Jules Angst

Summary

Publications

  1. doi Suicidality in the prospective Zurich study: prevalence, risk factors and gender
    Jules Angst
    Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Psychiatric Hospital, University of Zurich, Lenggstrasse 31, P O Box 1931, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 264:557-65. 2014
  2. doi Evidence-based definitions of bipolar-I and bipolar-II disorders among 5,635 patients with major depressive episodes in the Bridge Study: validity and comorbidity
    J Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, P O Box 1931, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 263:663-73. 2013
  3. doi Mortality of 403 patients with mood disorders 48 to 52 years after their psychiatric hospitalisation
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 263:425-34. 2013
  4. doi Diagnostic criteria for bipolarity based on an international sample of 5,635 patients with DSM-IV major depressive episodes
    J Angst
    Psychiatrische Universitatsklinik, Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, P O Box 1931, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 262:3-11. 2012
  5. pmc Validity of the 32-item Hypomania Checklist (HCL-32) in a clinical sample with mood disorders in China
    Hai Chen Yang
    Mental Health Institute, the 2nd Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410011, China
    BMC Psychiatry 11:84. 2011
  6. doi Childhood adversity and chronicity of mood disorders
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 261:21-7. 2011
  7. doi Long-term depression versus episodic major depression: results from the prospective Zurich study of a community sample
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, P O Box 1931, CH 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Affect Disord 115:112-21. 2009
  8. ncbi Atypical depressive syndromes in varying definitions
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, PO Box 1931, 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 256:44-54. 2006
  9. pmc Major depressive disorder with subthreshold bipolarity in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication
    Jules Angst
    Department of Psychiatry, Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Psychiatry 167:1194-201. 2010
  10. doi The generalized anxiety spectrum: prevalence, onset, course and outcome
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, P O Box 1931, 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 259:37-45. 2009

Detail Information

Publications55

  1. doi Suicidality in the prospective Zurich study: prevalence, risk factors and gender
    Jules Angst
    Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Psychiatric Hospital, University of Zurich, Lenggstrasse 31, P O Box 1931, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 264:557-65. 2014
    ..2) and sexual abuse/violence (OR 7.9) in childhood; in men, no multivariate analyses of suicide attempt were conducted because of insufficient statistical power...
  2. doi Evidence-based definitions of bipolar-I and bipolar-II disorders among 5,635 patients with major depressive episodes in the Bridge Study: validity and comorbidity
    J Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, P O Box 1931, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 263:663-73. 2013
    ....
  3. doi Mortality of 403 patients with mood disorders 48 to 52 years after their psychiatric hospitalisation
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 263:425-34. 2013
    ..We found marked differences in causes of death and risk factors between subgroups of mood disorders. For the purpose of further research, it would be recommendable to distinguish pure mania from bipolar disorders...
  4. doi Diagnostic criteria for bipolarity based on an international sample of 5,635 patients with DSM-IV major depressive episodes
    J Angst
    Psychiatrische Universitatsklinik, Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, P O Box 1931, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 262:3-11. 2012
    ....
  5. pmc Validity of the 32-item Hypomania Checklist (HCL-32) in a clinical sample with mood disorders in China
    Hai Chen Yang
    Mental Health Institute, the 2nd Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410011, China
    BMC Psychiatry 11:84. 2011
    ..The 32-item Hypomania Checklist (HCL-32), a questionnaire for screening bipolar disorders, has been utilised in several countries, but it unclear if the Chinese version of the HCL-32 is valid...
  6. doi Childhood adversity and chronicity of mood disorders
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 261:21-7. 2011
    ..Childhood family problems are strong risk factors for the chronicity of mood disorders (UP and BP). The risk may be mediated partly by anxious personality traits, poor coping and low self-esteem...
  7. doi Long-term depression versus episodic major depression: results from the prospective Zurich study of a community sample
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, P O Box 1931, CH 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Affect Disord 115:112-21. 2009
    ..Our study aims to characterise LTD in comparison with episodic (non-chronic) major depressive episodes (MDE) on the basis of data from a community sample...
  8. ncbi Atypical depressive syndromes in varying definitions
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, PO Box 1931, 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 256:44-54. 2006
    ..Using prospective data from a community sample, this paper identifies criteria (and correlates) for an AD syndrome that maximizes the association with female sex and bipolar-II...
  9. pmc Major depressive disorder with subthreshold bipolarity in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication
    Jules Angst
    Department of Psychiatry, Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Psychiatry 167:1194-201. 2010
    ..The authors examined the prevalence and clinical correlates of major depressive disorder with subthreshold bipolarity compared with pure major depressive disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R)...
  10. doi The generalized anxiety spectrum: prevalence, onset, course and outcome
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, P O Box 1931, 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 259:37-45. 2009
    ....
