
    Natalie D Luscombe-Marsh
    Department of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:762-72. 2005
    ..When substituted for carbohydrate in an energy-reduced diet, dietary protein enhances fat loss in women. It is unknown whether the effect is due to increased protein or reduced carbohydrate...
  19. ncbi request reprint Weight loss improves heart rate recovery in overweight and obese men with features of the metabolic syndrome
    Grant D Brinkworth
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization Human Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Am Heart J 152:693.e1-6. 2006
    ..We sought to determine the effects of weight loss on HRR and its association with traditional CVD risk markers...
  20. doi request reprint Egg consumption as part of an energy-restricted high-protein diet improves blood lipid and blood glucose profiles in individuals with type 2 diabetes
    Karma L Pearce
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization CSIRO, Food and Nutritional Sciences, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
    Br J Nutr 105:584-92. 2011
    ..These results suggest that a high-protein energy-restricted diet high in cholesterol from eggs improved glycaemic and lipid profiles, blood pressure and apo-B in individuals with type 2 diabetes...
  21. doi request reprint High protein-high red meat versus high carbohydrate weight loss diets do not differ in effect on genome stability and cell death in lymphocytes of overweight men
    Bianca Benassi-Evans
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Human Nutrition, South Australia, Australia
    Mutagenesis 24:271-7. 2009
    ..The results suggest that the effect of the HP weight loss diet on DNA damage measured using the CBMN-Cyt assay in PBLs was not different from that observed for the HC weight loss diet...
  22. doi request reprint Lifestyle management improves quality of life and depression in overweight and obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome
    Rebecca L Thomson
    Australian Technology Network Centre for Metabolic Fitness and Nutritional Physiology Research Centre, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Fertil Steril 94:1812-6. 2010
    ..To assess the impact of adding exercise to dietary restriction on depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)...
  23. doi request reprint Slowly and rapidly digested fat emulsions are equally satiating but their triglycerides are differentially absorbed and metabolized in humans
    Jennifer B Keogh
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization Preventative Health Flagship, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization Food and Nutritional Sciences, Adelaide 5000, South Australia, Australia
    J Nutr 141:809-15. 2011
    ..In conclusion, fat can be structured to decrease its effect on plasma TG concentrations without increasing food intake...
  24. ncbi request reprint -308 Nco I polymorphism of tumour necrosis factor alpha in overweight Caucasians
    Alison M Morris
    Department of Physiology, Adelaide University, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 62:197-201. 2003
    ..The AA variant at position -308 in the promoter region of the TNFalpha gene does not influence the amount of weight lost in overweight and obese men and women on a 30% energy restricted diet...
  25. ncbi request reprint Effect of a high-protein, energy-restricted diet on body composition, glycemic control, and lipid concentrations in overweight and obese hyperinsulinemic men and women
    Emma Farnsworth
    Department of Physiology, University of Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:31-9. 2003
    ..It is not clear whether varying the protein-to-carbohydrate ratio of weight-loss diets benefits body composition or metabolism...
  26. ncbi request reprint Effects of weight loss from a very-low-carbohydrate diet on endothelial function and markers of cardiovascular disease risk in subjects with abdominal obesity
    Jennifer B Keogh
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization Human Nutrition, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:567-76. 2008
    ..The effects of a very-low-carbohydrate, high-saturated-fat weight-loss diet (LC) on brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) and markers of endothelial function are unknown...
  27. doi request reprint The droplet size of intraduodenal fat emulsions influences antropyloroduodenal motility, hormone release, and appetite in healthy males
    Radhika V Seimon
    University of Adelaide Discipline of Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1729-36. 2009
    ..The presence of fat in the small intestine modulates gastrointestinal motility, stimulates plasma cholecystokinin and peptide YY release, and suppresses appetite and energy intake. These effects are dependent on the lipolysis of fat...
  28. doi request reprint The effect of modifying dietary protein and carbohydrate in weight loss on arterial compliance and postprandial lipidemia in overweight women with polycystic ovary syndrome
    Lisa J Moran
    Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Research Centre for Reproductive Health, School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Fertil Steril 94:2451-4. 2010
    ..Modifying dietary carbohydrate or protein in weight loss provided similar improvements in arterial compliance and postprandial lipidemia...
  29. doi request reprint Weight-loss diets in people with type 2 diabetes and renal disease: a randomized controlled trial of the effect of different dietary protein amounts
    David R Jesudason
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Animal Food and Health Science, Adelaide University, Centre for Clinical Research Excellence in Nutrition and University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 98:494-501. 2013
    ..Higher-protein weight-loss diets (defined as >25% of energy as protein) are not recommended for individuals with type 2 diabetes because of their potential adverse effect on renal function...
