Peter Butterworth

Summary

Affiliation: Australian National University
Country: Australia

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The lesser evil: bad jobs or unemployment? A survey of mid-aged Australians
    Dorothy H Broom
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health Canberra, Australian National University, ACT
    Soc Sci Med 63:575-86. 2006
  2. doi request reprint Common mental disorders, unemployment and psychosocial job quality: is a poor job better than no job at all?
    P Butterworth
    Psychiatric Epidemiology and Social Issues Unit, Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Wellbeing, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
    Psychol Med 43:1763-72. 2013
  3. doi request reprint Socioeconomic differences in antidepressant use in the PATH Through Life Study: evidence of health inequalities, prescribing bias, or an effective social safety net?
    Peter Butterworth
    Psychiatric Epidemiology and Social Issues Unit, Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Wellbeing, The Australian National University, ACT, Australia
    J Affect Disord 149:75-83. 2013
  4. ncbi request reprint The role of hardship in the association between socio-economic position and depression
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Wellbeing, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 46:364-73. 2012
  5. pmc The association between financial hardship and amygdala and hippocampal volumes: results from the PATH through life project
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Building 63, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 7:548-56. 2012
  6. doi request reprint Poor mental health influences risk and duration of unemployment: a prospective study
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 47:1013-21. 2012
  7. ncbi request reprint Financial hardship, socio-economic position and depression: results from the PATH Through Life Survey
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Building 63, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 69:229-37. 2009
  8. doi request reprint The psychosocial quality of work determines whether employment has benefits for mental health: results from a longitudinal national household panel survey
    P Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Bldg 63, Eggleston Rd, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
    Occup Environ Med 68:806-12. 2011
  9. ncbi request reprint Mental health problems and marital disruption: is it the combination of husbands and wives' mental health problems that predicts later divorce?
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Eggleston Road, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 43:758-63. 2008
  10. doi request reprint Examining welfare receipt and mental disorders after a decade of reform and prosperity: analysis of the 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 45:54-62. 2011

Detail Information

Publications57

  1. ncbi request reprint The lesser evil: bad jobs or unemployment? A survey of mid-aged Australians
    Dorothy H Broom
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health Canberra, Australian National University, ACT
    Soc Sci Med 63:575-86. 2006
    ..Thus, workplace and industrial relations policies that diminish worker autonomy and security may generate short-term economic gains, but place longer-term burdens on the health of employees and the health-care system...
  2. doi request reprint Common mental disorders, unemployment and psychosocial job quality: is a poor job better than no job at all?
    P Butterworth
    Psychiatric Epidemiology and Social Issues Unit, Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Wellbeing, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
    Psychol Med 43:1763-72. 2013
    ..There has, however, been little research contrasting the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among people who are unemployed with those in jobs of differing psychosocial quality...
  3. doi request reprint Socioeconomic differences in antidepressant use in the PATH Through Life Study: evidence of health inequalities, prescribing bias, or an effective social safety net?
    Peter Butterworth
    Psychiatric Epidemiology and Social Issues Unit, Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Wellbeing, The Australian National University, ACT, Australia
    J Affect Disord 149:75-83. 2013
    ..This study investigates these issues whilst addressing methodological limitations of earlier studies...
  4. ncbi request reprint The role of hardship in the association between socio-economic position and depression
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Wellbeing, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 46:364-73. 2012
    ..However, there are few studies examining the link between financial hardship and diagnosable depression at a population level. The current paper addresses this gap and also evaluates the moderating effect of age...
  5. pmc The association between financial hardship and amygdala and hippocampal volumes: results from the PATH through life project
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Building 63, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 7:548-56. 2012
    ....
  6. doi request reprint Poor mental health influences risk and duration of unemployment: a prospective study
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 47:1013-21. 2012
    ..Much of the previous longitudinal and prospective research has focused on how unemployment adversely influences mental health, while the reverse causal direction has received much less attention...
  7. ncbi request reprint Financial hardship, socio-economic position and depression: results from the PATH Through Life Survey
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Building 63, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 69:229-37. 2009
    ..The evidence of the contemporaneous association between hardship and depression suggests that addressing deprivation may be an effective strategy to moderate socio-economic inequalities in mental health...
  8. doi request reprint The psychosocial quality of work determines whether employment has benefits for mental health: results from a longitudinal national household panel survey
    P Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Bldg 63, Eggleston Rd, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
    Occup Environ Med 68:806-12. 2011
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Mental health problems and marital disruption: is it the combination of husbands and wives' mental health problems that predicts later divorce?
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Eggleston Road, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 43:758-63. 2008
    ..The aim of the current study was to use data from a large population-based survey to examine whether the combination of spouses' mental health problems predicts subsequent marital dissolution...