  11. ncbi Inconsistency in reporting potentially traumatic events
    Urs Hepp
    Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Zurich, Culmannstrasse 8, CH 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
    Br J Psychiatry 188:278-83. 2006
    ..Research on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) relies mainly on self-reports of exposure to trauma and its consequences...
  12. ncbi Obsessive-compulsive syndromes and disorders: significance of comorbidity with bipolar and anxiety syndromes
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, P O Box 68, 8029 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 255:65-71. 2005
    ..To determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of comorbid obsessive compulsive disorders and syndromes (OCD/OCS), compared with pure OCD/OCS among adults in the community...
  13. ncbi Prevalence of exposure to potentially traumatic events and PTSD. The Zurich Cohort Study
    Urs Hepp
    Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital, Culmannstrasse 8, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 256:151-8. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence rate of exposure to potentially traumatic events (PTE) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a representative sample of the general population...
  14. doi Sub-clinical psychosis symptoms in young adults are risk factors for subsequent common mental disorders
    Wulf Rossler
    Department of General and Social Psychiatry, Psychiatric University Hospital, University of Zurich, Militarstrasse 8, 8004 Zurich, Switzerland
    Schizophr Res 131:18-23. 2011
    ..However, sub-clinical symptoms may not only indicate a specific risk but also suggest a more general, underlying psychopathology that predisposes one to various common mental disorders...
  15. ncbi Is bipolar I disorder heterogeneous?
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University, Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, 68, 8029 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 254:82-91. 2004
    ..This paper seeks to elucidate this question by contributing further data...
  16. doi Are hypomanics the happier normals?
    Alex Gamma
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, CH 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Affect Disord 111:235-43. 2008
    ..Not much is known about hypomanic states in subjects free of major and minor depressive mood disorders. Our aim was to identify and characterise a group of such "pure" hypomanics in relation to a normal control group...
  17. ncbi Prevalence of mental disorders in the Zurich Cohort Study: a twenty year prospective study
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Epidemiol Psichiatr Soc 14:68-76. 2005
    ..In order to minimise retrospective recall in developing estimates of the prevalence of mental disorders in the general population, we conducted a prospective study of a cohort of youth from Zurich, Switzerland...
  18. doi Sex differences in sub-clinical psychosis--results from a community study over 30 years
    Wulf Rossler
    Department of General and Social Psychiatry, Psychiatric University Hospital, University of Zurich, Militarstrasse 8, 8004 Zurich, Switzerland
    Schizophr Res 139:176-82. 2012
    ..Possibly males and females have separate thresholds for certain symptoms because they are differently vulnerable or exposed to various risk factors...
  19. doi Smoking and psychiatric disorders: have subthreshold disorders been overlooked?
    Karin Landolt
    Research Unit for Clinical and Social Psychiatry, Psychiatric University Hospital, University of Zurich, Militärstrasse 8 PO Box 1930, 8021 CH Zurich, Switzerland
    Nicotine Tob Res 12:516-20. 2010
    ..The present study illustrates the need for differentiating subthreshold psychiatric disorders in the analysis...
  20. doi Does psychomotor agitation in major depressive episodes indicate bipolarity? Evidence from the Zurich Study
    Jules Angst
    Psychiatric Hospital, Zurich University, Lenggstrasse 31, P O Box 1931, 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 259:55-63. 2009
    ..This paper tested whether, how, and to what extent both psychomotor symptoms, agitation and retardation in depression are related to bipolarity and anxiety...
  21. ncbi Obsessive-compulsive severity spectrum in the community: prevalence, comorbidity, and course
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, 68, 8029 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 254:156-64. 2004
    ..To describe lifetime prevalence rates, course and comorbidity of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), obsessive-compulsive syndromes (OCS) and OC-symptoms (OC-sx) up to age 41...
  22. doi A new rating scale for adult ADHD based on the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90-R)
    Dominique Eich
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstr 31, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 262:519-28. 2012
    ....
  23. ncbi Is depression a risk factor for heart complaints? Longitudinal aspects in the Zurich study
    Dominique Eich
    Department of Clinical and Social Psychiatry, Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, PO Box 1931, 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 257:396-401. 2007
    ..The objective of this longitudinal study was to assess the association between major depression and heart complaints in a population of young and healthy adults...
  24. ncbi Major depression predicts an increase in long-term body weight variability in young adults
    Gregor Hasler
    Psychiatric University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Obes Res 13:1991-8. 2005
    ..To test the hypothesis that major depression predicts an increase in long-term body weight variability (BWV)...
  25. ncbi Diagnostic conversion from depression to bipolar disorders: results of a long-term prospective study of hospital admissions
    Jules Angst
    Epidemiological Research, Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, P O Box 68, 8029 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Affect Disord 84:149-57. 2005
    ..To analyse the time course and some risk factors for a diagnostic change from major depression to bipolar disorders (BP) over an average of 20 years from the onset of the disorders...