  30. doi request reprint Continuous glucose monitoring and cognitive performance in type 2 diabetes
    Karma L Pearce
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Human Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Diabetes Technol Ther 14:1126-33. 2012
    ..We explored the relationship of cognition to glucose levels measured by a continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) both before and after a weight loss diet...
  31. doi request reprint Effects of energy-restricted high-protein, low-fat compared with standard-protein, low-fat diets: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Thomas P Wycherley
    Sansom Institute for Health Research, Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 96:1281-98. 2012
    ..It is currently unclear whether altering the carbohydrate-to-protein ratio of low-fat, energy-restricted diets augments weight loss and cardiometabolic risk markers...
  32. doi request reprint Psychological effects of prescriptive vs general lifestyle advice for weight loss in young women
    Siew S Lim
    Discipline of Physiology, School of Molecular and Biomedical Science, Adelaide University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:1917-21. 2009
    ..However, these quantitative targets should be accompanied with qualitative advice on how they could be met in a variety of circumstances...
  33. ncbi request reprint Low- and high-carbohydrate weight-loss diets have similar effects on mood but not cognitive performance
    Angela K Halyburton
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Human Nutrition, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:580-7. 2007
    ..Low-carbohydrate diets are often used to promote weight loss, but their effects on psychological function are largely unknown...
  34. doi request reprint Reductions in blood pressure following energy restriction for weight loss do not rebound after re-establishment of energy balance in overweight and obese subjects
    Grant D Brinkworth
    Preventative Health Flagship, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Human Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Clin Exp Hypertens 30:385-96. 2008
    ..The objective of the present study was to elucidate the separate effects of energy restriction and weight loss on blood pressure (BP) and to assess the relationship between sodium intake, weight loss, and BP...
  35. doi request reprint Moderate energy restriction-induced weight loss affects circulating IGF levels independent of dietary composition
    Damien P Belobrajdic
    Commonwealth Scientific Industrial Research Organisation CSIRO, Food and Nutritional Sciences, Adelaide BC, South Australia, Australia
    Eur J Endocrinol 162:1075-82. 2010
    ..Obesity is associated with major changes in the circulating IGF system. However, it is not clear to what extent the IGF system is normalized following diet, and the possible role of different types of diet is also unknown...
  36. doi request reprint Heart rate recovery improves after weight loss in overweight and obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome
    Rebecca L Thomson
    Australian Technology Network Centre for Metabolic Fitness and Nutritional Physiology Research Centre, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Fertil Steril 93:1173-8. 2010
    ..To determine the effects of weight loss on heart rate recovery (HRR) in overweight women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)...
  37. ncbi request reprint Comparison of three bioelectrical impedance methods with DXA in overweight and obese men
    Ian R Pateyjohns
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Human Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:2064-70. 2006
    ..To compare bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) of body composition using three different methods against DXA in overweight and obese men...
  38. doi request reprint Genome instability is increased in lymphocytes of women with polycystic ovary syndrome and is correlated with insulin resistance
    Lisa J Moran
    Research Centre for Reproductive Health, Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    Mutat Res 639:55-63. 2008
    ..The potential genetic contributors to PCOS are unclear. We tested the hypothesis that genomic instability (chromosome malsegregation and DNA damage) is increased in PCOS...
  39. doi request reprint Effects of a low carbohydrate weight loss diet on exercise capacity and tolerance in obese subjects
    Grant D Brinkworth
    Preventative Health Flagship, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Human Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:1916-23. 2009
    ..Further studies are required to determine the interaction of LC diets with regular exercise training and the long-term health effects...
  40. ncbi request reprint Short-term meal replacements followed by dietary macronutrient restriction enhance weight loss in polycystic ovary syndrome
    Lisa J Moran
    Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research Centre for Reproductive Health, School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:77-87. 2006
    ..Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a common condition in women, improves with weight loss. Meal replacements in short-term weight loss and strategies for weight maintenance have not been investigated in PCOS...
  41. ncbi request reprint Postprandial ghrelin, cholecystokinin, peptide YY, and appetite before and after weight loss in overweight women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome
    Lisa J Moran
    Research Centre for Reproductive Health, Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:1603-10. 2007
    ..Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition associated with obesity and with reproductive and metabolic dysfunction. Abnormalities in appetite regulation in PCOS patients may contribute to difficulties in weight management...
  42. ncbi request reprint Good agreement between bioelectrical impedance and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for estimating changes in body composition during weight loss in overweight young women
    Rebecca Thomson
    CSIRO Human Nutrition, PO Box 10041 BC, Adelaide 5000, Australia
    Clin Nutr 26:771-7. 2007
    ..To compare estimations of body composition using two different methods of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) with dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for estimating body composition during weight loss in overweight and obese young females...