  10. doi request reprint Examining welfare receipt and mental disorders after a decade of reform and prosperity: analysis of the 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 45:54-62. 2011
    ..To estimate the prevalence of mental disorders among Australian income support recipients in 2007, and to evaluate whether this has changed over the past 10 years...
  11. ncbi request reprint Factors that explain the poorer mental health of caregivers: Results from a community survey of older Australians
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 44:616-24. 2010
    ....
  12. doi request reprint Psychosocial job adversity and health in Australia: analysis of data from the HILDA Survey
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory
    Aust N Z J Public Health 35:564-71. 2011
    ..This study examines measures of psychosocial job quality developed from the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey, and reports on associations with physical and mental health...
  13. ncbi request reprint Lone mothers' experience of physical and sexual violence: association with psychiatric disorders
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia
    Br J Psychiatry 184:21-7. 2004
    ..Violence against women is increasingly recognised as an important issue in both research and social policy...
  14. ncbi request reprint Hopelessness, demoralization and suicidal behaviour: the backdrop to welfare reform in Australia
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 40:648-56. 2006
    ..To estimate rates of suicidal ideation and attempts, and psychological characteristics of demoralization among Australian income support recipients. To provide information for policy-makers to inform the current welfare reform discussion...
  15. ncbi request reprint Examining geographical and household variation in mental health in Australia
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 40:491-7. 2006
    ..In contrast, strong and robust household effects are evident, though relatively rarely examined. This study investigated household and area effects in the distribution of mental health scores using Australian data...
  16. pmc The validity of the SF-36 in an Australian National Household Survey: demonstrating the applicability of the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey to examination of health inequalities
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, ACT 0200 Australia
    BMC Public Health 4:44. 2004
    ..In this analysis we establish the psychometric properties and criterion validity of the SF-36 HILDA Survey data and examine scale profiles across a range of measures of socio-economic circumstance...
  17. ncbi request reprint Retirement and mental health: analysis of the Australian national survey of mental health and well-being
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT Australia
    Soc Sci Med 62:1179-91. 2006
    ..Given current policy changes in many countries to curtail early retirement, these findings highlight the need to consider mental health, and its influencing factors, when encouraging continued employment amongst older adults...
  18. ncbi request reprint Concordance in the mental health of spouses: analysis of a large national household panel survey
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
    Psychol Med 36:685-97. 2006
    ..This study considers a large representative sample and examines an extensive range of risk factors using multilevel statistical methods to explore spousal similarity in common mental disorders...
  19. ncbi request reprint The prevalence of mental disorders among income support recipients: an important issue for welfare reform
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Australian Capital Territory, 0200
    Aust N Z J Public Health 27:441-8. 2003
    ..To estimate the prevalence of mental disorders and psychological distress among Australian income support recipients...
  20. ncbi request reprint Mental health problems among single and partnered mothers. The role of financial hardship and social support
    Timothy Crosier
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 42:6-13. 2007
    ....
  21. doi request reprint Stability and change in level of probable depression and depressive symptoms in a sample of middle and older-aged adults
    Richard A Burns
    Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Well Being, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    Int Psychogeriatr 25:303-9. 2013
    ..We examined the long-term stability of probable depression and depressive symptomology over a 13-year period in the Dynamic Analyses to Optimize Ageing (DYNOPTA) project...
  22. pmc The limitations of employment as a tool for social inclusion
    Liana S Leach
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Canberra, 0200, Australia
    BMC Public Health 10:621. 2010
    ..This study investigates how poor health status might act as a barrier to gaining good quality work, and how good quality work is an important pre-requisite for positive health outcomes...
  23. ncbi request reprint Mental health and the timing of men's retirement
    Sarah C Gill
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Bldg 63, Eggleston Rd, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia, 0200
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 41:515-22. 2006
    ..The aim of this analysis was to investigate this pattern of results in a national sample of Australian men, and the mediating role of socio-demographic factors...
  24. doi request reprint What are older adults seeking? Factors encouraging or discouraging retirement village living
    Dimity A Crisp
    Centre for Research on Ageing Health and Wellbeing, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
    Australas J Ageing 32:163-70. 2013
    ....
  25. doi request reprint Social disadvantage and individual vulnerability: a longitudinal investigation of welfare receipt and mental health in Australia
    Kim M Kiely
    Centre for Research on Ageing Health and Wellbeing, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 47:654-66. 2013
    ..To examine longitudinal associations between mental health and welfare receipt among working-age Australians...
  26. doi request reprint Considering relocation to a retirement village: predictors from a community sample
    Dimity A Crisp
    Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Wellbeing, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
    Australas J Ageing 32:97-102. 2013
    ..To identify characteristics distinguishing older adults who have considered relocation to a retirement village in the future from those who have not...
  27. doi request reprint Cardiovascular risk factors and life events as antecedents of depressive symptoms in middle and early-old age: PATH Through Life Study
    Kaarin J Anstey
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia
    Psychosom Med 71:937-43. 2009
    ....
