Stephen Bernard

Summary

Affiliation: Alfred Hospital
Country: Australia

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Hypothermia after cardiac arrest: expanding the therapeutic scope
    Stephen Bernard
    Intensive Care Unit, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Crit Care Med 37:S227-33. 2009
  2. doi request reprint Induction of prehospital therapeutic hypothermia after resuscitation from nonventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest*
    Stephen A Bernard
    Ambulance Victoria, Monash University, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    Crit Care Med 40:747-53. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Induction of therapeutic hypothermia by paramedics after resuscitation from out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest: a randomized controlled trial
    Stephen A Bernard
    The Intensive Care Unit, The Alfred Hospital, Commercial Rd, Prahran, VIC 3118, Australia
    Circulation 122:737-42. 2010
  4. pmc An automated CPR device compared with standard chest compressions for out-of-hospital resuscitation
    Paul A Jennings
    Ambulance Victoria, Manningham Road, Doncaster, Australia
    BMC Emerg Med 12:8. 2012
  5. doi request reprint Morphine and ketamine is superior to morphine alone for out-of-hospital trauma analgesia: a randomized controlled trial
    Paul A Jennings
    Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Ann Emerg Med 59:497-503. 2012
  6. doi request reprint Traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in Melbourne, Australia
    Conor Deasy
    Ambulance Victoria, Australia
    Resuscitation 83:465-70. 2012
  7. ncbi request reprint An interventional study to improve paramedic diagnosis of stroke
    Janet E Bray
    Eastern Melbourne Neurosciences, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia
    Prehosp Emerg Care 9:297-302. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint Functional outcomes and quality of life of young adults who survive out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
    Conor Deasy
    Research and Strategy, Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
    Emerg Med J 30:532-7. 2013
  9. ncbi request reprint A model of survival following pre-hospital cardiac arrest based on the Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Register
    Masha Fridman
    Strategic Planning Department, Metropolitan Ambulance Service, 375 Manningham Road, Doncaster 3108, Victoria, Australia
    Resuscitation 75:311-22. 2007
  10. doi request reprint Challenging issues in randomised controlled trials
    A D Nichol
    Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care, Research Centre, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia
    Injury 41:S20-3. 2010