  43. doi request reprint Foods contributing to sodium intake and urinary sodium excretion in a group of Australian women
    Jennifer B Keogh
    School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
    Public Health Nutr 16:1837-42. 2013
    ..To identify food sources of Na in a group of community-dwelling women in Adelaide, South Australia. A secondary aim was to measure Na excretion in this group...
  44. ncbi request reprint Diet and C-reactive protein
    Peter M Clifton
    CSIRO Health Sciences and Nutrition, PO Box 10041 BC, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 5:431-6. 2003
    ..Alcohol lowers CRP, but the mechanism is unknown. The interaction between gender and obesity needs further work, but it appears that obesity has a greater effect on CRP levels in women...
  45. ncbi request reprint Chronic maternal feed restriction impairs growth but increases adiposity of the fetal guinea pig
    Karen L Kind
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5005, Australia
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 288:R119-26. 2005
    ..If this early-onset obesity persists, it may contribute to the metabolic and cardiovascular dysfunction that these offspring of feed-restricted mothers develop as adults...
  46. ncbi request reprint Effect of carbohydrate distribution on postprandial glucose peaks with the use of continuous glucose monitoring in type 2 diabetes
    Karma L Pearce
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, and Department of Physiology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:638-44. 2008
    ..Large postprandial glucose peaks are associated with increased risk of diabetic complications and cardiovascular disease...
  47. doi request reprint Metabolic effects of weight loss on a very-low-carbohydrate diet compared with an isocaloric high-carbohydrate diet in abdominally obese subjects
    Jeannie Tay
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Human Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    J Am Coll Cardiol 51:59-67. 2008
    ..This study was designed to compare the effects of an energy-reduced, isocaloric very-low-carbohydrate, high-fat (VLCHF) diet and a high-carbohydrate, low-fat (HCLF) diet on weight loss and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk outcomes...
  48. ncbi request reprint Whey protein isolate and glycomacropeptide decrease weight gain and alter body composition in male Wistar rats
    Peter J Royle
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Division of Human Nutrition, Kintore Avenue, Adelaide 5000, SA, Australia
    Br J Nutr 100:88-93. 2008
    ..WPI alone appears to have the predominant influence accounting for 70 % of the overall effect on body-weight gain. Mechanisms for this effect have not been identified but food intake was not responsible...
  49. pmc Effects of a protein preload on gastric emptying, glycemia, and gut hormones after a carbohydrate meal in diet-controlled type 2 diabetes
    Jing Ma
    Discipline of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, Australia
    Diabetes Care 32:1600-2. 2009
    ..We evaluated whether a whey preload could slow gastric emptying, stimulate incretin hormones, and attenuate postprandial glycemia in type 2 diabetes...
  50. doi request reprint Effects of a low-salt diet on flow-mediated dilatation in humans
    Kacie M Dickinson
    CSIRO Human Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:485-90. 2009
    ..The effect of salt reduction on vascular function, assessed by brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (FMD), is unknown...
  51. doi request reprint Comparative effects of very low-carbohydrate, high-fat and high-carbohydrate, low-fat weight-loss diets on bowel habit and faecal short-chain fatty acids and bacterial populations
    Grant D Brinkworth
    Preventative Health National Research Flagship, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Human Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Br J Nutr 101:1493-502. 2009
    ..This suggests that the long-term consumption of an LC diet may increase the risk of development of gastrointestinal disorders...
  52. ncbi request reprint Meal replacements are as effective as structured weight-loss diets for treating obesity in adults with features of metabolic syndrome
    Manny Noakes
    Commonwealth Scientific industrial Organization, Health Sciences and Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, 5000
    J Nutr 134:1894-9. 2004
    ..Dietary compliance and convenience were viewed more favorably by participants who consumed meal replacements than by those in a conventional weight-loss program...
  53. ncbi request reprint A high dairy protein, high-calcium diet minimizes bone turnover in overweight adults during weight loss
    Jane Bowen
    CSIRO Health Sciences and Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 5000
    J Nutr 134:568-73. 2004
    ..Combined with reduced urinary calcium excretion, this suggests that a high-protein, calcium-replete diet may protect against bone loss during weight reduction...
  54. doi request reprint Increased thiamine intake may be required to maintain thiamine status during weight loss in patients with type 2 diabetes
    Jennifer B Keogh
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Food and Nutritional Sciences, Adelaide, Australia
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 98:e40-2. 2012
    ..05) on a diet with adequate thiamine (1.1 mg/day) but was unchanged (217±55 vs 218±52 nmol/L, NS) on a high thiamine diet (2.8 mg/day). Attention to thiamine status may be required in patients with diabetes after weight loss...