  28. doi request reprint Is poor mental health a risk factor for retirement? Findings from a longitudinal population survey
    Sarah C Olesen
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Bldg 63, Eggleston Rd, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 47:735-44. 2012
    ..This study examined whether mental health predicts subsequent retirement in a general population sample, and whether this association varied with the timing of retirement...
  29. ncbi request reprint Changes in psychological distress in Australia over an 8-year period: evidence for worsening in young men
    Anthony F Jorm
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 40:47-50. 2006
    ..To assess whether psychological distress has changed in the Australian population...
  30. ncbi request reprint Measuring physical and mental health using the SF-12: implications for community surveys of mental health
    Timothy D Windsor
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 40:797-803. 2006
    ..The effects of using different approaches to scoring the SF-12 summary scales of physical and mental health were examined with a view to informing the design and interpretation of community-based survey research...
  31. ncbi request reprint A population survey found an association between self-reports of traumatic brain injury and increased psychiatric symptoms
    Kaarin J Anstey
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
    J Clin Epidemiol 57:1202-9. 2004
    ..This study determined whether self-reported Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), identified in a community sample and occurring up to 60 years previously, is associated with current psychiatric symptoms, suicidality, and psychologic well-being...
  32. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in depression and anxiety across the adult lifespan: the role of psychosocial mediators
    Liana S Leach
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 43:983-98. 2008
    ..This study investigated a number of socio-demographic, health and lifestyle, psychological and social factors as possible mediators for the gender difference in depression and anxiety in three cohorts (20-24, 40-44, 60-64)...
  33. ncbi request reprint The effect of health behavior change on self-rated health across the adult life course: a longitudinal cohort study
    Kerry Sargent-Cox
    Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Wellbeing, The Australian National University, Australia Electronic address
    Prev Med 58:75-80. 2014
    ..While it is clear that health behaviors are related to self-rated health (SRH), it is less clear if maintaining positive behaviors, or improving, can protect SRH over time...
  34. ncbi request reprint Validity of the mental health component scale of the 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (MCS-12) as measure of common mental disorders in the general population
    Sarah C Gill
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    Psychiatry Res 152:63-71. 2007
    ..92) and anxiety disorders (AUC=0.83)...
  35. pmc Mental health affects future employment as job loss affects mental health: findings from a longitudinal population study
    Sarah C Olesen
    Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Wellbeing College of Medicine Biology and Environment, The Australian National University, Bldg 62A Eggleston Road, The Australian National University, ACTON ACT 0200, Australia
    BMC Psychiatry 13:144. 2013
    ..This is the first study to simultaneously examine and contrast the relative effects of unemployment on mental health and mental health on employment status in a single general population sample...
  36. pmc Deriving prevalence estimates of depressive symptoms throughout middle and old age in those living in the community
    Richard A Burns
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    Int Psychogeriatr 24:503-11. 2012
    ..We examined the prevalence of probable depression in the middle aged to the oldest old in a project designed specifically to investigate the aging process...
  37. doi request reprint Supportive, aversive, ambivalent, and indifferent partner evaluations in midlife and young-old adulthood
    Tim D Windsor
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 65:287-95. 2010
    ..Results are discussed in the context of possible developmental changes in interpersonal and intimate relations occurring in middle and older adulthood...
  38. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of self-management versus formal service use for common mental disorders in Australia: findings from the 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing
    Sarah C Olesen
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Building 63, Eggleston Road, The Australian National University, Australian Capital Territory, Australia 0200
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 44:823-30. 2010
    ..To determine the proportion of Australian adults who use non-practitioner led support services and self-management strategies for common mental disorders...
  39. doi request reprint Indigenous Australians are under-represented in longitudinal ageing studies
    Kaarin J Anstey
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
    Aust N Z J Public Health 35:331-6. 2011
    ..This study aimed to identify the available data on the health of older Indigenous Australians in population-based longitudinal studies of ageing...
  40. pmc A population-based study of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms and associated impairment in middle-aged adults
    Debjani Das
    John Curtin School of Medical Research, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e31500. 2012
    ..Thus, there is a compelling need for better understanding and development of age-appropriate approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of ADHD in mid- to late-life...
  41. doi request reprint Examining the SF-36 in an older population: analysis of data and presentation of Australian adult reference scores from the Dynamic Analyses to Optimise Ageing (DYNOPTA) project
    Lauren J Bartsch
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
    Qual Life Res 20:1227-36. 2011
    ..To examine the psychometric properties of, and present reference scores for the SF-36 using data from a large community sample of older adults...