  26. ncbi Is the association of alcohol use disorders with major depressive disorder a consequence of undiagnosed bipolar-II disorder?
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, Mail Box 1931, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 256:452-7. 2006
    ....
  27. doi Deconstructing sub-clinical psychosis into latent-state and trait variables over a 30-year time span
    Wulf Rossler
    Department of General and Social Psychiatry, Psychiatric University Hospital, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland Collegium Helveticum, a Joint Research Institute between the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich, Switzerland Electronic address
    Schizophr Res 150:197-204. 2013
    ..Our aim was to deconstruct the variance underlying the expression of sub-clinical psychosis symptoms into portions associated with latent time-dependent states and time-invariant traits...
  28. pmc Adult versus adolescent onset of smoking: how are mood disorders and other risk factors involved?
    Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross
    Psychiatric University Hospital, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Addiction 104:1411-9. 2009
    ....
  29. pmc Bipolar disorder--methodological problems and future perspectives
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University, Psychiatric Hospital, Research Department, Zurich, Switzerland
    Dialogues Clin Neurosci 10:129-39. 2008
    ..Early and timely diagnosis of BPD is necessary to enable prompt intervention and secondary prevention of the disorder. The paper describes the current status and future directions of developing clinical concepts of bipolarity...
  30. ncbi Toward a re-definition of subthreshold bipolarity: epidemiology and proposed criteria for bipolar-II, minor bipolar disorders and hypomania
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, P O Box 68, CH 8029, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Affect Disord 73:133-46. 2003
    ..to develop and validate criteria for the definition of softer expressions of bipolar-II (BP-II) disorder and hypomania, (3). to demonstrate the prevalence, clinical validity and comorbidity of the entire soft bipolar spectrum...
  31. ncbi Varying temporal criteria for generalized anxiety disorder: prevalence and clinical characteristics in a young age cohort
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Psychol Med 36:1283-92. 2006
    ..This study questions the 6-month duration criterion for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) used in DSM-III-R and DSM-IV...
  32. pmc Reappraisal of the interplay between psychosis and depression symptoms in the pathogenesis of psychotic syndromes: results from a twenty-year prospective community study
    Wulf Rossler
    Department of General and Social Psychiatry, Psychiatric University Hospital, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 261:11-9. 2011
    ..It does not only directly influence subclinical nuclear schizophrenia symptoms but also the symptoms of depression...
  33. ncbi How ubiquitous are physical and psychological complaints in young and middle adulthood? A longitudinal perspective
    Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross
    Psychiatric University Hospital, Militarstr 8, 8004, Zurich, Switzerland
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 41:881-8. 2006
    ..To investigate continuity and change of self-reported physical and psychological complaints in young adults over a period of 20 years...
  34. ncbi Suicide in 406 mood-disorder patients with and without long-term medication: a 40 to 44 years' follow-up
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Switzerland
    Arch Suicide Res 9:279-300. 2005
    ..Long-term treatment also reduced overall mortality, and combined treatments proved more effective than mono-therapy...
  35. ncbi Diagnostic issues in bipolar disorder
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31 CH 8029, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 13:S43-50. 2003
    ..There is increasing evidence for the existence of a broad spectrum of bipolar disorders, and data demonstrating the clinical validity of modifying some of the criteria for hypomania are reviewed here...
  36. ncbi The use of complementary and alternative medicine in the general population: results from a longitudinal community study
    Wulf Rossler
    Psychiatric University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Psychol Med 37:73-84. 2007
    ..We have examined data from the Zurich Study to determine trends and predictors of CAM use in Switzerland...
  37. ncbi The spectra of neurasthenia and depression: course, stability and transitions
    Alex Gamma
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Research Department, Lenggstr 31, 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 257:120-7. 2007
    ..Neurasthenia is recognized by ICD-10, but not by DSM-IV. Its course, longitudinal stability and relationship to depression is not well understood...
  38. ncbi Recurrence of bipolar disorders and major depression. A life-long perspective
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, 8029 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 253:236-40. 2003
    ..It is not known whether the risk of recurrence declines with time in bipolar disorders and in major depression. This study describes the life-long recurrence risk of bipolar I, bipolar II and major depressive disorders...
  39. ncbi The prediction of criminal recidivism: the implication of sampling in prognostic models
    Frank Urbaniok
    Psychiatric Psychological Service, Zurich Department of Justice, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 257:129-34. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to examine how sensitive prognostic models are to the calibration sample...
  40. doi Transcultural validity of the Hypomania Checklist-32 (HCL-32) in patients with major depressive episodes
    Alex Gamma
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Bipolar Disord 15:701-12. 2013
    ..The Hypomania Checklist-32 revised version 2 (HCL-32-R2) is a self-rating scale for hypomanic symptoms specifically developed to address this problem. The goal of this study was to assess the transcultural validity of the HCL-32-R2...