  55. doi request reprint Endothelial function is impaired after a high-salt meal in healthy subjects
    Kacie M Dickinson
    Preventative Health Flagship, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Food and Nutritional Science, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 93:500-5. 2011
    ..Dietary salt is related to blood pressure (BP), and cardiovascular disease and increased sodium intakes have been shown to impair vascular function. The effect of salt on endothelial function postprandially is unknown...
  56. doi request reprint Achieving the salt intake target of 6 g/day in the current food supply in free-living adults using two dietary education strategies
    Dani Maree Ireland
    Craigieburn Health Service, Melbourne, Australia
    J Am Diet Assoc 110:763-7. 2010
    ..In conclusion, dietary sodium reduction is possible among free-living individuals who received dietary advice...
  57. doi request reprint Weight loss in obese men is associated with increased telomere length and decreased abasic sites in rectal mucosa
    Nathan J O'Callaghan
    CSIRO Human Nutrition and Food Science Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Rejuvenation Res 12:169-76. 2009
    ..56, p = 0.01, respectively). These results suggest that weight loss by caloric-restricted diets may contribute to the prevention of telomere shortening and DNA base damage, which are important initiating events in carcinogenesis...
  58. ncbi request reprint The effect of high- and low-glycemic index energy restricted diets on plasma lipid and glucose profiles in type 2 diabetic subjects with varying glycemic control
    Leonie K Heilbronn
    Department of Physiology, Adelaide University, Health Sciences and Nutrition, South Australia, Australia
    J Am Coll Nutr 21:120-7. 2002
    ..To determine whether glycemic index (GI) differentially affects improved glucose and lipid profiles observed during weight loss in overweight subjects previously diagnosed with type 2 diabetes with variable glucose tolerance...
  59. ncbi request reprint Effect of maternal feed restriction during pregnancy on glucose tolerance in the adult guinea pig
    Karen L Kind
    Department of Physiology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5005, Australia
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 284:R140-52. 2003
    ..These findings suggest that mild to moderate prenatal perturbation programs postnatal glucose homeostasis adversely in the guinea pig, as in the human...
  60. pmc Effect of beetroot juice on lowering blood pressure in free-living, disease-free adults: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial
    Leah T Coles
    Nutritional Interventions Laboratory LC, PC, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia
    Nutr J 11:106. 2012
    ..The aim of the study was to conduct a randomized controlled trial with free-living adults to investigate if consuming beetroot juice in addition to a normal diet produces a measureable reduction in BP...
  61. ncbi request reprint Obesity management in women with polycystic ovary syndrome
    Siew S Lim
    Adelaide University, Department of Physiology, CSIRO Human Nutrition, Kintore Avenue, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
    Womens Health (Lond Engl) 3:73-86. 2007
    ..Similarly, the optimal exercise regime for PCOS women remains to be investigated...
  62. ncbi request reprint A longitudinal study of bone-related biochemical changes at the menopause
    B E Christopher Nordin
    Division of Clinical Biochemistry, Institute of Medical and Veterinary Science, Department of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 61:123-30. 2004
    ..To evaluate the effects of the menopause on bone-related biochemical variables in a longitudinal study...
  63. doi request reprint Dietary treatment for obesity
    Peter M Clifton
    University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
    Nat Clin Pract Gastroenterol Hepatol 5:672-81. 2008
    ..Bariatric surgery can also lead to a reduction in mortality and comorbidities but adverse effects can occur including nutritional deficiencies and gastrointestinal symptoms...
  64. ncbi request reprint Plant sterol ester-enriched milk and yoghurt effectively reduce serum cholesterol in modestly hypercholesterolemic subjects
    Manny Noakes
    CSIRO Health Sciences and Nutrition, Adelaide, Australia
    Eur J Nutr 44:214-22. 2005
    ....
  65. pmc MTOR signaling and ubiquitin-proteosome gene expression in the preservation of fat free mass following high protein, calorie restricted weight loss
    Cassandra M McIver
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation CSIRO, Food and Nutritional Sciences, PO Box 10041, Adelaide, Australia
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 9:83. 2012
    ....
  66. pmc Meal replacements for weight loss in type 2 diabetes in a community setting
    Jennifer B Keogh
    Division of Health Sciences, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
    J Nutr Metab 2012:918571. 2012
    ..Conclusion. MR confers benefits in HbA1C reduction and weight loss at 6 months in those who completed the study...