  42. pmc Incidence of self-reported brain injury and the relationship with substance abuse: findings from a longitudinal community survey
    Robert J Tait
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200 Australia
    BMC Public Health 10:171. 2010
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint The role of perceived control in explaining depressive symptoms associated with driving cessation in a longitudinal study
    Timothy D Windsor
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Acton, ACT 0200, Australia
    Gerontologist 47:215-23. 2007
    ..The purpose of this article was to investigate the role of control beliefs in mediating the relationship between driving cessation and change in depressive symptoms in a population-based sample of older adults...
  44. doi request reprint Multiple imputation was an efficient method for harmonizing the Mini-Mental State Examination with missing item-level data
    Richard A Burns
    Ageing Research Unit, Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
    J Clin Epidemiol 64:787-93. 2011
    ..Attention to missing data is particularly important. However, there are concerns that common procedures for dealing with missing data, for example, listwise deletion and mean item substitution, are inadequate...
  45. doi request reprint The effect of early onset common mental disorders on educational attainment in Australia
    Liana Sarma Leach
    Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Wellbeing, The Australian National University, ACT, Australia
    Psychiatry Res 199:51-7. 2012
    ....
  46. doi request reprint Private health insurance, mental health and service use in Australia
    Liana S Leach
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 46:468-75. 2012
    ..To report on the private health insurance (PHI) status of individuals with and without a mental health problem, and examine whether PHI status is associated with access to psychological services...
  47. pmc Personal factors influence use of cervical cancer screening services: epidemiological survey and linked administrative data address the limitations of previous research
    Sarah C Olesen
    Psychiatric Epidemiology and Social Issues Unit, Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Wellbeing, The Australian National University, Building 63 Eggleston Road, Acton, ACT, Australia
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:34. 2012
    ..We address these limitations and extend existing research by examining rates and correlates of cervical screening in a large epidemiological survey with linked administrative data...
  48. ncbi request reprint An examination of seasonality experienced by Australians living in a continental temperate climate zone
    Ruth A Parslow
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Acton, ACT 2601, Australia
    J Affect Disord 80:181-90. 2004
    ..This paper identifies socio-demographic, psychological and personality factors associated with reporting higher levels of seasonality...
  49. doi request reprint The global financial crisis and psychological health in a sample of Australian older adults: a longitudinal study
    Kerry Sargent-Cox
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Building 63, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 73:1105-12. 2011
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint A community survey demonstrated cohort differences in the lifetime prevalence of self-reported head injury
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
    J Clin Epidemiol 57:742-8. 2004
    ..The objective of the study was to assess the lifetime prevalence and validity of self-reported head injury...
  51. ncbi request reprint Cognitive development over 8 years in midlife and its association with cardiovascular risk factors
    Kaarin J Anstey
    Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Wellbeing
    Neuropsychology 28:653-65. 2014
    ..PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). ..
  52. doi request reprint Relationship quality and levels of depression and anxiety in a large population-based survey
    Liana S Leach
    Psychiatric Epidemiology and Social Issues Unit, Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Wellbeing, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 48:417-25. 2013
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint Temporal effects of separation on suicidal thoughts and behaviours
    Philip J Batterham
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia Electronic address
    Soc Sci Med 111:58-63. 2014
    ..Separation is a strong risk factor for suicidality and mental health services should target recently separated individuals...
  54. ncbi request reprint Between- and within-individual effects of visual contrast sensitivity on perceptual matching, processing speed, and associative memory in older adults
    Kaarin J Anstey
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    Gerontology 52:124-30. 2006
    ..Although cross-sectional studies have demonstrated associations between visual contrast sensitivity and cognitive test performance, it remains unclear whether peripheral visual or perceptual factors explain the association...
  55. ncbi request reprint Measuring gambling participation
    Bryan Rodgers
    Family and Community Health Research Unit, Australian Demographic and Social Research Institute, Building 9, Fellows Road, The Australian National University, Canberra 0200, Australia
    Addiction 104:1065-9. 2009
    ..Some recent studies are highlighted that provide hope of gains in this area. We urge further progress to yield conceptually and operationally distinct indices of exposures and harms...
  56. ncbi request reprint Mental health selection and income support dynamics: multiple spell discrete-time survival analyses of welfare receipt
    Kim M Kiely
    Centre for Research on Ageing Health and Wellbeing, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
    J Epidemiol Community Health 68:349-55. 2014
    ..The aims of this study were to test for the selection effects of mental health problems on entry and re-entry to working-age welfare payments in respect to single parenthood, unemployment and disability...
  57. ncbi request reprint APOE genotype and cognitive functioning in a large age-stratified population sample
    Anthony F Jorm
    ORYGEN Research Centre, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic, Australia
    Neuropsychology 21:1-8. 2007
    ..These results indicate that APOE *E4 does not have preclinical effects early in the life span on these cognitive functions. Cognitive aging effects between the ages of 20 and 64 years must not be due to preclinical Alzheimer's disease...