  41. ncbi Is there a common resilience mechanism underlying antidepressant drug response? Evidence from 2848 patients
    Hans H Stassen
    Psychiatric University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Clin Psychiatry 68:1195-205. 2007
    ..Timing issues of antidepressant drug response are of major clinical relevance, given our current inability to predict when a particular patient will respond to a particular treatment...
  42. ncbi Do many patients with depression suffer from bipolar disorder?
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Can J Psychiatry 51:3-5. 2006
  43. doi Impact of childhood adversity on the onset and course of subclinical psychosis symptoms--results from a 30-year prospective community study
    Wulf Rossler
    Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Psychiatric Hospital, University of Zurich, Switzerland Institue of Psychiatry, Laboratory of Neuroscience LIM 27, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil Electronic address
    Schizophr Res 153:189-95. 2014
    ..However, depending on the kind of adversity experienced the psychosis symptom load decreases gradually in adult life. ..
  44. doi DSM-IV diagnosis in depressed primary care patients with previous psychiatric ICD-10 bipolar disorder
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Affect Disord 152:295-8. 2014
    ....
  45. ncbi Multimorbidity of psychiatric disorders as an indicator of clinical severity
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Mail Box 68, Lenggstr 31, 8029 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 252:147-54. 2002
    ..These findings demonstrate the importance of characterization of multiple syndromes rather than applying arbitrary hierarchical distinctions between diagnostic categories...
  46. doi Linking substance use with symptoms of subclinical psychosis in a community cohort over 30 years
    Wulf Rossler
    Department of General and Social Psychiatry, Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Addiction 107:1174-84. 2012
    ..The aim of the study was to examine the temporal associations between substance use and subclinical psychosis symptoms...
  47. doi Diagnosis and course of affective psychoses: was Kraepelin right?
    Jules Angst
    Psychiatrische Universitatsklinik, Lenggstrasse 31, Postfach 1931, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 258:107-10. 2008
    ..In contrast to Kraepelin's unitarian view the long-term prognosis of subgroups of mood disorders varies considerably. Overall it is nevertheless astonishing how much of Kraepelin's legacy has survived...
  48. ncbi The HCL-32: towards a self-assessment tool for hypomanic symptoms in outpatients
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, P O Box 1931, 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Affect Disord 88:217-33. 2005
    ..As such, an instrument for self-assessment of hypomanic symptoms might increase the detection of suspected and of manifest, but under-treated, cases of bipolar disorders...
  49. doi The role of sex on stability and change of depression symptom subtypes over 20 years: a latent transition analysis
    Stephanie Rodgers
    Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Zurich University Hospital of Psychiatry, PO Box 1930, 8021, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 264:577-88. 2014
    ..This finding has received too little attention in previous research and should be considered in treatments...
  50. doi Predictors of burnout: results from a prospective community study
    Wulf Rossler
    Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, University of Zurich, Militarstrasse 8, 8004, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 265:19-25. 2015
    ..Various forms of such disorders as well as some psycho-social predictors can predispose to burnout. By contrast, work-related predictors appear to be less important. ..
  51. doi The role of psychopathological and personality covariates in orgasmic difficulties: a prospective longitudinal evaluation in a cohort of women from age 30 to 50
    Brigitte Leeners
    Division of Reproductive Endocrinology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Sex Med 11:2928-37. 2014
    ..In addition, our knowledge of the factors, which increase or protect against the risk of orgasmic difficulties, is still rudimentary...
  52. doi Adolescent delinquency and antisocial tendencies as precursors to adult violent offending: a prospective study of a representative sample of swiss men
    Arja Laubacher
    Counseling and Therapy Practice, Zurich, Switzerland
    Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 58:537-49. 2014
    ..61-0.65). The most important finding of this study was that characteristics of adolescent delinquency predicted adult violent or sex offending, whereas socioeconomic and psychiatric characteristics did not. ..
  53. ncbi A new bipolar spectrum concept: a brief review
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Bipolar Disord 4:11-4. 2002
    ..Some methodological pitfalls of research on drug-induced hypomania as an element of the bipolar spectrum are also summarized...
  54. ncbi The mood spectrum: improving the diagnosis of bipolar disorder
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Bipolar Disord 7:4-12. 2005
    ..In conclusion, the importance of subthreshold syndromes should not be underestimated as failure to recognize bipolar spectrum disorder could delay treatment and worsen prognosis...
  55. ncbi Toward validation of atypical depression in the community: results of the Zurich cohort study
    Jules Angst
    Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital, Lenggstrasse 31, P O Box 68, 8029, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Affect Disord 72:125-38. 2002
    ....