Detail Information

Publications29

  1. doi request reprint Hypothermia after cardiac arrest: expanding the therapeutic scope
    Stephen Bernard
    Intensive Care Unit, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Crit Care Med 37:S227-33. 2009
    ....
  2. doi request reprint Induction of prehospital therapeutic hypothermia after resuscitation from nonventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest*
    Stephen A Bernard
    Ambulance Victoria, Monash University, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    Crit Care Med 40:747-53. 2012
    ....
  3. doi request reprint Induction of therapeutic hypothermia by paramedics after resuscitation from out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest: a randomized controlled trial
    Stephen A Bernard
    The Intensive Care Unit, The Alfred Hospital, Commercial Rd, Prahran, VIC 3118, Australia
    Circulation 122:737-42. 2010
    ..Laboratory studies have suggested that earlier cooling may be associated with improved neurological outcomes. We hypothesized that induction of therapeutic hypothermia by paramedics before hospital arrival would improve outcome...
  4. pmc An automated CPR device compared with standard chest compressions for out-of-hospital resuscitation
    Paul A Jennings
    Ambulance Victoria, Manningham Road, Doncaster, Australia
    BMC Emerg Med 12:8. 2012
    ..This study aimed to compare the rates of survival between conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (C-CPR) and automated CPR (A-CPR) using AutoPulseā„¢ in adults following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA)...
  5. doi request reprint Morphine and ketamine is superior to morphine alone for out-of-hospital trauma analgesia: a randomized controlled trial
    Paul A Jennings
    Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Ann Emerg Med 59:497-503. 2012
    ..We assess the efficacy of intravenous ketamine compared with intravenous morphine in reducing pain in adults with significant out-of-hospital traumatic pain...
  6. doi request reprint Traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in Melbourne, Australia
    Conor Deasy
    Ambulance Victoria, Australia
    Resuscitation 83:465-70. 2012
    ..Many consider attempted resuscitation for traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) futile. This study aims to describe the characteristics and profile of adult traumatic OHCA...
  7. ncbi request reprint An interventional study to improve paramedic diagnosis of stroke
    Janet E Bray
    Eastern Melbourne Neurosciences, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia
    Prehosp Emerg Care 9:297-302. 2005
    ..The aim of the Faster Access to Stroke Therapy (FAST) study was to determine the effect of educational intervention and the use of a prehospital stroke tool on the paramedic diagnosis of stroke...
  8. ncbi request reprint Functional outcomes and quality of life of young adults who survive out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
    Conor Deasy
    Research and Strategy, Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
    Emerg Med J 30:532-7. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to assess their functional and quality of life outcomes...
  9. ncbi request reprint A model of survival following pre-hospital cardiac arrest based on the Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Register
    Masha Fridman
    Strategic Planning Department, Metropolitan Ambulance Service, 375 Manningham Road, Doncaster 3108, Victoria, Australia
    Resuscitation 75:311-22. 2007
    ..We used the VACAR data to construct a new model of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), which was specified in accordance with observed trends...
  10. doi request reprint Challenging issues in randomised controlled trials
    A D Nichol
    Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care, Research Centre, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia
    Injury 41:S20-3. 2010
    ..TIPS FOR RESEARCHERS: The RCTs most likely to be funded and/or be of high quality always address these issues...
  11. ncbi request reprint Trends in intensive care unit cardiac arrest admissions and mortality in Australia and New Zealand
    Lahn D Straney
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Crit Care Resusc 16:104-11. 2014
    ....
  12. doi request reprint Exploring gender differences and the "oestrogen effect" in an Australian out-of-hospital cardiac arrest population
    Janet E Bray
    Ambulance Victoria, 375 Manningham Road, Doncaster, Victoria 3108, Australia
    Resuscitation 84:957-63. 2013
    ..We aimed to investigate these findings in an Australian OHCA population using the Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Registry (VACAR)...
  13. doi request reprint Hanging-associated out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in Melbourne, Australia
    Conor Deasy
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, The Alfred Centre, 5 Floor, 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne 3004, Australia
    Emerg Med J 30:38-42. 2013
    ..Hanging is an infrequent but devastating cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). We determine the characteristics and outcomes of hanging-associated OHCA in Melbourne Australia...
  14. doi request reprint Determinants of clinically important pain severity reduction in the prehospital setting
    Paul A Jennings
    Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Med J 29:333-4. 2012
    ..These included age, time criticality of the patient, pain aetiology, initial pain severity, analgesic agent or combination administered to the patient and prehospital time...
  15. doi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of oxygen therapy in acute myocardial infarction Air Verses Oxygen In myocarDial infarction study (AVOID Study)
    Dion Stub
    Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    Am Heart J 163:339-345.e1. 2012
    ..The few clinical trials examining the role of oxygen in AMI were performed prior to the modern approach of emergent reperfusion and advanced medical management...
  16. pmc Design of the RINSE trial: the rapid infusion of cold normal saline by paramedics during CPR
    Conor Deasy
    Ambulance Victoria, Victoria, Australia
    BMC Emerg Med 11:17. 2011
    ..This study aims to determine whether paramedic cooling during CPR improves outcome compared standard treatment in patients who are being resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest...
  17. doi request reprint Can we improve neurological outcomes in severe traumatic brain injury? Something old (early prophylactic hypothermia) and something new (erythropoietin)
    Alistair D Nichol
    Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Alfred Hospital Campus, Commercial Road, Melbourne, Australia
    Injury 40:471-8. 2009
    ..Nevertheless the high morbidity and mortality associated with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) demands that we investigate the safety and efficacy of these promising potential therapies as a matter of urgency...
  18. ncbi request reprint Could bystander first-aid prevent trauma deaths at the scene of injury?
    Amer Ashour
    Emergency and Trauma Centre, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Med Australas 19:163-8. 2007
    ..To identify potentially preventable prehospital deaths following traumatic cardiac arrest...
  19. ncbi request reprint Induced hypothermia using large volume, ice-cold intravenous fluid in comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a preliminary report
    Stephen Bernard
    The Intensive Care Unit, Dandenong Hospital, David St, Victoria 3175, Dandenong, Australia
    Resuscitation 56:9-13. 2003
    ....
  20. doi request reprint Epidemiology of prehospital pain: an opportunity for improvement
    Paul Andrew Jennings
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Med J 28:530-1. 2011
    ..Those with the most severe pain had pain reduction that was clinically significant. Further research is needed to provide optimal pain relief in the prehospital setting...
  21. doi request reprint The association between systolic blood pressure on arrival at hospital and outcome in adults surviving from out-of-hospital cardiac arrests of presumed cardiac aetiology
    Janet E Bray
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Level 5, The Alfred Centre, 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia Electronic address
    Resuscitation 85:509-15. 2014
    ..This study aimed to explore the association between level of systolic blood pressure (SBP) on arrival at hospital and survival to hospital discharge...
  22. ncbi request reprint Hyperoxia in the intensive care unit and outcome after out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest
    Joshua F Ihle
    The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Crit Care Resusc 15:186-90. 2013
    ....
  23. pmc New indications for the use of therapeutic hypothermia
    Stephen Bernard
    The Intensive Care Unit, Dandenong Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    Crit Care 8:E1. 2004
    ..However, given the strong theoretical benefit and the minimal adverse side-effects, it is reasonable for clinicians to consider the use of therapeutic hypothermia in such cases...
  24. ncbi request reprint Tranexamic acid for trauma: Filling the 'GAP' in evidence
    Biswadev Mitra
    National Trauma Research Institute, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Emergency and Trauma Centre, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Med Australas 26:194-7. 2014
    ..This and further trials involving appropriate sample populations are required before evidence based guidelines on TxA use during trauma resuscitation can be developed. ..
  25. ncbi request reprint Therapeutic hypothermia after cardiac arrest
    Stephen Bernard
    Intensive Care Unit, Dandenong Hospital, David Street, Dandenong, Victoria 3175, Australia
    Neurol Clin 24:61-71. 2006
    ..Hypothermia (33 degrees C) should be maintained for 24 hours, followed by rewarming over 12 hours. Particular attention must be paid to potassium and glucose levels during hypothermia...
  26. ncbi request reprint Prehospital analgesia in adults using inhaled methoxyflurane
    Paul Buntine
    Emergency Department, Box Hill Hospital, Box Hill, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Med Australas 19:509-14. 2007
    ..However, there is a paucity of literature regarding its efficacy, safety and usage profile. The present study was designed to examine the efficacy of methoxyflurane in adults...
  27. doi request reprint Usefulness of cooling and coronary catheterization to improve survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
    Dion Stub
    Alfred Hospital Heart Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Am J Cardiol 107:522-7. 2011
    ..In conclusion, modern management of OHCA, including therapeutic hypothermia and early coronary angiography is associated with significant improvement in survival to hospital discharge and neurologic recovery...
  28. ncbi request reprint Paramedic identification of stroke: community validation of the melbourne ambulance stroke screen
    Janet E Bray
    Eastern Melbourne Neurosciences, Melbourne, Australia
    Cerebrovasc Dis 20:28-33. 2005
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint The use of rapid sequence intubation by ambulance paramedics for patients with severe head injury
    Stephen Bernard
    Air Ambulance Victoria, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Med (Fremantle) 14:406-11. 2002
    ..To determine the effects of rapid sequence intubation in patients with severe head injury performed by paramedics on a helicopter emergency medical service...